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Current Neurons News and Events, Neurons News Articles.
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New MRI sensor can image activity deep within the brain
MIT researchers have developed an MRI-based calcium sensor that allows them to peer deep into the brain. (2019-02-22)
A missing gene makes a big difference in patients' recovery from mild stroke
UCLA neuroscientists found that patients born without a gene called CCR5 recover better from mild stroke. (2019-02-21)
Young bone marrow rejuvenates aging mouse brains, study finds
A new study has found that transplanting the bone marrow of young laboratory mice into old mice prevented cognitive decline in the old mice, preserving their memory and learning abilities. (2019-02-20)
The smell of food controls cellular recycling and affects life expectancy
The smell of food affects physiology and aging. That is the result of research conducted on the model organism of the roundworm by a research team led by Professor Thorsten Hoppe at the Cluster of Excellence for Aging Research (CECAD). (2019-02-20)
Russian physicists trained the oscillatory neural network to recognize images
Physicists from Petrozavodsk State University have proposed a new method for oscillatory neural network to recognize simple images. (2019-02-20)
Altered brain activity patterns of parkinson's captured in mice
Researchers pinpoint how brain activity changes in mouse models of Parkinson's disease, hinting at what may drive symptoms in humans. (2019-02-19)
Potential link between vitamin D deficiency and loss of brain plasticity
University of Queensland research may explain why vitamin D is vital for brain health, and how deficiency leads to disorders including depression and schizophrenia. (2019-02-19)
Depression reversed in male mice by activating gene that helps excite neurons
Directly activating a gene important to exciting our excitatory neurons and associated with major depression may help turn around classic symptoms like social isolation and loss of interest, at least for males, scientists report. (2019-02-18)
So close, rats can almost taste it
A subset of neurons in the hippocampus respond to both place and taste, according to research in male rats published in JNeurosci. (2019-02-18)
Brain represents optical illusion as delayed reality
A study of humans and monkeys published in JNeurosci has found the same subset of neurons encode actual and illusory complex flow motion. (2019-02-18)
Looking behind a rare brain disease for clues to treat more common mental disorders
Researchers have clarified, for the first time, the mechanism behind a very rare brain disorder called MICPCH (microcephaly, disproportionate pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia) syndrome in animal models. (2019-02-15)
Brain discovery explains a great mystery of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's
One of the great mysteries of neuroscience may finally have an answer: Scientists have identified a potential explanation for the mysterious death of specific brain cells seen in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases. (2019-02-15)
Scientists provide new insight on gene mutations associated with autism
A novel investigation into the impacts of neuronal mutations on autism-related characteristics in humans has been described in the open-access journal eLife. (2019-02-12)
Intervening in glial cells protects neurons in Parkinson's model
Stressed dopaminergic neurons call nearby glial cells for help. Those calls can over-activate the glial cells resulting in a cascade of inflammatory signaling that, over time, contributes to neuronal degradation. (2019-02-12)
Uncovering the evolution of the brain
What makes us human, and where does this mysterious property of 'humanness' come from? (2019-02-12)
New target could help protect vision following optic nerve trauma
When a car crash or explosion results in an optic nerve injury, eliminating an enzyme known to promote inflammation appears to aid recovery, scientists report. (2019-02-11)
Cell component breakdown suggests possible treatment for multiple neural disorders
Research published today (Feb. 11, 2019) by the Waisman Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison reveals how one mutation causes fragile X, the most common inherited intellectual disability. (2019-02-11)
Rats in augmented reality help show how the brain determines location
Before the age of GPS, humans had to orient themselves without on-screen arrows pointing down an exact street, but rather, by memorizing landmarks and using learned relationships among time, speed and distance. (2019-02-11)
More than a courier
New research reveals that parts of the neuron are far more complex than once thought. (2019-02-11)
How the brain responds to texture
New research by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago shows that as neurons process information about texture from the skin, they each respond differently to various features of a surface, creating a high-dimensional representation of texture in the brain. (2019-02-08)
This is a neuron on nicotine
Newly developed sensors visually illustrate how nicotine affects cells from the inside out. (2019-02-07)
Simple drug combination creates new neurons from neighboring cells
