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Current Radiation oncology News and Events

Current Radiation oncology News and Events, Radiation oncology News Articles.
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Two studies show promise, safety of proton therapy in the brain in children with cancer
From improving outcomes in children with brain cancer to lowering the risk of damage to the brainstem in children with central nervous system tumors, a pair of new studies published today add to the growing body of research showing the potential benefits of proton therapy. (2019-09-12)
Breaking the 'stalemate' in the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children. (2019-09-12)
Standardized medical residency exam may reduce pool of diverse and qualified candidates
Test scores bias entry to radiation-oncology residency programs, and potentially other programs. (2019-09-11)
Higher consumption of soft drinks linked with an increased risk of mortality
Higher consumption of soft drinks linked with an increased risk of mortality. (2019-09-05)
UTA scientist explores using nanoparticles to reduce size of deep-seated tumors
Another collaborative project from a nanoparticles expert at The University of Texas at Arlington has yielded promising results in the search for more effective, targeted cancer treatments. (2019-09-05)
Charge fluctuations, a new property in superconductors
An experiment conducted jointly at the ESRF European Synchrotron Radiation Facility by the Politecnico di Milano, National Research Council, the Università La Sapienza di Roma and the Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg has revealed a new property of cuprates, so-called high critical temperature superconductors. (2019-09-04)
New mathematical model can improve radiation therapy of brain tumours
Researchers have developed a new model to optimize radiation therapy and significantly increase the number of tumor cells killed during treatment. (2019-09-04)
New guideline clarifies role of radiation therapy in pancreatic cancer treatment
A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides recommendations on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, including when radiation treatments are appropriate; optimal dosing, timing and fractionation; and strategies to prevent and mitigate common side effects of treatment. (2019-09-04)
Fragmenting ions and radiation sensitizers
The anti-cancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5FU) acts as a radiosensitizer: it is rapidly taken up into the DNA of cancer cells, making the cells more sensitive to radiotherapy. (2019-09-03)
Aesthetics of skin cancer therapy may vary by treatment type
In a meta-analysis of 58 studies, a study led by Penn State compared four types of skin cancer treatments and found that while all four had similar recurrence rates a year after treatment, a form of radiation called brachytherapy and a type of surgery called Mohs micrographic surgery had better cosmetic results. (2019-09-03)
Skin cancer risk in athletes: The dangers of ultraviolet radiation
The dangers of ultraviolet radiation exposure, which most often comes from the sun, are well-known. (2019-08-30)
Air pollution under clear skies reduces sunlight reaching the Earth's surface
Scientists have found that the air pollution absorbs and disperses sunlight and thereby reduces the amount that reaches the Earth's surface. (2019-08-30)
Synthesis of UV absorbers from cashew nut shell liquid
Researchers succeeded in using cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) as a substitute for petroleum in organic synthesis. (2019-08-29)
Streaks in aurora found to map features in earth's radiation environment
A special kind of streaked aurora has been found to track disturbances in near-Earth space from the ground. (2019-08-27)
Philippine airborne campaign targets weather, climate science
NASA's P-3B science aircraft soared into the skies over the Philippines on Aug. (2019-08-26)
How common is cannabis use among young adult cancer patients?
