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Current Perspective News and Events, Perspective News Articles.
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Rutgers collaborates with WHO to more accurately describe mental health disorders
A Rutgers University researcher collaborated with the World Health Organization on the first study to seek input from people with common mental health issues on how their disorders are described in diagnostic guidelines. (2019-07-16)
The brain's pathways to imagination may hold the key to altruistic behavior
Boston College researchers used neuroimaging to identify multiple neural pathways in the brain that explain the relationship between imagination and the willingness to help others. (2019-07-12)
How to improve care for patients with disabilities? We need more providers like them
When it comes to patients with disabilities, the chance of getting a clinician 'like them' is extremely low, which may lead to patients' reluctance to seek care or follow prescribed interventions and treatments. (2019-06-10)
The Neolithic precedents of gender inequality
Inequality between men and women was not generally consolidated in Iberia during the Neolithic. (2019-06-10)
Researchers from IKBFU study properties of amorphous microwires
Glass coated amorphous microwires are the newest perspective magnetic composite alloys that can be used for the creation of modern high-speed mass storage devices with high recording density and logic elements. (2019-05-22)
The enduring effects of mother-child interactions as children become adults
Interactions between a mother and her child have been linked to cognitive outcomes in childhood, but little work has looked at farther-reaching effects. (2019-05-09)
Close relatives can coexist: two flower species show us how
Scientists have discovered how two closely-related species of Asiatic dayflower can coexist in the wild despite their competitive relationship. (2019-05-07)
Research finds pregnant women feel pushed out of their jobs
Florida State University researcher Samantha Paustian-Underdahl found pregnant women experienced decreased encouragement in the workplace to return to their jobs after pregnancy. (2019-04-18)
Empathy and cooperation go hand in hand
Despite sometimes selfish instincts, cooperation abounds in human societies. Using mathematical models to explore this complex feature of social behavior, a University of Pennsylvania-led team shows that the act of taking another person's perspective -- a form of empathy -- supports the persistence of cooperation and altruism. (2019-04-09)
Visualization strategies may backfire on consumers pursuing health goals
Using visualization as motivation is a common technique for achieving goals, but consumers who are pursuing health goals such as eating healthy or losing weight should use caution when using perspective-based visualizations. (2019-04-04)
Johns Hopkins faculty staff members address travails of navigating metastatic cancer survivorship
Due to advances in treatment, an ever-increasing number of patients are living longer as metastatic cancer survivors. (2019-04-03)
Proofs of parallel evolution between cognition, tool development, and social complexity
A study led by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has used eye-tracking techniques to analyse the processes of selective attention that determine the way in which we explore and interact with our environment. (2019-03-08)
Longitudinal studies provide an excellent research learning environment for trainees
Compared to experimental studies that require complex infrastructures such as laboratories or clinical trials at multiple centers, studies using a longitudinal cohort (an observational research method in which data is gathered for the same participants repeatedly over a period of time) could be a good alternative for investigators as they begin their early research careers. (2019-03-07)
New wireless system 'cuts the cord' from newborn patient monitoring approaches
A new, less invasive system for monitoring the vital signs of some of the world's most fragile patients -- infants born pre-term or with debilitating disease -- would allow parents skin-to-skin contact with these children when they otherwise couldn't have it. (2019-02-28)
Research shows for the first time how we use others' viewpoints to make decisions
Everyday life is full of situations that require us to take others' perspectives. (2019-02-21)
Grasses can acquire genes from neighboring plants
Published in the Feb. 18, 2019, edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a study led by an international team including Guillaume Besnard, CNRS researcher at the 'Evolution et diversité biologique' laboratory (CNRS/IRD/Université Toulouse III -- Paul Sabatier), reveals that the genome of Alloteropsis semialata, a grass found in Australia, contains nearly 60 genes acquired from at least nine donor grasses species. (2019-02-18)
Broad regional accents are a barrier to social mobility, research finds
New research via Bath's Department of Education looked at the perception of regional accents for teachers across the UK. (2019-02-13)
Anther rubbing, a new movement discovered in plants, promotes prior selfing
Most plants have developed mechanisms to prevent self-fertilization and its detrimental effects of inbreeding depression. (2019-02-08)
Putting yourself in their shoes may make you less open to their beliefs
Trying to take someone else's perspective may make you less open to their opposing views, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (2019-02-04)
Nudging does not necessarily improve decisions
Nudging, the concept of influencing people's behavior without imposing rules, bans or coercion, is an idea that government officials and marketing specialists alike are keen to harness, and itis often viewed as a one-size-fits-all solution. (2019-01-16)