A simple combination of molecules converts cells neighboring damaged neurons into functional new neurons, which could potentially be used to treat stroke, Alzheimer's disease, and brain injuries. (2019-02-07)
New therapy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis successfully tested on mice
A team from Université Laval and the CERVO Brain Research Centre has demonstrated the efficacy in mice of a new therapy that addresses the main manifestation of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). (2019-02-06)
New data suggests nicotine while pregnant alters genes
A University of Houston biomedical research team is reporting that a possible cure for addiction may be found by following the pathways of significantly altered dopamine neurons in newborns who were chronically exposed to nicotine in utero. (2019-02-05)
A match made in neural heaven: How a neuron grows an axon
While the neural architecture responsible for the transmission of electrical impulses has been known for more than a century, the basic biology behind how a neuron acquires its one and only axon -- a fundamental component of how neurons communicate -- remains a mystery. (2019-02-04)
Pinpointing the cells that control the brain's memory flow
From the cab driver heading for Times Square to the commuter returning home on the freeway, we all carry maps in our head labeled with important locations. (2019-01-31)
Male mice hard-wired to recognize sex of other mice, Stanford study finds
A male mouse identifies the sex of an unfamiliar mouse because of hard-wired brain physiology, not previous experience, Stanford University School of Medicine investigators have found. (2019-01-31)
A new approach to peripheral nerve injury?
The lab of neuroscientist Michael Costigan, Ph.D., at Boston Children's Hospital is studying how the body's immune system breaks down damaged peripheral nerves. (2019-01-31)
Fight or flight: Serotonin neurons prompt brain to make the right call
Known for its role in relieving depression, the neurochemical serotonin may also help the brain execute instantaneous, appropriate behaviors in emergency situations, according to a new Cornell study published Feb. (2019-01-31)
When neurons get the blues: Hyperactive brain cells may be to blame when antidepressants don't work
The most commonly prescribed antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), lift the fog of depression for many people. (2019-01-31)
The lamprey regenerates its spinal cord not just once -- but twice
Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) scientists report that lampreys can regenerate the spinal cord and recover function after the spinal cord has been severed not just once, but twice in the same location. (2019-01-30)
New stage in the development of corrective mechanisms for ischemia and neurodegenerative diseases
In the last decade, there has been a growing body of experimental data confirming that neural networks are the minimal functional unit of the nervous system. (2019-01-28)
Tiny eye movements affect how we see contrast
Researchers previously believed contrast sensitivity function--the minimum level of black and white that a person needs to detect a pattern--was mainly dictated by the optics of the eye and processing in the brain. (2019-01-28)
iMT: Creating a blueprint for cortical connectivity
Taking the first step towards actualizing a blueprint of the brain, researchers from Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience have developed a novel technique capable of tracing intricate neural connections with unprecedented sensitivity. (2019-01-28)
Lessons learned from the adult neurogenesis debate
Since the 1960s, consensus about whether human adults generate new neurons with age has swayed back and forth from 'yes, at least in some places in the brain' to 'no, not at all.' In a review paper published Jan. (2019-01-24)
Untangling tau: researchers find a 'druggable target' for treating Alzheimer's disease
Using induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neurons from Alzheimer's patients, UC San Diego researchers say cholesteryl esters -- the storage product for excess cholesterol within cells -- act as regulators of the protein tau, providing a new druggable target for the disease. (2019-01-24)
Faulty molecular master switch may contribute to AMD
A signaling pathway controlled by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) could be involved in the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). (2019-01-22)
All too human
Professor Rony Paz of the Weizmann Institute of Science suggests that our brains are like modern washing machines -- evolved to have the latest sophisticated programming, but more vulnerable to breakdown and prone to develop costly disorders. (2019-01-22)
Feeling groovy: Neurons integrate better with muscle grown on grooved platforms
Growing muscle tissue on grooved platforms helps neurons more effectively integrate with the muscle, a requirement for engineering muscle in the lab that responds and functions like muscle in the body, University of Illinois researchers found in a new study. (2019-01-22)
Mouse studies show 'inhibition' theory of autism wrong
Today's main hypothesis about the cause of autism symptoms is that neurons receive too little inhibition or too much excitation, causing hyperexcitability. (2019-01-21)
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