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Current Peer review News and Events

Current Peer review News and Events, Peer review News Articles.
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Can a donor voucher program broaden representation in local campaign financing?
A new study investigated the effectiveness of Seattle, WA's Democracy Voucher program in expanding participation from marginalized communities in a local election, where voters were each given four, twenty-five-dollar vouchers to assign to the local candidates of their choice. (2019-10-01)
No need to cut down red and processed meat consumption
The researchers performed four systematic reviews focused on randomized controlled trials and observational studies looking at the impact of red meat and processed meat consumption on cardiometabolic and cancer outcomes. (2019-09-30)
Optimism associated with lower risk of heart disease, early death
Optimism was associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events and less risk of overall death in this observational study. (2019-09-27)
Do the costs of cancer drugs receive enough attention?
A recent analysis from Canada found that information on health-related quality of life is often not collected for investigational cancer drugs or used to calculate the balance of costs and benefits of these drugs when they are submitted for reimbursement, according to findings published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. (2019-09-23)
Medications underused in treating opioid addiction, Mayo Clinic expert says
Though research shows that medication-assisted treatment can help people who are addicted to opioids, the three drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are underused, according to a review of current medical data on opioid addiction in the U.S. (2019-09-19)
LGBT+ women face barriers to healthcare
New study suggests diversity messaging is not filtering down to frontline staff. (2019-09-19)
The global imperative in stabilizing temperature increases at 1.5 degrees Celsius
Limiting warming to 1.5° Celsius rather than 2.0° Celsius would maintain significant proportions of systems such as Arctic summer sea ice, forests and coral reefs and have clear benefits for human health and economies, say Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and colleagues in this Review. (2019-09-19)
Inconsistencies between electronic health record, physicians' observed behaviors
A study of nine emergency department residents reports inconsistencies between the electronic medical record and physicians' behaviors observed and recorded during patient encounters. (2019-09-18)
Social isolation derails brain development in mice
Female mice housed alone during adolescence show atypical development of the prefrontal cortex and resort to habitual behavior in adulthood, according to new research published in eNeuro. (2019-09-16)
Deworming programmes for soil-transmitted helminths -- a Cochrane review update
Should global government and philanthropic aid be invested in large public health deworming programmes in low- and middle-income countries? (2019-09-11)
Case management in primary care associated with positive outcomes
In a systematic review, researchers identified three characteristics of case management programs that consistently yielded positive results: case selection for frequent users with complex problems, high-intensity case management interventions and a multidisciplinary care plan. (2019-09-09)
Addressing food insecurity in health care settings
A review of articles covering food insecurity interventions in health care settings from 2000-2018 found that interventions focused on either referrals or direct provision of food or vouchers both suffered from poor follow-up, a general lack of comparison groups, and limited statistical power and generalizability. (2019-09-09)
Scientists find psychiatric drugs affect gut contents
Scientists have found that antidepressants and other psychiatric drugs can change the quantity and composition of gut bacteria in rats. (2019-09-08)
Time saving software in an age of ever-expanding data
Before embarking on a new research project, a thorough and exhaustive review of existing literature must be done to make sure the new project is novel. (2019-09-05)
Chewing gum use in the perioperative period
Many anesthesiologists forbid patients from chewing gum in the immediate hours before surgery for fear that it would increase the risk that the patient's stomach contents might end up dumped (aspirated) into the patient's lungs, with potentially deadly consequences (aspiration pneumonitis). (2019-08-30)
Review: Post opioid-overdose interventions emerge in US
Opioid-related deaths continue to take the lives of thousands in the US each year, with non-fatal opioid overdoses as a significant risk factor for a subsequent fatal overdose. (2019-08-29)
Scientists call for infiltration to be better incorporated into land surface models
Better simulating soil's processes helps better predict climate and land use effects (2019-08-28)
Bad Blooms: Researchers review environmental conditions leading to harmful algae blooms
When there is a combination of population increase, wastewater discharge, agricultural fertilization, and climate change, the cocktail is detrimental to humans and animals. (2019-08-26)
Social, executive brain functions crucial for communication
Impairments in social and executive brain functions hinder effective communication, according to research in patients with dementia recently published in eNeuro. (2019-08-26)
Researchers' review paper reveal insights into high quality fabrication of nanocomposites
SUTD together with research collaborators provide much needed analysis and review of the emerging research on particle reinforced metal matrix nanocomposites with selective laser melting, charting out possibilities for engineering applications. (2019-08-26)
