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Current Surgery News and Events, Surgery News Articles.
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Oesophageal surgery: Quality increases with larger case volumes
Oesophageal surgery: quality increases with larger case volumes. Greater survival probabilities in hospitals where complex oesophageal surgery is performed more frequently. (2020-05-29)
COVID-19 patients who undergo surgery are at increased risk of postoperative death
Patients are at increased risk of dying after surgery if they contract COVID-19. (2020-05-29)
New study: Stroke patients are significantly delaying treatment amid COVID-19
New research published today in the Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery (JNIS) shows ischemic stroke patients are arriving to hospitals and treatment centers an average of 160 minutes later during the COVID-19 pandemic, as compared with a similar timeframe in 2019. (2020-05-28)
Heart surgery stalled as COVID-19 spread
In two recent journal articles, Dr. Marc Ruel explores how hospitals worldwide scaled back on heart surgeries as the pandemic hit, and how they can resume those operations in a world still plagued by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. (2020-05-28)
Doxycycline ineffective at shrinking aortic aneurysms in two-year study
Patients with a vascular condition called abdominal aortic aneurysm did not benefit from taking the common antibiotic doxycycline for two years to shrink the aneurysm when compared to those who took a placebo, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). (2020-05-27)
CU Anschutz surgeons study guidelines for treating cancer patients during pandemic
Today, new research published in Annals of Surgery from the University of Colorado Department of Surgery at the Anschutz Medical Campus provides guidance on clinical decision-making in regards to treating pancreatic cancer patients during the covid-19 pandemic. (2020-05-27)
New study evaluates facial feminization outcomes, benefits for transgender women
Previous studies have reported improved quality of life and mental health in transgender women undergoing facial feminization surgery (FFS) surgery to provide a more feminine facial appearance. (2020-05-27)
It may take up to a year to get through elective surgeries due to COVID-19
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers found that it may take between seven and 16 months for surgeons to complete the backlog of elective orthopaedic surgeries that have been suspended during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2020-05-26)
Anti-obesity medications mitigate weight regain in RYGB surgery patients
Researchers have discovered that anti-obesity medications such as phentermine and topiramate, used individually or in combination, can significantly reduce weight regain in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a retrospective study published online in Obesity, the flagship journal of The Obesity Society. (2020-05-22)
Weight loss surgery may alter gene expression in fat tissue
New findings published in the Journal of Internal Medicine reveal altered gene expression in fat tissue may help explain why individuals who have regained weight after weight loss surgery still experience benefits such as metabolic improvements and a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. (2020-05-21)
A new tool to predict delays in post-surgical radiotherapy for head and neck cancer
Hollings Cancer Center researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have developed and validated prediction calculators, known as nomograms, to help provide personalized estimates of delayed, non-guideline adherent head and neck cancer care. (2020-05-13)
Delaying bariatric and metabolic surgery during COVID-19 pandemic puts patients at risk, experts warn
New guidance identifies patients with the greatest need for bariatric and metabolic surgery as experts warn delaying treatment could put them at a greater risk of complications from their disease as well as from COVID-19. (2020-05-07)
Cost-benefit analysis of funding a smoking cessation program before surgery
For patients undergoing surgery, smoking is linked with a higher risk of experiencing complications following their procedure, and quitting smoking before surgery may help reduce this risk. (2020-05-06)
Transforming surgery in the aftermath of COVID-19
To restart surgeries cancelled because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, Canada needs to adopt single-entry models (SEMs) with team-based care, argues a commentary https://www.cmaj.ca/content/cmaj/early/2020/05/06/cmaj.200791.full.pdf in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2020-05-06)
Liver surgery success boosted by growth hormone
Growth hormone has been identified as playing a key role in reducing inflammation and increasing survival rates following liver surgery. (2020-05-04)
Are older adults getting the most effective cancer treatments?
