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Exploring the Stone Age pantry
The consumption of wild cereals among prehistoric hunters and gatherers appears to be far more ancient than previously thought, according to a University of Calgary archaeologist who has found the oldest example of extensive reliance on cereal and root staples in the diet of early Homo sapiens more than 100,000 years ago. (2009-12-17)

World-famous undersea explorer and archeologist returns to ONR roots
Renowned for recovering the wreck of the RMS Titanic, deep-sea explorer and underwater archaeologist Robert D. Ballard, Ph.D., returned to his roots at the Office of Naval Research to discuss the future of deep sea exploration and its application for the fleet. (2009-03-03)

Has one of Harald Bluetooth's fortresses come to light?
This was the first discovery of its kind in Denmark in over 60 years. Since then, archaeologists have been waiting impatiently for the results of the dating of the fortress. Now the first results are available. (2014-11-18)

Giant ape lived alongside humans
McMaster University geochronologist solves the puzzle of when Gigantopithecus blackii roamed the Earth. (2005-11-10)

Ancient mantis-man petroglyph discovered in Iran
A rare rock carving of an insect found in the Teymareh site of Central Iran has been jointly described by a team of entomologists and archaeologists in a paper now published in the open access Journal of Orthoptera Research. The petroglyph shows a six-limbed creature with the head and arms of a praying mantis, but with two circles at its sides, similarly to the famous ''squatter man'' petroglyph found at several locations around the world. (2020-03-16)

Archaeologists uncover new clues to Maya collapse
Using the largest set of radiocarbon dates ever obtained from a single Maya site, a team of archaeologists, led by the University of Arizona, developed a high-precision chronology that sheds new light on patterns leading up to the two major collapses of the Maya civilization. (2017-01-23)

Archaeologists restore early Islamic caliph's palace on the shores of the Sea of Galilee
The Department of Ancient Studies at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz is to receive EUR 30,000 through the Cultural Preservation Program of the German Federal Foreign Office to help with the restoration of a caliph's palace on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. (2015-06-02)

World's oldest ground-edge implement discovered in northern Australia
The oldest ground-edge stone tool in the world has been discovered in northern Australia by a Monash University researcher and a team of international experts. (2010-11-06)

Microscopic evidence sheds light on the disappearance of the world's largest mammals
Understanding the causes and consequences of Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions is increasingly important in a world of growing human populations and climate change. A review, led by scholars at the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, highlights the role that cutting-edge scientific methods can play in broadening the discussions about megafaunal extinction and enabling insights into ecosystems and species-specific responses to climate change and human activities. (2019-10-02)

Archaeologists use new methods to explore move from hunting, gathering to farming
Recent research by a team of archaeologists sheds new light on the variables that might have affected the human shift from hunting and gathering to food production. (2015-07-20)

Fracture zones endanger tombs in Valley of Kings
Ancient choices made by Egyptians digging burial tombs may have led to today's problems with damage and curation of these precious archaeological treasures, but photography and detailed geological mapping should help curators protect the sites, according to a Penn State researcher. (2009-10-18)

U of T researchers shed light on ancient Assyrian tablets
A cache of cuneiform tablets unearthed by a team led by a University of Toronto archaeologist has been found to contain a largely intact Assyrian treaty from the early 7th century BCE. (2010-04-08)

African bone tool discovery has important implications for evolution of human behavior
An emerging set of archaeological evidence may answer a key question in the human origins debate by providing proof that not only did early Homo sapiens come (2001-11-06)

First primate archaeological dig uncovers new tool development links
A study of chimpanzees' use of hammers to open nuts in western Africa may provide fresh clues to how tools developed among human ancestors. (2002-05-23)

Stunning survey unveils new secrets of Caistor Roman town
On the morning of Friday July 20, 1928, the crew of an RAF aircraft took photographs over the site of the Roman town of Venta Icenorum at Caistor St. Edmund in Norfolk, a site which now lies in open fields to the south of Norwich. (2007-12-13)

