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Current Myelin News and Events

Current Myelin News and Events, Myelin News Articles.
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Scientists edge closer to root causes of multiple sclerosis
An international team of researchers led by the University of British Columbia has made a scientific advance they hope will lead to the development of preventative treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS). (2019-06-06)
Pigment-producing stem cells can regenerate vital part of nervous system
Neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) affect millions of people worldwide and occur when parts of the nervous system lose function over time. (2019-05-06)
A comprehensive map of how Alzheimer's affects the brain
MIT researchers performed the first comprehensive analysis of the genes altered in individual brain cells of patients with Alzheimer's disease, allowing them to identify the distinctive cellular pathways affected in neurons and other types of brain cells. (2019-05-01)
Hypersociability in Williams syndrome result of Myelination deficits
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that gene deletion or deficiency in neurons is responsible for the abnormal hypersocial behavior associated with Williams syndrome (WS), a rare disorder affecting 1 in 10,000 people around the world. (2019-04-24)
Neuroscientists reverse some behavioral symptoms of Williams syndrome
In a study of mice, MIT neuroscientists have found that impaired myelination underlies the hypersociability seen in patients with Williams syndrome. (2019-04-22)
Study shows promise in repairing damaged myelin
A new study shows that a synthetic molecule developed by Oregon Health & Science University scientists stimulates repair of the protective sheath that covers nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. (2019-04-18)
Body mass index may play a significant role in the progression of multiple sclerosis
A newly published paper in the Lancet journal EBioMedicine identifies a link between high levels of blood lipids and worsening of disease in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who are overweight or obese. (2019-04-11)
Blocking protein's activity restores cognition in old mice, Stanford study shows
By blocking a protein's activity with antibodies, Stanford University School of Medicine investigators were able to improve cognitive behavior in aging mice. (2019-04-03)
Study identifies new approach to repairing damaged peripheral nervous system
A new understanding of cell migration may eventually help in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases -- and even allow children to 'get out of their wheelchairs and live an enhanced quality of life.' (2019-04-02)
Researchers optimize aptamer with enhanced myelin-binding properties for MS treatment
A new study has demonstrated the enhanced ability of an optimized 20-nucleotide derivative of a larger DNA aptamer to bind myelin in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis. (2019-03-27)
Brain stem cells age faster in MS patients
Brain stem cells in people with the most severe form of multiple sclerosis look much older than they really are, according to a study led by UConn Health and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). (2019-03-25)
Diattenuation imaging -- a promising imaging technique for brain research
A new imaging method provides structural information about brain tissue that was previously difficult to access. (2019-03-19)
Young people at risk of addiction have differences in key brain region
Young adults at risk of developing problems with addiction show key differences in an important region of the brain, according to an international team led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. (2019-03-04)
Disability progression in multiple sclerosis linked to income, education
Neighborhood income and education level is associated with risk of disability progression in patients with multiple sclerosis, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia. (2019-02-22)
Researchers develop new compound that offers superior therapeutic approach to treat MS
Previous studies have shown that estrogens and estrogen-like compounds reduce multiple sclerosis-like inflammation and disability in mice. (2019-02-20)
URI study shows benefits of delayed cord clamping in healthy babies
A five-minute delay in the clamping of healthy infants' umbilical cords results in increased iron stores and brain myelin in areas important for early-life functional development, a new University of Rhode Island nursing study has found. (2019-02-09)
Two windows into the brain
CHLA's Dr. Bradley Peterson uses two brain imaging techniques to study autism. (2019-01-30)
Old cells repair damage in the brains of MS patients
A new study shows that there is a very limited regeneration of cells in the brain of patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). (2019-01-23)
Study sheds light on brain cell changes in people with MS
Fresh insights into the types of cells found in the brains of people with multiple sclerosis could help develop improved therapies, research has found. (2019-01-23)
Multiple sclerosis -- Helping cells to help themselves
Diseases such as multiple sclerosis are characterized by damage to the 'myelin sheath', a protective covering wrapped around nerve cells akin to insulation around an electrical wire. (2019-01-22)
FSU research sheds light on spinal cord injuries
