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Current Myelin News and Events

Current Myelin News and Events, Myelin News Articles.
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New brain research could change how concussions are treated
Researchers looked at postmortem tissues of patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in high-resolution and found greater signs of blood vessel damage than nerve damage. (2019-10-13)
Illumination of abnormal neuronal activities caused by myelin impairment
The neural circuit basis for motor learning tasks when myelination is impaired has been illuminated for the first time by an international collaboration of university research teams. (2019-10-11)
UVA discovers surprise contributor to multiple sclerosis
The discovery suggests new avenues for devising treatments and is a vital step toward finding a cure. (2019-10-07)
Cause of rare but deadly neurological disease identified
A deadly neurological disease that primarily affects infant boys is caused by increased sensitivity to iron in the brain, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine, the University of California-San Francisco and the University of Cambridge. (2019-10-03)
Stem cell studies offer hope for childhood neurological condition
Two new studies by an international team of researchers report progress in using stem cells to develop new therapies for Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD), a rare genetic condition affecting boys that can be fatal before 10 years of age (2019-10-03)
Do children's brains really get thinner?
The brains of young children get thinner as they grow. (2019-09-24)
In mice: Transplanted brain stem cells survive without anti-rejection drugs
In experiments in mice, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have developed a way to successfully transplant certain protective brain cells without the need for lifelong anti-rejection drugs. (2019-09-16)
New compound promotes healing of myelin in nervous system disorders
Researchers working with mice have developed a compound that promotes rebuilding of the protective sheath around nerve cells that's damaged in conditions such as multiple sclerosis. (2019-09-06)
Defective sheath
Schwann cells form a protective sheath around nerve fibres and ensure that nerve impulses are transmitted rapidly. (2019-08-27)
'Key player' identified in genetic link to psychiatric conditions
Scientists have identified a specific gene they believe could be a key player in the changes in brain structure seen in several psychiatric conditions, such as schizophrenia and autism. (2019-08-21)
Researchers identify glial cells as critical players in brain's response to social stress
Exposure to violence, social conflict, and other stressors increase risk for psychiatric conditions such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. (2019-08-13)
Families of children with rare diseases open to advanced care plans with caregiver support
A novel palliative care intervention developed at Children's National Health System for caregivers of children and adolescents with rare diseases has shown preliminary success at helping families talk about potentially challenging medical decisions before a crisis occurs. (2019-07-31)
Are the 'viral' agents of MS, ALS and schizophrenia buried in our genome?
What if the missing 'environmental' factor in some of our deadliest neurological diseases were really written in our genome? (2019-07-11)
First step to induce self-repair in the central nervous system
Injured axons instruct Schwann cells to build specialized actin spheres to break down and remove axon fragments, thereby starting the regeneration process. (2019-07-11)
Discovery reveals prolific ability of Schwann cells to generate myelin
Scientists have discovered that a special type of cell is much more prolific in generating a protective sheath covering nerve fibers than previously believed. (2019-07-05)
Pain signaling in humans more rapid than previously known
Pain signals can travel as fast as touch signals, according to a new study from researchers at Linköping University in Sweden, Liverpool John Moores University in the UK, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the US. (2019-07-03)
Multiple sclerosis: Endogenous retrovirus HERV-W key to nerve tissue damage
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) affecting brain and spinal cord. (2019-06-27)
Scientists edge closer to root causes of multiple sclerosis
An international team of researchers led by the University of British Columbia has made a scientific advance they hope will lead to the development of preventative treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS). (2019-06-06)
Pigment-producing stem cells can regenerate vital part of nervous system
Neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) affect millions of people worldwide and occur when parts of the nervous system lose function over time. (2019-05-06)
A comprehensive map of how Alzheimer's affects the brain
MIT researchers performed the first comprehensive analysis of the genes altered in individual brain cells of patients with Alzheimer's disease, allowing them to identify the distinctive cellular pathways affected in neurons and other types of brain cells. (2019-05-01)
