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Scientists predict potential spread, habitat of invasive Asian giant hornet
Researchers at Washington State University have predicted how and where the Asian giant hornet, an invasive newcomer to the Pacific Northwest, popularly dubbed the ''murder hornet,'' could spread and find ideal habitat, both in the United States and globally. (2020-09-22)
Solar storm forecasts for Earth improved with help from the public
Scientists used observations recorded by members of the public to increase accuracy of computer model predictions of when harmful CMEs will hit Earth. (2020-09-18)
The brain's memory abilities inspire AI experts in making neural networks less 'forgetful'
Artificial intelligence (AI) experts at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Baylor College of Medicine report that they have successfully addressed what they call a ''major, long-standing obstacle to increasing AI capabilities'' by drawing inspiration from a human brain memory mechanism known as ''replay.'' (2020-09-17)
Immune 'cloaking' in cancer cells and implications for immunotherapy
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, and the Moffitt Cancer Centre have created a mathematical model that can determine the impact of the immune system on tumour evolution. (2020-09-16)
More small-scale dark matter gravitational lenses than expected in galaxy clusters
The gravitational pull of cold dark matter in galaxy clusters can distort or bend the light coming from distant background galaxies, in a phenomenon called gravitational lensing. (2020-09-10)
Research unravels what makes memories so detailed and enduring
In years to come, our personal memories of the COVID-19 pandemic are likely to be etched in our minds with precision and clarity, distinct from other memories of 2020. (2020-09-08)
Researchers study why neural networks are efficient in their predictions
A study has tested the predictions of a neural network to check whether they coincide with actual results. (2020-09-04)
A better model for predicting death by heat in nature?
A mathematical model that better accounts for temperature impacts from duration of exposure is helping scientists improve their grasp of how future climate warming will affect the survival of natural Drosophila populations. (2020-09-03)
How to make AI trustworthy
One of the biggest impediments to adoption of new technologies is trust in AI. (2020-08-27)
Computers excel in chemistry class
Machine learning models can rapidly and accurately estimate key chemical parameters related to molecular reactivity. (2020-08-25)
Trust the power of markets
Organizations using groups or committees to make decisions might do better to crowdsource their decisions, says UC Riverside-led research. (2020-08-25)
Japanese expedition identifies East Antarctic melting hotspot
Ice is melting at a surprisingly fast rate underneath Shirase Glacier Tongue in East Antarctica due to the continuing influx of warm seawater into the Lützow-Holm Bay. (2020-08-24)
Climate change and land use are accelerating soil erosion by water
Soil loss due to water runoff could increase greatly around the world over the next 50 years due to climate change and intensive land cultivation. (2020-08-24)
Evolution in real-time: How bacteria adapt to their hosts
Bacteria that invade animal cells in order to multiply are widespread in nature. (2020-08-18)
Unexpectedly-fast conduction electrons in Na3Bi
An Australian-led study uses a scanning-tunnelling microscope 'trick' to map electronic structure in Na3Bi, seeking an answer to that material's extremely high electron mobility and finding that exchange and correlation effects are crucial to electron speed, and therefore mobility, and thus to the use of this exciting class of materials in future ultra-low energy electronics. (2020-08-14)
Warming threat to tropical forests risks release of carbon from soil
Billions of tonnes of carbon dioxide risk being lost into the atmosphere due to tropical forest soils being significantly more sensitive to climate change than previously thought. (2020-08-12)
Past evidence supports complete loss of Arctic sea-ice by 2035
A new study, published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change, supports predictions that the Arctic could be free of sea ice by 2035. (2020-08-10)
Bird nests attract flying insects and parasites due to higher levels of carbon dioxide
Researchers in Spain have examined bird nests in order to understand how flying insects and parasites detect gases as a way to locate their hosts. (2020-08-05)
Climate change may melt the "freezers" of pygmy owls and reduce their overwinter survival
Ecologists at the University of Turku, Finland, have discovered that the food hoards pygmy owls collect in nest-boxes (''freezers'') for winter rot due to high precipitation caused by heavy autumn rains and if the hoarding has been initiated early in the autumn. (2020-08-05)
Changes in land evaporation shape the climate
An international team of Hungarian, American and Chinese scientists have demonstrated that an existing calibration-free version of the CR method that inherently tracks the aridity changes of the environment in each step of the calculations can better detect long-term trends in continental-scale land evaporation rates than a recently developed and globally calibrated one without such dynamic adjustments to aridity. (2020-08-04)
North Atlantic climate far more predictable following major scientific breakthrough
North Atlantic atmospheric pressure patterns, the key driving force behind winter weather in Europe and eastern North America, are highly predictable, enabling advanced warning of whether winters in the coming decade are likely to be stormy, warm and wet or calm, cold and dry. (2020-07-30)
Climate predictions several years into the future?
