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Current Substance abuse News and Events

Current Substance abuse News and Events, Substance abuse News Articles.
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Young adult women abused as adolescents report higher levels of pain
Young adult women with a documented history of being maltreated as children report higher levels of pain than women not maltreated in childhood, according to a new study published in the journal Pain. (2019-10-23)
Space and place in alcohol research
A new article by scientists at the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation and colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh, Columbia, and Ohio State tackles the problems researchers must address to fully understand the effects of physical and social environments on drinking patterns and problems. (2019-10-20)
E-cigarettes may help more than 50,000 smokers to stop smoking in England each year
A new study published today by the scientific journal Addiction found a positive link between the number of people in England giving up smoking when using e-cigarettes to try and quit. (2019-10-17)
Nicotine addiction linked to diabetes through a DNA-regulating gene in animal models
Researchers have discovered a mechanism in rats that links cigarette smoking and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. (2019-10-16)
Glowing particles in the blood may help diagnose and monitor brain cancer
A chemical that has improved surgeries for brain cancer by making tumor cells fluorescent may also help doctors safely diagnose the disease and monitor its response to treatment. (2019-10-15)
Investigating the full spectrum of suicide
A recent study published in Injury Prevention described a method for categorizing self-injury mortality (SIM) to help us better examine national trends for today's epidemics of suicide and drug-related deaths. (2019-10-15)
Prevention of alcohol and other drug overuse among young adult nightclub patrons
A new program developed by researchers at the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation demonstrates that Nightclub Safety Plans (NSPs) help keep drinkers safe. (2019-10-14)
New addiction treatments hold promise for stemming the opioid crisis, scientists say
Concerns over the opioid epidemic have sparked a strong scientific interest in why some people become addicted while others don't. (2019-10-08)
The Lancet: Evidence of mistreatment of women during childbirth in four low-income countries
Physical and verbal abuse during childbirth peaked between 30 minutes before birth until 15 minutes after birth, and mistreatment was more common in younger, less educated women, according to a study in The Lancet which combined observations of 2,016 women during labour and childbirth with surveys of 2,672 women post-childbirth in Ghana, Guinea, Myanmar, and Nigeria. (2019-10-08)
New evidence on the mistreatment of women during childbirth
New evidence from a World Health Organization (WHO)-led study in four countries shows more than one-third of women experience mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities. (2019-10-08)
Sexual minority women more likely to smoke while drinking alcohol than heterosexual women
Sexual minority women are more likely to smoke cigarettes when drinking alcohol than heterosexual women, according to new University at Buffalo research. (2019-10-02)
Helping tobacco plants save water
Eleni Stavrinidou and her research group at the Laboratory of Organic Electronics, Linköping University, have used bioelectronics to influence transpiration in a tobacco plant, without harming the plant in any way. (2019-09-30)
Handgun purchasers with a prior DUI have a greater risk for serious violence, study finds
Legal purchasers of handguns with a prior DUI conviction have a greater risk of a future arrest for a violent offense -- including murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault and for firearm-related violent crimes. (2019-09-30)
RUDN University chemists obtained new material for antibacterial food coatings
RUDN University chemists have developed a simple and convenient method for producing derivatives of the natural polymer chitosan. (2019-09-30)
Researchers develop program aimed at reducing dating violence among students
A program developed to encourage healthy relationships and reduce dating violence was effective among early middle school students, according to results of a study published in the American Journal of Public Health by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). (2019-09-30)
Potential factors associated with severity of diabetes complications in patients with mental health
Among 123,000 patients in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs health system with newly diagnosed diabetes, 23% had mental health or substance use disorder diagnoses and that prior engagement with the health care system may be associated with a lower severity of complications for a few years after the onset of diabetes. (2019-09-25)
Child abuse associated with physiologically detected hot flashes
Childhood abuse has been shown to lead to an array of health problems later in life. (2019-09-24)
Wistar receives over $12M for clinical research on opioid use in HIV-infected people
Wistar was awarded 2 major grants totaling more than $12 million from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health, to fund an international multidisciplinary clinical research consortium spearheaded by Wistar's HIV Research Program. (2019-09-24)
Alarming number of heart infections tied to opioid epidemic
As the nationwide opioid epidemic continues, more young people are developing a life-threatening heart infection that can result from drug abuse. (2019-09-18)
Study: Spend more on housing, teens in foster care are less likely to be homeless, jailed
New research: Spend more on transitional housing and teens in foster care are less likely to be homeless, jailed. (2019-09-18)
Teen e-cigarette use doubles since 2017
Data from the 2019 Monitoring the Future Survey of eighth, 10th and 12th graders show alarmingly high rates of e-cigarette use compared to just a year ago, with rates doubling in the past two years. (2019-09-18)
For kids who face trauma, good neighbors or teachers can save their longterm health
New research shows just how important positive childhood experiences are for long-term health, especially for those who experience significant adversity as a child. (2019-09-16)
Can sex trafficking be prevented?
