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Current Nervous system News and Events

Current Nervous system News and Events, Nervous system News Articles.
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57% of the plastic waste on the Tarragona coast is clothing fibers from washing machines
The sea water, beaches and sediments on the Tarragona coast contain quantities of plastic similar to those in a big city like Barcelona. (2019-06-10)
Study shows how the nervous system can transmit information across multiple generations
A new Tel Aviv University study reveals how the nervous system can transmit information across multiple generations. (2019-06-06)
Heart rate variation due to stress affects auditory attention
Study shows that brain activity related to auditory perception parallels heart rate, offering new perspectives for the treatment of attention and communication disorders. (2019-06-06)
Scientists edge closer to root causes of multiple sclerosis
An international team of researchers led by the University of British Columbia has made a scientific advance they hope will lead to the development of preventative treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS). (2019-06-06)
Research confirms gut-brain connection in autism
Up to 90% of people with autism suffer from gut problems, but nobody has known why. (2019-05-30)
Could repeated squeezes to the arms, legs protect the brain?
What if wearing a blood pressure cuff could help prevent stroke? (2019-05-29)
New evidence supports surgery for rare type of brain lymphoma
Through a systematic review of published studies going back 50 years, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say they have identified a distinct subtype of primary central nervous system (PCNS) lymphoma that should be considered for surgical removal, suggesting a major shift in how this type of tumor is evaluated and managed. (2019-05-28)
UC Davis study shows temperature alters developing nervous system in frogs
A UC Davis study that compared the effects of cold and warm temperatures on the development of frog eggs into larvae found that environmental temperature significantly changes how the nervous system develops. (2019-05-23)
How does the nervous system create behavior? Muscle activity map in Hydra gives insight
Accomplishing perhaps a world first, researchers at Columbia University and the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have mapped the full-body muscular activity of an animal while it was moving and behaving. (2019-05-23)
New therapeutic target for depression identified
There are different pharmacological treatments for depression, mainly therapies that act on the serotonin system -- the so-called SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors). (2019-05-22)
A road map to stem cell development
Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have created a method of mapping how the central nervous system develops by tracking the genes expressed in cells. (2019-05-22)
Inhibition of protein phosphorylation promotes optic nerve regeneration after injury
Research results from a recent study led by a Waseda University-led team suggest that the inhibition of phosphorylation of microtubule-binding protein CRMP2 could be a novel approach to the development of treatments for optic neuropathies, such as glaucoma and traumatic injury. (2019-05-21)
New opioid speeds up recovery without increasing pain sensitivity or risk of chronic pain
A new type of non-addictive opioid developed by researchers at Tulane University and the Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System accelerates recovery time from pain compared to morphine without increasing pain sensitivity, according to a new study published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation. (2019-05-21)
Overweight adolescents are as likely to develop heart disorders as obese adolescents
Brazilian researchers arrived at this conclusion after conducting cardiovascular fitness tests with boys and girls aged 10-17. (2019-05-20)
Combination therapy advisable for bowel disorder IBS
The more abnormalities in intestinal and brain function that IBS sufferers have, the more severe their symptoms of this functional bowel disorder, and the more adversely their everyday life is affected. (2019-05-15)
Embryogenesis reveals the role of the 'second brain' in digestion
Two muscles in the gut move along and mix together ingested food, and in between them is an autonomous network of neurons. (2019-05-15)
New approach to drug discovery could lead to personalized treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders
Researchers have developed a method that could drastically accelerate the search for new drugs to treat mental health disorders such as schizophrenia. (2019-05-08)
Paper wasps capable of behavior that resembles logical reasoning
A new University of Michigan study provides the first evidence of transitive inference, the ability to use known relationships to infer unknown relationships, in a nonvertebrate animal: the lowly paper wasp. (2019-05-07)
Pigment-producing stem cells can regenerate vital part of nervous system
Neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) affect millions of people worldwide and occur when parts of the nervous system lose function over time. (2019-05-06)
Spider venom is a dangerous cocktail
Spider venom does not only consist of neurotoxins but also of a multitude of dangerous constituents. (2019-05-02)
The GPS of neurons now better understood with a study published in Neuron
