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Opening the on-line pipeline for U.S., Russian and Ukrainian science journals
The Internet is becoming one of the most important mediums for scientists around the world to share peer reviewed scientific research. Internet distribution of U.S., Russian and Ukrainian physics journals will be a topic of discussion at an upcoming publishing forum in New York. (2000-09-27)

Why did rainfall over Asian inland plateau region undergo abrupt decrease around 1999?
The Asian inland plateau (AIP) is located in the East Asian monsoon marginal areas and mainly includes Mongolia and part of northern China. There was an interdecadal change around 1998/99, with a rainfall decrease of about 16% of the climatological amount. The driving factor for this interdecadal change is suggested to be a quasi-zonal wave-like pattern over the Eurasian continent. (2017-03-07)

AIP announces content-sharing agreement with Chinese Physical Society
The American Institute of Physics announced a new content-sharing agreement today between AIP's Physics Today, the world's leading magazine devoted to physics, and Wuli, a leading physics monthly published by the Chinese Physical Society in Beijing. Under the agreement, which will expire after one year, Wuli editors will each month translate and publish up to three pages of selections from Physics Today. (2010-06-16)

Gregory Howes inaugural recipient of the Ronald C. Davidson Award for Plasma Physics
AIP Publishing has announced that Gregory Howes, an associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Iowa, is the winner of the inaugural 2016 Ronald C. Davidson Award for Plasma Physics. The award will be presented annually in collaboration with the American Physical Society (APS) Division of Plasma Physics, recognizing outstanding plasma physics research by a Physics of Plasmas author. (2016-10-25)

'BC5' material shows superhard, superconducting potential
What could be better than diamond when it comes to a superhard material for electronics under extreme thermal and pressure conditions? Quite possibly BC5, a diamond-like material with an extremely high boron content that offers exceptional hardness and resistance to fracture, but unlike diamond, it is a superconductor rather than an insulator. A research team in China studying BC5 describes its potential in AIP's Journal of Applied Physics. (2010-06-22)

Artificial black holes made with metamaterials
While our direct knowledge of black holes in the universe is limited to what we can observe from thousands or millions of light years away, a team of Chinese physicists has proposed a simple way to design an artificial electromagnetic black hole in the laboratory -- described in the Journal of Applied Physics. (2010-11-16)

Intense microwave pulse ionizes its own channel through plasma
More than 30 years ago, researchers theoretically predicted the ionization-induced channeling of an intense microwave beam propagating through a neutral gas (>103 Pa) -- and now it's finally been observed experimentally. (2018-10-09)

Get in synch -- or be enslaved by it
Understanding conditions that cause oscillators to fall in or out of synchronization is necessary to achieve the optimal functioning of oscillator networks that underlie many technologies. The transition from synchronization to desynchronization is the subject of a new investigation by a team of Japanese scientists that appears in the journal CHAOS. (2010-10-19)

Study of tiny magnets may advance their use in microelectronics
Researchers at Shanxi University in China have announced progress in understanding the single-molecule magnet, which combines the classical macroscale properties of a magnet with the quantum properties of a nanoscale entity -- as described in the Journal of Applied Physics. (2010-10-19)

Nanostructures modeled on moth eyes effective for anti-icing
Researchers have been working for decades on improving the anti-icing performance of functional surfaces and work published in AIP Advances investigates a unique nanostructure, modeled on moth eyes, that has anti-icing properties. Moth eyes are of interest because they have a distinct ice-phobic and transparent surface. The researchers fabricated the moth eye nanostructure on a quartz substrate that was covered with a paraffin layer to isolate it from a cold and humid environment. (2020-08-04)

New way of detecting concealed radioactive material
Researchers in Maryland have proposed a scheme for detecting a concealed source of radioactive material without searching containers one by one. The concept, described in the Journal of Applied Physics, is based on the gamma-ray emission from the radioactive material that would pass through the shipping container walls and ionize the surrounding air. (2010-11-09)

New method for estimating cost of small hydropower projects
A scientist at the Indian Institute of Technology in Roorkee, India, has developed a method, described in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, to assess the installation and operating costs of small hydroelectric power projects, which represent a potentially large but largely untapped source of energy for developing countries. (2010-08-17)

New design for motorcycle engines powered by compressed air
Two scientists in India have conceptually designed a new, cleaner motorcycle engine that uses compressed air to turn a small air turbine, generating enough power to run a motorcycle for up to 40 minutes. Their design, described in a recent issue of the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, could be combined with a compressed air cylinder as a replacement for traditional internal combustion engines. (2010-06-22)

