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Current Nitrogen News and Events

Current Nitrogen News and Events, Nitrogen News Articles.
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University of Hawaii team unravels origin, chemical makeup of Titan's dunes
The UH Manoa team exposed acetylene ice--a chemical that is used on Earth in welding torches and exists at Titan's equatorial regions -- at low temperatures to proxies of high-energy galactic cosmic rays. (2019-10-18)
Nitrogen-embedded polycyclic compound with strong antiaromaticity and stability
Nitrogen-embedded polycyclic compounds with strong antiaromaticity and stability were synthesized and isolated for the first time using pyrrole as a key unit. (2019-10-18)
Land management practices to reduce nitrogen load may be affected by climate changes
Nitrogen from agricultural production is a major cause of pollution in the Mississippi River Basin and contributes to large dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico. (2019-10-18)
Photosynthesis olympics: can the best wheat varieties be even better?
Scientists have put elite wheat varieties through a sort of 'Photosynthesis Olympics' to find which varieties have the best performing photosynthesis. (2019-10-17)
Study offers solution to Ice Age ocean chemistry puzzle
New research into the chemistry of the oceans during ice ages is helping to solve a puzzle that has engaged scientists for more than two decades. (2019-10-10)
Researchers find multiple effects on soil from manure from cows administered antibiotics
A new study found multiple effects on soils from exposure to manure from cows administered antibiotics, including alteration of the soil microbiome and ecosystem functions, soil respiration and elemental cycling. (2019-10-09)
Forward or backward? New pathways for protons in water or methanol
A collaborative ultrafast spectroscopy and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations study shows that proton vacancies in the form of hydroxide/methoxide ions are as relevant for proton transfer between acids and bases as hydrated excess protons, thus pointing for a clear demand for refinement of the microscopic picture for aqueous proton transport - in solution as well as in hydrogen fuel cells or transmembrane proteins - away from currently often assumed dominant role of hydrated excess protons. (2019-10-08)
The benefits of updating agricultural drainage infrastructure
The massive underground infrastructure that allows farmers to cultivate crops on much of the world's most productive land has outlived its design life and should be updated, according to a new study. (2019-10-07)
Engineers produce water-saving crop irrigation sensor
Developed by the team of UConn engineers -- environmental, mechanical, and chemical -- the sensors expected to save nearly 35% of water consumption and cost far less than what exists. (2019-09-26)
High carbon dioxide can create 'shrinking stems' in marshes
For most plants, carbon dioxide acts like a steroid: The more they can take in, the bigger they get. (2019-09-25)
Missing electrons reveal the true face of a new copper-based catalyst
A collaboration between researchers from Cornell, Harvard, Stanford and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has resulted in a reactive copper-nitrene catalyst that pries apart carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bonds and transforms them into carbon-nitrogen (C-N) bonds, which are a crucial building block for chemical synthesis, especially in pharmaceutical manufacturing. (2019-09-24)
DNA is held together by hydrophobic forces
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, disprove the prevailing theory of how DNA binds itself. (2019-09-23)
Building on UD, Nobel legacy
New approach to producing indolent scaffolds could streamline development and production of small-molecule pharmaceuticals, which comprise the majority of medicines in use today. (2019-09-23)
How nitrogen-fixing bacteria sense iron
New research reveals how nitrogen-fixing bacteria sense iron - an essential but deadly micronutrient. (2019-09-17)
Gutsy effort to produce comprehensive study of intestinal gases
UNSW Sydney chemical engineers have traced the journey of gases through the gut while further developing a non-invasive, gas-capturing capsule. (2019-09-15)
Big game hunting for a more versatile catalyst
For the first time, researchers at Harvard University and Cornell University have discovered exactly how a reactive copper-nitrene catalyst works, a finding that could revolutionize how chemical industries produce everything from pharmaceuticals to household goods. (2019-09-12)
Bones of Roman Britons provide new clues to dietary deprivation
Researchers at the University of Bradford have shown a link between the diet of Roman Britons and their mortality rates for the first time, overturning a previously-held belief about the quality of the Roman diet. (2019-09-10)
Nitrogen explosions created craters on Saturn moon Titan
Lakes of liquid methane on the surface of Titan, Saturn's largest moon, were likely formed by explosive, pressurized nitrogen just under the moon's surface, according to new research. (2019-09-10)
Study offers new insights on impacts of crop trading in China
Feeding the world's growing population is one of the great challenges of the 21st century, particularly in China, which has nearly a quarter of the world's population but a fraction of the cropland. (2019-09-05)
