Current Tobacco News and Events

Current Tobacco News and Events, Tobacco News Articles.
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Long-term data shows racial & ethnic disparities in effectiveness of anti-smoking measures
Tobacco control efforts have reduced cigarette smoking for many, but those efforts have disproportionately helped white smokers, while other racial and ethnic groups are still struggling, an Oregon State University researcher's analysis found. (2020-12-01)

Sexual minorities, especially women, who misuse substances more likely to have psychiatric disorders
More than half of lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals who misuse alcohol or tobacco also have a co-occurring psychiatric disorder, compared to one-third of heterosexuals, a new University of Michigan study finds. (2020-11-20)

Changes in vaping, other substance use, another side effect of COVID-19
Before the COVID-19 pandemic, information about the dangers of vaping was emerging. To investigate the potentially serious health and respiratory implications of vaping, Mayo Clinic researchers wanted to better understand the factors influencing vaping in the community. They were ready to launch a survey of young adults in rural and urban areas when COVID-19 shifted the focus of this survey. (2020-11-19)

Pod e-cigarettes less harmful than regular cigarettes, new study finds
In the first-ever clinical trial of fourth-generation electronic cigarettes, researchers found that adults who switched to e-cigarettes had lower levels of a major carcinogen compared to smokers who continued using combustible cigarettes. (2020-11-18)

Vaping may increase respiratory disease risk by more than 40%: BU study
A growing body of evidence points to the health risks of using e-cigarettes (or ''vaping''). But because e-cigarettes are marketed as a less harmful alternative to traditional cigarettes, it has been difficult to tell whether the association between vaping and disease is just a matter of smokers switching to vaping when they start experiencing health issues. (2020-11-12)

Editorial: New research strengthens the case for e-cigarettes as smoking cessation aids
Using FDA-approved smoking cessation aids increases the likelihood of success, but many smokers who use these therapies still struggle to remain tobacco free, says Nancy Rigotti, an investigator at Massachusetts General Hospital. Rigotti sees a promising role for e-cigarettes as a new option to help smokers quit. (2020-11-10)

E-cigarettes can be 'gateway' to cigarettes for teens with no prior intention to smoke
Cigarette smoking remains a leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. And while adolescent cigarette smoking has declined over the past several decades, e-cigarette use presents a new risk for nicotine use disorder. A new study, published Nov. 9 in the journal Pediatrics, finds that e-cigarette use is associated with a higher risk of cigarette smoking among adolescents who had no prior intention of taking up conventional smoking. These findings have strong implications for practice and policy, researchers say. (2020-11-09)

Children exposed to tobacco smoke at home have worse heart function as adults
The more secondhand tobacco smoke children breathe at home while growing up, the higher their chance of developing markers of decreased heart function as adults. Children should be protected from secondhand smoke because of its harmful effects during childhood and the potential long-term negative impacts, whether or not they smoke as adults, researchers said. (2020-11-09)

Lung symptoms common among users of e-cigarettes and related products
In a 2016 survey, one-third of users of e-cigarettes and related products reported symptoms associated with lung irritation or injury. The symptoms were more common in those who used flavored vaping products and those using devices that can be refilled with purchased or homemade liquids. (2020-11-09)

Smokers switching exclusively to glo significantly reduce exposure to certain toxicants
New study finds that smokers switching exclusively to glo significantly reduce their exposure to certain toxicants, potentially reducing risk of smoking-related disease (2020-11-05)

Younger knee replacement patients more likely to require reoperation
Knee replacement surgery, also known as total knee arthroplasty (TKA), is increasing among patients 65 and younger. One study projects a potential 183% increase in the number of TKA and revision TKA surgeries by the year 2030 in that age group, raising concerns about poorer clinical outcomes, lower patient satisfaction and diminished joint survival compared to an older patient population. (2020-10-28)

Study finds lowering nicotine decreases addictiveness of smoking in vulnerable populations
A study in JAMA Network Open provides evidence that, even in smokers from vulnerable populations, reducing nicotine content to low levels decreases addictiveness - a timely finding as the Food and Drug Administration considers a policy to lower nicotine content in all cigarettes sold in the U.S. (2020-10-20)

UC studies tobacco use, cancer connection
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have identified new clues into ways tobacco use impacts patients with kidney cancer. (2020-10-20)

