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Current Natural selection News and Events

Current Natural selection News and Events, Natural selection News Articles.
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Hydrogen-natural gas hydrates harvested by natural gas
A recent study has suggested a new strategy for stably storing hydrogen, using natural gas as a stabilizer. (2019-06-21)
Coincidence or master plan?
Joint press release by Kiel University and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Plön (MPI-EB). (2019-06-20)
God doesn't play dice -- does cancer?
Colorado study suggests that changes to the tissue ecosystem and not necessarily mutations allows growth of cancer. (2019-06-20)
Spiders risk everything for love
A biology study finds that blue jays can easily spot wolf spiders engaged in their courtship rituals. (2019-06-20)
SUTD researchers enhance security in proof of stake blockchain protocols
Proof of Stake Blockchain protocols rely on voting mechanisms to reach consensus on the data, but they can be vulnerable to faults when validators accidentally or maliciously withhold their votes. (2019-06-19)
Directed evolution comes to plants
Accelerating plant evolution with CRISPR paves the way for breeders to engineer new crop varieties. (2019-06-19)
Phage display for engineering blood-contacting surfaces
Surfaces that enable endothelial cell attachment without causing blood clotting are needed for various tissue engineering efforts. (2019-06-19)
IDIBELL researchers relate the amplification of a chromosomal region with resistance to to a chemotherapeutic drug in breast cancer
IDIBELL researchers relate the amplification of a chromosomal region with resistance to a chemotherapeutic drug in breast cancer. (2019-06-18)
Study reveals new genomic roots of ecological adaptation in polar bear evolution
Scientists from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Vanderbilt University and Clark University have shed new light on the genomic foundation of the polar bear's ecological adaption by pinpointing rapid changes in the bear's gene copy numbers in response to a diet shifting from vegetation to meat. (2019-06-17)
Research identifies key driver for infanticide among chimpanzees
Study concludes that the sexual selection hypothesis was the main reason for the high rates of infanticide among a community of chimpanzees in Uganda. (2019-06-13)
Love songs from paradise take a nosedive
The Galápagos Islands finches named after Charles Darwin are starting to sing a different tune because of an introduced pest on the once pristine environment. (2019-06-11)
NHS-funded private sector hip operations worsening health inequality
Increasing use of the private sector for hip surgery in England driving down NHS provision. (2019-06-07)
Foam-free methane storage promoter proposed
Associated petroleum gas is wasted in the billions of cubic meters every year in many countries. (2019-06-05)
All human endurance activities share a common metabolic ceiling
In one of the first attempts to quantify the limits of human energy expenditure over time, researchers using data on athletes who competed in global endurance events report that human energy expenditure could not be sustained above 2.5 times the rate of metabolism at rest. (2019-06-05)
New genes out of nothing
One key question in evolutionary biology is how novel genes arise and develop. (2019-06-04)
Grassland areas should be chosen wisely
According to researchers from the Department of Agroecology at Aarhus University, choosing the best areas to convert from cereals to grasslands depends on whether you prioritize improvement of nature and the aquatic environment, how much biomass you can produce, or how much land is needed to so do -- or a combination. (2019-06-03)
Study delivers insight into possible origins of immunological memory
Natural killer cells are part of the innate immune system. (2019-06-03)
Discovery may lead to natural ent-kaurane diterpenoid for NK-based tumor immunotherapy
Research groups led by Prof. LI Yan and Prof. Puno Pematenzin from the Kunming Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found that ent-kaurane diterpenoids, which show a wide range of bioactivity, especially antitumor activity, are good candidates as sensitizer agents for NK cells. (2019-05-30)
Measuring methane from coal and gas in Pennsylvania informative
While methane pollution caused by natural gas production in Pennsylvania is underestimated by the US Environmental Protection Agency, natural gas still has half the carbon footprint of underground coal mining, according to an international team of researchers. (2019-05-23)
Smoking unfiltered cigarettes appear to double risk of lung cancer death
People who smoke unfiltered cigarettes are nearly twice as likely to die from lung cancer and 30 percent more likely to die of all causes than those who smoke filtered cigarettes, (2019-05-22)
Contact with nature during childhood could lead to better mental health in adulthood
Almost 3,600 people participated in a European study on the impact of green and blue spaces on mental health and vitality. (2019-05-21)
How egg cells choose their best powerhouses to pass on
