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Current Particle accelerator News and Events

Current Particle accelerator News and Events, Particle accelerator News Articles.
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Scientists demonstrate a new experiment in the search for theorized 'neutrinoless' proc
Nuclear physicists affiliated with Berkeley Lab played a leading role in analyzing data for a demonstration experiment in France that has achieved record precision for a specialized detector material. (2020-07-13)
Polarization of Br2 molecule in vanadium oxide cluster cavity and new alkane bromination
A hemispherical vanadium oxide cluster has a cavity that can accommodate a bromine molecule. (2020-07-10)
Study shows that aerosol box used to protect healthcare workers during COVID
A new study shows that certain aerosol boxes of a similar type to those that have been manufactured and used in hospitals in the UK and around the world in order to protect healthcare workers from COVID-19 can actually increase exposure to airborne particles that carry the virus, and thus casts doubt on their usefulness. (2020-07-10)
Bespoke catalysts for power-to-X
Suitable catalysts are of great importance for efficient power-to-X applications -- but the molecular processes occurring during their use have not yet been fully understood. (2020-07-08)
A chemical cocktail of air pollution in Beijing, China during COVID-19 outbreak
Air pollution during the COVID-19 lockdown in Beijing was mainly due to different chemical responses of primary and secondary aerosols to changes in anthropogenic emissions. (2020-07-07)
Atmospheric turbulence affects new particle formation: Common finding on three continents
New particle formation (NPF) over three countries is investigated using aerosol physicochemical quantities and turbulence information. (2020-07-07)
Researchers develop novel approach to modeling yet-unconfirmed rare nuclear process
Researchers from the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Laboratory at Michigan State University (MSU) have taken a major step toward a theoretical first-principles description of neutrinoless double-beta decay. (2020-07-06)
A path to new nanofluidic devices applying spintronics technology
Japanese scientists have elucidated the mechanism of the hydrodynamic power generation using spin currents in micrometer-scale channels, finding that power generation efficiency improves drastically as the size of the flow is made smaller. (2020-07-02)
A binary star as a cosmic particle accelerator
Scientists have identified the binary star Eta Carinae as a new kind of source for very high-energy (VHE) cosmic gamma-radiation. (2020-07-01)
Roadside hedges protect human health at the cost of plant health
Roadside hedges take a hit to their health while reducing pollution exposure for humans. (2020-06-30)
Stanford-led team shows how to store data using 2D materials instead of silicon chips
The researchers stacked layers of tungsten ditelluride like a nanoscale deck of cards. (2020-06-29)
Engineers use 'DNA origami' to identify vaccine design rules
Using DNA origami as a virus-like scaffold, MIT researchers designed an HIV-like particle that provokes a strong response from human immune cells grown in the lab. (2020-06-29)
Analysis of complex geometric models made simple
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed an efficient new way to quickly analyze complex geometric models by borrowing a computational approach that has made photorealistic animated films possible. (2020-06-29)
Researchers catch a wave to determine how forces control granular material properties
Stress wave propagation through grainy, or granular, materials is important for detecting the magnitude of earthquakes, locating oil and gas reservoirs, designing acoustic insulation and designing materials for compacting powders. (2020-06-29)
Study finds strong evidence for a causal link between long-term exposure to fine air particles and greater mortality in elderly Americans
A new analysis of 16 years of publicly accessible health data on 68.5 million Medicare enrollees provides broad evidence that long-term exposure to fine particles in the air - even at levels below current EPA standards - leads to increased mortality rates among the elderly. (2020-06-26)
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
Imperial College London researchers have demonstrated how machine learning could help design lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells with better performance. (2020-06-25)
Every moment of ultrafast chemical bonding now captured on film
IBS scientists report the direct observation of the birthing moment of chemical bonds by tracking real-time atomic positions in the molecule. (2020-06-24)
New research deepens mystery of particle generation in proton collisions
Researchers have shown that in polarized proton-proton collisions, the neutral pions in the very forward area of collisions -- where direct interactions involving quarks and gluons are not applicable -- still have a large degree of left-right asymmetry. (2020-06-23)
Current serotype of dengue virus in Singapore disguises itself to evade vaccines and therapeutics
Singapore saw 1,158 dengue cases in the week ending 13 June 2020, the highest number of weekly dengue cases ever recorded since 2014*. (2020-06-23)
Introducing a new isotope: Mendelevium-244