LSU Health New Orleans review suggests HNB tobacco products may threaten health
A review of heat-not-burn (HNB) tobacco products from LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, reports an association with elevated blood pressure, increased heart rate, cell death, and circulatory dysfunction shown by early studies. Additionally, chemicals found in the vapor produced by HNB devices have previously been shown to impair lung function, put users at risk of heart attack and stroke, cause cancers, increase circulating low-density lipoprotein (''bad cholesterol'') and more. (2020-10-19)

A call for more comprehensive smoking cessation programs for cancer patients who smoke
In an editorial published in JAMA, UNC Lineberger's Adam Goldstein, MD, MPH, director of the UNC Tobacco Treatment Programs and professor in the UNC School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, and his co-authors called for more funding and better reimbursement for smoking cessation counseling for cancer patients who smoke. (2020-10-13)

Long-term, frequent phone counseling helps cancer patients who smoke quit
Recently diagnosed cancer patients who smoke are significantly more likely to quit and remain tobacco-free if they receive frequent and sustained telephone counseling, according to a new study. The study offers hope that these patients will respond better to treatment and enjoy improved quality of life while coping with cancer. (2020-10-13)

Research pinpoints major drivers of tobacco epidemic among teens in South Asia
The findings of a new study pinpoint the major drivers of the tobacco epidemic among teens in South Asia. (2020-10-12)

Rutgers experts urge ban of menthol cigarettes nationwide
Rutgers experts discuss why actions at the state and federal level need to be taken to ban menthol-flavored tobacco products. (2020-10-09)

Parents less aware when their kids vape than when they smoke
Most parents know or suspect when their child smokes, but they are much more likely to be in the dark if the child vapes or uses other tobacco products, according to a large national study by researchers at UC San Francisco. (2020-10-05)

Would menthol cigarettes be banned if the typical consumer was young, white and upper-middle class?
Menthol could be exacerbating deep social inequities according to a paper just published. Researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues at CUNY and Rutgers School of Public Health suggest that a ban on menthol cigarettes could have monumental implications for both the short- and long-term physical and mental health of communities of color. (2020-10-01)

Tests indicate modern oral nicotine products elicit lower toxicity responses than cigs
New research by BAT indicates that Modern Oral Products (MOPs) showed lower toxicity responses in certain assays than traditional cigarettes. (2020-09-28)

Covert tobacco industry marketing tactics exposed by former employees
Tobacco companies use covert marketing tactics and exploit loopholes in Australian tobacco control laws to promote their products despite current tobacco advertising bans, finds new research from University of Sydney and Cancer Council NSW. To circumvent current tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS) laws in Australia, tobacco companies are incentivising retailers with cash payments, all-expenses paid holidays, exclusive parties and tickets to sporting events to drive tobacco sales. (2020-09-28)

E. coli bacteria offer path to improving photosynthesis
Cornell University scientists have engineered a key plant enzyme and introduced it in Escherichia coli bacteria in order to create an optimal experimental environment for studying how to speed up photosynthesis, a holy grail for improving crop yields. (2020-09-21)

'Best' hospitals should be required to deliver tobacco treatment
A UCLA-led report published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine exposes what the authors call a weakness in the high-profile 'Best Hospitals Honor Roll' published annually by US News and World Report. (2020-09-21)

Smokers increasingly using e-cigarettes to quit, New Zealand survey shows
People who smoke are increasingly using e-cigarettes to try to quit smoking, a study by researchers at the University of Otago, Wellington, has found. (2020-09-17)

Nicotine vapour more rewarding for adolescents than adults
University of Guelph researchers are the first to discover that adolescents react differently to e-cigarette vapour than adults. (2020-09-16)

Accurate labels like 'aerosol' or 'chemicals' increase perceived risks of e-cigarette use
Researchers at George Mason University found that students perceived e-cigarette emissions to be more harmful when accurate labels such as 'chemicals' and 'aerosols' were used to describe emissions, compared to tobacco industry coined jargon like 'vapor.' Students who viewed questions about 'aerosol' or 'chemical' were more likely to perceive secondhand exposure to e-cigarettes to be 'harmful/very harmful.' Further, students who perceived greater harmfulness from e-cigarette exposure were more likely to support a tobacco-free campus policy. (2020-09-16)