Underwater 'lost city' found to be geological formation
New research reveals how an underwater 'lost city' has been found to be a geological formation. The ancient underwater remains of what was thought to be a long lost Greek city, found close to the holiday island Zakynthos, were in fact created by a naturally occurring phenomenon up to five million years ago. (2016-06-02)

U of T Mississauga professor discovers new origins for farmed rice
Chew on this: rice farming is a far older practice than we knew. In fact, the oldest evidence of domesticated rice has just been found in China, and it's about 9,000 years old. (2016-06-22)

Busy older stars outpace stellar youngsters, new study shows
The oldest stars in our Galaxy are also the busiest, moving more rapidly than their younger counterparts in and out of the disk of the Milky Way, according to new analysis carried out at the University of Birmingham. (2019-08-28)

Texas A&M field school discoveries may rewrite history of early North American man
New discoveries in a valley on the eastern edge of the Texas Hill Country will prompt rewriting the history of early North American man, predict Texas A&M University archaeologists who are co-directing excavations at the artifact-rich site. (2001-01-30)

NOAA and Navy to conduct archaeological survey of 2 Civil War shipwrecks in Hampton Roads, Va.
On Monday, June 27, NOAA and the US Navy embarked today on a two-day research expedition to survey the condition of two sunken Civil War vessels that have rested on the seafloor of the James River in Hampton Roads, Va., for nearly 150 years. (2011-06-28)

Red hot chili pepper research spices up historical record
A team of international researchers, including three archaeologists from the University of Calgary, have identified starch microfossils from the common chili pepper on artifacts dating back 6,100 years. The analysis adds new information on how the Capsicum species of pepper may have first been domesticated and popularized. (2007-02-15)

Rare find: human teeth used as jewellery in Turkey 8,500 years ago
At a prehistoric archaeological site in Turkey, researchers have discovered two 8,500-year-old human teeth, which had been used as pendants in a necklace or bracelet. Researchers have never documented this practice before in the prehistoric Near East, and the rarity of the find suggests that the human teeth were imbued with profound symbolic meaning for the people who wore them. (2019-12-13)

Geological foundations for smart cities: Comparing early Rome and Naples
Geological knowledge is essential for the sustainable development of a 'smart city' -- one that harmonizes with the geology of its territory. Making a city 'smarter' means improving the management of its infrastructure and resources to meet the present and future needs of its citizens and businesses. In the May issue of GSA Today, geologist Donatella de Rita and classical archaeologist Chrystina Häuber explain this idea further by using early Rome and Naples as comparative examples. (2015-04-29)

Livestock bones help date the earliest spread of millet grains outside China
New research from Washington University in St. Louis and Kiel University in Germany uses DNA from the skeletal remains of sheep and goats to show that animals first domesticated in the Near East had reached eastern Kazakhstan by 2700 BC, and that these animals were fed millet grain first domesticated in China to help them survive harsh winters. (2019-09-04)

Professor Rina Talgam awarded the polonsky prize for her comprehensive examination of a millennium of mosaics
Prof. Rina Talgam, the Alice and Edward J. Winant Family Professor of Art History, in the History of Art Department in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Faculty of Humanities, has been following the intricate visual dialogues among Paganism, Judaism, Samaritanism, Christianity and Islam in the Holy Land from before the Roman Empire to after the Muslim conquests. (2016-06-07)

Genetic marker tells squash domestication story
In the January 8 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), The Cucurbit Network and the University of Puerto Rico establish mitochondrial DNA analysis as a powerful tool for understanding relationships among flowering plants. A comparison of mtDNA from cultivated squash, pumpkins, gourds and their wild ancestors strongly supports hypotheses based on archeological and ethnobotanical evidence for six independent domestication events in the New World. (2002-01-07)

Manchester University helps with pharaoh DNA analysis
Preliminary results from DNA tests carried out on a mummy believed to be Queen Hatshepsut is expected to support the claim by Egyptian authorities that the remains are indeed those of Egypt's most powerful female ruler. (2007-07-15)

