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Clues to one of Earth's oldest craters revealed
The Sudbury Basin located in Ontario, Canada is one of the largest known impact craters on Earth, as well as one of the oldest due to its formation more than 1.8 billion years ago. Researchers who took samples from the site and subjected them to a detailed geochemical analysis say that a comet may have hit the area to create the crater. (2014-11-13)

Study predicts decreasing brown bear habitat due to climate change
A recent analysis of data related to the brown bear (Ursus arctos) estimates that suitable habitat will be reduced by 11 percent across Central Asia and the Asian Highlands by 2050 due to climate change, predominantly due to the changes in temperature and precipitation. The findings are published in Ecology and Evolution. (2018-11-21)

Low-dose ketamine may be an effective alternative to opioids
Opioids are commonly prescribed in the emergency department (ED) for the treatment of acute pain, but due to the epidemic of opioid misuse, analgesic alternatives are being explored. A new Academic Emergency Medicine analysis of relevant studies found that low-dose ketamine is as effective as opioids for the control of acute pain in the ED. (2018-07-18)

Study examines trends related to osteoporotic fractures in England and Wales
In 2005, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England and Wales provided new guidance on the use of anti-osteoporosis therapies for the prevention of additional fractures in patients who had experienced osteoporotic fractures, which was followed by market authorization of a generic form of alendronic acid. (2016-07-06)

Hair analysis is a flawed forensic technique
Since 1989, 74 people who were convicted of serious crimes, in large part due to microscopic hair comparisons, were later exonerated by post-conviction DNA analysis. (2016-04-21)

Oceans' increasing mercury levels may be harming fish
Mercury contamination of ocean fish is a serious global health issue, and a new analysis of published reports reveals that the concentration of mercury in yellowfin tuna caught near Hawai'i is increasing at a rate of 3.8 percent per year. (2015-02-02)

Recent generations are experiencing higher rates of arthritis
In an analysis of the Canadian population born between the 1930s and 1960s, each succeeding generation had a higher prevalence of arthritis. (2017-03-08)

Genomatix improves its coverage of Affymetrix new exon arrays
Genomatix Software GmbH announced today that it will extend the leading position of its gene chip compatible products further by a new version of ChipInspector, which will be specifically geared towards analysis of the new exon arrays. (2006-01-26)

Are conservation efforts for coral reefs misguided?
A recent global analysis indicates that more than half of coral reefs are located less than 30 minutes from the nearest human settlement, but these reefs are receiving less protection than reefs located farther away from people. (2016-02-16)

Maternal mortality rates are on the rise, but more accurate estimates are needed
A new Birth analysis has uncovered dramatic increases in the rates of maternal mortality -- the death of a mother during pregnancy, childbirth, or post-partum -- in Texas in recent years. There was an 87 percent increase when comparing 2011-2015 data with 2006-2010 data. Some of the increase is likely due to increased overreporting of maternal deaths due to errors in the data collection system, however. (2018-01-04)

The Center of Nutrigenomics of the TU Munich licences Genomatix Microarray Analysis Pipeline
Genomatix Software GmbH and the Center of Nutrigenomics of the Technical University Munich signed a multi-year license agreement, giving the Center for Nurtigenomics full access to the Genomatix Microarray Analysis Pipeline. (2006-08-03)

Brazil faces major challenges in liver transplantation
A recent analysis indicates that more than 1,700 liver transplantations are performed annually in Brazil. While Brazil performs more liver transplant surgeries than anywhere else in Latin America and is third worldwide in absolute terms, the country averages only 5 to 10 liver transplants per million population due to its increasing population and inadequate donor organ supply. (2016-08-01)

Screening for fracture risk in postmenopausal women is cost-effective
A recent Journal of Bone and Mineral Research analysis indicates that screening for fracture risk in older postmenopausal women is a good use of healthcare resources--in other words, it's cost-effective. (2018-02-23)

Menopausal hormone therapy does not affect the risk of dying, study shows
Menopausal hormone therapy does not have a significant effect on death, according to a new review of the medical literature published over the past three decades. The results, which included studies with follow-up as long as 18 years, will be presented Friday at the Endocrine Society's 97th annual meeting in San Diego. (2015-03-06)

Chinese scientists generate a high-quality wheat A genome sequence
A joint research team from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, BGI Shenzhen and Keygene in the Netherlands generated a high-quality genome sequence of T. urartu by combining BAC-by-BAC sequencing, single molecule real-time whole-genome shotgun sequencing and next-generation mapping technologies. (2018-05-09)

New analysis finds lung cancer screening reduces rates of lung cancer-specific death
Low-dose CT screening methods may prevent one death per 250 at-risk adults screened, according to a meta-analysis of eight randomized controlled clinical trials of lung cancer screening. Researchers at the University of Georgia analyzed the health outcomes of 90,275 patients, comparing those who were screened versus those who received usual medical care or chest x-rays. (2020-11-10)

Increased risk of cancer for computer factory workers, large study shows
Workers at computer factories are at increased risk of dying of cancer. The largest study of its kind, published today in the open access journal Environmental Health, looks at over 30,000 deaths of workers who had been employed at IBM factories in the USA. (2006-10-18)

More New Yorkers with AIDS died of 'common' causes in 2004 than in 1999
An analysis of 68,669 New York City residents with AIDS found that of those who died between 1999 and 2004, 26.3 percent died of non-HIV-related causes. This figure is a 32.8 percent increase from 19.8 percent in 1999. (2006-09-18)