Scientists who raced to study Kilauea's lava as it fueled rare phytoplankton bloom find surprise
Results from a rapid-response oceanographic expedition in the North Pacific reveal a surprise about how lava from the Kilauea Volcano, which erupted on the island of Hawai'i during the summer of 2018, triggered a vast phytoplankton bloom. (2019-09-05)
Kilauea eruption fosters algae bloom in North Pacific Ocean
USC Dornsife and University of Hawaii researchers get a rare opportunity to study the immediate impact of lava from the Kilauea volcano on the marine environment surrounding the Hawaiian islands. (2019-09-05)
Albeit it exists: Unexpected new material has been quenched to ambient pressure
Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology MISIS together with colleagues from Germany and Sweden achieved a result that seemed impossible. (2019-09-04)
Corals take control of nitrogen recycling
Corals use sugar from their symbiotic algal partners to control them by recycling nitrogen from their own ammonium waste. (2019-09-03)
Bad Blooms: Researchers review environmental conditions leading to harmful algae blooms
When there is a combination of population increase, wastewater discharge, agricultural fertilization, and climate change, the cocktail is detrimental to humans and animals. (2019-08-26)
A new way to make valuable chemicals
A new discovery has advanced the field of carbon capture and utilization. (2019-08-26)
Salt marshes' capacity to sink carbon may be threatened by nitrogen pollution
Salt marshes sequester carbon at rates an order of magnitude higher than land ecosystems. (2019-08-23)
Early life on Earth limited by enzyme
A single enzyme found in early single-cell life forms could explain why oxygen levels in the atmosphere remained low for two billion years during the Proterozoic eon, preventing life colonizing land, suggests a UCL-led study. (2019-08-22)
Optimizing fertilizer source and rate to avoid root death
Study assembles canola root's dose-response curves for nitrogen sources. (2019-08-21)
Rewriting the periodic table at high pressure
The periodic table has been a vital foundational tool for material research since it was first created 150 years ago. (2019-08-14)
Osteoporosis drugs linked to reduced risk of premature death
A large cohort study has revealed a common osteoporosis drug significantly decreases premature mortality risk, likely related to a reduction in bone loss. (2019-08-12)
Detention basins could catch more than stormwater
Everywhere you go there are stormwater detention basins built near large construction projects intended to control the flow of rainwater and runoff. (2019-08-12)
Rice chemists show it's hip to be square
Rice University chemists found a simple route to synthesize azetidines, precursors that make it easier for drug designers to access nitrogen atoms that are key to building new compounds. (2019-08-09)
Protein factors increasing yield of a biofuel precursor in microscopic algae
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology, Kyoto University, Kazusa DNA Research Institute, and Tohoku University have identified a protein, Lipid Remodeling reguLator 1 (LRL1), in microscopic algae that is involved in the production of triacylglycerol, a biofuel precursor. (2019-08-08)
New synthesis method opens up possibilities for organic electronics
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) modify a previous synthesis method to create a new semiconducting polymer with remarkable properties which could be used in organic electronic devices such as thin film transistors. (2019-08-07)
Fertilizer feast and famine
Research led by the University of California, Davis identifies five strategies to tackle the two-sided challenge of a lack of fertilizer in some emerging market economies and inefficient use of fertilizer in developed countries. (2019-08-05)
Study identifies way to enhance the sustainability of manufactured soils
Through its FABsoil project, the University of Plymouth -- in partnership with the world famous Eden Project and businesses in Cornwall, such as the Green waste Company -- is leading the quest to fabricate soils which could ultimately lead to the creation of custom-made, sustainable products across a range of locations and markets. (2019-08-02)
Rising CO2 levels could boost wheat yield but slightly reduce nutritional quality
Levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) are rising, which experts predict could produce more droughts and hotter temperatures. (2019-07-24)
Diet of traditional Native foods revealed in hair samples
University of Alaska Fairbanks researchers have linked specific chemical signatures found in human hair with a diet of traditional Yup'ik foods. (2019-07-24)
Thirty years of unique data reveal what's really killing coral reefs
Coral bleaching is not just due to a warming planet, but also a planet that is simultaneously being enriched with reactive nitrogen from sources like improperly treated sewage, and fertilizers. (2019-07-15)
How multicellular cyanobacteria transport molecules
Researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Tübingen have taken a high-resolution look at the structure and function of cell-to-cell connections in filamentous, multicellular cyanobacteria. (2019-07-12)
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