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Current Neurons News and Events, Neurons News Articles.
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UTSA reduces seizures by removing newborn neurons
Epileptic seizures happen in one of every 10 people who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). (2019-07-22)
Taking out the protein garbage becomes more difficult as neurons age
As cells age, their ability to shed harmful refuse declines. (2019-07-19)
Identification of autophagy gene regulation mechanism related to dementia and Lou Gehrig's disease
An international Research Team led by Dr. Jeong Yoon-ha at Korea Brain Research Institute has published the results of its research in 'Autophagy'. (2019-07-18)
Brown neuroscientists discover neuron type that acts as brain's metronome
By measuring the fast electrical spikes of individual neurons in the touch region of the brain, Brown University neuroscientists have discovered a new type of cell that keeps time so regularly that it may serve as the brain's long-hypothesized clock or metronome. (2019-07-18)
How mammals' brains evolved to distinguish odors is nothing to sniff at
Neuroscientists from the Salk Institute and UC San Diego have discovered that at least six types of mammals--from mice to cats--distinguish odors in roughly the same way, using circuitry in the brain that's evolutionarily preserved across species. (2019-07-18)
Stanford team stimulates neurons to induce particular perceptions in mice's minds
Hallucinations are spooky and, fortunately, fairly rare. But, a new study suggests, the real question isn't so much why some people occasionally experience them. (2019-07-18)
Study pinpoints cell types affected in brains of multiple sclerosis patients
Scientists have discovered that a specific brain cell known as a 'projection neuron' has a central role to play in the brain changes seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). (2019-07-17)
Can gut infection trigger Parkinson's disease?
Results suggest some forms of PD are an autoimmune disease triggered years before noticeable symptoms. (2019-07-17)
Electronic chip mimics the brain to make memories in a flash
Engineers have mimicked the human brain with an electronic chip that uses light to create and modify memories. (2019-07-16)
Differences in MS patients' cerebrospinal fluid may be key to drugs that halt progression
Effective therapies exist for managing relapsing/remitting MS, but treatment for progressive MS has proved more challenging. (2019-07-15)
How expectation influences perception
MIT neuroscientists have identified distinctive patterns of neural activity that encode prior beliefs and help the brain make sense of uncertain signals coming from the outside world. (2019-07-15)
Reducing seizures by removing newborn neurons
Removing new neurons born after a brain injury reduces seizures in mice, according to new research in JNeurosci. (2019-07-15)
Defective potassium channels cause headache, not body pain
Defective potassium channels involved in pain detection can increase the chance of developing a headache and could be implicated in migraines, according to research in mice published in eNeuro. (2019-07-15)
Researchers describe new ALS biomarkers, potential new drug targets
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have described unique populations of neurons and associated cells in the spinal cords of patients who died of ALS. (2019-07-15)
Marathon-running molecule could speed up the race for new neurological treatments
Scientists at the University of Warwick have discovered a new process that sets the fastest molecular motor on its marathon-like runs through our neurons. (2019-07-12)
An itch to scratch: NCATS, NIDCR scientists identify potential approach to chronic problem
While scientists have some clues to the causes of troubling chronic itch, effective therapies have been elusive. (2019-07-12)
Linking phenotypes to genotypes: A newly devised gene-editing strategy
Taniguchi and colleagues developed a new methodology that allows the study of CRISPR-mediated effects in cells while accurately ascertaining the exact DNA changes that caused them. (2019-07-09)
Food and alcohol reduce activity in 'hunger neurons' via different brain pathways
How does the brain process rewards? Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania are investigating how the brain responds differently to two commonly ingested rewards -- food and alcohol -- to understand how they alter neural activity and behavior. (2019-07-09)
Caspase-1 initiates apoptosis, but not pyroptosis, in the absence of gasdermin D
Caspase-1 triggers programmed necrosis called pyroptosis by gasdermin-D (GSDMD) cleavage. (2019-07-05)
Columbia researchers controlled the behavior in a mouse's brain with single-cell precision
In their study, published in Cell, the researchers demonstrated that specific groups of neurons, known as neuronal ensembles, have a causal role in behavior. (2019-07-03)
