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Current Neuroscience News and Events

Current Neuroscience News and Events, Neuroscience News Articles.
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UTSA researchers discover new pathways in brain's amygdala
The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) researchers are pioneering an innovative brain study that sheds light on how the amygdala portion of the brain functions and could contribute to a better understanding of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and Alzheimer's disease. (2019-11-12)
Fetal nicotine exposure harms breathing in infants
Exposure to nicotine during development inhibits the function of neurons controlling the tongue, according to research in newborn rats recently published in eNeuro. (2019-11-11)
Newborn baby hiccups could be key to brain development
Each time a newborn baby hiccups, it triggers a large wave of brain signals which could help the baby learn how to regulate their breathing, finds a new UCL-led study published in Clinical Neurophysiology. (2019-11-11)
Depressed MS-patients suffer debilitating symptoms earlier
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) who also have depression are more likely to suffer debilitating symptoms early than people with MS who are not depressed, according to a study at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden that is published in the journal Neurology. (2019-11-08)
The fetal brain possesses adult-like networks
The fundamental organization of brain networks is established in utero during the second and third trimesters of fetal development, according to research published in JNeurosci. (2019-11-04)
Diabetes drug relieves nicotine withdrawal
A drug commonly used to treat Type II diabetes abolishes the characteristic signs of nicotine withdrawal in rats and mice, according to new research published in JNeurosci. (2019-11-04)
How Alzheimer's disease spreads through the brain
Tau can quickly spread between neurons but is not immediately harmful, according to research in mouse neurons published in JNeurosci. (2019-10-28)
The brain's favorite type of music
People prefer songs with only a moderate amount of uncertainty and unpredictability, according to research recently published in JNeurosci. (2019-10-21)
Neural-digital interface advances raise ethical and social issues
Human-machine interfaces raise important ethical and social issues. These technological innovations have the potential to restore, alter, or enhance cognitive or physical function in humans, but also may exacerbate existing social tensions around equality, identity, security, privacy, and access. (2019-10-20)
Autism spectrum disorder risk linked to insufficient placental steroid
A study led by Children's National Hospital and presented during Neuroscience 2019 finds that loss of allopregnanolone, a key hormone supplied by the placenta, leads to long-term structural alterations of the cerebellum -- a brain region essential for smooth motor coordination, balance and social cognition -- and increases the risk of developing autism. (2019-10-20)
Sensory and motor brain plasticity is not limited by location
The new function of unused cortical regions is not necessarily determined by the function of nearby cortical regions, according to new research in adults born without one hand, published in JNeurosci. (2019-10-14)
Happy, angry or neutral expressions? Eyes react just as fast
Dr Louisa Kulke from the University of Göttingen has investigated how our eyes and brain react when we see emotionally charged or neutral faces. (2019-10-14)
Why rats prefer company of the young and stressed
Researchers have identified a neural pathway implicated in social interaction between adult and juvenile animals, according to new research in rats published in JNeurosci. (2019-10-10)
Enhancing memory network via brain stimulation
Magnetic stimulation of the posterior parietal cortex increases functional connectivity of a neural network implicated in memory, shows human research published in eNeuro. (2019-10-10)
New addiction treatments hold promise for stemming the opioid crisis, scientists say
Concerns over the opioid epidemic have sparked a strong scientific interest in why some people become addicted while others don't. (2019-10-08)
Diabetes-Alzheimer's link explored at Neuroscience 2019
Surprising links exist between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, and researchers are beginning to unpack the pathology that connects the two. (2019-10-07)
Organoid research revealed at Neuroscience 2019
Mini-brains, also called organoids, may offer breakthroughs in clinical research by allowing scientists to study human brain cells without a human subject. (2019-09-30)
How meaning is represented in the human brain
Representations reflecting non-linguistic experience have been detected in brain activity during reading in study of healthy, native English speakers published in JNeurosci. (2019-09-30)
Secrets of the molecular makeup of cannabis
