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Looking through the broken mirror
Researchers at the University of Nottingham are hoping to learn more about the causes of autism and Asperger's syndrome by putting a controversial theory to the test. (2008-10-13)

Your next nurse could be a robot
The nursing assistant for your next trip to the hospital might be a robot. This is the implication of research recently published by Dr. Elena De Momi and colleagues in the journal Frontiers in Robotics and AI (Artificial Intelligence). (2016-10-05)

Fentanyl's risk on the 'darknet'
US overdose deaths attributed to synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, have increased from under 3,000 in 2013 to nearly 20,000 in 2016, making up half of all opioid-related overdose deaths. These drugs are often purchased on the web's hidden 'darknet.' An analysis published in Contemporary Economic Policy that examined the darknet's opioid purchases from 2014 to 2016 found that vendors priced fentanyl in 2014 at a 90% discount compared with an equivalent dose of heroin. (2019-10-09)

New study settles how social understanding is performed by the brain
A new study from Aarhus University, Denmark, settles an important question about how social understanding is performed in the brain. The findings may help us to attain a better understanding of why people with autism and schizophrenia have difficulties with social interaction. (2014-02-24)

Genetic defense for violent crimes could backfire for defendants
As genetic evidence plays a larger role in the judicial system, psychology research is finding that genetic information is perceived in biased ways. (2015-10-21)

Sacrificing one life to save others -- research shows psychopaths' force for 'greater good'
New research shows that people would sacrifice one person to save a larger group of people -- and in addition, the force with which they carry out these actions could be predicted by psychopathic traits. (2017-10-24)

When does obesity become a child protection issue?
Childhood obesity alone is not a child protection concern, nor is failure to control weight. But consistent failure to change lifestyle and engage with outside support indicates neglect, particularly in younger children, say experts in a paper published on bmj.com today. (2010-07-15)

I win, you lose: Brain imaging reveals how we learn from our competitors
A new study by a team at the University of Bristol's Graduate School of Education and Department of Computer Science has used brain imaging to reveal how people and animals learn from failure and success. (2010-10-13)

Conspiracy beliefs could increase fringe political engagement, shows new study
New research appearing in Social Psychological and Personality Science finds that when studying an average person, conspiracy beliefs lead to more willingness for engagement in 'non-normative' roles, like illegally blocking a public entryway, while avoiding more typical political engagement, such as voting. (2020-02-28)

Don't stare! Monkey gaze study shows dopamine's role in response inhibition
University of Tsukuba researchers revealed the importance of the brain's dopaminergic system for inhibiting already-planned actions. They trained monkeys to redirect their gaze towards targets newly presented on a screen, apart from when presented with signals to avoid such redirection. Simultaneous analysis showed that the activity of dopaminergic neurons correlated with successful refusal to redirect gaze to a new target. These findings could aid the development of treatments for diseases with impaired inhibition like Parkinson's. (2018-11-08)

Self-awareness not unique to mankind
Humans are unlikely to be the only animal capable of self-awareness, a new study has shown. (2015-06-15)

University of Glasgow wins £225,000 to boost innovation in Scottish businesses
A pioneering web-based project run by the University of Glasgow is set to receive £225,000 to develop a highly innovative, internet-based resource to provide companies, particularly SMEs, with access to technology licences, know-how and expertise from the University's knowledge. (2005-04-08)

Alcohol industry health campaigns miss the mark by a longshot
Far from confirming industry claims that they can 'do good' with corporate campaigns, the findings suggest that the public health benefits are likely to be minimal. In fact, 11 percent of the industry actions had the potential for doing harm. (2018-11-05)

Would you buy a product endorsed by Lance Armstrong?
It's much easier for consumers to justify continued support of a celebrity or politician disgraced by scandal when they separate moral judgments about a public figure from assessments of their professional performance, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2012-10-22)

Rutgers-Newark psychology researchers reveal link between body and action perception
With the help of two patients suffering from an extremely rare degenerative neurological condition, a Rutgers-Newark Psychology Professor and his team of researchers have established that the body plays a significant role in helping humans to perceive and understand the actions of others. (2005-09-23)