BES launches large-scale study to test whether 'blinding' reduces bias in science publishing
A two-year randomised controlled trial in the British Ecological Society journal Functional Ecology will be the largest of its kind to date to assess whether hiding author details during peer review reduces bias against underrepresented groups in the science publishing process. (2019-08-21)
Omega-3 fats have little or no effect on type 2 diabetes
Increasing omega-3 fats in the diet has little or no effect on risk of type 2 diabetes, finds an evidence review published by The BMJ today. (2019-08-21)
Engaging educational videos elicit similar brain activity in students
The most engaging educational videos are correlated with similar brain activity across learners, according to research in young adults recently published in eNeuro. (2019-08-19)
What exactly happened at Chernobyl? (video)
On April 26, 1986 the Soviet Union's Chernobyl Power Complex nuclear reactor 4 exploded. (2019-08-16)
Early-career female physicians experience obstacles to professional and academic success
Individual and systemic challenges specific to female family physicians in their first five years of practice create obstacles that can result in disproportionate rates of burnout and negative impacts on career trajectories, according to a new paper co-authored by Dr. (2019-08-14)
Comparison between major types of arthritis based on diagnostic ultrasonography
Ultrasound is a non-invasive and relatively inexpensive means of diagnosing a number of medical conditions. (2019-08-09)
'Spin' found in over half of clinical trial abstracts published in top psychiatry journals
'Spin' -- exaggerating the clinical significance of a particular treatment without the statistics to back it up -- is apparent in more than half of clinical trial abstracts published in top psychology and psychiatry journals, finds a review of relevant research in BMJ Evidence Based Medicine. (2019-08-05)
Machine learning classifies word type based on brain activity
Pairing machine learning with neuroimaging can determine whether a person heard a real or made up word based on their brain activity, according to a new study published in eNeuro. (2019-08-05)
Brain reorganization predicts language production
The right hemisphere of the brain can take over language functions when the left hemisphere is damaged early in development, according to research in four-year-old children published in eNeuro. (2019-08-05)
Study estimates frailty, prefrailty among older adults
This study (called a systematic review and meta-analysis) combined the results of 46 observational studies involving nearly 121,000 nonfrail adults (60 or older from 28 countries) and estimated the rate of new cases of frailty and prefrailty, which is a high risk of progressing to frailty. (2019-08-02)
Aspirin improves liver function after embolization of hepatocellular carcinoma
Aspirin therapy is associated with both improved liver function test results and survival after transarterial embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, according to an ahead-of-print article by F. (2019-07-31)
Blocking dopamine weakens effects of cocaine
Blocking dopamine receptors in different regions of the amygdala reduces drug seeking and taking behavior with varying longevity, according to research in rats published in eNeuro. (2019-07-29)
Who dominates the discourse of the past?
Male academics, who comprise less than 10% of North American archaeologists, write the vast majority of the field's high impact, peer-reviewed literature. (2019-07-29)
Predatory journals could damage the legitimacy of scientific publishing
'Predatory journals' pose a danger that could undermine the quality, integrity, and reliability of published scientific research, a new joint statement from 3 leading organizations, professional in medical writing and publication planning, has warned. (2019-07-29)
Current challenges and next steps in treating pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome
A new review of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (PARDS) highlights the lack of data available for standard treatment approaches and adjunctive therapies, leading to sig-nificant variability in patient management. (2019-07-29)
The effects of skin aging vary depending on ethnicity, review finds
Neelam Vashi, M.D., director of the Center for Ethnic Skin at Boston Medical Center, has published a review paper in Clinics in Dermatology that discusses how aging presents in patients, and the differences that are attributed to skin type, exposures and genetic factors. (2019-07-26)
Group medical visit innovations improve access & advance integrative heath equity
Group medical visits are exceptional methods delivering critical components of integrative health care for treating and reducing the risk of a wide variety of chronic diseases, particularly in underserved populations. (2019-07-25)
Social isolation stresses rodents
The traditional method of housing mice and rats alone increases stress and worsens epilepsy, according to a new study published in eNeuro. (2019-07-22)
Hypothalamus pathway drives defense behaviors
Scientists have identified a previously unknown pathway connecting the hypothalamus and midbrain that drives defensive behaviors, according to research in mice published in eNeuro. (2019-07-22)
Around one in 20 patients are affected by preventable harm
Around one in 20 (6%) of patients are affected by preventable harm in medical care, of which around 12% causes permanent disability or death, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2019-07-17)
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