High levels of cannabidiol (CBD) in cannabis can offset the neuropsychiatric effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) by preventing activation of an emotional processing pathway, according to research recently published in JNeurosci. (2019-09-30)
Researchers fail to replicate influential neuroimaging genetics study
Neuroscientists have failed to replicate the findings of an influential study linking genetics to cognition. (2019-09-30)
Outer hair cells regulate ear's sensitivity to sound
The ear's tiny outer hair cells adjust the sensitivity of neighboring inner hair cells to sound levels rather than acting like an amplifier, suggests a new study published today in eLife. (2019-09-24)
How the brain repurposes unused regions
In adults that are born blind, the 'visual' cortex is activated in a similar way during a listening task, according to new research in JNeurosci. (2019-09-23)
Stabilizing neuronal branching for healthy brain circuitry
Novel molecular mechanism may regulate microtubule stability, important for neuronal branching and potentially for nerve regeneration. (2019-09-18)
Potential target for diabetes-associated Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have identified a protein that may contribute to the progression of Alzheimer's disease pathology in type-2 diabetes, reports a new study of male mice and human brain tissue. (2019-09-16)
Social isolation derails brain development in mice
Female mice housed alone during adolescence show atypical development of the prefrontal cortex and resort to habitual behavior in adulthood, according to new research published in eNeuro. (2019-09-16)
Cause of congenital nystagmus found
Researchers from the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience have overturned the long held view that congenital nystagmus, a condition where eyes make repetitive involuntary movements, is a brain disorder by showing that its cause is actually retinal. (2019-09-12)
Calcium channel blockers may be effective in treating memory loss in Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia but the changes in brain cell function underlying memory loss remains poorly understood. (2019-09-11)
Brain circuit controls individual responses to temptation in rats
Differences in a key brain circuit may suggest why some individuals are less able than others to resist tempting cues, according to a study in rats published today in eLife. (2019-09-10)
Watching music move through the brain
Scientists have observed how the human brain represents a familiar piece of music, according to research published in JNeurosci. (2019-09-09)
How humans have shaped dogs' brains
Dog brain structure varies across breeds and is correlated with specific behaviors, according to new research published in JNeurosci. (2019-09-02)
Chronic cocaine use modifies gene expression
Chronic cocaine use changes gene expression in the hippocampus, according to research in mice recently published in JNeurosci. (2019-09-02)
Social, executive brain functions crucial for communication
Impairments in social and executive brain functions hinder effective communication, according to research in patients with dementia recently published in eNeuro. (2019-08-26)
Honeybee brain development may enhance waggle dance communication
Changes in a vibration-sensitive neuron may equip forager honeybees for waggle dance communication, according to research recently published in eNeuro. (2019-08-26)
Nearly identical representations of spoken, written words in the brain
The brain activity evoked from processing written or heard semantic information is almost identical, according to research in adults published in JNeurosci. (2019-08-19)
Regulating blood supply to limbs improves stroke recovery
Cutting off and then restoring blood supply to a limb following a stroke reduces tissue damage and swelling and improves functional recovery, according to a new study in mice published in JNeurosci. (2019-08-19)
Engaging educational videos elicit similar brain activity in students
The most engaging educational videos are correlated with similar brain activity across learners, according to research in young adults recently published in eNeuro. (2019-08-19)
Lupus antibody target identified
Researchers have identified a specific target of antibodies that are implicated in the neuropsychiatric symptoms of lupus, according to human research published in JNeurosci. (2019-08-12)
Negative memory storage affects depression symptoms
Physical manifestations of negative memories in the hippocampus could underlie cognitive symptoms of depression, according to research in mice published in JNeurosci. (2019-08-12)
Estrogen improves Parkinson's disease symptoms
Brain-selective estrogen treatment improves the symptoms of Parkinson's disease in male mice, according to new research published in JNeurosci. (2019-08-12)
Scientists shed new light on how we perceive vibrations through touch
Researchers have demonstrated a universal decoding system in humans that determines how we perceive vibrations of different frequencies through touch. (2019-08-06)
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