Many proposals in government's public health white paper lack evidence
Many of the proposed actions in the government's white paper, (2011-11-17)

AMRI receives FDA notification on proposed corrective actions
AMRI (NASDAQ: AMRI) today announced the receipt of a letter from US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding its Burlington, Massachusetts aseptic finish-and-fill facility, acquired in June 2010. The letter pertained to AMRI's written responses to a August 2010 warning letter and a June 2011 Form 483, and stated that corrective actions proposed by AMRI, once fully implemented, should adequately address the observations made by the FDA investigators. (2011-09-26)

Rutgers-Camden professor examines social capabilities of performing multiple-action sequences
A Rutgers-Camden scholar is examining how action planning generalizes to collaborative actions performed with others in a study, titled (2013-06-26)

Investigative report on FDA enforcement under Trump from Science's news department
Despite being one of the nation's most vital watchdogs, compliance and enforcement actions by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have severely declined since the Trump administration took office, according to an investigative report from Charles Piller, a contributing correspondent in the News department at Science. (2019-07-02)

Owner to dog -- 'Just do it!'
Dogs can learn, retain and replay actions taught by humans after a short delay. According to a new study by Claudia Fugazza and Adám Miklósi, from Eötvös Loránd University in Hungary, this deferred imitation provides the first evidence of dogs' cognitive ability to both encode and recall actions. The research is published in Springer's journal Animal Cognition. (2013-07-16)

Brain activity prior to an action contributes to our sense of control over what we do
Scientists have identified specific brain regions that contribute to humans' sense of agency - the implicit sense that we control our actions and that they affect the outside world. The findings suggest that brain activity involved in planning our next move is crucial to this sense of agency, supporting a 'constructive' hypothesis in which humans compare the predictions. (2020-07-01)

Treating epilepsy and brain traumas by neurotransmitters
Kazan Federal University researchers conducted their experiments on hippocampus of neonatal rats and mice, quite similar to the one of a human fetus at the second half of pregnancy period. Hence it will be possible make precise identification of medicaments safe for a fetus and its brain development. The potential application of obtained results is to find its place in treating brain malfunctions, such as epilepsy, post-ischemic conditions, and brain traumas. (2015-11-16)

Climate change poker: The barriers which are preventing a global agreement
As the world's environment ministers, government officials, diplomats and campaigners prepare to attend the COP15 conference in Copenhagen in December 2009 to unite in the battle against climate change in one of the most complicated political deals the world has ever seen, the increasingly complex territory of climate negotiations is being revealed in an article published today, Aug. 5, 2009, in IOP Publishing's Environmental Research Letters. (2009-08-05)

Choosing where to look - and changing your mind
Where we choose to look is fundamental to our interactions with other human beings. Although on some occasions we might wish to look someone straight in the eye, at other times we decide to avert gaze and look away. Sometimes the choice isn't straightforward, and we have to select between conflicting actions. Even if we do make a choice, we might subsequently change our mind and select an alternative response before it's too late. (2005-01-25)

Look before you leap: New study examines self-control
Reckless decision-making can lead to dire consequences when it comes to food, credit cards, or savings. What's the key to making good decisions? A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research outlines a novel method for measuring people's abilities to consider the consequences of their actions. It also provides hope for consumers who want to make more prudent decisions. (2008-05-30)

Emphasizing individual solutions to big issues can reduce support for government efforts
Experiments by political science graduate student Seth Werfel suggest that making individuals aware of how they can help solve large-scale problems makes them less likely to support government-based solutions. (2017-06-13)

To remember the good times, reach for the sky
A study published in the April issue of Cognition shows that motor actions can partly determine people's emotional memories. Moving marbles upward caused participants to remember more positive life experiences, and moving them downward to remember more negative experiences, according to Daniel Casasanto (MPI Nijmegen) and Katinka Dijkstra (Erasmus University). (2010-03-31)

