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Current Pathogen News and Events

Current Pathogen News and Events, Pathogen News Articles.
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UMBC research decodes plant defense system, with an eye on improving farming and medicine
The plant circadian clock determines when certain defense responses are activated (often timed with peak activity of pests), and compounds used in defense affect the clock. (2019-06-12)
Researcher identifies adjuvant that prevents vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease in RSV
A unique adjuvant, a substance that enhances the body's immune response to toxins and foreign matter, can prevent vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease, a sickness that has posed a major hurdle in vaccine development for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), according to a study led by the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. (2019-06-12)
New pathogens in beef and cow's milk products: More research required
In February 2019, the German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ) presented findings on new infection pathogens that go by the name of 'Bovine Milk and Meat Factors' (BMMF). (2019-06-11)
New microneedle technique speeds plant disease detection
Researchers have developed a new technique that uses microneedle patches to collect DNA from plant tissues in one minute, rather than the hours needed for conventional techniques. (2019-06-10)
Danger avoidance can be genetically encoded for four generations, say Princeton biologists
Princeton University researchers have discovered that learned behaviors can be inherited for multiple generations in C. elegans, transmitted from parent to progeny via eggs and sperm cells. (2019-06-06)
Using population genetics, scientists confirm origins of root rot in Michigan ornamentals
Floriculture is an economically important industry in Michigan. The health of these crops is threatened by Pythium ultimum (root rot), a water mold that infects the roots of popular plants. (2019-06-03)
Resistance to Fusarium head blight holding in Illinois, study says
Illinois wheat growers, take heart. A new University of Illinois study shows no evidence of a highly toxic Fusarium head blight (FHB) variant, known as NA2, in the wheat-growing region of the state. (2019-05-30)
The University of Cordoba guides plants towards obtaining iron
A team at the University of Cordoba relates the presence of beneficial organisms in plant roots to their response to iron deficiency. (2019-05-29)
Group A strep genome research expedites vaccine development efforts
The global search for a group A streptococcal (Strep A) vaccine has narrowed after researchers identified a common gene signature in almost all global Strep A strains by sequencing thousands of genomes in a project spanning 10 years and more than 20 countries. (2019-05-27)
When macrophages are deprived of oxygen
Infected tissue has a low concentration of oxygen. The body's standard immune mechanisms, which rely on oxygen, can then only function to a limited extent. (2019-05-24)
New study reveals gut is organized by function, and opportunities for better drug design
New findings provide insights about how the intestine maximizes nutrient uptake, while at the same time protecting the body from potentially dangerous microbes. (2019-05-24)
Can a hands-on model help forest stakeholders fight tree disease?
An aggressive new strain of sudden oak death, a disease that's killed millions of trees, has turned up in Oregon, posing a threat to timber production. (2019-05-19)
Symbionts as lifesavers
When people fall ill from bacterial infection, the first priority is to treat the disease. (2019-05-14)
Dehesa health starts from the ground up
University of Cordoba research analyzes how changes in the structure of soil microbiota affect holm oak decline. (2019-05-07)
New research uncovers how life-threatening fungal diseases adapt to survive in humans
A new study from The Westmead Institute for Medical Research has uncovered how serious fungal infections grow in humans by conserving phosphate, highlighting a possible target for treatment. (2019-05-06)
A question of time
Researchers show how the immune system distinguishes between self molecules and non-self molecules such as those from pathogens. (2019-05-03)
Scientists discover how superbugs hide from their host
New research led by the University of Sheffield has discovered how a hospital superbug evades the immune system to cause infection -- paving the way for new treatments. (2019-05-02)
Evolving alongside viruses impacts susceptibility to future infections
Researchers have shown that when fruit flies co-evolve with viruses, different genetic changes occur to those caused by encountering a virus for the first time, altering the insects' susceptibility to future infection. (2019-04-30)
Changing climate may affect animal-to-human disease transfer
Climate change could affect occurrences of diseases like bird-flu and Ebola, with environmental factors playing a larger role than previously understood in animal-to-human disease transfer. (2019-04-30)
Major findings help understand bacteria's 'superglue'
