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Current Mitochondria News and Events, Mitochondria News Articles.
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CNIC researchers discover a cell-cleaning system that keeps hearts healthy
The study published in Cell shows that macrophages, a type of immune cell, help cardiac cells to get rid of their waste material, and that this maintains the metabolic and contractile properties of the heart. (2020-09-15)
Structure of ATPase, the world's smallest turbine, solved
The chemical ATP, adenosine triphosphate, is the fuel that powers all life. (2020-09-14)
Different response of mitochondrial respiration in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue to endurance e
In obese individuals, endurance exercise improves fitness and increases the number of mitochondria * and cellular respiration in skeletal muscles. (2020-09-09)
Researchers solve decades old mitochondrial mystery that could lead to new disease treatments
Penn Medicine researchers have solved a decades old mystery around a key molecule fueling the power plant of cells that could be exploited to find new ways to treat diseases, from neurodegenerative disorders to cancer. (2020-09-09)
Nerve cells with energy saving program
Thanks to a metabolic adjustment, the cells can remain functional despite damage to the mitochondria. (2020-08-31)
A ribosome odyssey in mitochondria
The ciliate mitoribosome structure provides new insights into the diversity of translation and its evolution. (2020-08-26)
UC Davis researchers reveal molecular structures involved in plant respiration
A study published today (Aug. 25, 2020) in eLife provides the first-ever, atomic-level, 3D structure of the largest protein complex (complex I) involved in the plant mitochondrial electron transport chain. (2020-08-25)
Fat crystals trigger chronic inflammation
A congenital disorder of the fat metabolism can apparently cause chronic hyperreaction of the immune system. (2020-08-24)
Prevention of heart disease can start before birth
Babies that experience low oxygen levels in the womb due to pregnancy complications often go on to develop heart disease in adulthood. (2020-08-19)
Bacteria's secret weapon revealed
Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) scientists have discovered a previously unknown method used by bacteria to evade immune responses. (2020-08-17)
Gene targeting helps overcome the resistance of brain cancer to therapy
New insight into a gene that controls energy production in cancer stem cells could help in the search for a more effective treatment for glioblastoma. (2020-08-17)
Becoming a nerve cell: Timing is of the essence
A Belgian team of researchers led by Pierre Vanderhaeghen (VIB-KU Leuven) finds that mitochondria regulate a key event during brain development: how neural stem cells become nerve cells. (2020-08-13)
Lipoic acid supplements help some obese but otherwise healthy people lose weight
A compound given as a dietary supplement to overweight but otherwise healthy people in a clinical trial caused many of the patients to slim down. (2020-08-12)
A phylogenetic analysis reveals the evolution of the mitochondrial calcium transporter
The system that regulates cellular calcium levels duplicated, generating two non-equivalent systems, some one billion years ago before fungi and animals diverged evolutionarily. (2020-08-12)
Building the batteries of cells
A new study, led by Dr. Ruchika Anand and Prof. (2020-08-11)
Imaging method highlights new role for cellular "skeleton" protein
While your skeleton helps your body to move, fine skeleton-like filaments within your cells likewise help cellular structures to move. (2020-08-10)
Fireflies shed light on the function of mitochondria
By making mice bioluminescent, EPFL scientists have found a way to monitor the activity of mitochondria in living organisms. (2020-08-10)
Success in promoting plant growth for biodiesel
Scientists of Waseda University in Japan succeeded in promoting plant growth and increasing seed yield by heterologous expression of protein from Arabidopsis (artificially modified high-speed motor protein) in Camelina sativa, which is expected as a useful plant for biodiesel. (2020-08-07)
New insight into the evolution of complex life on Earth
A novel connection between primordial organisms and complex life has been discovered, as new evidence sheds light on the evolutionary origins of the cell division process that is fundamental to complex life on Earth. (2020-08-06)
Energy demands limit our brains' information processing capacity
Our brains have an upper limit on how much they can process at once due to a constant but limited energy supply, according to a new UCL study using a brain imaging method that measures cellular metabolism. (2020-08-03)
Tinkering with roundworm proteins offers hope for anti-aging drugs
KAIST researchers have been able to dial up and down creatures' lifespans by altering the activity of proteins found in roundworm cells that tell them to convert sugar into energy when their cellular energy is running low. (2020-07-31)
