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Current Neurons News and Events, Neurons News Articles.
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Columbia scientists locate nerve cells that enable fruit flies to escape danger
Researchers have identified the nerve cells that initiate a fly's escape response: that complex series of movements in which an animal senses, and quickly maneuvers away from, something harmful such as high heat. (2018-03-18)
Exposure to low levels of BPA during pregnancy can lead to altered brain development
New research in mice provides an explanation for how exposure to the widely used chemical bisphenol A (BPA) during pregnancy, even at levels lower than the regulated 'safe' human exposure level, can lead to altered brain development and behavior later in life. (2018-03-17)
Scientists illuminate mechanism at play in learning
New research illuminates complex molecular network involved in learning. (2018-03-15)
Altering songbird brain provides insight into human behavior
A study from UT Southwestern's Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute demonstrates that a bird's song can be altered -- to the syllable -- by activating and deactivating a neuronal pathway responsible for helping the brain determine whether a vocalization is performed correctly. (2018-03-15)
A certain type of neurons is more energy efficient than previously assumed
A contradiction, about how a type of neurons generates signals, was now resolved by researchers at the Institute of Science and Technology (IST) Austria. (2018-03-15)
Cell therapy could improve brain function for Alzheimer's disease
Inhibitory interneurons are particularly important for managing brain rhythms. They're also the research focus of a laboratory led by Jorge Palop, PhD, assistant investigator at the Gladstone Institutes. (2018-03-15)
Neuroscientists identify brain circuit that integrates head motion with visual signals
Neuroscientists at the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre have identified a circuit in the primary visual cortex (V1) of the brain that integrates head- and visual-motion signals. (2018-03-15)
Leuven researchers uncover ion channel trio that mediates painful heat sensing
Researchers at VIB and KU Leuven have uncovered a trio of complementary ion channels in sensory neurons that mediate detection of acute, harmful heat. (2018-03-14)
Helpful B cells lend a hand to developing neurons
Neuron myelination is critical to early mental development, and defects in myelination have been linked to neurodevelopmental disorders. (2018-03-13)
New CMU and Pitt research finds the brain is less flexible than we thought when learning
Nobody really knows how the activity in your brain reorganizes as you learn new tasks, but new research from Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh reveals that the brain has various mechanisms and constraints by which it reorganizes its neural activity when learning over the course of a few hours. (2018-03-12)
Scientists show how the brain may be wired for drinking fluids
Scientists uncovered a high-resolution map of the wiring inside the mouse brain's thirst center. (2018-03-08)
Supply bottleneck impairs nerve function
Impaired transport processes in neurons contribute to diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (AML). (2018-03-08)
Serotonin promotes perseverance
It was thought that the neurotransmitter serotonin most likely acted by inhibiting behavior. (2018-03-08)
Research reveals a mechanism that drives ataxia type 1
Researchers have learned that polyQ-ATAXIN1 and capicua form a complex that is sufficient to trigger spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 in mice. (2018-03-08)
Is your stress changing my brain?