Hypersociability in Williams syndrome result of Myelination deficits
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that gene deletion or deficiency in neurons is responsible for the abnormal hypersocial behavior associated with Williams syndrome (WS), a rare disorder affecting 1 in 10,000 people around the world. (2019-04-24)
Neuroscientists reverse some behavioral symptoms of Williams syndrome
In a study of mice, MIT neuroscientists have found that impaired myelination underlies the hypersociability seen in patients with Williams syndrome. (2019-04-22)
Study shows promise in repairing damaged myelin
A new study shows that a synthetic molecule developed by Oregon Health & Science University scientists stimulates repair of the protective sheath that covers nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. (2019-04-18)
Body mass index may play a significant role in the progression of multiple sclerosis
A newly published paper in the Lancet journal EBioMedicine identifies a link between high levels of blood lipids and worsening of disease in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who are overweight or obese. (2019-04-11)
Blocking protein's activity restores cognition in old mice, Stanford study shows
By blocking a protein's activity with antibodies, Stanford University School of Medicine investigators were able to improve cognitive behavior in aging mice. (2019-04-03)
Study identifies new approach to repairing damaged peripheral nervous system
A new understanding of cell migration may eventually help in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases -- and even allow children to 'get out of their wheelchairs and live an enhanced quality of life.' (2019-04-02)
Researchers optimize aptamer with enhanced myelin-binding properties for MS treatment
A new study has demonstrated the enhanced ability of an optimized 20-nucleotide derivative of a larger DNA aptamer to bind myelin in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis. (2019-03-27)
Brain stem cells age faster in MS patients
Brain stem cells in people with the most severe form of multiple sclerosis look much older than they really are, according to a study led by UConn Health and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). (2019-03-25)
Diattenuation imaging -- a promising imaging technique for brain research
A new imaging method provides structural information about brain tissue that was previously difficult to access. (2019-03-19)
Young people at risk of addiction have differences in key brain region
Young adults at risk of developing problems with addiction show key differences in an important region of the brain, according to an international team led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. (2019-03-04)
Disability progression in multiple sclerosis linked to income, education
Neighborhood income and education level is associated with risk of disability progression in patients with multiple sclerosis, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia. (2019-02-22)
Researchers develop new compound that offers superior therapeutic approach to treat MS
Previous studies have shown that estrogens and estrogen-like compounds reduce multiple sclerosis-like inflammation and disability in mice. (2019-02-20)
URI study shows benefits of delayed cord clamping in healthy babies
A five-minute delay in the clamping of healthy infants' umbilical cords results in increased iron stores and brain myelin in areas important for early-life functional development, a new University of Rhode Island nursing study has found. (2019-02-09)
Two windows into the brain
CHLA's Dr. Bradley Peterson uses two brain imaging techniques to study autism. (2019-01-30)
Old cells repair damage in the brains of MS patients
A new study shows that there is a very limited regeneration of cells in the brain of patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). (2019-01-23)
Study sheds light on brain cell changes in people with MS
Fresh insights into the types of cells found in the brains of people with multiple sclerosis could help develop improved therapies, research has found. (2019-01-23)
Multiple sclerosis -- Helping cells to help themselves
Diseases such as multiple sclerosis are characterized by damage to the 'myelin sheath', a protective covering wrapped around nerve cells akin to insulation around an electrical wire. (2019-01-22)
FSU research sheds light on spinal cord injuries
A natural immune system response may be responsible for inflicting additional harm in the weeks and months after a spinal injury. (2019-01-21)
Mapping the brain at high resolution
Researchers have developed a technique to image the brain with unprecedented resolution and speed. (2019-01-17)
Protecting oligodendrocytes may reduce the impact of multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating inflammatory disorder in which autoreactive T cells migrate into the central nervous tissue and damage oligodendrocytes and myelin, which protect nerve cells. (2019-01-16)
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