Analysis estimates mortality from fungal infections of ash trees
The ash dieback epidemic, caused by the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, has swept across Europe over the past 20 years and caused widespread damage and death in ash tree (Fraxinus excelsior) populations. (2018-12-05)
Obesity and food restrictions proven to be associated with less food enjoyment
A study carried out by UGR scientists shows that obesity and food restrictions -even trivial ones- such as temporary diets are associated with a reduction in enjoyment For this research, food-related emotions were analyzed in 552 adolescents aged 11 to 17 belonging to several high schools from Granada. (2018-11-13)
New scheduling system could help reduce flight delays
Scheduling and coordinating air traffic can be difficult, but taking the airlines' and passengers' delay costs into account can actually save airlines money and result in fewer delays, according to a new study from Binghamton University, State University of New York. (2018-11-13)
Flow units: Dynamic defects in metallic glasses
Metallic glass is promising and advanced metallic material with many unique properties. (2018-11-06)
Virtual reality may encourage empathic behavior
Virtual reality could be a useful tool to encourage empathy, helpful behavior, and positive attitudes towards marginalized groups, according to a study published Oct. (2018-10-17)
Factors linked with wellbeing and medication adherence in young adults with kidney failure
In a study of young adults with kidney failure, poor wellbeing and lower medication adherence were both associated with psychological morbidity. (2018-10-16)
The chromosome responsible for asparagus gender is characterized
A University of Cordoba research project draws a genetic map of garden asparagus and marks the chromosome determining gender. (2018-10-08)
Educating the next generation of medical professionals with machine learning is essential
Artificial intelligence (AI) driven by machine learning (ML) algorithms is a branch in the field of computer science that is rapidly gaining popularity within the healthcare sector. (2018-09-27)
Call for new approaches to fill significant gaps in understanding Parkinson's disease
New paper calls for the use of advances human-relevant methods to enable understanding of the initiation and progression of Parkinson's disease. (2018-09-24)
Take a step back from yourself to better realize the benefits of awe
Religion and nature can both lead to awe, and turning to one or the other is a common coping strategy for the stress. (2018-09-24)
Hate speech-detecting AIs are fools for 'love'
Hateful text and comments are an ever-increasing problem in online environments, yet addressing the rampant issue relies on being able to identify toxic content. (2018-09-14)
NASA's SDO spots 2 lunar transits in space
On Sept. 9, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory saw two lunar transits over the course of just six hours. (2018-09-10)
Zeroing in: What triggered the recent yellow fever outbreak in Brazil
In a 'tour de force genetic investigation of the outbreak' according to a related Perspective, scientists have shown how the recent yellow fever outbreak in Brazil originated in nonhuman primates in the forest and spilled over into human populations. (2018-08-23)
Lithium-oxygen battery technology charges ahead
A new report overcomes hurdles related to the electrochemistry underlying the lithium-oxygen battery, making it a little more likely this high-powered battery could be broadly adopted in years ahead. (2018-08-23)
Patients with healthcare-associated infections suffer social, emotional pain
The consequences of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) reach well beyond patients' physical health, souring social relationships, and leading some healthcare providers (HCP) to distance themselves from affected patients, according to a qualitative, systematic review published in the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC), the journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). (2018-08-16)
Forget the bling: High status-signaling deters new friendships
When it comes to making new friends, status symbols actually repel people from making friends with us, according to new research published in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science. (2018-08-15)
Parents' smoking and depression linked to increased ADHD risk in children
A new study has identified adults' smoking and depression as family environmental factors associated with the development of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. (2018-08-08)
What psychological science can offer to reducing climate change
The consequences of climate change are immense, and believed by many experts to be largely irreversible (and exponential), causing threats coming from heat waves, flooding, declines in agriculture, and decreasing biodiversity, to name a few. (2018-07-17)
Mobile coupons can increase revenue both during and after a promotion
New research from Binghamton University, State University at New York finds that mobile coupons can affect both short- and long-term sales goals, and that targeting customers with the right type of mobile coupon can boost revenue. (2018-07-16)
How gold nanoparticles could improve solar energy storage
Star-shaped gold nanoparticles, coated with a semiconductor, can produce hydrogen from water over four times more efficiently than other methods - opening the door to improved storage of solar energy and other advances that could boost renewable energy use and combat climate change, according to Rutgers University-New Brunswick researchers. (2018-07-12)
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