People with epilepsy face increased risks of discrimination and other negative life events
In a recent analysis, people with epilepsy were seven-fold more likely to have reported experiencing discrimination due to health problems than the general population. This risk was greater than other chronic health problems such as diabetes, asthma and migraines. (2016-10-14)

2.4 percent faster swimming with the dolphin kick
Professor Hideki Takagi, at the Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences at the University of Tsukuba and his colleagues, through joint research with Descente Ltd., have succeeded in developing a new high-performance swimsuit with a 'kick assist system' that improves the power of the dolphin kick. (2015-11-18)

Keeping ships healthy
ONR-funded researchers at Systems Planning and Analysis, Inc., of Alexandria, Va., have developed a technology that networks up to 30 remote sensors along a single fiber optic cable and periodically interrogates the sensors to assess structural strain. (1999-08-02)

NASA adds up record Australia rainfall
Over the week of May 15, extreme rainfall drenched northeastern Australia and NASA data provided a look at the record totals. (2017-05-22)

Scientists map what factors influence the news agenda
Computer scientists have analyzed over a million news articles in 22 languages to pinpoint what factors, such as the Eurovision song contest, influence and shape the news agenda in 27 EU countries. This is the first large-scale content-analysis of cross-linguistic text using artificial intelligence techniques. (2010-12-08)

Heart disease and cancer kill more people in developing nations than in Western countries
Diseases such as cancer, heart disease and stroke are deadlier in the developing world than in rich nations. (2018-07-25)

CryoSat Mission lost due to launch failure
Today at 21.00 CEST Mr Yuri Bakhvalov, First Deputy Director General of the Khrunichev Space Centre on behalf of the Russian State Commission officially confirmed that the launch of CryoSat ended in a failure due to an anomaly in the launch sequence and expressed his regret to ESA and all partners involved. (2005-10-10)

Study details sources of discrepancies between initial and final pathology reports
University of Colorado Cancer Center study details the hospital procedures that lead to discrepancies between initial, intraoperative pathology evaluation and the results of the final, less pressured examination. (2016-08-16)

Gallium-based solvating agent efficiently analyzes optically active alcohols
A KAIST research team has developed a gallium-based metal complex enabling the rapid chiral analysis of alcohols. A team working under Professor Hyunwoo Kim reported the efficient new alcohol analysis method using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in iScience. (2019-11-14)

Work-related PTSD in nurses
A recent Journal of Clinical Nursing analysis of published studies examined the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among nurses and identified factors associated with work-related PTSD among nurses. (2020-05-06)

Better conservation through satellites
The use of satellite telemetry in conservation is entering a 'golden age,' and is now being used to track the movements of individual animals at unprecedented scales. (2019-05-31)

Medication adherence may affect risk of hospitalization and early death
A recent analysis of published studies examined the clinical consequences of medication adherence. The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology analysis found that medication adherence is linked with lower risks of needing to be hospitalized and of dying early. (2019-09-05)

Factors promoting growth of cryoconite granule formation and glacial/ice sheet melting
A study of Qaanaaq Glacier in Greenland's surface reveals a significant increase in cryoconite granule formation in areas with large amounts of fine mineral sediment (2016-11-01)

BGI launches new cloud computing platform for genomic data analysis
BGI announces the launch of a powerful and highly secure cloud computing platform for genomic data analysis, known as BGI Online. BGI Online provides a one-stop solution for managing NGS projects and enables users to create and run complex data analysis pipelines easily. (2015-04-20)

In the apple orchards: A new way to gauge bee pollinator success
A decade-long analysis of bee activity in apple orchards in New York showed decreased pollination services in some orchards beyond what simple counts of bee number or species richness would predict. (2019-01-17)

An analysis of psychological meta-analyses reveals a reproducibility problem
Meta-analysis research studies in psychology aren't always reproducible due to a lack of transparency of reporting in the meta-analysis process, according to a new study published May 27, 2020, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Esther Maassen of Tilburg University, the Netherlands, and colleagues. (2020-05-27)

Study of 55 million people adds further evidence that patients admitted to hospital at weekends have higher mortality
A systematic review and meta-analysis of hospital data worldwide, presented as this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Stockholm, adds further evidence that patients admitted to hospital at weekends have higher mortality than those admitted on weekdays. The study is by Dr. Hiroshi Hoshijima, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, and colleagues. (2014-05-31)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cases linked with asbestos exposure
A proportion of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) cases may be linked with asbestos exposure, according to the results of a new study. If confirmed, the findings would mean that current treatment strategies need to be altered as people with a history of asbestos exposure are not currently able to access new treatments for IPF. (2014-09-09)

Children at risk from unexploded military material
Unexploded military material in Afghanistan cause more injuries and deaths than landmines especially among children, according to research published on (2005-01-06)

Pressure to be perfect may increase suicide risk in some individuals
A recent analysis of published studies suggests that self-generated and socially based pressures to be perfect may contribute to suicidal thoughts and attempts in individuals. (2017-09-07)

A considerable percentage of deaths in HIV patients are due to cryptococcal infections
Cryptococcal meningitis causes about one in ten HIV-related deaths, according to a study of autopsies performed in Mozambique and Brazil and coordinated by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by 'la Caixa'. (2019-05-21)

Mortality rates higher following kidney injury, University of Cincinnati research finds
New research from the University of Cincinnati shows kidney failure resulting from acute kidney injury leads to a higher risk of death in the first six months compared to kidney failure from diabetes or other causes. The study highlights the need for developing treatment strategies targeting factors that enhance kidney recovery. (2020-06-19)

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