Some bullies are just the shy type: New research shows a darker side to social anxiety disorder
When you think of people suffering from social anxiety, you probably characterize them as shy, inhibited and submissive. However, new research from psychologists Todd Kashdan and Patrick McKnight at George Mason University suggests that there is a subset of socially anxious people who act out in aggressive, risky ways -- and that their behavior patterns are often misunderstood. (2010-03-18)

Building real security with virtual worlds
Advances in computerized modeling and prediction of group behavior, together with improvements in video game graphics, are making possible virtual worlds in which defense analysts can explore and predict results of possible military and policy actions, say University of Maryland computer science researchers in a commentary published in the Nov. 27 issue of the journal Science. (2009-11-26)

Can companies, political groups or organizations have a single mind?
News of employee misconduct always creates a whirlwind for the companies involved -- think of Enron, Goldman Sachs and UBS, for example. But are these firms responsible for the actions of their employees? Or do individual members have distinct and independent responsibility separate from a group's actions? (2011-12-05)

Robots working as a group are able to determine the optimal order of their tasks
Could robots soon help rescue crews save the survivors of a natural disaster? Such a mission would require that the robots be able to determine, on their own, which tasks to perform and in what order to perform them. Researchers at ULB's IRIDIA laboratory have shown, for the first time, that this ability can emerge from a group of robots. (2018-07-19)

Mentally fatigued persons switch to automatic pilot
Mentally fatigued trial subjects search less systematically for solutions than fit colleagues. Such fatigued persons switch to an automatic pilot approach even when this repeatedly leads to the same mistakes. (2002-05-23)

The brain's executive is an 'event planner'
Studies in which monkeys were asked to manipulate computer cursors for fruit juice rewards have revealed that the brain's (2006-05-17)

Study: Adults' actions, successes, failures, and words affect young children's persistence
Children's persistence in the face of challenges is key to learning and academic success. However, we know little about how parents and educators can help foster persistent behavior in children before they begin formal schooling. A new US study looked at the interactions of preschool-age children with adults to determine how they affected the children's persistence. It found that the efforts adults put into their actions, successes and failures, and words affected children's persistent behavior to differing degrees. (2019-09-10)

Overdoing it? Simple techniques can help avoid overindulgence
Some people overindulge on junk foods or needless shopping sprees when they feel depressed. Others lose control the minute they feel happy. Is there a way to avoid such extreme actions? A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research demonstrates simple techniques that can help people act in their long-term interests rather than indulging in immediate pleasures. (2009-02-23)

Researchers find 'missing link'
Otago researchers have found the ''missing link between stress and infertility''. (2020-12-03)

Prosocial youth less likely to associate with deviant peers, engage in problem behaviors
Prosocial behaviors, or actions intended to help others, remain an important area of focus for researchers interested in factors that reduce violence and other behavioral problems in youth. However, little is known regarding the connection between prosocial and antisocial behaviors. A new study by a University of Missouri human development expert found that prosocial behaviors can prevent youth from associating with deviant peers, thereby making the youth less likely to exhibit antisocial or problem behaviors, such as aggression and delinquency. (2014-03-11)

Cooperative communities emerge in transparent social networks
An online experiment reveals that the overall level of cooperation in a group almost doubles when the previous actions of all its members are rendered transparent. When all social connections within the group are also made transparent, the most cooperative band together to form their own community -- ostracizing the less cooperative. (2015-03-09)

Study finds NRA stakeholders conflicted in wake of shootings
A recent study finds that, in the wake of a mass shooting, National Rifle Association (NRA) employees, donors and volunteers had extremely mixed emotions about the organization - reporting higher levels of both positive and negative feelings about the NRA, as compared to people with no NRA affiliation. (2021-01-12)

Defending the science of infant imitation
In a counter-response recently published in the journal Developmental Science, Elizabeth Simpson and her co-authors argue that the Current Biology study failed to use appropriate methods, and is highly flawed. She argues that there is overwhelming evidence that infant imitation is real. (2017-11-28)

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