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'Vacancies' crystal defects key to improved design of lightweight aluminium alloys
Monash University researchers in Australia have used a combination of atomic-scale imaging and simulations to improve the understanding of the theta-prime strengthening phase in the aluminium copper alloy system. (2020-03-11)

Argonne scientists discover networks of metal nanoparticles are culprits in alloy corrosion
Oxide scales are supposed to protect alloys from extensive corrosion, but scientists at US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have discovered metal nanoparticle chinks in this armor. (2008-08-04)

Alloy developed at Sandia National Laboratories has potential for electronics in wells
An alloy that may improve high-temperature electronics in oil, gas and geothermal wells fills a unique niche. (2013-03-19)

Solute redistribution profiles during rapid solidification of undercooled ternary Co-Cu-Pb alloy
Researchers at the Department of Applied Physics, Northwestern Polytechnical University in Xi'an, China used the glass-fluxing method to realize the containerless processing and investigate the solidification mechanism of ternary Co-Cu-Pb immiscible alloys. This study was published in SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy recently. (2014-04-10)

'Quasicrystal' metal computer model could aid ultra-low-friction machine parts
Duke University materials scientists have developed a computer model of how a (2005-09-15)

X-ray diffraction technique 'maps' strain and crack propagation in metallic tubing
A team of researchers exploring the intergranular stress corrosion cracking of a type of metallic tubing used within nuclear power plants has developed a technique to both map and predict its propagation. (2014-01-21)

'Brick wall' helps explain how corrosion spreads through alloy
Ohio State University researchers are finding new insights into how microscopic corrosion attacks an aluminum alloy commonly used in aircraft. They've developed a statistical model of the deterioration and simulated it on computer, using what may seem like an unlikely analogy: a cracking brick wall. (2004-11-15)

Paving the way toward novel strong, conductive materials
Bulk metallic glasses are metallic alloys whose neatly ordered atomic structure can be altered into an amorphous, non-crystalline structure -- giving metal the malleability of plastic, while maintaining its durability and conductivity. However, these alloys are complex, often containing five or six different elements, including expensive noble metals like gold or palladium and scientists have no clue which combinations of elements will form them. Now, researchers have developed a method to predict which alloys may form a bulk metallic glass. (2016-08-03)

One-nanometer trimetallic alloy particles created
A researcher group of Tokyo Institute of Technology succeeded in developing precisely controlled alloy nanoparticles 'multimetallic nanoclusters (MNCs)' made of three metals: copper, platinum, and gold. They also discovered that MNCs show catalytic activity that is 24 times greater than commercially available carbon-supported platinum catalysts in the oxidization of hydrocarbons using oxygen in the air. (2017-07-31)

Extremely strong and yet incredibly ductile multicomponent alloys developed
A research team led by City University of Hong Kong (CityU) has developed a novel strategy to develop new high-strength alloys which are extremely strong and yet also ductile and flexible. The strategy overcomes the critical issues of the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma, paving the way for developing innovative structural materials in future. (2018-11-26)

Firing up a new alloy
A centuries-old materials bonding process is being tested aboard the International Space Station in an experiment that could pave the way for more materials research of its kind aboard the orbiting laboratory. Sintering is the process of heating different materials to compress their particles together. (2018-05-31)

Alloy of hydrogen and oxygen made from water
Researchers have used X-rays to dissociate water at high pressure to form a solid mixture -- an alloy -- of molecular oxygen and molecular hydrogen. The work, by a multi-institutional team that includes Russell Hemley and Ho-kwang Mao of Carnegie's Geophysical Laboratory, appears in the October 27 issue of Science. (2006-10-26)

Chemists develop 'fresh, new' approach to making alloy nanomaterials
Chemists at Syracuse University have figured out how to synthesize nanomaterials with stainless steel-like interfaces. Their discovery may change how the form and structure of nanomaterials are manipulated, particularly those used for gas storage, heterogeneous catalysis and lithium-ion batteries. (2013-08-09)

Unique catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells synthesized in ordinary kitchen microwave oven
Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano-alloy composed of palladium nano-islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction, the most important reaction in hydrogen fuel cells. Their results are published in the scientific journal Nature Communications. (2014-10-14)

Writing and deleting magnets with lasers
Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) together with colleagues from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, USA have found a way to write and delete magnets in an alloy using a laser beam -- a surprising effect. The reversibility of the process opens up new possibilities in the fields of material processing, optical technology, and data storage. (2018-04-18)

An alloy that retains its memory at high temperatures
Even after the hundredth time the material returns to its original shape when heated. (2019-12-03)

A safer, less expensive and fast charging aqueous battery
Researchers have developed a new battery anode that overcomes the limitations of lithium-ion batteries and offers a stable, high-performance battery using seawater as the electrolyte. (2021-01-11)

Tiny iron supplement has chilling effect
A pinch of iron dramatically boosts the cooling performance of a material considered key to the development of magnetic refrigerators. The accomplishment, reported by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers in the June 24 issue of Nature, might move the promising technology closer to market and open the way to substantial energy and cost savings for homes and businesses. (2004-06-23)

Dual X-Ray Technique Analyzes Structure Of Dental Alloys
Researchers at Ohio State University have employed a combination of two X-ray techniques to discover new information about the structure of oxide layers on dental alloys. With this knowledge, manufacturers of alloys for crowns, bridges, and other dental restorations can explore stronger dental materials. (1998-09-01)

Adding copper strengthens 3D-printed titanium
Successful trials of titanium-copper alloys for 3D printing could kickstart a new range of high-performance alloys for medical device, defence and aerospace applications. (2019-12-04)

