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Current Microbiome News and Events

Current Microbiome News and Events, Microbiome News Articles.
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Babies' gut bacteria affected by delivery method, Baby Biome project shows
Babies born vaginally have different gut bacteria -- their microbiome -- than those delivered by caesarean, research has shown. (2019-09-18)
Did microbes assist life in colonizing land?
The microbiome of terrestrial organisms, regardless of their kinship relationships, differs significantly from those of aquatic organisms. (2019-09-17)
Microbiome may be involved in mechanisms related to muscle strength in older adults
New study suggests the gut microbiome has a role in mechanisms related to muscle strength in older adults. (2019-09-17)
Fruit flies' microbiomes shape their evolution
In just five generations, an altered microbiome can lead to genome-wide evolution in fruit flies, according to new research led researchers at the University of Pennsylvania. (2019-09-17)
How gut bacteria negatively influences blood sugar levels
A world first study reveals how gut bacteria impact blood sugar levels. (2019-09-16)
Short-term study suggests vegan diet can boost gut microbes related to body weight, body composition and blood sugar control
New research presented at this year's Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Barcelona, Spain (Sept. (2019-09-16)
Gutsy effort to produce comprehensive study of intestinal gases
UNSW Sydney chemical engineers have traced the journey of gases through the gut while further developing a non-invasive, gas-capturing capsule. (2019-09-15)
Finding (microbial) pillars of the bioenergy community
In a new study in Nature Communications, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center scientists at Michigan State University have focused on understanding more about the plant regions above the soil where these microbes can live, called the 'phyllosphere.' Ashley Shade, MSU assistant professor of microbiology and molecular genetics, and her lab classified core members of this community in switchgrass and miscanthus. (2019-09-12)
Diet impacts the sensitivity of gut microbiome to antibiotics, mouse study finds
Antibiotics change the kinds of bacteria in the mouse gut as well as the bacteria's metabolism -- but diet can exacerbate the changes, a new study showed. (2019-09-12)
Understanding gut bacteria: forces for good (and sometimes evil)
In a paper published in PLOS ONE, a multi-institutional research team led by George Washington University found 157 different kinds of organisms (eight phyla, 18 classes, 23 orders, 38 families, 59 genera and 109 species) living inside the guts of healthy volunteers. (2019-09-11)
Initial steps to compile a healthy human gut microbiome reference database underway
An initial baseline healthy gut microbiome database and abundance profile is described in a study published September 11, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Charles Hadley King from George Washington University Medical Center, USA, and colleagues. (2019-09-11)
Microbial profile to support growing field of human gut research
George Washington University researchers published a comprehensive list of the types and ratios of microbes that inhabit the healthy human gut in PLOS ONE. (2019-09-11)
Use of antibiotics in preemies has lasting, potentially harmful effects
Nearly all babies born prematurely receive antibiotics. A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. (2019-09-09)
Acute periodontal disease bacteria love colon and dirt microbes
Mythbuster: The idea that bacterial collaborations within microbiomes, like in the mouth, have evolved to be generous and exclusive very much appears to be wrong. (2019-09-09)
The diet-microbiome connection in inflammatory bowel disease
A change in diet is a go-to strategy for treating inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn's. (2019-09-09)
Scientists find psychiatric drugs affect gut contents
Scientists have found that antidepressants and other psychiatric drugs can change the quantity and composition of gut bacteria in rats. (2019-09-08)
Native foods are key to preserving rodent gut bacteria in captivity
If a woodrat is in captivity and is eating an artificial diet, that finely tuned gut microbiome changes. (2019-09-08)
Disrupting the gut microbiome may affect some immune responses to flu vaccination
The normal human gut microbiome is a flourishing community of microorganisms, some of which can affect the human immune system. (2019-09-06)
Diet's effect on gut bacteria could play role in reducing Alzheimer's risk
Could following a certain type of diet affect the gut microbiome -- the good and bad bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal tract -- in ways that decrease the risk of Alzheimer's disease? (2019-09-03)
A comprehensive catalogue of human digestive tract bacteria
The human digestive tract is home to thousands of different strains of bacteria. (2019-09-02)
New insights into how diet & medication impact the influence of gut bacteria on our health
