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Current Nerve cells News and Events, Nerve cells News Articles.
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Unruly T cells complicate the intended benefits of HIV vaccines
Inducing strong responses from T helper (TH) cells -- long seen as a desirable goal for HIV vaccines -- and using multiple antigens can hamper the effectiveness of vaccine candidates for HIV, according to an analysis of macaque experiments and a multicenter, phase 1 trial. (2019-11-20)
Scientists develop a new method to detect light in the brain
The study marks the first instance of successfully using light to decode the activity of specific neuronal populations as well as manipulation of different brain regions with the use of an optical probe. (2019-11-19)
RNA regulation is crucial for embryonic stem cell differentiation
Nuclear RNA levels are kept in check by RNA decay factors. (2019-11-19)
A new pathway to 'reprogram' killer cells
Killer cells of the immune system detect and kill infected cells or cancer cells. (2019-11-19)
Evidence in mice that childhood asthma is influenced by the neurotransmitter dopamine
Neurons that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine communicate with T cells to enhance allergic inflammation in the lungs of young mice but not older mice, researchers report Nov. (2019-11-19)
New cell therapy improves memory and stops seizures following TBI
Researchers from the University of California, Irvine developed a breakthrough cell therapy to improve memory and prevent seizures in mice following traumatic brain injury. (2019-11-15)
Discovery reveals mechanism that turns herpes virus on and off
New research from Dr. Luis M. Schang and his group at the Baker Institute for Animal Health has identified a new mechanism that plays a role in controlling how the herpes virus alternates between dormant and active stages of infection. (2019-11-14)
How self-reactive immune cells are allowed to develop
A research team at Lund University in Sweden has found the mechanism that controls the growth of B1-cells in mice. (2019-11-13)
Targeting alpha-synuclein in the gut may slow down Parkinson's disease
Aggregates of the protein alpha-synuclein arising in the gut may play a key role in the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). (2019-11-13)
Genetics of species-specific birdsong revealed
Researchers have discovered the genetic mechanism that explains how birds sing different songs depending on their species. (2019-11-13)
Small RNAs link immune system and brain cells
A collaborative study carried out by the Institute of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy at Goethe University (Professor Jochen Klein) and the Institute of Neurosciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Professor Hermona Soreq) shows sex-specific biases in disease-specific changes in brain cells, as well as in cellular control mechanisms based on endogenous short ribonucleic acid (RNA) chains. (2019-11-12)
Defining a new approach to treating Parkinson's disease
Scientists from the University of Cologne have contributed to identifying Cav2.3 as a new target for a promising specific therapy. (2019-11-12)
Protein could offer therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer
A protein that drives growth of pancreatic cancer, and which could be a target for new treatments, has been identified by researchers at the Crick. (2019-11-12)
Identifying the efficacy of treating encephalitis in leukemia therapy
Revealing the mechanism of glial cell activity...expected to be used for treatment of dementia (2019-11-11)
Injectable, flexible electrode could replace rigid nerve-stimulating implants
By electrically stimulating nerves, neuromodulation therapies can reduce epileptic seizures, soothe chronic pain, and treat depression and a host of other health conditions without the use of conventional drugs like opioids. (2019-11-11)
The pathway to Parkinson's takes a surprising twist
A new study finds that neurons affected in Parkinson's disease can shut down without fully dying, allowing them to also switch off neighboring cells. (2019-11-11)
Can our thoughts alter our brains?
Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) can measure changes in electrical brain activity that just by thinking about performing a task. (2019-11-07)
Imagined movements can alter our brains
Brain-computer interfaces have a structural impact on brain substance. (2019-11-07)
A mechanism capable of preserving muscle mass
By studying the young and aging muscles in mice, researchers from the Myology Research Center (Sorbonne Universite-Inserm) of the Institute of Myology identified a protein, CaVbeta1E that activates the factor GDF5. (2019-11-06)
Scientists identify new puberty-promoting genes
A team of neuroscientists led by Professor Christiana Ruhrberg (UCL, UK) and Professor Anna Cariboni (University of Milan, Italy) have found two molecules that work together to help set up the sense of smell and pave the way to puberty in mice. (2019-11-05)
Discovered a new process of antitumor response of NK cells in myeloma
The stem cell transplant and cell immunotherapy group of the Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute reveals how NK cells activate a set of actions that promote their antitumor capacity in the presence of myeloma cells. (2019-11-05)
Why myelinated mammalian nerves are fast and allow high frequency
Researchers have achieved patch-clamp studies of an elusive part of mammalian myelinated nerves called the Nodes of Ranvier. (2019-11-05)
Nanoparticle drug delivery provides pain relief and more effective opioid alternative in animal study
An international team of researchers has used nanoparticles to deliver a drug -- one that previously failed in clinical trials for pain -- into specific compartments of nerve cells, dramatically increasing its ability to treat pain in mice and rats. (2019-11-04)
Living skin can now be 3D-printed with blood vessels included
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a way to 3D print living skin, complete with blood vessels. (2019-11-01)
Potential genetic markers of multiple sclerosis severity
In a bid to determine factors linked to the most debilitating forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have identified three so-called 'complement system' genes that appear to play a role in MS-caused vision loss. (2019-10-31)
Milk from teeth: Dental stem cells can generate milk-producing cells
Stem cells of the teeth can contribute to the regeneration of non-dental organs, namely mammary glands. (2019-10-31)
A protein that pulls the brake on nerve growth
During embryonic development, nerve cells form thin, long extensions, which they use to wire up a complex network, the brain. (2019-10-31)
Immune 'control switch' could prevent brain injury in premature babies
About 15 million babies are born prematurely around the world each year and many suffer brain injuries when their immune response goes into overdrive. (2019-10-30)
TalTech immunologists develop new leucocyte markers
An article entitled 'Human Peripheral Blood Eosinophils Express High Levels of the Purinergic Receptor P2X4' written by an international immunology research group was recently published in the scientific journal Frontiers in Immunology. (2019-10-30)
New gene therapy for epilepsy provides on-demand release of endogenous substance
A joint press release by Charité and the Medical University of Innsbruck Teams of researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Medical University of Innsbruck have developed a new therapeutic concept for the treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy. (2019-10-30)
Scientists invent animal-free testing of lethal neurotoxins
Animal testing will no longer be required to assess a group of deadly neurotoxins, thanks to University of Queensland-led research. (2019-10-29)
Seeking better treatment for ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease
In neurodegenerative disease ALS, proteins called TDP-43 aggregate in patient tissues. (2019-10-29)
Gabapentinoids appear increasingly to be prescribed, off-label, for cancer pain
Between 2005 and 2015, as the opioid crisis in America came into focus, prescriptions for gabapentinoid medications -- gabapentin and pregabalin -- to adults with cancer saw a two-fold increase, a University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center study has found. (2019-10-28)
Nerve cell protection free from side effects
The hormone erythropoietin (Epo) is a well-known doping substance that has a history of abuse in endurance sports. (2019-10-25)
Deep inside the brain: Unraveling the dense networks in the cerebral cortex
Mammalian brains, with their unmatched number of nerve cells and density of communication, are the most complex networks known. (2019-10-24)
The night gardeners: Immune cells rewire, repair brain while we sleep
Science tells us that a lot of good things happen in our brains while we sleep -- learning and memories are consolidated and waste is removed, among other things. (2019-10-21)
Stem cell research leads to insights into how Huntington's disease develops
Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal hereditary disease for which there is no cure. (2019-10-21)
Researchers identify targeted therapy that can help children with deadly nerve cancer
Mount Sinai researchers have identified a targeted therapy for adolescent patients with neuroblastoma, a deadly pediatric nerve cancer, who would otherwise have no treatment options, according to a study published in October in Cancer Cell. (2019-10-17)
Study focuses on repair and reversal of damage caused by Huntington's disease
A new study examining the role that star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes play in Huntington's disease has identified a potential strategy that may halt the disease and repair some of the damage it causes. (2019-10-16)
Novel technique helps explain why bright light keeps us awake
Researchers at the Salk Institute and UC San Diego are reporting a novel technique for tracing the activity of individual nerve fibers known as axons, and determining how neurons communicate. (2019-10-15)
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