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Charging portable electronics in 10 minutes
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three-dimensional, silicon-decorated, cone-shaped carbon-nanotube cluster architecture for lithium ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable electronics in 10 minutes, instead of hours. (2014-06-10)

Landscape architecture survey: Is plant knowledge passé?
A study evaluated attitudes and perceptions of practicing landscape architects in the southeastern United States with regards to the importance of horticultural knowledge. While seasoned practitioners in the residential design market said they had a favorable opinion of their own plant knowledge, they felt that recent graduates in landscape architecture have insufficient knowledge of plants. The authors say the study shows a continued need for both formal and informal extended education classes for the profession. (2011-12-14)

'Spear and shield' inspire high toughness microstructure
Researchers designed a discontinuous fibrous Bouligand (DFB) architecture and tested the 3D-printed single-edge notched specimens with such architecture for optimization parameter. (2020-06-28)

Forschungszentrum Juelich joins the OpenPOWER Foundation
Forschungszentrum Juelich has joined the OpenPOWER Foundation, an open development community based on the POWER microprocessor architecture. Platinum members of the foundation like IBM, NVIDIA, Mellanox and Samsung Electronics are leading providers of key high-performance computing technologies. By joining the OpenPOWER Foundation, Forschungszentrum Juelich intends to foster the development of future high-end solutions by providing architectural and application expertise to the foundation. (2014-04-23)

Carnegie Mellon's Shaw and Garlan honored for pioneering research in software architecture
Mary Shaw and David Garlan, faculty members who led Carnegie Mellon University to prominence in the field of software architecture, have been named co-recipients of the Outstanding Research Award for 2011 presented by the Association for Computing Machinery's Special Interest Group on Software Engineering. (2011-05-02)

As Grid problem solving flows smoothly
Computational Fluid Dynamics, a technique that can be used to measure the flow of water around a ship's hull or the exhaust flow of a car engine, requires complex, processing-intensive software. It is therefore a key candidate to benefit from Grid computing, as the FlowGrid project proved. (2005-12-22)

Microfluidics and optical trapping integrated for the first time in new lab-on-a-chip research
Researchers at Cornell University for the first time have integrated optical functions with microfluidic ones, enabling the sorting of particles by light. (2007-10-25)

New AIAA book explores space architecture
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics has announced the publication of a new book, (2009-10-15)

Healthy buildings go beyond green
The Washington area's top green developer, Jeffrey Abramson of the award-winning Tower Companies, will present to architects and developers plans for the world's largest Vedic green office building- (2005-06-02)

NJIT chemistry professor edits text outlining best laboratory practices
The importance of meticulous measurements are essential to good science. But ensuring that correct methods are used is another story as well as the topic of a text edited by Somenath Mitra, PhD, professor of chemistry, at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). (2005-03-07)

The history of reinforced concrete in the architecture of the 20th century
Today there is an extensive heritage of reinforced concrete buildings in the Basque Country, which hardly existed a century ago. Maialen Sagarna, lecturer in Architecture at the University of the Basque Country, studied the evolution and development of the (2011-04-27)

Tug of war among bacteria
As hide-outs for bacteria, biofilms cause problems for antibiotic treatment or the cleaning of medical tubes. They contribute to the spreading of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains. A biofilm is created when bacteria attach to surfaces and multiply. Gradually, bacterial subpopulations can develop different properties although they originated from the same cell. However, very little is known about how this heterogeneity contributes to the development of structure in such biofilms (2015-10-30)

Researchers develop an artificial cerebellum than enables robotic human-like object handling
Researchers are developing a robotic system with ability to predict the specific action or movement that they should perform when handling an object. (2012-07-03)

A secret to night vision found in DNA's unconventional 'architecture'
Researchers have discovered an important element for making night vision possible in nocturnal mammals: the DNA within the photoreceptor rod cells responsible for low light vision is packaged in a very unconventional way, according to a report in the April 17 issue of Cell, a Cell Press publication. That special DNA architecture turns the rod cell nuclei themselves into tiny light-collecting lenses, with millions of them in every nocturnal eye. (2009-04-16)

