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Adaptive Current Events, Adaptive News Articles.
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News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
News tips in the upcoming Journal of Neuroscience include (2006-02-14)

New cellular pathway triggering allergic asthma response identified
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, with collaborators in Korea and Scotland, have identified a novel signaling pathway critical to the immune response of cells associated with the initiation of allergic asthma. The discovery, they say, could point the way to new therapies that suppress the inflammatory allergic response, offering potential relief to millions of Americans with the chronic lung condition and potentially other allergic diseases. (2015-01-19)

Innovative model improves Army human-agent teaming
Army researchers developed a novel computational model for gathering cognitive data that may be a game changer in the fields of neuroscience and econometrics, and has broad relevance to networked and multi-agent systems. (2020-09-30)

Seeing where stars collide
Using the advanced adaptive optics system GeMS, on the Gemini South telescope, astronomers have imaged a beautiful stellar jewel-box -- a tightly packed cluster of stars that is one of the few places in our galaxy where astronomers think stars can actually collide. (2015-06-16)

Coping behaviors linked to female chromosome
Coping behaviors appear to be linked to at least three genes on the X, or female, chromosome, Northwestern University researchers report. Therefore, males, who are XY, inherit coping behaviors from their mothers, while females, who are XX, can inherit coping behaviors from each of their parents. (2003-11-07)

Change your walking style, change your mood
Our mood can affect how we walk -- slump-shouldered if we're sad, bouncing along if we're happy. Now researchers have shown it works the other way too -- making people imitate a happy or sad way of walking actually affects their mood. (2014-10-15)

Next-gen computing: Memristor chips that see patterns over pixels
Inspired by how mammals see, a new 'memristor' computer circuit prototype at the University of Michigan has the potential to process complex data, such as images and video orders of magnitude, faster and with much less power than today's most advanced systems. (2017-05-22)

Gene variant in maize ancestor could increase yields in today's densely planted fields
From within the genetic diversity of wild teosinte -- the evolutionary ancestor of modern maize -- valuable traits lay hidden. (2019-08-15)

Food cue-related brain activity linked to obesity?
A unique pattern of gene expression observed in rats may be linked to a conditioned desire for food and excessive food intake, an article published today in BMC Biology suggests. (2007-04-26)

Lennart Nilsson Award
The Lennart Nilsson Award for 2004 has been won by the Swedish researcher Göran Scharmer, a professor at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and Stockholm University. (2004-09-24)

Mathematics pushes innovation in 4-D printing
New mathematical results will provide a potential breakthrough in the design and the fabrication of the next generation of morphable materials. (2018-02-07)

Desert bats reveal the secret of their survival
Desert bats reduce water loss by changing the make-up of their skin, allowing them to thrive in some of the world's most inhospitable environments. This is surprising given the anatomy of bats and the energy they expend in flight and may provide significant insight into how bats might respond to a future changing climate. This work is being presented at the Society for Experimental Biology Annual Conference in Prague on Wednesday, June 30, 2010. (2010-06-29)

SWAT team of immune cells helps reduce infection rates in babies after cleft lip surgery
The mouth is widely considered the dirtiest part of the human body, yet babies have surprisingly low infection rates following cleft lip and palate surgery. (2016-10-17)

University of Oklahoma ecology and evolutionary biology graduate student receives EPA's STAR Fellowship award
Freshwater mussels are North America's most imperiled faunal group (approximately 50 percent of mussel species are on the endangered species list), yet provide essential ecosystem services (e.g., water filtration, nutrient cycling). Ecosystem services are resources and services provided by natural ecosystems that are essential for human well-being. Atkinson is researching their environment. (2011-09-28)

Stanford seeks sea urchin's secret to surviving ocean acidification
Ocean research reveals rapid evolutionary adaptations to a changing climate. Genetic variation is the key to this ability to deal with higher acidity. (2013-04-08)

Controlling the cut - Nottingham engineers top the leader board
A high-tech, precision, water jet milling control system which could transform the manufacture of complex aerospace, optical and biomedical structures and devices is being developed by an international team of engineers led by the University of Nottingham. (2012-04-11)

Squid skin inspires creation of next-generation space blanket
Drawing design inspiration from the skin of stealthy sea creatures, engineers at the University of California, Irvine have developed a next-generation, adaptive space blanket that gives users the ability to control their temperature. The innovation is detailed in a study published today in Nature Communications. (2019-04-29)

Boning up on bone loss
Noted researcher Kenneth McLeod says neither weight-bearing exercise nor calcium supplements--not even a combination of the two--is capable of triggering the growth of new bone. But by taking a systemic look at the mechanism of bone loss, McLeod has found at least one approach to do just that. (2003-01-21)

A 'crystal ball' for predicting the effects of global climate change
In trying to predict how species will respond to climate change caused by global warming, researchers and scientists are turning to comparative physiology, a sub-discipline of physiology that studies how different organisms function and adapt to diverse and changing environments. Overall, the comparative approach gives researchers insights into the effects of global warming that they wouldn't otherwise have. (2010-08-05)

Abnormal SHP2 signaling contributes to lupus-like symptoms in mice
In this month's issue of the JCI, a research group led by Maria Kontaridis of Harvard University identifies a link between lupus and elevations in SHP2 activity. (2016-05-16)