Living metals
Using Synchrotron x-ray microbeams, a research team from the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart and the ESRF has been able to observe for the first time that the microscopic structure of a crystalline material fluctuates in time. The results are published today in Science Express with the title: Scaling in the Time Domain: Universal Dynamics of Order Fluctuations in Fe3Al. (2005-04-22)

Accelerated analysis of the stability of complex alloys
Material scientists at Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum are able to determine if a new material remains stable under temperature load within the space of a few days. They have developed a novel process for analysing, for example, the temperature and oxidation resistance of complex alloys that are made up of a number of different elements. Previously, such analyses used to take months. The team describes the process in the journal (2017-12-22)

New Carnegie Mellon U. computational method could speed metallic glass design, testing
Want a tennis racket that propels balls faster than a race car or a sturdy ship hull that never rusts? Finding recipes for such remarkable materials - called amorphous metals - should be easier using a new computational approach developed by Carnegie Mellon University. Described in Phys. Rev. B (September 1, 2004), this novel approach should prove valuable in guiding future bench testing and sparing countless hours of laboratory trial and error to generate amorphous metals. (2004-08-30)

Alloying materials of different structures offers new tool for controlling properties
New research into the largely unstudied area of heterostructural alloys could lead to greater materials control and in turn better semiconductors, advances in nanotechnology for pharmaceuticals and improved metallic glasses for industrial applications. (2017-06-19)

New reactor-liner alloy material offers strength, resilience
A new tungsten-based alloy developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory can withstand unprecedented amounts of radiation without damage. Essential for extreme irradiation environments such as the interiors of magnetic fusion reactors, previously explored materials have thus far been hobbled by weakness against fracture, but this new alloy seems to defeat that problem. (2019-03-05)

Materials science researchers develop first electrically injected laser
Materials science researchers have demonstrated the first electrically injected laser made with germanium tin. Used as a semiconducting material for circuits on electronic devices, the diode laser could improve micro-processing speed and efficiency at much lower costs. (2020-08-07)

NREL-led research effort creates new alloys, phase diagram
A multi-institutional team led by the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discovered a way to create new alloys that could form the basis of next-generation semiconductors. (2017-06-13)

New 'metal sandwich' may break superconductor record, theory suggests
After an exhaustive data search for new compounds, researchers at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering have discovered a theoretical (2006-05-08)

Temple psychologists honored for contributions to psychology
Two internationally recognized members of Temple University's psychology faculty have been honored for their career achievements and contributions to the field by the two leading professional organizations in psychology. (2008-10-01)

NRC spin-off develops rapid sensors
IatroQuest Corporation, an Ottawa company spun off from the National Research Council (NRC), has made significant advances in developing rapid sensing and diagnostic systems for the detection and identification of chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents. (1999-10-31)

Decoupling stress and corrosion to predict metal failure
The research challenges the traditional viewpoint that the simultaneous presence of stress and a corrosive environment is a requirement for SCC and demonstrates that stress and corrosion can act independently. (2018-09-10)

Atomic-level imaging could offer roadmap to metals with new properties
A team of researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology has developed a new process that could help gain new insights into high-entropy alloys and help characterize their properties. (2019-10-09)

Next-gen steel under the microscope
Next-generation steel and metal alloys are a step closer to reality, thanks to an international research project involving a University of Queensland scientist. The work could overcome the problem of hydrogen alloy embrittlement that has led to catastrophic failures in major engineering and building projects. (2017-03-16)

A new rare metals alloy can change shape in the magnetic field
Scientists developed multifunctional metal alloys that emit and absorb heat at the same time and change their size and volume under the influence of a magnetic field. This effect is caused by changes in the structure of the substance. The alloys may be used in medicine and industry. (2019-07-08)

2-D tin (stanene) without buckling: A possible topological insulator
An international research team led by Nagoya University synthesized planar stanene: 2-D sheets of tin atoms, analogous to graphene. Tin atoms were deposited onto the Ag(111) surface of silver. The stanene layer remained extremely flat, unlike in previous studies wherein stanene was buckled. This leads to the formation of large area, high quality samples. Stanene is predicted to be a topological insulator, with applications in quantum computing and nanoelectronics. (2018-01-19)

Ames lab alloy could boost next generation jet fighter
The next generation of jet fighter aircraft could fly farther and faster thanks to a new high-strength aluminum alloy prepared at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory. The new alloy is one material being developed for use in the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, a cutting-edge aircraft that will see widespread use as the primary fighter for the US Navy, Air Force, and Marines as well as US allies abroad. (2006-01-04)

Glasses strong as steel: A fast way to find the best
Scientists at Yale have devised a dramatically faster way of identifying and characterizing complex alloys known as bulk metallic glasses, a versatile type of pliable glass that's stronger than steel. (2014-04-13)

Soft memory device opens door to new biocompatible electronics
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a memory device that is soft and functions well in wet environments -- opening the door to a new generation of biocompatible electronic devices. (2011-07-14)

Record-breaking steel could be used for body armor, shields for satellites
A team of engineers has developed and tested a type of steel with a record-breaking ability to withstand an impact without deforming permanently. The new steel alloy could be used in a wide range of applications, from drill bits, to body armor for soldiers, to meteor-resistant casings for satellites. The material is an amorphous steel alloy, a promising subclass of steel alloys made of arrangements of atoms that deviate from steel's classical crystal-like structure. (2016-04-05)

New study reveals solidification cracking during welding of steel
University of Leicester researchers offer new insights into important engineering alloy. (2017-01-25)

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