Surrey's new hybrid X-ray detector goes toe-to-toe with state-of-the-art rivals
A new hybrid X-ray detector developed by the University of Surrey outperforms commercial devices - and could lead to more accurate cancer therapy. (2020-11-26)

Yale computer scientists devise a 'P4P' system for efficient Internet usage
A Yale research team has engineered a system with the potential for making the Internet work more efficiently, in which Internet Service Providers and Peer-to-Peer software providers can work cooperatively to deliver data. (2008-05-27)

Silent DNA architecture helps block cancer cell growth
Cancer cells can detect that they are abnormal and kill themselves, or remain alive indefinitely but cease proliferating, through two intrinsic processes called programmed cell death and cellular senescence. One goal of cancer chemotherapy is to help stimulate these potent antitumor processes. Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have uncovered a precise molecular mechanism that helps trigger the (2003-06-12)

New metal-semiconductor interface for brain-inspired computing
One of the big challenges in computer architecture is integrating storage, memory and processing in one unit. This would make computers faster and more energy efficient. University of Groningen physicists have taken a big step towards this goal by combining a niobium doped strontium titanate (SrTiO3) semiconductor with ferromagnetic cobalt. At the interface, this creates a spin-memristor with storage abilities, paving the way for neuromorphic computing architectures. The results were published in Scientific Reports. (2018-01-22)

Recent progress in whole-lifecycle software architecture modeling
Software complexity is an important factor leading to software crisis. In 2014 (5) issue of Science China: Information Science, a paper based on long-term research shows that the software architecture can play important roles in the whole-lifecycle software complexity controlling. (2014-06-25)

Study shows post-9/11 security zones blight landscape
New study says post-9/11 (2010-12-14)

Gardening to go: UH architecture professors introduce GroPODS
The innovative minds at UH Green Building Components have developed a solution for growing gardens in apartments and non-green business and residential spaces. UHGBC's GroPOD is a raised bed, modular gardening system that can easily be transported and used anywhere. (2011-06-29)

New book by NJIT architecture professor focuses on urbanism
The University of Chicago Press has published Modernizing Main Street: Architecture and Consumer Culture in the New Deal by Gabrielle Esperdy, an associate professor in the New Jersey School of Architecture at NJIT. (2008-07-09)

Smart, but do they work together?
Stovepipes--old (2002-12-02)

Colonists' religious architecture influenced by Maya traditions
The Mayas influenced the Spanish colonists' religious architecture. This is concluded in a new doctoral thesis in archaeology that compares Spanish colonial churches and Maya dwellings on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico and Belize. (2016-03-31)

Yale researchers 'teleport' a quantum gate
Yale University researchers have demonstrated one of the key steps in building the architecture for modular quantum computers: the 'teleportation' of a quantum gate between two qubits, on demand. (2018-09-05)

2 new publications provide a cloud computing standards roadmap and reference architecture
NIST has published two new documents on cloud computing: the first edition of a cloud computing standards roadmap and a cloud computing reference architecture and taxonomy. Together, the documents describe an agenda for cloud computing standards development and an overall framework for cloud computing that can be used government-wide. (2011-09-13)

Penn awarded $7.5 million from NSF to contribute 'nebula' to next Internet architecture
A collaboration of network researchers led by Jonathan Smith of the University of Pennsylvania has been awarded $7.5 million by the National Science Foundation to help build a network architecture, Nebula, to support trustworthy (2010-09-01)

Scientists demonstrate the advantages of diverse populations when compiling genetic data
Relying strictly on genetic data from those of European descent, rather than more diverse populations, can exacerbate existing disease and increase health care disparities, according to new research. (2019-06-19)

Star architecture and its impact on the city
The Guggenheim Museum by star architect Frank Gehry led to an economic boom in the Spanish city of Bilbao. This 'Bilbao Effect' is appealing to many urban planners and politicians who look to better position their cities in economic and social terms by building exceptional architectural projects. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have studied three projects to investigate whether or not the desired effects materialize. (2018-02-12)