There's no place like home: Cleaning toxic tobacco smoke residue in our homes
Researchers tested different cleaning methods for thirdhand smoke in homes. They recommend keeping household dust as low as possible, and cleaning high-touch surfaces frequently. (2020-09-15)

Cigarette smoking associated with worse outcomes for bladder cancer patients after surgery
Study from Keck Medicine of USC links smoking with a higher risk of death and cancer recurrence, and less responsiveness to chemotherapy. (2020-09-15)

Substance use disorders linked to COVID-19 susceptibility
A National Institutes of Health-funded study found that people with substance use disorders (SUDs) are more susceptible to COVID-19 and its complications. The research, published today in Molecular Psychiatry, was co-authored by Nora D. Volkow, M.D., director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). The findings suggest that health care providers should closely monitor patients with SUDs and develop action plans to help shield them from infection and severe outcomes. (2020-09-14)

Scientists find an enzyme that facilitates grafting between different family species
Nagoya University bioscientist Michitaka Notaguchi and colleagues in Japan recently found that the tobacco plant Nicotiana promotes adhesion of tissue and can maintain grafts between a broad range of species. They also identified ''β-1,4 glucanases'' as a key molecule in facilitating tissue adhesion of grafts. Their findings could aid crop production and lessen impact on ecosystems. (2020-09-12)

Study highlights 'systematic opposition' to regulation in tackling NCDs from food industry
Research highlights sustained efforts from the food and drinks industry to oppose public health measures aimed to tackling heart disease, cancer and diabetes. (2020-09-11)

Sexual minority men who smoke report worse mental health and more frequent substance use
Cigarette smoking is associated with frequent substance use and poor behavioral and physical health in sexual and gender minority populations, according to Rutgers researchers. The study, published in the journal Annals of Behavioral Medicine, examined tobacco use by sexual minority men and transgender women to better understand the relationships between smoking, substance use and mental, psychosocial and general health. (2020-09-09)

Rutgers-led national survey uncovers doctors' misconceptions about nicotine risks
Most doctors misperceive the risks of nicotine, the addictive chemical in tobacco products, according to a Rutgers-led national survey. (2020-09-09)

UC study: Secondhand smoke sends more kids to the hospital
Children who are exposed to tobacco have higher rates of hospital admissions after visiting emergency departments or urgent care facilities, according to a new study by University of Cincinnati researchers. The study, set to be published in October in Pediatric Research and currently available online, found that tobacco smoke exposure also increased the risk of pediatric patients having respiratory-related procedures performed while in the emergency department, as well as medications prescribed. (2020-09-08)

Air pollution renders flower odors unattractive to moths
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, and the University of Virginia, USA, showed that tobacco hawkmoths lost attraction to the scent of their preferred flowers when that scent had been altered by ozone. This oxidizing pollutant thus disturbs the chemical communication between a plant and its pollinator. However, when given the chance, hawkmoths quickly learn that an unpleasantly polluted scent may lead to nutritious nectar. (2020-09-04)

Studies: E-cigarettes won't help smokers quit, but they may become addicted to vaping
Two UC San Diego School of Medicine-led analyses report that e-cigarettes are not effective in helping adults to quit smoking. (2020-09-02)

Cigarette-like 'cigarillos' flout efforts to curb smoking
Tax cigarillos in line with cigarettes to stop tobacco companies from exploiting loopholes in system, say researchers. (2020-08-27)

Strigolactones increase tolerance to weevils in tobacco plants
Strigolactones mediate the fine-tuning of the production plant defensive substances in the stem of plants of the wild tobacco species Nicotiana attenuata. Their crosstalk with other hormones involved in plant defense is crucial for tobacco plants' ability to tolerate insects that live inside the stem. Plants that are no longer able to produce strigolactones also have altered concentrations of jasmontates and auxins and a reduced resistance against the stem-boring larvae of the weevil Trichobaris mucorea. (2020-08-24)

A new method for in vivo plant cell imaging with SNAP-tag proteins
A new method for visualizing in vivo protein dynamics in plant cells has been developed by Nagoya University scientists, offering an important step forward in plant cell fluorescent imaging. (2020-08-21)

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