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More than half of relapsed CLL patients respond to two biologics with chemotherapy
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center offers these news items presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH). (2004-12-06)

Novel immunotherapy vaccine decreases recurrence in HER2 positive breast cancer patients
A new breast cancer vaccine candidate, GP2, provides further evidence of the potential of immunotherapy in preventing disease recurrence. (2014-09-05)

Tropical fires fuel elevated ozone levels over western Pacific Ocean
A diverse team of atmospheric chemists, meteorologists and modelers, including scientists from NASA, has traced the origins of mysterious pockets of high ozone concentrations and low water vapor in the air above the western Pacific Ocean near Guam to fires burning in Southeast Asia and in Africa, half a world away. (2016-02-24)

Psychiatrist, pianist Richard Kogan visiting UH Nov. 9
Noted psychiatrist and concert pianist Richard Kogan will discuss the composer and perform his works during the lecture/concert (2012-11-05)

EGFR protects cancer cells from starvation via a kinase-independent mechanism
Scientists have uncovered a previously unrealized mechanism by which the epidermal growth factor receptor, a tyrosine kinase, promotes survival of cancer cells through a kinase-independent mechanism. The research, published by Cell Press in the May issue of the journal Cancer Cell, provides a rationale for the less than impressive results of recent clinical trials aimed solely at interfering with kinase activity and suggests new directions for potential therapeutic strategies. (2008-05-05)

US still spends more on health care than any other country
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the United States continues to spend significantly more on health care than any country in the world. They also found that supply constraints and malpractice litigation could not explain the difference in health care costs. (2005-07-12)

Media can now register for the world's largest scientific meeting for respiratory medicine
Media can now register for the world's largest scientific meeting for respiratory medicine: the annual European Respiratory Society Congress in Amsterdam, Sept. 24-28, 2011. (2011-07-13)

Project to capture and interrogate single cancer cells wins innovator award
Successfully analyzing differences in active mutations at various stages of cancer's development using a unique single-cell approach would help researchers understand, map and eventually block the lethal path to metastasis. (2013-01-10)

Spinning black hole sprays light-speed plasma clouds into space
Astronomers have discovered rapidly swinging jets coming from a black hole almost 8,000 light-years from Earth. Published today in the journal Nature, the research shows jets from V404 Cygni's black hole behaving in a way never seen before on such short timescales. The jets appear to be rapidly rotating with high-speed clouds of plasma -- potentially just minutes apart -- shooting out of the black hole in different directions. (2019-04-29)

Prophylactic surgeries prevent two gynecological cancers in women with Lynch syndrome
Women diagnosed with Lynch syndrome, a condition often associated with colon cancer, also are at high risk for endometrial and ovarian cancers - both of which can be eliminated by having a prophylactic hysterectomy and oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries), according to a study published by researchers from The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in the Jan. 19 New England Journal of Medicine issue. (2006-01-18)

Too much TV linked to future fast-food intake
High-school kids who watch too much TV are likely to have bad eating habits five years in the future. Research published in BioMed Central's open access International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity followed almost 2000 high- and middle-school children and found that TV viewing times predict a poor diet in the future. (2009-01-29)

Clinical trial demonstrates safety of pre-transplant expansion of umbilical cord blood stem cells
Taking blood stem cells collected from an umbilical cord into the lab and expanding their number before transplanting them to replace a patient's blood supply is as safe as a standard cord blood transplant, researchers reported today at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology. (2008-12-08)

Experts address ways to support latest science education standards
The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are K-12 science content standards, with three dimensions that are integrated in instruction at all levels: core ideas, science and engineering practices, and cross-cutting concepts. A new article in the Journal of Research Science in Teaching focuses on how to support enactment of the NGSS in diverse educational systems, including the challenges faced when some of those systems are fragmented and resource-poor. (2018-07-18)

Protein ZEB1 promotes breast tumor resistance to radiation therapy
One protein with the even more out-there name of zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1, is now thought to keep breast cancer cells from being successfully treated with radiation therapy, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. (2014-08-04)

Prostate cancer bone metastases thwart immunotherapy by producing TGF-β
Prostate cancer that spreads to the bone triggers the destruction of bone tissue that thwarts the effectiveness of immune checkpoint inhibitors. Research points to anti-CTLA-4 and anti-TGF-B combination to protect T cells. (2019-11-14)

New treatment protocol extends survival in some cases of once inoperable pancreatic cancer
A Journal of the American College of Surgeons study reports on a comprehensive treatment strategy that increases long-term survival in some patients with a formerly inoperable pancreatic cancer. (2012-06-27)

A Christmas Present For The 21st Century - USMP-4 On Shuttle Ends Near-Perfect Flight
The last of the U.S. Microgravity Payload (USMP-4) missions comes home Friday with a full haul of science and samples that will help scientists direct investigations for the era of International Space Station. Out of the four payload bay experiments and three Middeck Glovebox experiments, the investigators had only one major disappointment, but even that did not block the investigator from getting a good set of samples. Experiment runs for the mission are summarized. (1997-12-04)

Reformulated imatinib eliminates morphine tolerance in lab studies
By reformulating the common cancer drug imatinib (Gleevec), researchers have eliminated morphine tolerance in rats -- an important step toward improving the effectiveness of chronic pain management in patients, according to researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. (2012-02-19)

Oral drug combination proven as effective as standard chemotherapy
A recent study conducted at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center shows that patients with multiple myeloma, a cancer of the bone marrow, were more likely to achieve remission when treated with a combination of drugs that included thalidomide, a medicine that had previously been shelved for causing birth defects. (2002-12-29)

