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Current Reciprocity News and Events

Current Reciprocity News and Events, Reciprocity News Articles.
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Researchers defy 19th Century law of Physics in 21st century boost for energy efficiency
Research led by a University of Sussex scientist has turned a 156-year-old law of physics on its head. (2018-11-21)
No cooperation without open communication
In models that explore how humans act when their reputation is at stake, usually assumptions were made that are at odds with reality. (2018-11-12)
Gender equality and economic development promote gender-specific preferences
The more equal women's opportunities compared to men's, and the more resources women have, the more their preferences differ from men's, suggests a new study based on survey data from nearly 80 countries. (2018-10-18)
Rural and urban communities need different policies to boost economic mobility
The farther away from a city a person is raised, the more likely they are to climb the economic ladder, according to economists, who also found that community characteristics associated with upward mobility actually have different effects in rural and urban locations. (2018-09-12)
Study shows PR best practices are only second best
Charles Marsh has studied economic experiments, evolutionary biology and philosophy to examine how indirect reciprocity, or cooperation without expectation of payment, is actually a better approach to public relations than the dominant competition-based approach. (2018-06-07)
USTC develops all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic devices
USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information have perfected a 4-port all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator is demonstrated for the first time. (2018-05-08)
Why children with autism may be at risk of bullying
Children with autism may be at risk from bullying because they are more willing to accept unfair behavior say psychologists. (2018-05-03)
Evolving cooperation
A new study shows that in repeated interactions winning strategies are either partners or rivals, but only partners allow for cooperation. (2018-04-24)
How lemurs win 'friends' and influence other lemurs
In human social networks, people often find it useful to spend time with others who are successful and well informed. (2018-04-05)
Online tech is changing the dynamics of gift-giving
Online gift-giving is spreading in social networks and causing people to give more gifts -- online and in person -- according to a new study led by René Kizilcec, Cornell University assistant professor of information science. (2018-03-21)
Are those who help the bad good or bad? The answer depends on adaptive architectures.
Are those who help the bad good or bad? Game theoreticians reveal that the answer depends on whether the society adopts 'individualism' or 'dividualism'. (2018-03-09)
A research study analyzes the mental health care community model
Results from the citizen science project 'Juegos x la salud mental', that analyzes interactions in the community formed by people with mental health problems, their family members, and caregivers, were presented and appeared in the journal Scientific Reports. (2018-03-08)
Scientists realize breakthrough in controlling the transmission of light
In the cover-story paper published in today's Nature Electronics, researchers at the Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY) and at the University of Texas at Austin detail the development of a new light wave-isolation method. (2018-02-08)
Ways to make data sharing between the global north and south more fair
Many researchers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are hesitant to embrace open data policies. (2018-02-08)
New study debunks the theory of 'war-like' business competition in financial markets
A new study, 'Toward a Social Practice Theory of Relational Competing' shows that the perception of war-like competitiveness is flawed and misleading. (2018-01-25)
BU: More permissive concealed-carry laws linked to higher homicide rates
Easier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher. (2017-10-19)
Asymmetric sound absorption lets in the light
Many asymmetric absorbers are currently based on a single-port system, where sound enters one side and is absorbed before a rigid wall. (2017-10-06)
Solidarity between good and justice keeps a society together
Soka University researcher Isamu Okada and his collaborators Tatsuya Sasaki (University of Vienna) and Yutaka Nakai (Shibaura Institute of Technology) have found that the solidarity of philanthropism and reciprocity is necessary to maintain cooperative societies. (2017-09-22)
Teens' ability to consider the intentions of others linked to structural changes in the brain
When it comes to the concept of fairness, teenagers' ability to consider the intentions of others appears to be linked to structural changes underway in the brain, according to a Dartmouth-led study published by Scientific Reports. (2017-09-13)