New world record magnetic field
Scientists at the University of Tokyo have recorded the largest magnetic field ever generated indoors -- a whopping 1,200 tesla, as measured in the standard units of magnetic field strength. The high magnetic field also has implications for nuclear fusion reactors, a tantalizing if unrealized potential future source of abundant clean energy. The experiments that set the new world record are described in this week's Review of Scientific Instruments. (2018-09-17)

Barrier to faster integrated circuits may be mere speed bump, scientists say
According to Maxime Darnon, a researcher at the French National Center for Scientific Research, in order to continue increasing the speed of integrated circuits, interconnect insulators will require an upgrade to porous, low-dielectric constant materials. Darnon and colleagues discuss the details in the Journal of Applied Physics, which is published by the American Institute of Physics. (2010-06-29)

Making wafers faster by making features smaller
Manufacturing semiconductors for electronics involves etching small features onto wafers using lasers, a process that is limited by the wavelength of the light itself. The development of a new, intense 13.5-nm light source will resolve this issue by reducing the feature size by an order of magnitude or so, according to Purdue researchers writing in the Journal of Applied Physics. (2010-12-14)

Liquid crystals light way to better data storage
Currently, most liquid crystal technologies rely on physical or chemical manipulation, such as rubbing in one direction, to align molecules in a preferred direction. In an important advance, scientists at the Tokyo Institute of Technology have created a stable, rewritable memory device that exploits a liquid crystal property called the (2010-06-22)

All-male physics departments are not proof of bias against hiring women, suggests new AIP study
Many US universities have no women at all among their physics faculty, and when people talk about gender equity in physics, this fact is often cited as evidence of a hiring bias. But a new analysis by the American Institute of Physics Statistical Research Center challenges this argument, finding that the existence of all-male departments is not necessarily evidence of a hiring bias. (2013-07-19)

Faster DNA analysis at room temperature
Researchers in Canada have combined DNA microarrays with microfluidic devices, which are used for the precise control of liquids at the nanoscale. An article in an upcoming issue of the journal Biomicrofluidics, describes how the first combined device can be used for sorting DNA. (2010-08-03)

New method for simple fabrication of microperforated membranes
Microscopically porous polymer membranes have numerous applications in microfluidics, where they can act as filters, masks for surface patterning, and even as components in 3-D devices. In the AIP journal Biomicrofluidics, chemist in Hong Kong describe a simple new method to fabricate free-standing polymer membranes with neatly patterned holes as small as 10 microns. (2010-11-09)

Digital content on track to equal half Earth's mass by 2245
As we use resources to power massive computer farms and process digital information, our technological progress is redistributing Earth's matter from physical atoms to digital information. Eventually, we will reach a point of full saturation, a period in our evolution in which digital bits will outnumber atoms on Earth, a world ''mostly computer simulated and dominated by digital bits and computer code,'' according to an article published in AIP Advances. (2020-08-11)

Eddies against the wall
Fluids experts writing in the journal Physics of Fluids, which is published by the American Institute of Physics, are projecting it will be many decades before we can accurately probe the properties of turbulence near walls. (2010-07-27)

Innovating fine needle aspiration for diagnosing autoimmune pancreatitis
Autoimmune pancreatitis can closely resemble pancreatic cancer, but these two diseases require distinctly different courses of treatment. A new study suggests that an endoscopic procedure using a larger-gauge needle may offer a solution for making this important differential diagnosis. The study, 'Diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis by EUS-guided FNA using a 22-gauge needle: a prospective multicenter study,' is published in the November issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly, peer-reviewed journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. (2016-11-03)

Powering Australia with waves
In a paper in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Australian researchers provide new estimates of the wave-energy potential of Australia's near-shore regions. They also calculate how much of Australia's energy needs could be obtained from wave energy alone. (2010-08-17)

World's tiniest mirror
Just as the path of photons of light can be directed by a mirror, atoms possessing a magnetic moment can be controlled using a magnetic mirror. Research reported in the Journal of Applied Physics investigates the feasibility of using magnetic domain walls to direct and ultimately trap individual atoms in a cloud of ultracold atoms. (2010-08-10)

Cancer-metabolism link runs deep in humans
Eighty years ago, the medical establishment believed cancer was caused by a dysfunction of metabolism, but the idea went out of vogue. Now, scientists are again looking at metabolism and its role in cancer and other common diseases. (2010-07-21)

