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Current Microbiome News and Events

Current Microbiome News and Events, Microbiome News Articles.
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Fecal transplantation to treat patients with Parkinson's disease: Hope or hype?
Amsterdam, NL, November 15, 2019 - Constipation is a common complaint in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). (2019-11-15)
Bacteria in the gut may alter ageing process, finds NTU Singapore study
An international research team led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) has found that microorganisms living in the gut may alter the ageing process, which could lead to the development of food-based treatment to slow it down. (2019-11-14)
Phage therapy shows promise for treating alcoholic liver disease
A team of researchers including those from King's College London and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, have for the first time successfully applied bacteriophage (phage) therapy in mice to alcohol-related liver disease. (2019-11-13)
What do we know about the gut microbiota in Parkinson's disease?
Since the discovery that the gut microbiome may play a role in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), this fresh scientific approach has produced varying results. (2019-11-11)
Impaired liver function during pregnancy may increase risk of childhood obesity
Impaired liver function during pregnancy may alter gut bacteria composition and increase the risk of obesity in children, according to results presented at The Society for Endocrinology Annual Conference. (2019-11-10)
Minimizing post-harvest food losses
Research team from Graz, Austria, develops biological methods to improve the shelf life of fruit and vegetables. (2019-11-07)
E. coli gain edge by changing their diets in inflammatory bowel disease
In a new paper in Nature Microbiology, Michigan Medicine researchers describe how bad bacteria gain a foothold over good bacteria in IBD and how something as simple as a diet change might reverse it. (2019-11-05)
Shark skin microbiome resists infection
No evidence of infection found in the bacterial community around shark wounds. (2019-11-04)
Gut microbiome of premature babies is associated with stunted growth
Researchers studied the gut microbiomes of dozens of NICU babies and followed them until they turned age four. (2019-11-04)
City apartments or jungle huts: What chemicals and microbes lurk inside?
Researchers at Rutgers and other universities found city homes to be rife with industrial chemicals, cleaning agents and fungi that love warm, dark surfaces, while jungle huts had fresher air, more sunlight and natural materials with which humans evolved. (2019-11-04)
Study of African animals illuminates links between environment, diet and gut microbiome
New research analyzing the diets and microbiomes of 33 large-herbivore species in Kenya yields surprising findings about the interplay between animal evolution, behavior and the gut microbiome (2019-11-04)
Researchers identify certain gut bacteria that may be involved in causing bowel cancer
People who have a certain type of bacteria in their guts may be at greater risk of developing bowel cancer, according to research presented at the NCRI Cancer Conference. (2019-11-03)
Science snapshots from Berkeley Lab
New at Berkeley Lab: Gamers can help speed up biomedical research by designing protein structures with a shape modeling game called Foldit, experiments show dramatic changes in the gut microbiome after switching between raw and cooked foods, and a new porous material can pull an industrial pollutant from the air. (2019-11-01)
To survive in the human gut, bacteria need genetic 'passcode'
Bacteria need an assortment of specialized genes to live in people's intestines -- and the composition of these genes varies from person to person. (2019-10-30)
Bacterial arms race may shape gut microbiome
University of Washington Researchers wanted to understand what forces drive the composition and ecology of microbes that live in people's guts. (2019-10-30)
New study points to another possible correlation between sleep and overall good health
As if you didn't already have enough to worry about to keep you up at night, a new study indicates that poor sleep can negatively affect your gut microbiome, which can, in turn, lead to additional health issues. (2019-10-28)
Where the sun doesn't shine? Skin UV exposure reflected in poop
The sun can indeed shine out of your backside, suggests research. (2019-10-24)
Even the fetus has gut bacteria, study shows
A study in humans and mice demonstrated that a fetus has its own microbiome, or communities of bacteria living in the gut, which are known to play important roles in the immune system and metabolism. (2019-10-23)
Point-of-care diagnostic for detecting preterm birth on horizon
A new study provides a first step toward the development of an inexpensive point-of-care diagnostic test to assess the presence of known risk factors for preterm birth in resource-poor areas. (2019-10-22)
Advances in precision oral health research proceedings published in Advances in Dental Research
