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Devotes, a project to investigate marine biodiversity and the environment of European seas
The European Commission has started an ambitious project investigating knowledge of marine biodiversity and assessing marine environmental status. (2012-11-12)

Gene controlling circadian rhythms linked to drug addiction, UT Southwestern researchers find
The gene that regulates the body's main biological clocks also may play a pivotal role in drug addiction, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found. (2005-06-13)

People can learn motor skills by watching
It's widely accepted that people watching an expert golfer or carpenter can learn the procedural steps to a better golf swing or building a deck. However, researchers Andrew A.G. Mattar (presently at McGill University) and Paul L. Gribble of the University of Western Ontario have developed startling evidence that people can unconsciously learn complex motor behaviors by watching such performances. (2005-04-06)

Getting a grip on human-robot cooperation
The study, published in Science Robotics, is a collaboration between The BioRobotics Institute (Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy) and the Australian Centre for Robotic Vision (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia). (2019-02-13)

Babies in prams can be exposed to more than twice as much pollution than adults
Babies in prams can be exposed to up to 60 percent more pollution than their parents, causing potential damage to their frontal lobe and impacting on their cognitive abilities and brain development. (2018-08-14)

Simulated relationships offer insight into real ones
In a new study, researchers look at the choices people make in simulated online dating relationships. By standardizing the behavior of the romantic (2007-08-07)

MU program helps health care workers move past tragedy
Health care workers can be affected deeply due to the emotional bonding that can occur between patients and their caregivers. Now, studies have shown that a new program that provides support and training at the University of Missouri Health Care System is helping health care workers get back on their feet and heal both mentally and physically. (2013-03-26)

Americans trail Chinese in understanding another person's perspective
People from Western cultures such as the United States are particularly challenged in their ability to understand someone else's point of view because they are part of a culture that encourages individualism, new research at the University of Chicago shows. In contrast, Chinese, who live in a society that encourages a collectivist attitude among its members, are much more adept at determining another person's perspective, according to a new study. (2007-07-12)

Multitarget TB drug could treat other diseases, evade resistance
A drug under clinical trials to treat tuberculosis could be the basis for a class of broad-spectrum drugs that act against various bacteria, fungal infections and parasites, yet evade resistance, according to a study by University of Illinois chemists and collaborators. The team determined the different ways the drug SQ109 attacks the tuberculosis bacterium, how the drug can be tweaked to target other pathogens from yeast to malaria -- and how targeting multiple pathways reduces the probability of pathogens becoming resistant. (2014-04-17)

It's the thought that counts: The neuro-anatomical basis of forgiveness revealed
New research by Trieste's SISSA, published in the Scientific Reports, has studied the areas of the brain involved in processes which prompt us to forgive those who have seriously, but unintentionally, messed up. Researchers specifically examined the role of a part of the brain, called anterior superior temporal sulcus (aSTS), and discovered that the larger the amount of grey matter in this patch of cortex, the more likely we are to forgive those who have made a serious mistake by accident. (2017-04-10)

Research shows sleep loss impedes decision making in crisis
The difference between life and death in the operating room, on the battlefield or during a police shootout often comes down to the ability to adapt to the unexpected. Sleep deprivation may make it difficult to do so, according to a Washington State University study that for the first time created a laboratory experiment that simulates how sleep loss affects critical aspects of decision making in high-stakes, real-world situations. (2015-05-07)

Your brain on androids
International team lead by UC San Diego cognitive scientist takes a peek inside the brains of people viewing videos of a humanoid robot. The functional MRI study suggests that what may be going on in the (2011-07-14)

International team of scientists warns of climate change's impact on global river flow
A global analysis of the potential effect of climate change on river basins indicates that many rivers impacted by dams or extensive development will require significant management interventions to protect ecosystems and people, according to an article published today in the online version of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. (2007-10-12)

Training character strengths makes you happy
Anyone who trains character strengths increases their sense of well-being, a large-scale study conducted by a team of psychologists from the University of Zurich has concluded. It proved for the first time that this kind of training works. The largest impact was evident in training the strengths (2012-06-14)

Marine conservation must consider human rights
Ocean conservation is essential for protecting the marine environment and safeguarding the resources that people rely on for livelihoods and food security. But there are many documented cases where conservation has bumped up against the people who share the same places and resources, even leading to human rights abuses. (2017-05-03)

Streams show signs of degradation at earliest stages of urban development
The loss of sensitive species in streams begins to occur at the initial stages of urban development, according to a new study by the USGS. The study found that streams are more sensitive to development than previously understood. (2012-11-15)

Global agriculture expert Paul West to present at AAAS Annual Meeting
Paul West, co-director and lead of the Institute on the Environment's Global Landscapes Initiative, will present at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science on Feb. 12. West will discuss opportunities for subsistence farmers to enhance productivity while considering climate change, water availability and quality, and habitat loss. (2016-02-12)

Mindfulness program may benefit patients with irritable bowel syndrome
Adults with irritable bowel syndrome experienced fewer gastrointestinal symptoms after they participated in a mindfulness program meant to reduce stress. Results of the study are published in Neurogastroenterology & Motility. (2020-04-08)

What does it mean to have a mind? Maybe more than you think
Through an online survey of more than 2,000 people, psychologists at Harvard University have found that we perceive the minds of others along two distinct dimensions: agency, an individual's ability for self-control, morality and planning; and experience, the capacity to feel sensations such as hunger, fear and pain. (2007-02-01)

Separate brain systems cooperate during learning, study finds
Brown University researchers have shown that reinforcement learning and working memory -- two distinct brain systems -- work hand-in-hand as people learn new tasks. (2018-02-21)

National Science Board approves national action plan for 21st century stem education
The National Science Board yesterday unanimously adopted a motion to release for public comment a draft action plan to address critical 21st century needs in the nation's STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education system. (2007-08-10)

Quantum mechanics are complex enough, for now...
Physicists have searched for deviations from standard quantum mechanics, testing whether quantum mechanics requires a more complex set of mathematical rules. To do so a research team designed a new photonic experiment using exotic metamaterials, which were fabricated at the University of California Berkeley. Their experiment supports standard quantum mechanics and allows the scientists to place bounds on alternative quantum theories. The results could help to guide theoretical work in a search for a more general version of quantum mechanics. (2017-04-21)

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