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Current Nitrogen News and Events

Current Nitrogen News and Events, Nitrogen News Articles.
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UK lockdown and air pollution: Nitrogen dioxide halved but sulphur dioxide doubled
A University of Liverpool study of air pollution in the UK during the first 100 days of lockdown has revealed that whilst nitrogen oxide levels were cut by half, levels of sulphur dioxide increased by over 100%. (2020-09-23)
Researchers find new way to protect plants from fungal infection
Widespread fungal disease in plants can be controlled with a commercially available chemical that has been primarily used in medicine until now. (2020-09-22)
Nano-microscope gives first direct observation of the magnetic properties of 2D materials
Widefield nitrogen-vacancy microscope solves problem of there being no way to tell exactly how strongly magnetic a 2D material was. (2020-09-18)
Texas Tech, Nanjing Agricultural Research teams make plant nutrient delivery breakthrough
The collaboration revealed that the symbiotic relationship between plants and fungi provides nitrates to plants, which could lead to reduced fertilizer use. (2020-09-17)
Choosing the right cover crop to protect the soil
Research helps farmers pick the best cover crops to keep their soil and nutrients in the field. (2020-09-16)
SwRI scientist searches for stellar phosphorus to find potentially habitable exoplanets
SAN ANTONIO -- Sept. 16, 2020 -- A Southwest Research Institute scientist has identified stellar phosphorus as a probable marker in narrowing the search for life in the cosmos. (2020-09-16)
Siberia's permafrost erosion has been worsening for years
The Arctic is warming faster than any other region on the planet. (2020-09-16)
Reducing nitrogen with boron and beer
The industrial conversion of nitrogen to ammonium provides fertiliser for agriculture. (2020-09-14)
Ammonium triggers formation of lateral roots
Despite the importance of changes in root architecture to exploit local nutrient patches, mechanisms integrating external nutrient signals into the root developmental program remain poorly understood. (2020-09-11)
Putting a future avocado apocalypse on ice
For the first time, an Australian cryogenics scientist has shown that avocado shoot tips can be successfully frozen and revived -- and that's great news for future generations of the fruit. (2020-09-09)
Scientists propose nano-confinement strategy to form sub-nanometer reactors
Prof. LIU Jian from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and his collaborators proposed a nano-confinement strategy to host multiple Fe and Cu single atoms inside the extremely narrow yet regular surface cavities of graphitic carbon nitride to form 'sub-nanometer reactors'. (2020-09-04)
Meteorite study suggests Earth may have been wet since it formed
A new study finds that Earth's water may have come from materials that were present in the inner solar system at the time the planet formed -- instead of far-reaching comets or asteroids delivering such water. (2020-08-27)
An improved wearable, stretchable gas sensor using nanocomposites
A stretchable, wearable gas sensor for environmental sensing has been developed and tested by researchers at Penn State, Northeastern University and five universities in China. (2020-08-27)
Getting to the root of the problem
Researchers analyze bean root architecture for better crop breeding (2020-08-26)
Heavy metals make soil enzymes 3 times weaker, says a soil scientist from RUDN University
Heavy metals suppress enzyme activity in the soil by 3-3.5 times and have especially prominent effect on the enzymes that support carbon and sulfur circulation. (2020-08-26)
New Nitrogen Assembly Carbon catalyst has potential to transform chemical manufacturing
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a metal-free carbon-based catalyst that has the potential to be much less expensive and more efficient for many industrial concerns, including manufacturing of bio- and fossil fuels, electrocatalysis, and fuel cells. (2020-08-26)
Hydrochloric acid boosts catalyst activity
A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) led by chemist Johannes Lercher has developed a synthesis process which drastically increases the activity of catalysts for the desulfurization of crude oil. (2020-08-25)
Unconventional farming methods could help smallholders fight back against climate change
New research from Ghana shows less popular methods of biochar application are more effective in promoting cowpea growth and yield. (2020-08-24)
February lockdown in China caused a drop in some types of air pollution, but not others
Nitrogen dioxide, which comes from transportation, was half of what would be expected over China in February 2020. (2020-08-20)
A key to cheaper renewable fuels: keeping iron from rusting
Washington State University researchers have made a key first step in economically converting plant materials to fuels: keeping iron from rusting. (2020-08-19)
Lactobacillus hilgardii LMG 7934 genome deciphered at Kazan Federal University
The team is led by Associate Professor Ayrat Kayumov (Department of Genetics, Kazan Federal University). (2020-08-19)
Argonne scientists create water filtration membranes that can clean themselves