Research published in Cell on 29th August by the groups of Filipe Cabreiro from the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences and Imperial College and Christoph Kaleta from Kiel University in Germany has demonstrated that diet can alter the effectiveness of a type-2 diabetes drug via its action on gut bacteria. (2019-08-30)
Gut microbiota linked to organ damage in patients with sepsis
Sepsis is a serious condition that can result in organ failure and even death. (2019-08-29)
New DNA sequencer method achieves early-stage and broad-range detection of wheat diseases
As wheat is one of the world's most important crops, a group of Australia-based scientists wanted to develop a new method for analyzing pathogen DNA in wheat leaf samples. (2019-08-28)
Red wine benefits linked to better gut health, study finds
A study from King's College London has found that people who drank red wine had an increased gut microbiota diversity (a sign of gut health) compared to non-red wine drinkers as well as an association with lower levels of obesity and 'bad' cholesterol. (2019-08-27)
Remodeling unhealthful gut microbiomes to fight disease
You are what you eat -- right down to the microbiome living in your gut. (2019-08-26)
Scientists use skin's microbiome to develop health index for children with eczema
Microbiomes aren't just for understanding and modulating gut health -- skin, our largest organ, hosts a vibrant and complex microbiome that can provide health insights. (2019-08-22)
Bacterial sex drives evolution of microbes to conquer and colonize the gut
Healthy mice study real-time gut colonization and discovered a pivotal role for bacterial sex in the evolution of the mammalian microbiome. (2019-08-22)
Spaceflight consistently affects the gut
A new Northwestern University study discovered that spaceflight -- both aboard a space shuttle or the International Space Station (ISS) -- has a consistent effect on the gut microbiome. (2019-08-21)
Foodborne pathogen sheltered by harmless bacteria that support biofilm formation
Pathogenic bacteria that stubbornly lurk in some apple-packing facilities may be sheltered and protected by harmless bacteria that are known for their ability to form biofilms, according to Penn State researchers, who suggest the discovery could lead to development of alternative foodborne-pathogen-control strategies. (2019-08-21)
New clinical data highlight unique enzymatic activity of B. infantis EVC001 in infant gut
New data showed that term, breastfed infants fed activated Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis EVC001 (B. infantis EVC001) experience improved metabolism of protein-bound glycans from human milk, compared to matched controls. (2019-08-21)
Antibiotic use linked to heightened bowel cancer risk
Antibiotic use (pills/capsules) is linked to a heightened risk of bowel (colon) cancer, but a lower risk of rectal cancer, and depends, to some extent, on the type and class of drug prescribed, suggests research published online in the journal Gut. (2019-08-20)
Genetic risk is associated with differences in gut microbiome
Children with a high genetic risk of developing type 1 diabetes have different gut microbiomes than children with a low risk, according to a new study from Linköping University in Sweden and the University of Florida in the US. (2019-08-19)
Each cell is a small world: the microbiome of ciliates has been studied
Microbiologists investigated the microbiome of a sessile free-living ciliate Stentor coeruleus. (2019-08-16)
Helping bacteria be better friends
Bacteria, like people, have complicated relationships. A group of researchers was able to engineer the genomes of 4 species of gut bacteria to make them rely on each other for essential nutrients rather than competing for them, and the whole community was stronger and more balanced as a result. (2019-08-14)
Genetic census of the human microbiome
Scientists have analyzed the genetic repertoire of bacteria in the human mouth and gut. (2019-08-14)
Researchers identify how vaginal microbiome can elicit resistance to chlamydia
The vaginal microbiome is believed to protect women against Chlamydia trachomatis, the etiological agent of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in developed countries. (2019-08-13)
Mode of delivery at birth may play key role in shaping the child's skin microbiome
In a new study, investigators in China found that bacterial genera in children were more similar to those of their own mothers than to those of unrelated women. (2019-08-13)
Human microbiome churns out thousands of tiny novel proteins, Stanford researchers find
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered that the human microbiome is churning out tens of thousands of proteins so small that they've gone unnoticed in previous studies. (2019-08-08)
Bacteria on tumors influences immune response and survival of patients with pancreatic cancer
MD Anderson researchers find tumor microbiome influences immune response and patient survival in pancreatic cancer. (2019-08-08)
Researchers identify type of parasitic bacteria that saps corals of energy
Researchers at Oregon State University have proposed a new genus of bacteria that flourishes when coral reefs become polluted, siphoning energy from the corals and making them more susceptible to disease. (2019-08-08)
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