If you or an older loved one is diagnosed with cancer, many different factors come into play to guide treatment choices. (2020-04-29)
Lung cancer surgery: Better survival probabilities with a higher case volume
In the surgical treatment of lung carcinoma, the more frequent performance of such interventions has a positive effect on treatment results -- the survival probabilities increase. (2020-04-02)
Mayo Clinic research finds spina bifida surgery before birth restores brain structure
Surgery performed on a fetus in the womb to repair defects from spina bifida triggers the body's ability to restore normal brain structure, Mayo Clinic research discovered. (2020-04-01)
Bariatric surgery may be effective treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Bariatric surgery may be an effective treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), suggests a new study accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, and publication in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. (2020-03-31)
Unconscious food cravings may make bariatric surgery less effective for extreme obesity
Patients with extreme obesity are prone to unconscious food impulses and cravings that may make it challenging for them to maintain weight loss after bariatric surgery, according to research that was accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, and will be published in a special supplemental section of the Journal of the Endocrine Society. (2020-03-31)
Bariatric surgery before diabetes develops leads to greater weight loss
Obese patients may lose more weight if they undergo bariatric surgery before they develop diabetes, suggests a study accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting. (2020-03-30)
TAVR equivalent to surgery at 2 years among low-risk patients
Patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) fared equally well compared with those undergoing open heart valve replacement surgery in terms of the combined risk of death, stroke or rehospitalization at two years, the primary endpoint of the PARTNER 3 trial being presented at the American College of Cardiology's Annual Scientific Session Together with World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC). (2020-03-30)
Use of radial artery in heart bypass surgery improves patient outcomes
Patients undergoing heart bypass surgery lived longer and had better outcomes when surgeons used a segment of an artery from their arm, called the radial artery, instead of a vein from their leg, called the saphenous vein, to create a second bypass, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's Annual Scientific Session Together with World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC). (2020-03-30)
Studies confirm breast surgery health benefits
New studies highlighting the chronic health burden of oversized breasts outline the long-term benefits of breast reduction surgery to health, levels of wellbeing, and quality of life. (2020-03-29)
Those living in rural areas, uninsured or on Medicaid less likely to receive recommended lung cancer treatment
Keck Medicine of USC study reveals that socioeconomic status disparities cause lung cancer patients who live in rural areas or are uninsured or on Medicaid to miss out on treatment that improves five-year lung cancer survival rate (2020-03-25)
Frailty may be highly predictive of complications, death in patients with mitral valve disease
Frailty measurements have become increasingly important in assessing surgical risk in patients with mitral valve disease, and research published online today in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery shows that frailty plays a significant role in outcomes following mitral valve procedures. (2020-03-19)
Blood platelets trigger events that cause organ damage after heart surgery
Damage to kidneys and other organs after heart surgery is not so much triggered by the surgical repair of the heart itself but rather by the massive inflammatory response, which arises from multiple factors: the machinery used to keep blood and oxygen flowing, changes of blood flow during the surgery, and tissue responses to the surgical trauma. (2020-03-18)
Bariatric surgery is linked to significantly fewer heart attacks and strokes
A nationwide study of nearly 7,500 people who are obese or severely obese has found that bariatric surgery is linked to significantly fewer heart attacks and strokes. (2020-03-18)
Kaiser Permanente finds weight loss lasts long after surgery
People with severe obesity who underwent bariatric surgery maintained significantly more weight loss at 5 years than those who did not have surgery according to a Kaiser Permanente study published March 13 in Annals of Surgery. (2020-03-17)
Solving obesity: Could manipulating microbes offer an alternative to weight loss surgery?
In a new study, 'Temporospatial shifts in the human gut microbiome and metabolome after gastric bypass surgery,' recently published in npj Biofilms and Microbiomes, ASU researcher Zehra Esra Ilhan, ASU Biodesign professor Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown--and researchers from Mayo Clinic and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, have taken another step in understanding how the gut changes after gastric bypass surgery (also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery). (2020-03-13)
Surgery with anesthesia not linked to indicator of Alzheimer's, Mayo study finds
Older adults who have surgery with general anesthesia may experience a modest acceleration of cognitive decline, even years later. (2020-03-12)
New study identifies valuable tool for treating pancreatic cancer patients
Today, new research published in Annals of Surgery from the University of Colorado Department of Surgery at the Anschutz Medical Campus offers a roadmap to new guidelines for physicians in prioritizing treatments for pancreatic cancer and improving outcomes through surgery. (2020-03-10)
Did cataract surgery change melatonin secretion in older patients?
The secretion of melatonin is an important indicator of the body's circadian rhythm. (2020-03-05)
Chemotherapy after surgery halves risk of rare kidney cancer coming back
Chemotherapy halves the risk of a rare form of kidney cancer coming back after surgery, the largest ever trial conducted in the disease worldwide has found. (2020-03-05)
Weight loss surgery may increase fracture risk
Individuals who undergo weight loss surgery may face an elevated risk of bone fractures, according to a study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine. (2020-03-04)
Bariatric surgery effective against early-onset obesity too
Surgical treatment of obesity is as effective for individuals who developed the disorder early, by the age of 20, as for those who have developed obesity later in life, a study from the University of Gothenburg shows. (2020-02-21)
For weight-loss surgery patients who quit smoking, relapse is common
Although 1 in 7 adults smoke cigarettes the year prior to undergoing weight-loss surgery, nearly all successfully quit at least a month before their operation. (2020-02-21)
Getting a grip: An innovative mechanical controller design for robot-assisted surgery
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology designed a new type of controller for the robotic arm used in robotic surgery. (2020-02-18)
First Swedish transplant of uterus from deceased donor
The Swedish team responsible for uterine transplantation research has, for the first time, transplanted a uterus from a deceased donor. (2020-02-17)
Much shorter radiation treatment found to be safe, effective for people with soft tissue sarcoma
A new study led by researchers at UCLA found that treating soft tissue sarcoma with radiation over a significantly shorter period of time is safe, and likely just as effective, as a much longer conventional course of treatment. (2020-02-13)
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