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Transcranial stimulation to prevent fear memories from returning
A research group at the University of Bologna developed a new non-invasive experimental protocol to alter the memory of learned fear experiences, thus paving the way for treatments to overcome traumatic events (2020-07-30)
Mental fatigue of multiple sclerosis linked to inefficient recruitment of neural resources
Results of the pilot study were consistent with prior research into brain activity in response to mental fatigue, according to Dr. (2020-07-28)
Your brain on birth control
Millions of women have been taking oral contraceptives, but little is known about whether the synthetic hormones found in the oral contraceptives have behavioural and neurophysiological effects, especially during puberty and early adolescence, which are critical periods of brain development. (2020-07-28)
Ultra-low power brain implants find meaningful signal in grey matter noise
By tuning into a subset of brain waves, University of Michigan researchers have dramatically reduced the power requirements of neural interfaces while improving their accuracy--a discovery that could lead to long-lasting brain implants that can both treat neurological diseases and enable mind-controlled prosthetics and machines. (2020-07-27)
Neurons are genetically programmed to have long lives
Most neurons are created during embryonic development and have no ''backup'' after birth. (2020-07-24)
Developing neural circuits linked to hunting behavior
Researchers demonstrated the relationship between improvements in zebrafish's hunting skills and the development of sensory coding in a part of the brain which responds to visual stimuli. (2020-07-23)
New approach simultaneously measures EEG and fMRI connectomes
Researchers have developed a new approach to compare changes in neural communication using electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging simultaneously. (2020-07-23)
Optimizing neural networks on a brain-inspired computer
Neural networks in both biological settings and artificial intelligence distribute computation across their neurons to solve complex tasks. (2020-07-22)
Researchers identify subject-specific component to perceptual learning ability
Ph.D. candidate YANG Jia and her colleagues, under the guidance of Prof. (2020-07-21)
Photon-based processing units enable more complex machine learning
Machine learning performed by neural networks is a popular approach to developing artificial intelligence, as researchers aim to replicate brain functionalities for a variety of applications. (2020-07-21)
Using lung X-rays to diagnose COVID-19
This system uses deep learning to train a neural network model that can distinguish between healthy patients, pneumonia patients and COVID-19 patients. (2020-07-21)
New insights into anxiety
Tension while waiting for test results, the fear of not making it, the feeling of being under pressure. (2020-07-21)
Music on the brain
A new study looks at differences between the brains of Japanese classical musicians, Western classical musicians and nonmusicians. (2020-07-20)
MRI scans of the brains of 130 mammals, including humans, indicate equal connectivity
Researchers at Tel Aviv University conducted a first-of-its-kind study designed to investigate brain connectivity in 130 mammalian species. (2020-07-20)
A novel comprehensive model tackles arcane PTSD differences in neural activity
Toshinori Chiba (ATR) and his collaborators have proposed an innovative new ''Reciprocal Inhibition Model'' of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may aid considerably in its treatment. (2020-07-19)
Regular physical activity seems to enhance cognition in children who need it most
Researchers at the Universities of Tsukuba and Kobe re-analyzed data from three experiments that tested whether physical activity interventions lead to improved cognitive skills in children. (2020-07-15)
Making balanced decisions
How decisions are made and how behavior is controlled is one of the most important questions in neuroscience. (2020-07-15)
Biomedical instrument based on microvesicles
Researchers have proved that a microvesicle-based instrument can be effective in reducing inflammation and immune response. (2020-07-15)
Study shows how our brains remain active during familiar, repetitive tasks
New research, based on earlier results in mice, suggests that our brains are never at rest, even when we are not learning anything about the world around us. (2020-07-14)
Autism researchers map brain circuitry of social preference
A new study reveals how two key neural circuits dictate the choice between social approach and avoidance. (2020-07-14)
A Raspberry Pi-based virtual reality system for small animals
The Raspberry Pi Virtual Reality system (PiVR) is a versatile tool for presenting virtual reality environments to small, freely moving animals (such as flies and fish larvae), according to a study published July 14, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by David Tadres and Matthieu Louis of the University of California, Santa Barbara. (2020-07-14)
Researcher develops method for mapping brain cell change, development in mice
Penn State researchers have developed a new method for studying key moments in brain development. (2020-07-13)
Deep learning enables early detection and classification of live bacteria using holography
Rapid identification of the presence of pathogenic bacteria in food, water, or bodily fluid samples is very important and yet extremely challenging. (2020-07-13)
Is what I see, what I imagine? Study finds neural overlap between vision and imagination
In Current Biology, Medical University of South Carolina researchers report the results of a study using artificial intelligence and human brain studies to compare brain areas involved in mental imagery and vision. (2020-07-10)
How vaping companies are use Instagram to market to young people
Using artificial intelligence, researchers analysed hundreds of thousands of posts from a 6-month period last year, and found that a large portion of Instagram posts are promoting controversial flavoured e-liquids to young audiences (2020-07-09)
How fear transforms into anxiety
University of New Mexico researchers identify for the first time the brain-wide neural correlates of the transition from fear to anxiety. (2020-07-09)
Physical activity of older people requires tailored monitoring
The ability to move about may deteriorate when ageing, a phenomenon which needs to be considered when assessing physical activity in older people. (2020-07-08)
Research advances understanding of how the brain focuses while ignoring distractions
When trying to complete a task we are constantly bombarded by distracting stimuli. (2020-07-08)
Machine learning helps grow artificial organs
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Ivannikov Institute for System Programming, and the Harvard Medical School-affiliated Schepens Eye Research Institute have developed a neural network capable of recognizing retinal tissues during the process of their differentiation in a dish. (2020-07-07)
Men and younger adults less active in lockdown
New research published in the journal BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine indicates that men and younger adults have been less physically active during the COVID-19 lockdown. (2020-07-07)
Scientists discover a new connection between the eyes and touch
Tiny eye movements can be used as an index of humans' ability to anticipate relevant information in the environment independent of the information's sensory modality. (2020-07-06)
Neurobiology -- How much oxygen does the brain need?
The brain has a high energy demand and reacts very sensitively to oxygen deficiency. (2020-07-06)
Sniffing out smell
Neuroscientists describe for the first time how relationships between different odors are encoded in the brain. (2020-07-02)
Ultrafast insulin formulation may enable faster management of blood sugar in diabetes
A new, ultra-rapid formulation of insulin reached peak activity in pigs with diabetes about twice as fast as a commercially available option, according to new research. (2020-07-01)
Meeting recommended weekly physical activity levels linked to lower risk of death
Adults who meet recommended weekly physical activity levels have a lower risk of death, finds a US study published by The BMJ today. (2020-07-01)
Brain receptor pulls open electrical gate like a puppet master
NMDA receptors convert chemical messages into electrical signals within a neuron. (2020-06-30)
Artificial intelligence identifies, locates seizures in real-time
Research from the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. (2020-06-29)
Lifting weights makes your nervous system stronger, too
Gym-goers may get frustrated when they don't see results from weightlifting right away, but their efforts are not in vain: the first few weeks of training strengthen the nervous system, not muscles. (2020-06-29)
Researchers discover algorithms and neural circuit mechanisms of escape responses
Prof. WEN Quan from School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has proposed the algorithms and circuit mechanisms for the robust and flexible motor states of nematodes during escape responses. (2020-06-28)
A focused approach to imaging neural activity in the brain
MIT engineers have developed calcium indicators, or sensors, that accumulate only in the body of a neuron. (2020-06-26)
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