A natural immune system response may be responsible for inflicting additional harm in the weeks and months after a spinal injury. (2019-01-21)
Mapping the brain at high resolution
Researchers have developed a technique to image the brain with unprecedented resolution and speed. (2019-01-17)
Protecting oligodendrocytes may reduce the impact of multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating inflammatory disorder in which autoreactive T cells migrate into the central nervous tissue and damage oligodendrocytes and myelin, which protect nerve cells. (2019-01-16)
IDIBELL researchers identify a new leukodystrophy in children and its potential cure
The Neurometabolic Diseases research team at IDIBELL and CIBERER, led by Aurora Pujol, has uncovered a novel disease of children affecting the brain white matter -- the myelin sheath --, leading to severe incapacity and death in some cases. (2019-01-10)
What prevents remyelination? New stem cell research reveals a critical culprit
New research on remyelination, the spontaneous regeneration of the brain's fatty insulator that keeps neurons communicating, could lead to a novel approach to developing treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS) and other inflammatory diseases. (2018-12-18)
Study makes significant findings related to traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is often referred to as the 'invisible injury' -- while on the surface everything seems normal with brain structure, symptoms may present themselves in the behavior of the injured and cannot be explained. (2018-12-17)
Study confirms role of brain's support cells in Huntington's, points to new therapies
New research gives scientists a clearer picture of what is happening in the brains of people with Huntington's disease and lays out a potential path for treatment. (2018-12-13)
'Chemo brain' caused by malfunction in three types of brain cells, Stanford study finds
In a new study explaining the cellular mechanisms behind cognitive impairment from chemotherapy, scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have demonstrated that a widely used chemotherapy drug, methotrexate, causes a complex set of problems in three major cell types within the brain's white matter. (2018-12-06)
Switch for the regeneration of nerve cell insulation
An international research team has discovered a mechanism that regulates the regeneration of the insulating layer of neurites. (2018-11-30)
In vitro cell culture findings could lead to novel interventions for Schizophrenia
A recent study has shown how using cultured cells from patients with psychotic disorders to investigate abnormalities in nerve connections in the brain could lead to new treatments. (2018-11-30)
Discovery opens new opportunities to slow or reverse MS
Nerve cells stripped of their insulation can no longer carry vital information, leading to the numbness, weakness and vision problems often associated with multiple sclerosis. (2018-11-27)
New clues to the origin and progression of multiple sclerosis
Mapping of a certain group of cells, known as oligodendrocytes, in the central nervous system of a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS), shows that they might have a significant role in the development of the disease. (2018-11-12)
Astrocytes regulate signal speeds of neurons
The transmission speed of neurons fluctuates in the brain to achieve an optimal flow of information required for day-to-day activities, according to a National Institutes of Health study. (2018-10-29)
Mutation in common protein triggers tangles, chaos inside brain cells
A pioneer in the study of neural cells revealed today how a single mutation affecting the most common protein in a supporting brain cell produces devastating, fibrous globs. (2018-10-23)
Environmental factors may trigger onset of multiple sclerosis
A new Tel Aviv University study finds that certain environmental conditions like salt concentrations and temperature may precipitate structural changes that take place in myelin sheaths in the onset of multiple sclerosis (MS). (2018-10-16)
Link between gut flora and multiple sclerosis discovered
In multiple sclerosis, a defective response of the body's own immune system leads to brain tissue damage. (2018-10-11)
CWRU scientists develop new method to more efficiently generate brain stem cells
In two newly published papers, a scientific team at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine reports on the discovery and implementation of a new, more efficient method for generating an important brain stem cell in the laboratory. (2018-10-01)
UMass Amherst neuroscientists see clues to brain maturation in adolescent rats
One of the outstanding questions in neurodevelopment research has been identifying how connections in the brain change to improve neural function during childhood and adolescence. (2018-09-26)
Research in yeast leads to serendipitous finding about a central nervous system disorder
Researchers from the Salk Institute found that an important quality control mechanism in baker's yeast is closely connected to hypomyelinating leukodystrophy, a debilitating disease found in children. (2018-09-14)
Concussions loosen insulation around brain cells
Detailed scans of concussed hockey players found that the protective fatty tissue surrounding brain cell fibers was loosened two weeks after the injury -- even though the athletes felt fine and were deemed ready to return to the ice. (2018-09-04)
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