How plants chill out
Plants elongate their stems when grown at high temperature to facilitate the cooling of their leaves, according to new research from the University of Bristol published today in Current Biology. Understanding why plants alter their architecture in response to heat is important as increasing global temperatures pose a threat to future food production. (2012-05-21)

Vickery Meadows requests strategic plan from UTA's Institute of Urban Studies
The University of Texas at Arlington's Institute of Urban Studies is formulating a strategic plan for Dallas' Vickery Meadow, a burgeoning, densely populated neighborhood in northeast Dallas. (2017-03-01)

People, not just a building, make for 'place'
A building designed to recapture the past may bring nostalgia, but the end product may not capture current realities of a place, says Kingston Heath, a professor of historic preservation at the University of Oregon at the annual meeting of the International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments in Oxford, UK. (2008-12-13)

Cloud computing load balancing based on ant colony algorithms improves performance
The criticality of certain sectors, as well as the requirement of users, involve Cloud providers to guarantee a high level of performance. This article embraces two parts, including a first section that assesses the factors which influence performance by using an analysis methodology inspired by the concept of the Taguchi experience plan. The second part builds on the conclusions of the first section by proposing a three-level architecture that optimizes load balancing via an ACO algorithm. (2018-10-29)

UH art professor Abinadi Meza receives prestigious Rome Prize
Soon, University of Houston School of Art professor Abinadi Meza will be immersed in Rome's landscapes and culture. Meza is among the recipients of the prestigious Rome Prize -- presented by the American Academy in Rome. The award recognizes excellence in arts and humanities, and rewards recipients with fellowships and stipends that support residencies in Rome. (2014-04-24)

Pitt to establish center that will use viruses to trace nervous system circuitry
The University of Pittsburgh has received a five-year $4.6 million grant from the National Center for Research Resources of the National Institutes of Health to establish a Center for Neuroanatomy with Neurotropic Viruses. The center, the only one of its kind, will use viruses to trace the intricate circuitry and architecture of the nervous system in order to better understand its function and organization. (2004-07-01)

Tiny protein motor fuels bacterial movement
The ability to move is key for bacteria like some strains of salmonella and E. coli to efficiently spread infections. They can propel themselves forward using threads, known as flagella, powered by the flagellar rotary motor. But how this rotary motor is powered has been a mystery among scientists. Now, researchers from UCPH show that the bacterial flagellar motor is powered by yet another even tinier, rotary motor. (2020-09-15)

UH graduate design build studio to receive mayor's Proud Partner Award
UH's Graduate Design Build Studio will receive the Mayor's Proud Partner Award on Oct. 31. Led by director Patrick Peters, studio students designed and constructed a 'Solar Shade Tree' for Houston's McReynolds Middle School. (2011-10-18)

When every photon counts: unusual cell nuclei help nocturnal animals see better
The eyes of nocturnal mammals are extraordinarily light-sensitive. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München researchers have now succeeded in demonstrating that the genetic material in the nuclei of the light-sensing cells in these animals has an unusual arrangement. The result is that the nucleus functions as a micro-lens enhancing light capture. (2009-04-16)

Ancient Greek tholos-like architecture composed of archaeal proteins
Collaborative research groups discovered a unique supramolecular structure composed of hyperthermophilic archaeal proteins. Their integrative biophysical data show that the two functionally unannotated archaeal proteins are co-assembled into an ancient Greek tholos-like architecture having a central cavity, which can potentially accommodate other proteins. Their findings not only provide insight into the molecular evolution between archaeal and eukaryotic proteins but also offer a new framework for designing functional protein cages that are stable in high temperatures. (2020-02-03)

Digital fabrication in architecture
Society faces enormous challenges in constructing high-quality, future-oriented built environments. Construction sites today look much like the building sites did at the beginning of the 20th century. Current research on digital fabrication in architecture indicates that the development and integration of innovative digital technologies within architectural and construction processes could transform the building industry -- on the verge of a building industry 4.0. Digital technologies in architecture and construction could increase productivity creating new jobs. (2017-02-17)

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