Molecular details on how harmful bacteria attach to the human body have been revealed for the first time by researchers from the La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science (LIMS). (2019-04-29)
New diagnostic tool developed for global menace Xylella fastidiosa increases specificity
In a research article in Plant Disease, Bonants et al. (2019-04-23)
Researchers describe the mechanism of a protein upon infection of the 'Fasciola hepatica'
The study also validated ten reference genes in sheep that allow for studying how the immune system behaves when facing this disease (2019-04-22)
New variety of zebra chip disease threatens potato production in southwestern Oregon
Named after the dark stripes that form inside potatoes after they are cut and fried, zebra chip disease is a potentially devastating affliction that can result in yield losses up to 100% for farmers. (2019-04-18)
More severe salmonella outbreaks ahead: University of Sydney research
University of Sydney researchers have developed a model that can predict salmonella outbreaks several months in advance, and its results come as a warning ahead of the Easter long weekend. (2019-04-17)
Immune responses in Ebola survivors 2 years after infection provide clues for vaccine development
Scientists have discovered that 2 years after infection, West African Ebola survivors exhibit memory immune responses -- including specific T cells against Ebola virus. (2019-04-11)
Promising new drugs for old pathogen Mtb
UConn researchers are targeting a metabolic pathway, the dihydrofolate reductase pathway, crucial for amino acid synthesis to treat TB infections. (2019-03-28)
First global tally of an amphibian killer
Chytridiomycosis, a highly virulent fungal amphibian disease, has been linked to the worldwide decline of more than 500 species - including 90 presumed extinctions - over the last 50 years, researchers report. (2019-03-28)
Control of mosquito-borne diseases
Researchers from INRA, CIRAD, CEA, the University of Montpellier, and Chicago and Vanderbilt Universities in the United States have developed an innovative method for analysing the genome of the Wolbachia bacterium. (2019-03-26)
Breakthrough in fight against plant diseases
A global research team including scientists from La Trobe University have identified specific locations within plants' chromosomes capable of transferring immunity to their offspring. (2019-03-20)
Copying made easy
Whether revealing a perpetrator with DNA evidence, diagnosing a pathogen, classifying a paleontological discovery, or determining paternity, the duplication of nucleic acids (amplification) is indispensable. (2019-03-12)
How well do vaccines work? Research reveals measles vaccine efficacy
'What we found was a bit of a shock -- there are a very small number of studies that test whether vaccines are effective across multiple pathogen doses ...' said Langwig. (2019-03-07)
Chelated calcium benefits poinsettias
Cutting quality has an impact on postharvest durability during shipping and propagation of poinsettias. (2019-02-27)
Plants can skip the middlemen to directly recognize disease-causing fungi
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne have revealed that direct physical associations between plant immune proteins and fungal molecules are widespread during attempted infection. (2019-02-19)
UBC researchers develop diagnostic tool for detecting cryptosporidium
Using a small and inexpensive biosensor, researchers in the School of Engineering have developed a novel low-cost technique that quickly and accurately detects cryptosporidium contamination in water samples. (2019-02-14)
Genetic tricks of rabbits resistant to fatal viral disease
Underlying genetic variation in the immune systems of rabbits allowed them to rapidly evolve genetic resistance to the myxoma virus, a deadly rabbit pathogen introduced into Europe and Australia during the 1950s, according to a new study. (2019-02-14)
University of Konstanz gains new insights into development of the human immune system
Scientists at the University of Konstanz identify fierce competition between the human immune system and bacterial pathogens. (2019-02-13)
More scrutiny needed for less-deadly foodborne bacteria
Employing advanced genetic-tracing techniques and sharing the data produced in real time could limit the spread of bacteria -- Bacillus cereus -- which cause foodborne illness, according to researchers who implemented whole-genome sequencing of a pathogen-outbreak investigation. (2019-02-13)
New AI toolkit is the 'scientist that never sleeps'
Researchers have developed a new AI-driven platform that can analyze how pathogens infect our cells with the precision of a trained biologist. (2019-02-12)
Infection biology: What makes Helicobacter so adaptable?
The bacterial pathogen Helicobacter pylori owes its worldwide distribution to its genetic adaptability. (2019-02-12)
Tuberculosis: Inhibiting host cell death with immunotherapy
DZIF scientists from the University Hospital Cologne are working on an immunotherapy that supports antibiotic treatment of tuberculosis. (2019-02-11)
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