In five years, will the winter be mild, and will the following summer be rainy? (2020-07-22)
"Winter is coming": The influence of seasonality on pathogen emergence
Seasonal fluctuations drive the dynamics of many infectious diseases. For instance, the flu spreads more readily in winter. (2020-07-21)
Predicting the biodiversity of rivers
Biodiversity and thus the state of river ecosystems can now be predicted by combining environmental DNA with hydrological methods, researchers from the University of Zurich and Eawag have found. (2020-07-17)
Decadal predictability of North Atlantic blocking and the NAO
Decadal predictions are important to study climate evolution on multi-annual to decadal timescales and may represent an unprecedented opportunity for decision-makers to calibrate plans and actions over a temporal horizon of a few years. (2020-07-17)
Global warming will cause ecosystems to produce more methane than first predicted
New research suggests that as the Earth warms natural ecosystems such as freshwaters will release more methane than expected from predictions based on temperature increases alone. (2020-06-29)
A step forward in solving the reactor-neutrino flux problem
Joint effort of the nuclear theory group at the University of Jyvaskyla and the international collaborative EXO-200 experiment paves the way for solving the reactor antineutrino flux problems. (2020-06-17)
Skoltech researchers use machine learning to aid oil production
Skoltech scientists and their industry colleagues have found a way to use machine learning to accurately predict rock thermal conductivity, a crucial parameter for enhanced oil recovery. (2020-06-10)
Why the Victoria Plate in Africa rotates
The East African Rift System is a newly forming plate tectonic boundary at which the African continent is being separated into several plates. (2020-06-08)
Infants have a basic knowledge of the role and limitations of language
Marc Colomer and Núria Sebastián Gallés, members of the Speech Acquisition and Perception (SAP) research group of the Center for Brain and Cognition (CBC) at UPF have investigated whether 14 month-old infants understand that language is a communication tool for transmitting information between speakers of the same language. (2020-06-08)
Researchers uncover the arks of genetic diversity in terrestrial mammals
Mapping the distribution of life on Earth, from genes to species to ecosystems, is essential in informing conservation policies and protecting biodiversity. (2020-05-22)
Long-term resilience of Earth's tropical forests in warmer world
A long-term assessment of the sensitivity of hundreds of tropical forest plots to increasing temperatures brings encouraging news: in the long run, Earth's tropical forests may be more resilient to a moderately warming world than short-term predictions have suggested. (2020-05-21)
Filming quantic measurement for the first time
The measurement of a strontium ion lasts barely a millionth of a second but the researchers have managed to make a 'film' of the process by reconstructing the quantum state of the system at different moments. (2020-05-12)
Ocean acidification prediction now possible years in advance
CU Boulder researchers have developed a method that could enable scientists to accurately forecast ocean acidity up to five years in advance. (2020-05-01)
Mathematical curves predict evolution in COVID-19 spread
Through research published in EPJ Plus, researchers identify a clear mathematical trend in the evolution of daily new COVID-19 cases and death numbers in China, and use the same curve to predict how a similar slowdown will unfold in Italy. (2020-04-23)
How tiny water droplets form can have a big impact on climate models
Droplets and bubbles are formed nearly everywhere, from boiling our morning coffee, to complex industrial processes and even volcanic eruptions. (2020-04-16)
Scientific machine learning paves way for rapid rocket engine design
Researchers from the Oden Institute are developing a faster modeling technique for rocket engine designers to test performance in different conditions. (2020-04-16)
Applying mathematics to accelerate predictions for capturing fusion energy
PPPL scientists have borrowed a technique from applied mathematics to rapidly predict the behavior of fusion plasma at a much-reduced computational cost. (2020-04-15)
The Arctic may influence Eurasian extreme weather events in just two to three weeks
Scientists argue that the effects of rising temperatures and melting ice in the Arctic may actually be felt across the rest of the planet in a matter of weeks, but more robust, observational-based analysis is needed to fully understand how quickly Arctic events impact the rest of Earth. (2020-04-02)
Virtual cell predicts how close tumor environment influences cancer metastasis
IGC Researchers identify signals emitted by the tumor environment, which controls the migrating capacity of cancer cells. (2020-03-31)
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