In a new study in Nature Neuroscience, Jaideep Bains, PhD, and his team at the Cumming School of Medicine's Hotchkiss Brain Institute (HBI), at the University of Calgary have discovered that stress transmitted from others can change the brain in the same way as a real stress does. (2018-03-08)
Biological sex tweaks nervous system networks, plays role in shaping behavior
New research published today in the journal Current Biology demonstrates how biological sex can modify communication between nerve cells and generate different responses in males and females to the same stimulus. (2018-03-08)
The brain's internal clock continually takes its temperature
Circuits in the brain act as an internal clock to tell us it is time to sleep and to control how long we then stay asleep. (2018-03-07)
Birth of new neurons in the human hippocampus ends in childhood
One of the liveliest debates in neuroscience over the past half century surrounds whether the human brain renews itself by producing new neurons throughout life, and whether it may be possible to rejuvenate the brain by boosting its innate regenerative capacity. (2018-03-07)
Severe electrical storms in the brain -- biologists link protein, seizure suppression
Seizure suppression is the focus of an original research article by researchers at the Department of Biology at Syracuse University -- and they have the pictures to prove it. (2018-03-07)
Stab injury of zebrafish unveils regenerative processes by neural stem cells in the brain
Waseda University researchers recently elucidated the regenerative processes by neural stem cells using a stab injury model in the optic tectum, a less studied area of the brain, of adult zebrafish. (2018-03-06)
Neuroprotective mechanisms of gene and cell therapy of spinal cord injuries
Genetically modified stem and progenitor cells overexpressing NTFs have recently attracted special attention of researchers and are most promising for the purposes of regenerative medicine. (2018-03-06)
Paying attention as the eyes move
The visual system optimally maintains attention on relevant objects even as eye movements are made, shows a study by the German Primate Center. (2018-03-06)
Overlooked cell key player in preventing age-related vision loss
Researchers have pinpointed a new therapeutic target for macular degeneration, an eye disease that affects over 10 million Americans and is the leading cause of blindness in adults over 60. (2018-03-06)
'Filter' hones GWAS results to help researchers avoid dead ends
A genetics research team at Johns Hopkins Medicine has solved a dilemma facing researchers who use genomewide association studies (GWAS) by developing a new approach that strategically 'filters' which genes are worth further study. (2018-03-05)
Nerve cells found to suppress immune response during deadly lung infections
Neurons that carry nerve signals to and from the lungs suppress immune response during fatal lung infections with the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. (2018-03-05)
Researchers find algorithm for large-scale brain simulations
Researchers have made a decisive step towards being able to simulate brain-scale networks on future supercomputers of the exascale class. (2018-03-05)
TSRI researchers uncover culprit in Parkinson's brain cell die-off
Researchers investigate the connection between misfolded proteins and the destruction of mitochondria in neurons. (2018-03-05)
Changing size of neurons could shed light on new treatments for motor neurone disease
New research published in The Journal of Physiology improves our understanding of how motor nerve cells (neurons) respond to motor neurone disease, which could help us identify new treatment options. (2018-03-04)
Diversity of cortical neurons captured in comprehensive computer models
The Allen Institute for Brain Science has produced the first comprehensive, publicly available database of predictive neuron models, along with their corresponding data. (2018-03-01)
A neuron can cause a domino effect
If the sense of smell disappears, this can indicate a disease such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. (2018-03-01)
Retraining the brain's vision center to take action
Can any part of the brain control a brain-machine interface? (2018-03-01)
Understanding the smallest brain circuits
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found a previously unseen pattern among the rapid-firing neurons inside the brain, one that reveals how distinct networks located in specific areas compete and even suppress each other. (2018-02-28)
Mapping the neural circuit governing thirst
Caltech researchers discover the wiring of the circuit in the mouse brain that drives and quenches thirst. (2018-02-28)
Receptors key to strong memories
When we create a memory, a pattern of connections forms between neurons in the brain. (2018-02-27)
Preterm birth leaves its mark in the functional networks of the brain
Researchers at the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, have proven that premature birth has a significant and, at the same time, a very selective effect on the functional networks of a child's brain. (2018-02-26)
Insights into familial middle-age dementia suggest new avenues for treatment
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a common cause of hereditary dementia, but the molecular events driving the disease are poorly understood. (2018-02-23)
New neurons in the adult brain are involved in sensory learning
Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS have demonstrated that the new neurons produced in adults react preferentially to reward-related sensory stimuli and help speed up the association between sensory information and reward. (2018-02-22)
Interneuron migration impairement could lead to macrocephaly
A team from the University of Liège has discovered a new crosstalk between the migrating inhibitory interneurons and the stem cells that generate the excitatory neurons. (2018-02-22)
In living color: seeing cells from outside the body with synthetic bioluminescence
Glowing creatures like fireflies and jellyfish are captivating to look at but also a boon for science, as their bioluminescent molecules contribute to visualizing a host of biological processes. (2018-02-22)
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