Walking like ants gives spiders a chance
To avoid being eaten, some jumping spiders pretend to be ants. (2017-07-14)

Benchmark survey shows that giant outer extrasolar planets are rare
Astronomers who used powerful telescopes in Arizona and Chile in a survey for planets around nearby stars have discovered that extrasolar planets more massive than Jupiter are extremely rare in other outer solar systems. (2007-07-11)

Multi-million dollar grant addresses region's transportation infrastructure
The University of Oklahoma will lead the Southern Plains Regional Transportation Center, a University Transportation Center funded by a $2.6 million grant awarded by the US Department of Transportation. (2013-10-08)

Video analysis of factors associated with response time to monitor alarms
A new article published by JAMA Pediatrics used video analysis to examine factors associated with response times to bedside monitor alarms that alert nurses to potentially life-threatening physiologic changes in patients. (2017-04-10)

Study finds humans and others exposed to prenatal stress have high stress levels after birth
Vertebrate species, including humans, exposed to stress prenatally tend to have higher stress hormones after birth, according to a new Dartmouth-led study published in Scientific Reports. While previous research has reported examples of maternal stress experience predicting offspring stress hormones in different species, this study is the first to empirically demonstrate the impact of prenatal stress on offspring stress hormone levels using data from all known studies across vertebrates. (2018-04-10)

Fred Hutch awarded $4.4 million from NCI for pioneering immunogenic cancer research
Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have received $4.4 million over four years from the National Cancer Institute to pioneer an ambitious new way to harness the power of the adaptive immune system to control cancer. (2013-08-05)

Self-repairing software tackles malware
University of Utah computer scientists have developed software that not only detects and eradicates never-before-seen viruses and other malware, but also automatically repairs damage caused by them. The software then prevents the invader from ever infecting the computer again. (2014-11-13)

Good stress response enhances recovery from surgery, Stanford study shows
The right kind of stress response in the operating room could lead to quicker recovery for patients after knee surgery, according to a new study led by Stanford University School of Medicine researchers. The results could be used to develop methods for predicting how well patients will fare after they leave the hospital. (2009-12-01)

ONR helps undersea robots get the big picture
Scientists have successfully transitioned fundamental research in autonomy to undersea gliders, demonstrating in recent sea tests how the new software, sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, can help robots become smarter at surveying large swaths of ocean. With plans to deploy squadrons of air, surface and undersea robotic vehicles later this decade, the Department of the Navy is investing in basic research programs to improve autonomous system capabilities. (2011-12-02)

Unlocking the key to immunological memory in bacteria
A powerful genome editing tool may soon become even more powerful. Berkeley Lab researchers have unlocked the key to how bacteria are able to 'steal' genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological memory system. (2015-03-02)

Carnegie Mellon team makes sequestration recommendations
Carnegie Mellon researcehrs report that carbon capture and sequestration will not meet its full potential in the United States. (2009-07-23)

Stellar family in crowded, violent neighborhood proves to be surprisingly normal
Using ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have obtained one of the sharpest views ever of the Arches Cluster -- an extraordinary dense cluster of young stars near the supermassive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way. Despite the extreme conditions astronomers were surprised to find the same proportions of low- and high-mass young stars in the cluster as are found in more tranquil locations in our Milky Way. (2009-06-04)

Real time microscopy tracks the course of developing T cells
In a paper published in the freely-available online journal PLoS Biology, two-photon laser-scanning microscopy reveals the change from random motion to directed migration that occurs when thymocytes undergo positive selection. (2005-05-02)

'Stressed' young bees could be the cause of colony collapse
Researchers have tracked the activity of bees forced to begin foraging earlier in their lives due to stress on their colonies and found that they collect less pollen and die earlier, accelerating the decline and collapse of their hives. (2015-02-09)

UMass Amherst researchers find 'switch' that turns on immune cells' tumor-killing ability
Molecular biologists led by Leonid Pobezinsky and his wife and research collaborator Elena Pobezinskaya at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have published results that for the first time show how a microRNA molecule known as Lethal-7 (let-7) serves as a molecular control hub to direct the function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes by putting the brakes on their cell-killing activities. (2017-08-16)

In making tough decisions, plants weigh the risks
In making tough, life-changing decisions, people often weigh the risks associated with the options before them and choose accordingly. Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on June 30 have found that pea plants also make choices about how to grow based on an assessment of risk. (2016-06-30)

Aerospace engineer earns Oak Ridge Associated Universities Ralph Powe Junior Faculty Award
The Powe award to Michael Philen of Virginia Tech will support research in adaptive structures, smart materials, bio-inspired systems and materials, and structural dynamics and control. (2008-08-13)

New protected areas for dolphins declared
The Government of Bangladesh recently declared three new wildlife sanctuaries for endangered freshwater dolphins in the world's largest mangrove ecosystem - the Sundarbans, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society whose conservation work helped pinpoint the locations of the protected areas. (2012-02-16)

How the giant sequoia protects itself
A three-dimensional network of fibers makes the bark resistant to fire and rock fall. (2020-06-17)

Lifelike cooling for sunbaked windows
Sun-drenched rooms make for happy residents, but large glass windows also bring higher air-conditioning bills. Now a bioinspired microfluidic circulatory system for windows developed by researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University could save energy and cut cooling costs dramatically -- while letting in just as much sunlight. (2013-07-30)

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