Current Scientific evidence News and Events

Current Scientific evidence News and Events, Scientific evidence News Articles.
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Group of international scientists align on a definition for 'synbiotic'
To address the scientific ambiguity around synbiotics, a group of 11 leading international scientists formed a panel to create a consensus definition and to clarify the evidence required to show synbiotics are safe and effective. (2020-08-21)

Are vultures spreaders of microbes that put human health at risk?
A new analysis published in IBIS examines whether bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that are present in wild vultures cause disease in the birds, and whether vultures play a role in spreading or preventing infectious diseases to humans and other animal species. (2020-08-05)

Reviews find children not major source of COVID-19, but family stress is high
The review found among children who were infected, transmission was traced back to community and home settings or adults, rather than amongst children within daycares or schools even in jurisdictions where schools remained open or have since reopened. (2020-07-29)

International recommendations for nontuberculous mycobacteria
After 13 years, international Infectious Diseases and Respiratory Medicine societies have jointly issued new recommendations for the treatment of patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Current recommendations for action are urgently needed, because in recent years the incidence of lung disease caused by NTMs has increased significantly in Germany and other European countries. Professor Christoph Lange from the Research Center Borstel and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) has been involved with the European Respiratory Society (ERS). (2020-07-13)

How to build the plane while flying
In this study the authors show that clinical guidelines can still be created in the midst of a pandemic. (2020-06-16)

AI sentencing tools need to be closely scrutinised, says new study
Judges should closely vet the AI tools they use to help them predict whether a defendant is likely to re offend, urges a new study. (2020-06-09)

New review helps translate probiotic science into practical primary care recommendations
Probiotic supplements are widely available and are promoted as a general way to support the gut microbiome and promote health. A new publication in the Journal of Family Practice summarizes the latest evidence on using probiotics for a variety of specific health conditions, providing practical recommendations to assist primary care physicians in advising their patients. The article, authored by current International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics board members. (2020-06-01)

The verdict is in: Courtrooms seldom overrule bad science
A new, multiyear study published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest (PSPI), a journal of the Association for Psychological Science (APS), finds that only 40% of the psychological assessment tools used in courts have been favorably rated by experts. Even so, lawyers rarely challenge their conclusions, and when they do, only one third of those challenges are successful. (2020-02-15)

Joint statement from six journals highlights concerns about EPA proposed rule
In a joint journal statement in this issue, the editors-in-chief of six scientific journals (Science, Nature, Cell, PNAS, PLOS and The Lancet) highlight their concerns regarding the 2018 'Strengthening Transparency in Regulatory Science' rule proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which has recently returned to the spotlight following a hearing on evidence in policy-making. (2019-11-26)

Transfer of EU powers leads to silent erosion of UK pesticide regulation
New analysis by the UK Trade Policy Observatory is warning of a significant weakening of enforcement arrangements covering the approval of pesticides as part of legislative changes carried out under the EU Withdrawal Act. (2019-05-15)

Few treatment guidelines for heart disease are based on rigorous study
Less than 10 percent of the treatment recommendations US doctors rely on to manage care for heart patients are based on evidence gained from multiple large, randomized clinical trials -- the gold standard for obtaining scientific data. (2019-03-15)

New study says scientific basis for EPA's Endangerment Finding is stronger than ever
New study published in Science this week has found that the evidence used to support the EPA's 2009 Endangerment Finding on greenhouse gases is even stronger and more conclusive now. This finding comes three months after a senior Republican senator said that the Trump Administration might still try to repeal the landmark decision. (2018-12-13)

New scientific evidence builds a stronger case for the Endangerment Finding
In the years since the US Environmental Protection Agency's 2009 (EPA) establishment of the 'Endangerment Finding,' a landmark redefinition of harmful greenhouse gasses to pollution, scientific information concerning the impacts and risks of climate change has continued to accumulate. (2018-12-13)

Estrogens in cows' milk are unlikely to pose a threat to adult health
Estrogens found naturally in cows' milk are likely to be safe for consumption in adults, according to a new review published in the European Journal of Endocrinology. The review brings together scientific evidence in rodent and human studies that examined the effects of ingesting estrogen-containing cows' milk on fertility and the risk of cancer development. The findings suggest that the levels of estrogens found in milk are too low to pose health risks to adults. (2018-10-26)

New guidance recommends minimal oxygen use for most people in hospital
Routine oxygen therapy is not recommended for hospital patients because the benefit is uncertain and there are clear harms, say a panel of international experts in The BMJ today. (2018-10-24)

Can we trust digital forensic evidence?
Research carried out at the University of York has suggested that more work is needed to show that digital forensic methods are robust enough to stand-up to interrogation in a court of law. (2018-10-02)

Many newborn screening recommendations do not assess key evidence on benefits and harms
Many national recommendations on whether to screen newborn babies for rare conditions do not assess the evidence on the key benefits and harms of screening, warn researchers in a study published by The BMJ today. (2018-05-09)

Scientific misconduct harms prior collaborators
Luxembourg, 14 March 2018 - Scientists should choose their associates carefully, researchers at the University of Luxembourg and the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Mannheim, recommend, as future misconduct by colleagues could seriously impact the reputation of their former collaborators. (2018-03-15)

US cancer treatment guidelines 'often based on weak evidence'
Cancer treatment guidelines produced by the US National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) are often based on low quality evidence or no evidence at all, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2018-03-07)