Easter Island discovery sends archaeologists back to drawing board
Archaeologists have disproved the 50-year-old theory underpinning our understanding of how the famous stone statues were moved around Easter Island. Fieldwork led by researchers at University College London and the University of Manchester, has shown the remote Pacific island's ancient road system was primarily ceremonial and not solely built for transportation of the figures. (2010-05-12)

Scientists improve dating of early human settlement
A Simon Fraser University archaeologist and his colleagues at the University of Queensland in Australia have significantly narrowed down the time frame during which the last major chapter in human colonization, the Polynesian triangle, occurred. The authors have recently had their claims published in an article in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. (2012-11-15)

Ancient teeth bacteria record disease evolution
DNA preserved in calcified bacteria on the teeth of ancient human skeletons has shed light on the health consequences of the evolving diet and behavior from the Stone Age to the modern day. (2013-02-17)

'Virtual archaeologist' reconnects fragments of an ancient civilization
A team of Princeton University computer scientists working in collaboration with archaeologists in Greece has developed a new technology that has the potential to change the way people do archaeology. (2008-08-15)

Archaeologists unearthing life of early integrated town in Illinois
Independence Day has taken on new layers of meaning for a team of archaeologists who've been digging in western Illinois this summer. They are focusing on New Philadelphia, a town since turned to pasture but once a thriving agricultural center founded in 1836 by a former slave who had trekked to the site from Kentucky. (2004-07-02)

29,000 years of Aboriginal history
The known timeline of the Aboriginal occupation of South Australia's Riverland region has been vastly extended by new research led by Flinders University in collaboration with the River Murray and Mallee Aboriginal Corporation (RMMAC). Radiocarbon dating of shell middens - remnants of meals eaten long ago - capture a record of Aboriginal occupation that extends to around 29,000 years, confirming the location as one of the oldest sites along the 2500km river to become the oldest River Murray Indigenous site in South Australia. (2020-07-14)

Mayan pool in the rainforest
Archaeologists from the University of Bonn found a water reservoir the size of a soccer field, whose floor is lined with ceramic shards, in the Mexican rainforest. It seems that in combination with the limestone on top, the shards were supposed to seal the artificial lake. The system was built about 1,500 years ago. It is the first example of this design found for the Maya. It is not yet known whether the reservoir's entire floor is tiled. (2010-08-26)

Alpine archaeology reveals high life through the ages
An international team of archaeologists led by experts from the University of York has uncovered evidence of human activity in the high slopes of the French Alps dating back over 8000 years. (2013-09-25)

Archaeologists piece together how crew survived 1813 shipwreck in Alaska
Working closely with the US Forest Service and the Sitka Tribe of Alaska, an international team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation has begun to piece together an archaeological and historical narrative of how the crew of the wrecked 19th century Russian-American Company sailing ship Neva survived the harsh subarctic winter. (2015-09-10)

Hebrew University excavations strengthen dating of archaeological findings to David, Solomon
A new, laboratory-based affirmation of the existence of a united Israelite monarchy headed by kings David and Solomon in the 10th century B.C.E. has been revealed as the result of excavations carried out by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Institute of Archeology. (2003-04-13)

University Of Cincinnati Professor Scouts Out Armies Of Armageddon
When it comes to the biblically predicted (1999-04-26)

Internal dissension cited as reason for Cahokia's dissolution
Dr. Thomas E. Emerson and Dr. Kristin M. Hedman from the Illinois State Archaeological Survey-Prairie Research Institute at the University of Illinois present a new case for Cahokia's demise. The new theory was published in Southern Illinois University Press' volume, 'Beyond Collapse: Archaeological Perspectives on Resilience, Revitalization, and Transformation in Complex Societies.' Emerson and Hedman contributed a chapter that explores internal divisions that led to the collapse of Cahokia. (2016-02-23)

Chemical analyses uncover secrets of an ancient amphora
A team of chemists from the University of Valencia has confirmed that the substance used to hermetically seal an amphora found among remains at Lixus, in Morocco, was pine resin. The scientists also studied the metallic fragments inside the 2,000-year-old vessel, which could be fragments of material used for iron-working. (2010-01-20)

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