The high-profile case of Jeffrey Epstein has shined a light on the reality that minors are being commercially sexually exploited, and that sexual exploitation can happen in any neighborhood, city, state, or country. (2019-09-16)
Polysubstance use in young adults -- are there predictable patterns?
In a Lancet Psychiatry commentary, Columbia researchers offer their insights on the non-medical use of prescription drugs among US young adults, exploring patterns and drivers of young adults' non-medical use of prescription drugs -- including prescription sedatives, opioids, or stimulants -- and their association with substance use disorder symptoms at age 35. (2019-09-12)
UMass Amherst researchers release new findings in groundbreaking gambling study
New findings released Sept. 12 from a groundbreaking gambling study by a University of Massachusetts Amherst research team show that out-of-state casino gambling among Massachusetts residents decreased significantly after the Commonwealth's first slot parlor, Plainridge Park Casino, opened in Plainville in the summer of 2015. (2019-09-12)
Professor's research paints picture of #MeToo movement's origins
San Francisco State University Assistant Professor of Economics Sepideh Modrek studies tweets sent during the first week of the #MeToo movement to understand its magnitude. (2019-09-11)
Brain circuit controls individual responses to temptation in rats
Differences in a key brain circuit may suggest why some individuals are less able than others to resist tempting cues, according to a study in rats published today in eLife. (2019-09-10)
Future of portable electronics -- Novel organic semiconductor with exciting properties
Organic semiconductors have advantages over inorganic semiconductors in several areas. (2019-09-10)
For better adult mental and relational health, boost positive childhood experiences
Positive childhood experiences, such as supportive family interactions, caring relationships with friends, and connections in the community, are associated with reductions in chances of adult depression and poor mental health, and increases in the chances of having healthy relationships in adulthood, a new study led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers suggests. (2019-09-09)
Brain cells that suppress drug cravings may be the secret to better addiction medicines
Scientists from Scripps Research have shed light on poorly understood brain mechanisms that suppress drug and alcohol cravings, uncovering new insights that may help in the development of better addiction medicines. (2019-09-09)
Strong student-adult relationships lower suicide attempts in high schools
Study of social networks in 38 high schools shows evidence that clearly identified, competent adult mentors that are connected to many students can help prevent suicide attempts. (2019-09-09)
97% of footballers in the Spanish League unaware of banned substances
A study conducted by researchers from the University of Granada has also found that 95% of footballers do not even know what this agency is for. (2019-09-06)
Transgender, gender-nonbinary teens in china report abuse, neglect, bullying
Most transgender and gender-nonbinary teens in China who participated in a national survey study reported abuse, neglect or bullying at home and in school, which the researchers suggest may be due in part to the socially conservative values prevalent in the country.  The study included 385 adolescents (average age nearly 17) who responded to an online survey. (2019-09-06)
Traditional and electronic cigarettes linked to poor sleep
Use of traditional cigarettes or e-cigarettes was linked with more sleep difficulties in a recent Journal of Sleep Research study. (2019-09-05)
Researchers find alarming risk for people coming off chronic opioid prescriptions
A recent study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine found an alarming outcome: Patients coming off opioids for pain were three times more likely to die of an overdose in the years that followed. (2019-09-05)
Study finds women at greater risk of depression, anxiety after hysterectomy
Hysterectomy is associated with an increased risk of long-term mental health issues, especially depression and anxiety, according to a cohort study by Mayo Clinic researchers involving nearly 2,100 women. (2019-09-04)
Psychiatric disorders may be linked to unnecessary oophorectomies
Undergoing a hysterectomy, especially in conjunction with removal of the ovaries, can take a major toll on a woman's mental health. (2019-09-04)
Medical marijuana laws impact use among sexual minorities differently than heterosexuals
Bisexual women had higher rates of past-year and daily marijuana use compared to heterosexual women, and gay/lesbian women were also more likely to report daily marijuana use and past year medical marijuana use than heterosexual women. (2019-09-04)
Social network interventions can lead to potential health benefits
Social network interventions can have a significant effect on a range of health behaviors and outcomes both in the short and long term, according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Ruth Hunter of Queen's University Belfast, UK, and colleagues. (2019-09-03)
Prescription drug monitoring program mandates
States that require prescribers to register with and use prescription drug monitoring programs in most clinical circumstances saw notably fewer opioid prescriptions and reduced opioid-related hospital use by Medicaid patients compared to states with weak or no drug monitoring program mandates, according to a new study from investigators at Weill Cornell Medicine. (2019-09-03)
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