Cannabis can help alleviate some of the symptoms of cancer and its treatment, and a new study examines the prevalence of its use among young adult cancer patients now that medical cannabis is becoming increasingly available. (2019-08-26)
Researchers discover how the sun damages our skin
Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have discovered the mechanism through which ultraviolet radiation, given off by the sun, damages our skin. (2019-08-22)
Moffitt researchers develop model to personalize radiation treatment
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers hope to change this mindset for radiation treatment with the development of a genomically-based model that can optimize and personalize a radiation dose to match an individual patient's needs. (2019-08-22)
Temperatures of 800 billion degrees in the cosmic kitchen
It is among the most spectacular events in the universe: a merger of neutron stars. (2019-08-22)
Spaceflight consistently affects the gut
A new Northwestern University study discovered that spaceflight -- both aboard a space shuttle or the International Space Station (ISS) -- has a consistent effect on the gut microbiome. (2019-08-21)
Laboratory studies identify a potential way to treat human cancers with ARID1A mutations
A new study shows that tumor cells depleted of ARID1A -- a protein that acts as a cancer suppressor -- become highly sensitive to anticancer poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor drugs after radiation treatment. (2019-08-19)
Study finds lack of racial diversity in cancer drug clinical trials
New research published this week in JAMA Oncology has found a lack of racial and ethnic diversity in clinical trials for cancer drugs. (2019-08-15)
Moon glows brighter than sun in images from NASA's Fermi
If our eyes could see gamma rays, the Moon would appear brighter than the Sun! (2019-08-15)
Drug accelerates blood system's recovery after chemotherapy, radiation
A drug developed by UCLA physician-scientists and chemists speeds up the regeneration of mouse and human blood stem cells after exposure to radiation. (2019-08-15)
First clinical trial of drug-inducible gene therapy yields encouraging preliminary results
A new clinical trial by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute set out to test the safety and effectiveness of controlling a powerful immunotherapy, known as human interleukin-12 (hIL-12), by using an oral activator -- a drug that can give finer control over when a gene gets turned on -- in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. (2019-08-14)
New drug shows encouraging survival in pancreatic cancer
A phase 1 clinical trial testing a new drug in pancreatic cancer had promising initial results, report researchers from the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center. (2019-08-14)
Exercise associated with benefit to patients with advanced colorectal cancer
Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who engaged in moderate exercise while undergoing chemotherapy tended to have delayed progression of their disease and fewer severe side effects from treatment, according to the results of a new study. (2019-08-14)
Fluorescent glow may reveal hidden life in the cosmos
Astronomers have uncovered a new way of searching for life in the cosmos. (2019-08-13)
Balance of 'stop' and 'go' signaling could be key to cancer immunotherapy response
A crucial signaling pathway that can tell the immune system to fight off cancer can also be co-opted by cancer cells to put the brakes on the immune system. (2019-08-08)
Chemotherapy drugs react differently to radiation while in water
In a new study in EPJ D, researchers at the Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck, in Innsbruck, Austria studied the way various molecules, found in chemotherapy drugs, react to ionization by radiation similar to that used in cancer treatment. (2019-08-07)
How deep space travel could affect the brain
Exposure to chronic, low dose radiation -- the conditions present in deep space -- causes neural and behavioral impairments in mice, researchers report in eNeuro. (2019-08-05)
Spacer protects healthy organs from radiation exposure during particle therapy
Kobe University and Alfresa Pharma Corporation develop a novel medical device with non-woven fabric style made of bioabsorbable material. (2019-08-05)
Accelerating development of STT-MRAM
Researchers at the Center for Innovative Integrated Electronic Systems (CIES) at Tohoku University have successfully observed microscopic chemical bonding states in ultrathin MgO -- an important determinant in STT-MRAM performance. (2019-08-05)
Poor methodology reporting makes radiation oncology studies impossible to replicate
Nearly 80 percent of radiation oncology studies funded by the National Institutes of Health involve investigating the effects that radiation has on tumor cells and healthy tissue in pre-clinical settings, such as experiments done in cell cultures or mice. (2019-07-31)
New twist on old surgical technique helps repair patient's skull base
A Rutgers-led team of surgeons developed a groundbreaking procedure based on a paramedian forehead flap, a century-old plastic surgery technique, to save the life of a patient who suffered complications following the removal of a cancerous tumor inside his skull. (2019-07-31)
Laser solitons: Theory, topology and potential applications
Solitons have found applications in data transmission but even these gradually dissipate unless the medium they travel through has ultra-low absorbance. (2019-07-31)
Technological developments in radiation detectors enhance global nuclear security
Nuclear power plants can withstand most inclement weather and do not emit harmful greenhouse gases. (2019-07-30)
Radiotherapy targets tumours precisely -- with less damage to healthy cells
A new way of concentrating radiotherapy dose in tumours, while minimising damage to healthy cells, has been proposed in research led by scientists at the University of Strathclyde. (2019-07-26)
Under development medical camera could help cut time and cost of procedures
Researchers have completed a successful clinical trial to detect and image radioactive tracers used in PET and in SPECT scans at the same time in a patient. (2019-07-25)
Worrisome increase in some medical scans during pregnancy
Use of medical imaging during pregnancy increased significantly in the United States, a new study has found, with nearly a four-fold rise over the last two decades in the number of women undergoing computed tomography (CT) scans, which expose mothers and fetuses to radiation. (2019-07-24)
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