CNIC scientists discover the mechanism of competition between mitochondrial genomes coexisting
The study, published in Science Advances, reveals that cells can detect the presence of different mitochondrial genomes and select among them according to their effect on metabolic status (2020-07-29)
Molecular cause underlying rare genetic disorder revealed
Scientists identify how a nonfunctioning CASK gene creates chaos in the brain. (2020-07-27)
Influenza virus-induced oxidized DNA activates inflammasomes
In this study, a research group at The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo (IMSUT) observed nucleus- and mitochondria-derived double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) in extracellular web-like structures in the cytoplasm and extracellular space around influenza virus-infected macrophages. (2020-07-21)
Starve the cancer
Fighting cancer often means employing a suite of techniques to target the tumor and prevent it from growing and spreading to other parts of the body. (2020-07-21)
Neural vulnerability in Huntington's disease tied to release of mitochondrial RNA
A uniquely comprehensive survey of gene expression by cell type in humans and mice revealed several deficits affecting the most vulnerable neurons in Huntigton's disease. (2020-07-17)
OPTN-ATG9 interaction accelerates autophagic degradation of ubiquitin-labeled mitochondria
Damaged mitochondria are selectively eliminated via autophagy (called mitophagy). Parkin and PINK1, proteins mutated in hereditary Parkinson's disease, amplify ubiquitin signals on damaged mitochondria with the subsequent activation of autophagic machinery. (2020-07-09)
Biologists trace plants' steady mitochondrial genomes to a gene found in viruses, bacteria
CSU biologists have traced the stability of plant mitochondrial genomes to a particular gene - MSH1 - that plants have but animals don't. (2020-07-09)
Researchers find promising therapy to fight epidemic of liver disease
In an effort to combat a growing worldwide epidemic of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), scientists have discovered a new target and a new therapy that has shown promising results in preclinical mouse models, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. (2020-07-08)
Evolutionary biologists find several fish adapt in the same way to toxic water
Several species of fish have adapted to harsh environments using the same mechanism, which brings to question evolutionary chance, according to a study by Kansas State University and Washington State University. (2020-07-08)
How to precisely edit mitochondrial DNA
A gene editing tool based on a bacterial toxin can make precise changes to mitochondrial DNA inside cells. (2020-07-08)
Star-shaped brain cells shed light on the link between cannabis use and sociability
Cannabis use can lead to behavioral changes, including reduced social interactions in some individuals. (2020-07-08)
New molecular tool precisely edits mitochondrial DNA
The precision editing technologies that have revolutionized DNA editing in the cell nucleus have been unable to reach the mitochondrial genome. (2020-07-08)
New link between calcium and cardiolipin in heart defects
To function properly, the heart needs energy from cells' powerhouses, the mitochondria. (2020-07-07)
New vitamin K-based drug shows promise against medication-resistant epilepsy
Medical University of South Carolina researchers have designed a new vitamin K-based compound that shows excellent seizure-control properties, even in preclinical models of medication-resistant seizures. (2020-07-06)
Toxic air pollution nanoparticles found in heart cell 'powerhouses' of city dwellers
Toxic metallic air pollution nanoparticles are getting inside the crucial, energy-producing structures within the hearts of people living in polluted cities, causing cardiac stress -- a new study confirms. (2020-07-03)
Moss protein corrects genetic defects of other plants
Almost all land plants employ an army of molecular editors who correct errors in their genetic information. (2020-07-02)
Revisiting energy flow in photosynthetic plant cells
By developing innovative methods to visualize energy changes in subcellular compartments in live plants, the team of Dr Boon Leong LIM, Associate Professor of the School of Biological Sciences of The University of Hong Kong, recently solved a controversial question in photosynthesis: what is the source of NADH (Reduced Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) for mitochondria to generate ATP (Adenosine triphosphate)? (2020-06-30)
Power outage: Research offers hint about heart weakness in Barth syndrome
Researchers at UT Health San Antonio and collaborating institutions have found a clue about the processes that underlie Barth syndrome, a rare but devastating condition that features heart weakness. (2020-06-29)
Declining eyesight improved by looking at deep red light
Staring at a deep red light for three minutes a day can significantly improve declining eyesight, finds a new UCL-led study, the first of its kind in humans. (2020-06-28)
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