Cooperation driven by reciprocity, not conformity
From an evolutionary perspective, cooperating with others can yield benefits that increase chances of survival. (2017-09-11)
Higher levels of cooperation for provision than for maintenance of public goods
A research team was able to show that people are less willing to cooperate to maintain public goods than to provide new ones. (2017-08-30)
Modeling human psychology
A human being's psychological make-up depends on an array of emotional and motivational parameters. (2017-08-16)
A 100-year-old physics problem has been solved at EPFL
EPFL researchers have found a way around what was considered a fundamental limitation of physics for over 100 years. (2017-06-22)
Achieving near-perfect optical isolation using opto-mechanical transparency
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated a new level of optical isolation necessary to advance on-chip optical signal processing. (2017-05-09)
Differences in levels of trust and power can affect buyer-supplier performance
Mutual trust does not appear on the ledger sheets of buyers and suppliers, but researchers suggest that levels of trust between companies may be an important influence on how they operate and perform. (2017-05-05)
Evolution of cooperation through longer memory
When we make a decision about whether or not to cooperate with someone, we usually base our decision on past experiences. (2017-04-19)
Study identifies effects of EU expansion on labor, research
The EU expansion of 2004 opened doors for more highly skilled workers -- including scientists -- to circulate their knowledge, more often from west to east than the traditional east-to-west exchange. (2017-04-12)
Computation scientists find social norms required for the transition to cooperative societies
What role the diversity of social norms can play in the process of evolving cooperation by means of evolutionary computation methods. (2017-04-04)
Two-thirds of Americans see docs who got paid by drug companies: Drexel University study
A new study led by Drexel University found that a majority of Americans visited doctors in the past year who had been paid or given gifts by pharmaceutical or medical device companies -- but very few patients knew about it. (2017-03-06)
What do your co-workers really think of you?
Everyday in the workplace, colleagues actively compete for a limited amount of perks, including raises, promotions, bonuses and recognition. (2017-02-22)
New mechanical metamaterials can block symmetry of motion, findings suggest
Engineers and scientists at The University of Texas at Austin and the AMOLF institute in the Netherlands have invented the first mechanical metamaterials that easily transfer motion effortlessly in one direction while blocking it in the other. (2017-02-13)
More order with less judgment: An optimal theory of the evolution of cooperation
A research team led by mathematician Tatsuya Sasaki from the University of Vienna presents a new optimal theory of the evolution of reputation-based cooperation. (2017-02-07)
New tool promotes collaboration and productivity
Pair Research simplifies the process of asking and receiving help. (2017-01-03)
BU study probes soda company sponsorship of health groups
The nation's two largest soda companies sponsored at least 96 national health organizations from 2011 to 2015, dampening the health groups' support of legislation to reduce soda consumption and impeding efforts to combat the obesity epidemic, Boston University researchers say in a new study. (2016-10-10)
Scientists experimentally realize optomechanically induced non-reciprocity
Dong Chunhua's group and Zou Changling from the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences first experimentally demonstrated non-magnetic non-reciprocity using optomechanical interactions in a whispering gallery microresonator. (2016-08-26)
UA phononics pioneer probes the untapped powers of sound
A founder of phononics, the emerging science of sound, receives $1.8 million from the NSF to bend acoustic waves in nature-defying ways. (2016-08-17)
NSF wants engineering researchers to bend rules (of classical physics)
The National Science Foundation has awarded $18 million to nine teams of engineering-led, interdisciplinary researchers to break the conventional ways in which light and acoustic waves propagate. (2016-08-15)
Developmental psychology: Little strategists
Sharing with others and getting something back: Preschoolers expect someone who has benefited from their generosity to reciprocate when an opportunity arises to do so. (2016-08-09)
Camp stability predicts patterns of hunter-gatherer cooperation
Reciprocal food-sharing is more prevalent in stable hunter-gatherer camps, shows new UCL research that sheds light on the evolutionary roots of human cooperation. (2016-07-12)
How to get moral 'free-riders' to cooperate
What motivates people to contribute to trustful moral judgment, which is a public good yet tends to be costly? (2016-07-06)
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