UV light can aid hospitals' fight to wipe out drug-resistant superbugs
A new tool -- a type of ultraviolet light called UVC -- could aid hospitals in the ongoing battle to keep drug-resistant bacteria from lingering in patient rooms and causing new infections. (2017-01-16)

The genes and neural circuits behind autism's impaired sociability
Researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have gained new insight into the genetic and neuronal circuit mechanisms that may contribute to impaired sociability in some forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder. (2017-03-15)

Violent music lyrics increase aggressive thoughts and feelings, according to new study
Songs with violent lyrics increase aggression related thoughts and emotions and this effect is directly related to the violence in the lyrics, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association (APA). (2003-05-04)

Don't get hacked! Research shows how much we ignore online warnings
New research finds that people say they care about online security but behave like they don't -- such as ignoring security warnings. To better understand how people deal with security messages, Brigham Young University professors Anthony Vance, Bonnie Anderson and Brock Kirwan simulated hacking into study subjects laptops. The responses were telling. (2014-11-20)

How plants cope with stress
With climate change comes drought, and with drought comes higher salt concentrations in the soil. A team led by University of Pennsylvania scientists have identified a mechanism by which plants respond to salt stress, a pathway that could be targeted to engineer more adaptable crops. (2018-10-30)

M. D. Anderson study finds pre-surgical stress management improves mood, quality of life
Brief stress management sessions prior to and immediately after surgery may have both short- and long-term benefit for men undergoing a radical prostatectomy for early stage prostate cancer, according to research from the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. (2009-04-06)

Technique reveals age of planetary materials
The key to understanding the geologic history of the Solar System is knowing the ages of planetary rocks. Researchers have developed an instrument that is not only capable of dating rocks, but also is composed entirely of technology that can be miniaturized for spaceflight. (2015-01-20)

Bladder cancer detected via amplified gene in cells found in urine
Counting the copies of a specific gene in cells gathered from a urine sample may provide a simple, noninvasive way to detect bladder cancer, a team led by researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center reports in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2008-09-23)

Study shows MD Anderson-developed drug effective in overcoming ibrutinib resistance in mantle cell lymphona
A study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center demonstrated how a small molecule drug discovered at the institution may help overcome resistance to treatment with ibrutinib in patients with mantle cell lymphoma. (2019-05-08)

Therapeutic melanoma vaccine improves response rate, progression-free survival
A vaccine for one of the most lethal cancers, advanced melanoma, has improved response rate and progression-free survival for patients when combined with the immunotherapy drug Interleukin-2, according to research led by scientists from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Indiana University Health Goshen Center for Cancer Care. (2011-06-01)

Hidden in plain sight
Atmospheric aerosols, airborne particles that reflect the sun's heat away from Earth and into space, are part of everyday life. They are in the haze of air pollution, in plumes of smoke from forest fires and in ash clouds from erupting volcanoes. But a new study says the cooling effect of man-made aerosols could throw a monkey wrench into the current understanding of climate change. (2003-05-15)

E. coli persists against antibiotics through HipA-induced dormancy
Bacteria hunker down and survive antibiotic attack when a protein flips a chemical switch that throws them into a dormant state until treatment abates, researchers at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center report in the Jan. 16 edition of Science. (2009-01-15)

Scientists discover quantum mechanical 'hurricanes' form spontaneously
University of Arizona scientists have discovered experimentally that when super-cold gas becomes a Bose-Einstein condensate, it can spontaneously spin up what might be described as quantum mechanical twisters or hurricanes. (2008-10-15)

Autoimmune disease triggered if T cells miss a single protein early on
Scientists have discovered that autoimmunity can be triggered in the thymus, where the immune system's T cells develop, if T cells fail to recognize just one of the body's thousands of proteins as (2006-11-21)

3 researchers to receive prestigious awards from the American Society of Hematology
The American Society of Hematology, the world's largest professional society of blood specialists, will honor three scientists who have made significant contributions to the understanding of hematologic diseases. (2008-08-12)

Telomere failure, telomerase activation drive prostate cancer progression
Genomic instability caused by an erosion of the protective caps on chromosomes, followed by activation of an enzyme that reinforces those caps, allows malignant cells to evade destruction and acquire more deadly characteristics, researchers report in an online now article at the journal Cell. (2012-02-20)

MD Anderson researcher Jim Allison wins Breakthrough Prize for his innovative cancer immunology rese
Basic science research that exposed vital details of cancer's defense against the immune system, revealing an entirely new way to combat these diseases, has earned Jim Allison, Ph.D., a Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences. (2013-12-13)

UT MD Anderson study finds link between depressive symptoms and cancer survival
Research from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has found that symptoms of depression in patients with newly diagnosed metastatic kidney cancer are associated with survival and inflammatory gene regulation may explain this link. (2012-08-02)

Enhancing RNA interference
Helping RNA escape from cells' recycling process could make it easier to shut off disease-causing genes, says new study from MIT. (2013-06-24)

Move it and use it: Exergaming may help those at risk of Alzheimer's or related dementias
Older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), often a precursor to Alzheimer's, showed significant improvement with certain complex thinking and memory skills after exergaming, according to a new study. The results could encourage seniors, caregivers and health care providers to pursue or prescribe exergames (video games that also require physical exercise) in hopes of slowing the debilitating effects of those with MCI, sometimes a stage between normal brain aging and dementia. (2018-05-15)

Team led by UCLA and Columbia engineers uses disorder to control light on a nanoscale
A breakthrough by a team of researchers from UCLA, Columbia University and other institutions could lead to the more precise transfer of information in computer chips, as well as new types of optical materials for light emission and lasers. (2015-02-02)

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