Researchers reveal how protein mutation is involved in rare brain development disorder
Christianson Syndrome is a rare disorder whose symptoms include intellectual disability, seizures and difficulty standing or walking. (2019-07-03)
Protein-linked sugars are crucial for the uptake of proteins linked to Parkinson's disease
New research from the University of Pennsylvania shows how glycoproteins, proteins with added sugar molecules, influence the uptake of protein aggregates that are associated with Parkinson's disease. (2019-07-03)
Unraveling the brain's reward circuits
Food, alcohol, and certain drugs all act to reduce the activity of hunger neurons and to release reward signals in the brain, but alcohol and drugs rely on a different pathway than does food, according to a new study led by University of Pennsylvania biologists. (2019-07-02)
Study reveals a short bout of exercise enhances brain function
Neuroscientists at Oregon Health & Science University, working with mice, have discovered that a short burst of exercise directly boosts the function of a gene that increases connections between neurons in the hippocampus, the region of the brain associated with learning and memory. (2019-07-02)
Protein clumps in ALS neurons provide potential target for new therapies
UC San Diego School of Medicine researchers identified chemical compounds that prevent stress-induced clumping of TDP-43 protein in ALS motor neurons grown in the lab -- a starting point for new ALS therapeutics. (2019-07-01)
Copper compound shows further potential as therapy for slowing ALS
A compound with potential as a treatment for ALS has gained further promise in a new study that showed it improved the condition of mice whose motor neurons had been damaged by an environmental toxin known to cause features of ALS. (2019-07-01)
Going the distance: Brain cells for 3D vision discovered
Scientists at Newcastle University have discovered neurons in insect brains that compute 3D distance and direction. (2019-06-28)
How obesity re-wires the brain's neurological food suppression system
Overeating, by cutting the brain's natural brakes on food intake, may result in neurological changes that continue to fuel pathological eating and lead to obesity, reports a new study in mice. (2019-06-27)
Deciphering how the brain encodes color and shape
There are hundreds of thousands of distinct colors and shapes that a person can distinguish visually, but how does the brain process all of this information? (2019-06-27)
New research raises prospect of better anti-obesity drugs
Scientists have found a group of brain cells that influence body mass in two ways, by controlling how much we eat as well as how much energy we burn. (2019-06-27)
Learning from experience is all in the timing
Animals learn the hard way which sights, sounds, and smells are relevant to survival. (2019-06-26)
ALS patients may benefit from more glucose
A new study led by scientists at the UA has uncovered a potential new way to treat patients with ALS, a debilitating neurodegenerative disease. (2019-06-26)
Unexpected mechanism allows CaMKII to decode calcium signaling in the brain
A new study from researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) has shed light on the unexpected mechanism that allows calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, or CaMKII, to decode and translate calcium signaling in the brain. (2019-06-26)
Researchers study healthy ALS neurons as way to understand resistance to the disease
Scientists have developed a stem-cell-based modeling system that identifies how some neurons are resistant to ALS -- a breakthrough that offers potential for battling neurodegeneration. (2019-06-25)
These neurons affect how much you do, or don't, want to eat
University of Arizona researchers have identified a network of neurons that coordinate with other brain regions to influence eating behaviors. (2019-06-25)
Mood neurons mature during adolescence
Researchers have discovered a mysterious group of neurons in the amygdala -- a key center for emotional processing in the brain -- that stay in an immature, prenatal developmental state throughout childhood. (2019-06-24)
Settling the debate on serotonin's role in sleep
New research finds that serotonin is necessary for sleep, settling a long-standing controversy. (2019-06-24)
Certain cells secrete a substance in the brain that protects neurons, USC study finds
USC researchers have discovered a secret sauce in the brain's vascular system that preserves the neurons needed to keep dementia and other diseases at bay. (2019-06-24)
Structural development of the brain
In a recent study published in The Journal of Neuroscience, researchers reveal how the basic structure of the brain is formed. (2019-06-21)
Discovery of the cell fate switch from neurons to astrocytes in the developing brain
During mammalian brain development, neural precursor cells first generate neurons and later astrocytes. (2019-06-21)
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