A team of scientists working at Berkeley Lab's 88-Inch Cyclotron has discovered a new form of the human-made element mendelevium. (2020-06-23)
Enhanced secondary haze by emission reduction during COVID-19 lockdown in China
The research, led by Nanjing University and Tsinghua University, investigated China's emission change due to the sharp drop of anthropogenic activities. (2020-06-22)
SLAC and Stanford scientists home in on pairs of atoms that boost a catalyst's activity
A study identified which pairs of atoms in a catalyst nanoparticle are most active in a reaction that breaks down a harmful exhaust gas in catalytic converters. (2020-06-22)
Measuring a tiny quasiparticle is a major step forward for semiconductor technology
A team of researchers led by Sufei Shi, an assistant professor of chemical and biological engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has uncovered new information about the mass of individual components that make up a promising quasiparticle, known as an exciton, that could play a critical role in future applications for quantum computing, improved memory storage, and more efficient energy conversion. (2020-06-19)
Is teleportation possible? Yes, in the quantum world
Researchers at the University of Rochester are exploring new ways of creating quantum-mechanical interactions between distant electrons. (2020-06-19)
Exploring mass dependence in electron-hole clusters
A study published in EPJ B reveals that the behaviour of one type of three-particle cluster displays a distinct relationship with the ratio between the masses of its particles. (2020-06-18)
Researchers map out intricate processes that activate key brain molecule
For the first time, scientists have revealed the steps needed to turn on a receptor that helps regulate neuron firing. (2020-06-17)
A step forward in solving the reactor-neutrino flux problem
Joint effort of the nuclear theory group at the University of Jyvaskyla and the international collaborative EXO-200 experiment paves the way for solving the reactor antineutrino flux problems. (2020-06-17)
Scientists gain detailed images of how a protein that calms brain activity works
Elucidation of the 3D structure of the pharmacologically important GABAB receptor in four distinct conformations along its activation trajectory from an inactive state to an active state leads to a model of signal transduction by GABAB and its modulation by a positive allosteric modulator. (2020-06-17)
Graphics cards farm to help in search of new physics at LHCb
For the first time, data from LHCb, a major physics experiment, will be processed on a farm of GPUs. (2020-06-16)
Exposure to air pollution impairs cellular energy metabolism
Exposure to air particulate matter impairs the metabolism of olfactory mucosal cells, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. (2020-06-15)
Superlens squeezes light into nanospace
Russian and Danish researchers have made a first-ever experimental observation of a plasmon nanojet. (2020-06-15)
Summer observation campaigns to study pollution in the Asian tropopause layer
Scientists find the aerosols in the boundary layer are mostly pollution out of human activities, and the aerosols in the upper troposphere may also contain natural aerosols, like mineral dust and volcanic sulfate aerosols, (2020-06-14)
Inhibitory interneurons in hippocampus excite the developing brain
A new study from the George Washington University, however, reports that in some critical structures of the developing brain, the inhibitory neurons cause excitation rather than suppression of brain activity. (2020-06-12)
Rice engineers offer smart, timely ideas for AI bottlenecks
Rice University researchers have demonstrated methods for both designing data-centric computing hardware and co-designing hardware with machine-learning algorithms that together can improve energy efficiency in artificial intelligence hardware by as much as two orders of magnitude. (2020-06-11)
Machine learning predicts nanoparticles' structure and dynamics
Researchers at the University of Jyväskylä in Finland have demonstrated that new distance-based machine learning methods are capable of predicting structures and atomic dynamics of nanoparticles reliably. (2020-06-09)
Snapshot of exploding oxygen
For more than 200 years, we have been using X-rays to look inside matter, and progressing to ever smaller structures -from crystals to nanoparticles. (2020-06-09)
Virginia Tech research provides new explanation for neutrino anomalies in Antarctica
A new research paper co-authored by a Virginia Tech assistant professor of physics provides a new explanation for two recent strange events that occurred in Antarctica -- high-energy neutrinos appearing to come up out of the Earth on their own accord and head skyward. (2020-06-09)
Shock waves created in the lab mimic supernova particle accelerators
In experiments at the National Ignition Facility, a SLAC-led team found new details about how supernovas boost charged particles to nearly the speed of light. (2020-06-08)
Physicists study mirror nuclei for precision theory test
A precision measurement of helium and hydrogen mirror isotopes reveals new questions in understanding of nuclear structure. (2020-06-08)
New image of a cancer-related enzyme in action helps explain gene regulation
New images of an enzyme in action as it interacts with the chromosome could provide important insight into how cells--including cancer cells -- regulate their gene (2020-06-04)
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