Fully epitaxial microcavities
For the very first time, a team of researchers in Germany has introduced quantum dots in fully epitaxial nitride laser structures without the need for hybrid systems -- effectively eliminating the cumbersome method of combining different materials from epitaxy and evaporation. This should help pave the way to a further optimization of lasers and single photon emitters in the visible spectrum region, according to the team. (2010-06-16)

Measuring the temperature of nanoparticles
Scientists at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York have developed a new technique for probing the temperature rise in the vicinity of nanoparticles using fluorescent quantum dots as temperature sensors. The results, published in the Journal of Applied Physics, may have implications for the medical use of nanoparticles. (2010-11-30)

Quantum entanglement in photosynthesis and evolution
Recently, academic debate has been swirling around the existence of unusual quantum mechanical effects in the most ubiquitous of phenomena, including photosynthesis, the process by which organisms convert light into chemical energy. In a paper in the Journal of Chemical Physics, these ideas are put to the test. (2010-07-21)

Study shows stability and utility of floating wind turbines
While offshore wind turbines have already have been constructed as a renewable energy solution, they've traditionally been situated in shallow waters, where the tower extends directly into the seabed. Now a group of researchers in California have studied the feasibility of placing wind turbines on floating platforms. One platform design -- dubbed (2010-06-29)

Combining best of both worlds for cancer modeling
Treatment options for many types of cancers remain limited, due partly to the in vitro tools used to model cancers and that results from animal studies do not always translate well to human disease. These shortcomings point to a clear need for a better, patient-specific model. Researchers suggest bioengineered microscale organotypic models can address this need. They discuss the advantages and capabilities of this technique, as well as its challenges, in the journal APL Bioengineering. (2021-01-21)

A.I.P. Establishes Broadcast Award
The American Institute of Physics (AIP)is expanding its science writing awards program to include the broadcast media. (1997-12-12)

Catching cancer early by chasing it
Reaching a clinic in time to receive an early diagnosis for cancer -- when the disease is most treatable -- is a global problem. And now a team of Chinese researchers proposes a global solution: have a user-friendly diagnostic device travel to the patient, anywhere in the world. (2013-08-01)

Global warming reduces available wind energy
A switch to wind energy will help reduce greenhouse gas emissions -- and reduce the global warming they cause. But there's a catch, according to a paper in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy: rising temperatures decrease wind speeds, making for less power bang for the wind turbine buck. (2010-11-09)

Fossil fuel-free jet propulsion with air plasmas
Humans depend on fossil fuels as their primary energy source, especially in transportation. However, fossil fuels are both unsustainable and unsafe, serving as the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions. Researchers in China have demonstrated a prototype device that uses microwave air plasmas for jet propulsion, generating the high-temperature, high-pressure plasma in situ using only injected air and electricity. They describe the engine in AIP Advances. (2020-05-05)

Half-a-loaf method can improve magnetic memories
Chinese scientists have shown that magnetic memory, logic and sensor cells can be made faster and more energy efficient by using an electric, not magnetic, field to flip the magnetization of the sensing layer only about halfway, rather than completely to the opposite direction -- as described in the Journal of Applied Physics. (2010-08-24)

Graphene may gain an 'on-off switch,' adding semiconductor to long list of material's achievements
A team of researchers has proposed a way to turn the material graphene into a semiconductor, enabling it to control the flow of electrons with a laser (2011-06-17)

Why celestial bodies come in different sizes
Our solar system contains one massive object -- the sun -- and many smaller planets and asteroids. Now researchers from Duke University in Durham, N.C. have proposed a new explanation for the size diversity, which is found throughout the universe and is called hierarchy. The researchers report their finding in the Journal of Applied Physics, from AIP Publishing. (2016-03-01)

Ultrashort laser ablation enables novel metal films
Laser ablation is well known in medical applications like dermatology and dentistry, and for more than a decade it has been used to vaporize materials that are difficult to evaporate for high-tech applications like the deposition of superconductors. Now researchers in the Journal of Applied Physics have studied the properties of femtosecond laser ablation plumes to better understand how to apply them to specialized films. (2010-09-21)

Physicists build inexpensive land mine detection system using off-the-shelf components
Anyone who is an online shopper and humanitarian might find this research project appealing. Physics professor John Scales is working on a low-cost, human-focused, high technology effort to stop the devastation of unexploded buried land mines with a novel acoustical/microwave detection system. The work is described in the Journal of Applied Physics, which is published by the American Institute of Physics. (2010-06-16)

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