Developing egg cells conduct tests to select the healthiest of their energy-making machines to be passed to the next generation. (2019-05-15)
rTMS improves memory in younger and older adults
Magnetic stimulation of the brain improves working memory, offering a new potential avenue of therapy for individuals living with Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia, according to new research from the Duke University School of Medicine. (2019-05-15)
Solvent additive-free ternary polymer solar cells with 16.27% efficiency
Recently, ternary PSCs with 16.27% efficiency were reported by Fujun Zhang's group, which has been published on the Science Bulletin in the form of Short Communication. (2019-05-14)
Five rules to tackle antibiotic resistance
Current efforts to tackle antibiotic resistance are 'not nearly radical enough,' a leading scientist says. (2019-05-14)
Dolphin ancestor's hearing was more like hoofed mammals than today's sea creatures
The CT scan revealed cochlear coiling with more turns than in animals with echolocation, indicating hearing more similar to the cloven-hoofed, terrestrial mammals dolphins came from than the sleek sea creatures they are today. (2019-05-14)
Tomato pan-genome makes bringing flavor back easier
Store-bought tomatoes don't have much flavor. Now, scientists from the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) may have spotlighted the solution by developing the tomato pan-genome, mapping almost 5,000 previously undocumented genes, including genes for flavor. (2019-05-13)
Chewing versus sex in the duck-billed dinosaurs
The duck-billed hadrosaurs walked the Earth over 90-million years ago and were one of the most successful groups of dinosaurs. (2019-05-02)
Perfume makers seek natural, sustainable scents
In 1921, perfumer Ernest Beaux discovered that adding synthetic aldehydes to natural rose and jasmine scents produced just the right fragrance combination for the iconic CHANEL® No. (2019-04-24)
New synthesis strategy speeds identification of simpler versions of a natural product
A new chemical synthesis strategy to harvest the rich information found in natural products -- organic compounds isolated from natural sources -- has led to the identification of novel, simpler derivatives with potential to selectively protect neurons, important for neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease, or to prevent the immune system from rejecting organ transplants, a Baylor-led study finds (2019-04-24)
Study: Why unique finches keep their heads of many colors
There appears to be an underlying selection mechanism at work among Gouldian finches -- a mechanism that allows this species to produce and maintain individuals with red heads, black heads, and yellow heads. (2019-04-23)
Island lizards are expert sunbathers, and researchers find it's slowing their evolution
If you've ever spent some time in the Caribbean, you might have noticed that humans are not the only organisms soaking up the sun. (2019-04-22)
Researchers identify a new biomarker for personalized treatments against cancer
Many treatments against cancer, such as TRAIL, aim to trigger a type of cell death known as apoptosis. (2019-04-16)
CRISPRed wheat helps farmers control weeds
Recently, a research team led by Profs. GAO Caixia and LI Jiayang at the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGDB, CAS), together with Associate Prof. (2019-04-15)
Computer games for fish uncover why some prey lead and others follow
For the first time, researchers have shed new light on the evolution of different social roles within animal groups by exploring how fish predators target and attack groups of virtual prey. (2019-04-15)
Pollen genes mutate naturally in only some strains of corn
Pollen genes mutate naturally in only some strains of corn, according to Rutgers-led research that helps explain the genetic instability in certain strains and may lead to better breeding of corn and other crops. (2019-04-15)
Unique look at combined influence of pollinators and herbivores reveals rapid evolution of floral traits in plants
Pollinating bumblebees and butterflies help plants grow prettier flowers, but harmful herbivores don't, a new study shows. (2019-04-11)
Mechanism to form influenza A virus discovered
A new study by Maria João Amorim's team, from the Gulbenkian Institute of Science, now reveals where the genomes of the influenza A virus are assembled inside infected cells. (2019-04-09)
Genome assembly of pasta wheat leads to new insights for modern wheat breeding
Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum) is the basic commodity for the production of pasta, as this cereal plant yields grains with the necessary high content of gluten proteins. (2019-04-09)
Disposable parts of plants mutate more quickly
Mutation rates are proposed to be a pragmatic balance struck between the harmful effects of mutations and the costs of suppressing them; this hypothesis predicts that longer-lived body parts and those that contribute to the next generation should have lower mutation rates than the rest of the organism, but is this the case in nature? (2019-04-09)
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