Dispersal of fish eggs by water birds -- just a myth?
How do fish end up in isolated bodies of water when they can't swim there themselves? For centuries, researchers have assumed that water birds transfer fish eggs into these waters -- however, a systematic literature review by researchers at the University of Basel has shown that there is no evidence of this to date. (2018-02-19)

Evolution acceptance in children linked to aptitude, not belief
In contrast to adults, acceptance of evolution in schoolchildren in the UK is linked to their scientific aptitude rather than conflicts with belief systems, say scientists at the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath. (2018-01-11)

Cochrane review of effectiveness of strategies to improve access to treatment for TB
In a new Cochrane Review, researchers from Tanzania working with colleagues in LSTM have evaluated the effectiveness of strategies to improve people's access to treatment for tuberculosis (TB). (2017-12-07)

How science has shaped the international response to climate change
The Royal Meteorological Society is publishing a special issue in Weather focused on the science of climatic change. (2017-11-08)

Risk of tsunamis in Mediterranean Sea has been overstated
A review of geological evidence for tsunamis during the past 4500 years in the Mediterranean Sea has revealed that as many as 90 per cent of these inundation events may have been misinterpreted by scientists and were due to storm activity instead. (2017-10-11)

PTSD linked with increased lupus risk
In a study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in civilian women were strongly associated with increased risk of developing lupus, an autoimmune disease. (2017-09-20)

Experts set out plan to tackle 'questionable integrity' of medical evidence
A plan to tackle 'serious flaws in the creation, dissemination and implementation of medical evidence' is set out by experts from The BMJ and Oxford University's Centre for Evidence Based Medicine today, ahead of Evidence Live which opens today (June 21, 2017). (2017-06-20)

Vaginal progesterone may reduce newborn complications in some pregnancies
Treatment with vaginal progesterone may help reduce certain risks that can occur when mothers are pregnant with twins and have a short cervix, which is a risk factor for preterm birth. (2017-03-07)

Nation's top environmental scientists say the EPA should not be weakened
As scientists begin to find their political voices, three former US Environmental Protection Agency insiders on Wednesday said the Trump administration should not sacrifice environmental quality and the health of the American people 'for a coterie of special-interest stakeholders.' Their opinion piece was published on March 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine. (2017-03-01)

AAAS and March for Science partner to uphold science
AAAS, the world's largest general scientific organization, announced Thursday that it will partner with the March for Science, a nonpartisan set of activities that aim to promote science education and the use of scientific evidence to inform policy. (2017-02-23)

Uncertainty perception drives public's trust, mistrust of science
Many policies -- from medicine to terrorism -- depend on how the general public accepts and understands scientific evidence. People view different branches of sciences as having different amounts of uncertainty, which may not reflect the actual uncertainty of the field. Carnegie Mellon University researchers took the first step to understanding more of the whole picture by measuring scientific uncertainty broadly -- across many areas of science, not just topics that are typically polarized. (2017-02-22)

Most off-label antidepressant prescriptions lack strong scientific evidence
Most off-label antidepressant prescriptions lack strong scientific evidence, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2017-02-21)

Trump's policies set to damage health and science, warns The BMJ
The BMJ today warns that Trump's administration 'is acting in ways that will suppress research and limit communication on scientific topics that it deems politically inconvenient.' (2017-02-21)

Contrary to decades of hype, curcumin alone is unlikely to boost health
Curcumin, a compound in turmeric, continues to be hailed as a natural treatment for a wide range of health conditions, including cancer and Alzheimer's disease. But a new review of the scientific literature on curcumin has found it's probably not all it's ground up to be. The report in ACS' Journal of Medicinal Chemistry instead cites evidence that, contrary to numerous reports, the compound has limited -- if any -- therapeutic benefit. (2017-01-11)

Controversial drug approval stirs deep concerns -- and hope
In September, the Food and Drug Administration approved Exondys, a controversial treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy based on tenuous data from just 12 patients. The cover story in Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, explores what the decision could mean for future drugs for Duchenne and other rare diseases. (2016-11-16)

Dinosaurs of a feather flock and die together?
In the paleontology popularity contest, studying the social life of dinosaurs is on the rise. A new publication on the bird-like dinosaur Avimimus, from the late-Cretaceous suggests they were gregarious, social animals -- evidence that flies in the face of the long-held mysticism surrounding dinosaurs as solo creatures. (2016-10-24)

Sex before sport doesn't negatively impact performance
Contrary to popular belief, sex before sport doesn't have a negative effect on the athlete and could even benefit performance. (2016-10-04)

'Chemtrails' not real, say leading atmospheric science experts
Well-understood physical and chemical processes can easily explain the alleged evidence of a secret, large-scale atmospheric spraying program, commonly referred to as 'chemtrails' or 'covert geoengineering.' A survey of the world's leading atmospheric scientists categorically rejects the existence of a secret spraying program. (2016-08-12)

New review concludes that evidence for alcohol causing cancer is strong
A new review of epidemiological evidence supports a causal association between alcohol consumption and cancers at seven sites in the body: oropharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colon, rectum and female breast. (2016-07-21)

Spinal cord stimulation is a safe, effective drug-free treatment for chronic pain
A study published in the Journal of Pain Research finds another safe and effective drug-free treatment option for chronic pain sufferers -- spinal cord stimulation (SCS). (2016-07-13)

Taking notes boosts memory of jurors, new study finds
Jurors who are allowed to take and review notes during court trials are less likely to forget critical evidence, a new University of Liverpool study has found. This finding has important implications for justice, as jurors who forget critical trial evidence often reach different verdicts to those who remember it. (2016-06-21)

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