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have designed a new, low-cost means to address membrane fouling through the application of a light-activated coating that can make the membrane self-cleaning. (2020-08-19)
Cover crop mixtures must be 'farm-tuned' to provide maximum ecosystem services
Penn State researchers, in a recent study, were surprised to learn that they could take the exact same number of seeds from the same plants, put them in agricultural fields across the Mid-Atlantic region and get profoundly different stands of cover crops a few months later. (2020-08-18)
Filling the void in ammonia synthesis: The role of nitrogen vacancies in catalysts
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) explore how nitrogen vacancies in catalysts participate in the synthesis of ammonia, a pivotal chemical in the fertilizer industry. (2020-08-17)
Achieving highly efficient ammonia synthesis by altering the rate-determining step
The electrochemical conversion of nitrogen to ammonia is the most promising alternative of the traditional Haber-Bosch process to achieve nitrogen fixation under ambient conditions. (2020-08-14)
Cover crop roots are an essential key to understanding ecosystem services
To judge the overall effectiveness of cover crops and choose those offering the most ecosystem services, agricultural scientists must consider the plants' roots as well as above-ground biomass, according to Penn State researchers who tested the characteristics of cover crop roots in three monocultures and one mixture. (2020-08-13)
New nitrogen products are in the air
A nifty move with nitrogen has brought the world one step closer to creating a range of useful products -- from dyes to pharmaceuticals -- out of thin air. (2020-08-12)
Oil-soluble transition metal-based catalysts tested for in-situ oil upgrading
The results of the study showed that the good catalytic properties of the new transition metal catalysts, as well as their low cost and easy accessibility, make them a potential solution in the aquathermolysis reaction and heavy oil recovery. (2020-08-11)
Car passengers can reduce pollution risk by closing windows and changing route
Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a 'cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals. (2020-08-11)
Clemson doctoral candidate uses rockets to surf the Alaskan sky
Postdoc researcher Rafael Mesquita and a multi-institutional research team documented ''surfer waves'' in the upper atmosphere that create a pipeline of energy between layers in space. (2020-08-11)
RCSI research finds air pollution in Ireland associated with strokes
Scientists have found that air pollution in the winter is associated with more hospitalisations for all strokes in Dublin. (2020-08-11)
Agriculture replaces fossil fuels as largest human source of sulfur to the environment
Historically, coal-fired power plants were the largest source of reactive sulfur, a component of acid rain, to the biosphere. (2020-08-10)
Researchers discover how plants distinguish beneficial from harmful microbes
Plants recognize beneficial microbes and keep harmful ones out, which is important for healthy plants production and global food security. (2020-08-07)
Disparities in a common air pollutant are visible from space
As a global center for petrochemical manufacturing, Houston, Texas, experiences some of the worst air quality in the country, according to the U.S. (2020-08-05)
Joint ASU-Hawaii state study reveals long-term human impacts on reef fish
In a new study investigating human impacts on resource fish biomass on the Island of Hawai?i, researchers from the Arizona State University Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science (GDCS) and Hawai'i Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) observed an alarming 45% decrease in fish biomass over a decade of surveys. (2020-08-05)
Ammonia synthesis from selective electroreduction of nitrates over electron-deficient Co
Heterostructured Co/CoO nanosheet arrays with electron-deficient Co were constructed and exhibited excellent performances for nitrate electroreduction to ammonia: Faradaic efficiency (93.8%) and selectivity (91.2%), greatly outperforming Co NSAs. (2020-07-28)
Cycad plants provide an important 'ecosystem service'
A study published in the June 2020 edition of the peer-reviewed journal Horticulturae shows that cycads, which are in decline and among the world's most threatened group of plants, provide an important service to their neighboring organisms. (2020-07-26)
How does cooperation evolve?
In nature, organisms often support each other in order to gain an advantage. (2020-07-23)
Diamonds shine a light on hidden currents in graphene
A new diamond-based quantum sensing technique gives researchers a map of the intricate movement of electricity on a microscopic scale. (2020-07-22)
Michigan coyotes: What's for dinner depends on what the neighbors are having
Michigan coyotes in most of the Lower Peninsula are the ''top dogs'' in the local food chain and can dine on a wide variety of small animals, including rabbits and rodents, along with berries and other plant foods, insects, human garbage and even outdoor pet food. (2020-07-20)
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