On November 8-9, 2018 the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) held the '9th AADR Fall Focused Symposium: Advances in Precision Oral Health Research' meeting on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) campus in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. (2019-10-22)
Half of all commonly used drugs profoundly affecting the gut microbiome, warn experts
The drug categories found to have the biggest impact on the microbiome include, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), metformin, antibiotics and laxatives. (2019-10-22)
Using the gut-brain connection to impact brain health and disease
Research on gut-brain communication via the immune system may help in the development of novel treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. (2019-10-21)
Transient and long-term disruption of gut microbes after antibiotics
Antibiotic treatment is known to disrupt the community structure of intestinal microbes -- the 500 to 1,000 bacterial species that have a mainly beneficial influence in humans. (2019-10-21)
Plant-based foods and Mediterranean diet associated with healthy gut microbiome
The results identified 61 individual food items associated with microbial populations and 49 correlations between food patterns and microbial groups. (2019-10-20)
Lifestyle is a threat to gut bacteria: Ötzi proves it
The evolution of dietary and hygienic habits in Western countries is associated with a decrease in the bacteria that help in digestion. (2019-10-18)
Genetic differences in the immune system shape the microbiome
Genetic differences in the immune system shape the collections of bacteria that colonize the digestive system, according to new research by scientists at the University of Chicago. (2019-10-15)
Study reveals how mucus tames microbes
A study from MIT reveals glycans, branched sugar molecules found in mucus, can prevent bacteria from communicating with each other and forming infectious biofilms, effectively rendering the microbes harmless. (2019-10-14)
A reliable clock for your microbiome
The microbiome is a treasure trove of information about human health and disease, but getting it to reveal its secrets is challenging. (2019-10-11)
mpacts of low-dose exposure to antibiotics unveiled in zebrafish gut
An antibiotic commonly found at low concentrations in the environment can have major impacts on gut bacteria, report researchers at the University of Oregon. (2019-10-10)
Human gut microbes could make processed foods healthier
A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. (2019-10-09)
DNA metabarcoding useful for analyzing human diet
A new study demonstrates that DNA metabarcoding provides a promising new method for tracking human plant intake, suggesting that similar approaches could be used to characterize the animal and fungal components of human diets. (2019-10-08)
Nodulation connected to higher resistance against powdery mildew in legumes
Scientists have long known that nodulation is important to plant health. (2019-10-07)
New research furthers understanding about what shapes human gut microbiome
A new Northwestern University study finds that despite human's close genetic relationship to apes, the human gut microbiome is more similar to that of Old World monkeys like baboons than to that of apes like chimpanzees. (2019-10-07)
Microbiome provides new clues to determining development of colon cancer
Findings showcasing a connection between bacteria in the microbiome and colon cancer, which may be used to screen younger populations at risk, were published in the journal Gastroenterology by researchers from the George Washington University. (2019-10-04)
Sentinels in the mouth
Newly discovered chemical-sensing cells in the gums protect the mouth by standing guard against infections that damage soft tissue and destroy the bone that supports the teeth. (2019-10-03)
Uncovering drug-like small molecules in the human microbiome
Gene clusters once hidden in the human microbiome, whose products resemble clinically used drugs, are now more discoverable, thanks to a new bioinformatics approach. (2019-10-03)
Gut bacteria is key factor in childhood obesity
New information published by scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Health suggests that gut bacteria and its interactions with immune cells and metabolic organs, including fat tissue, play a key role in childhood obesity. (2019-10-02)
Horse nutrition: Prebiotics do more harm than good
Prebiotics are only able to help stabilise the intestinal flora of horses to a limited degree. (2019-10-01)
ORNL scientists shed light on microbial 'dark matter' with new approach
Scientists at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated a way to isolate and grow targeted bacteria using genomic data, making strides toward resolving the grand challenge of uncultivated microbial 'dark matter' in which the vast majority of microorganisms remain unstudied in the laboratory. (2019-09-30)
Cooking food alters the microbiome
Scientists at UC San Francisco and Harvard University have shown for the first time that cooking food fundamentally alters the microbiomes of both mice and humans, a finding with implications both for optimizing our microbial health and for understanding how cooking may have altered the evolution of the our microbiomes during human prehistory. (2019-09-30)
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