Researchers demonstrated the role that plays the Boc receptor in the the formation of the nervous system. (2019-05-01)
Parasitoid wasps may turn spiders into zombies by hacking their internal code
A hijacked hormone may zombify spiders, altering their web-spinning behavior to favor wasp parasites. (2019-04-29)
In HIE, lower heart rate variability signals stressed newborns
In newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, lower heart rate variability correlates with autonomic manifestations of stress shortly after birth, underscoring the importance of this reading as a valuable biomarker, according to Children's research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)
Fitting a right hand in a left-handed mitten
Many biomolecules come in two versions that are each other's mirror image, like a left and a right hand. (2019-04-25)
Microglia, immune cells of the central nervous system, shown to regulate neuroinflammation
A research team at Massachusetts Eye and Ear has shown that microglia, the immune cells of the central nervous system -- including the retina -- serve as 'gatekeepers' of neuroinflammation. (2019-04-22)
Slime mold absorbs substances to memorize them
In 2016, CNRS scientists demonstrated that the slime mold Physarum polycephalum, a single-cell organism without a nervous system, could learn to no longer fear a harmless but aversive substance and could transmit this knowledge to a fellow slime mold. (2019-04-22)
MU neurobiologists annotate critical neuronal proteins in lamprey genome
The lamprey, an eel-like primitive vertebrate, is a popular organism for neurobiology studies because it has a relatively simple nervous system. (2019-04-15)
Dopamine regulates sex differences in worms
Dopamine is responsible for sex-specific variations in common behaviors, finds a study of worm movements published in JNeurosci. (2019-04-15)
Crucial 'electrical switch' in brain revealed in study published by Science
Scientists have revealed the structure of a critical receptor in the brain associated with learning, memory, behavior and mood. (2019-04-11)
Physical activity prepares neurons to regenerate in case of spinal cord injury
The influence of an active lifestyle on the regenerative capacity of the peripheral nervous system, that is, the set of cranial and spinal nerves that control motor and sensory functions, is described here for the first time, explains Ángel Barco, who has led the participation of the Institute of Neurosciences UMH-CSIC, in Alicante, in this international study. (2019-04-10)
Releasing an immune system brake could help patients with rare but fatal brain infection
The anti-cancer drug pembrolizumab has shown promise in slowing or stopping the progression of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a typically fatal infection of the brain caused by the JC virus (JCV). (2019-04-10)
Migraine-linked protein exhibits sex-specific pain effects
A protein implicated in the development of migraine symptoms caused pain responses in female rodents, but not in males, when introduced into the meninges, potentially helping to explain why migraine is three times more common in women than men. (2019-04-08)
Microglia, cells thought restricted to central nervous system, are redefined in new study
Scientists at the University of Notre Dame discovered microglia actually squeeze through the spinal boundary, crossing into the peripheral nervous system in response to injury. (2019-04-04)
Peptides with brominated tryptophan analogs could protect marine animals
Bromotryptophan is a nonstandard amino acid that is rarely incorporated in ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (ribosomal peptides). (2019-04-04)
Elucidation of functional mechanism of 'love hormone,' oxytocin, at molecular level
Oxytocin is essential in activities of the social brain such as trust and love and in maternal bonding behaviors. (2019-04-03)
Study identifies new approach to repairing damaged peripheral nervous system
A new understanding of cell migration may eventually help in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases -- and even allow children to 'get out of their wheelchairs and live an enhanced quality of life.' (2019-04-02)
Transplanted bone marrow endothelial progenitor cells delay ALS disease progression
Transplanting human bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells into mice mimicking symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) helped more motor neurons survive and slowed disease progression by repairing damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier, University of South Florida researchers report. (2019-04-02)
Retinal prion disease study redefines role for brain cells
National Institutes of Health scientists studying the progression of inherited and infectious eye diseases that can cause blindness have found that microglia, a type of nervous system cell suspected to cause retinal damage, surprisingly had no damaging role during prion disease in mice. (2019-03-27)
Untangling the brain's life-support network
Scientists have created the first global network model of the hypothalamus - a portion of the brain that controls basic survival functions in humans and many other animals. (2019-03-26)
Like mountaineers, nerves need expert guidance to find their way
Similar to the dozens of Sherpas that guide hikers up treacherous Himalayan mountains to reach a summit, the nervous system relies on elaborate timing and location of guidance cues for neuronal axons--threadlike projections--to successfully reach their destinations in the body. (2019-03-22)
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