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Short birth length more than doubles risk of violent suicide attempts
Short male babies run more than double the risk of a violent suicide attempt as an adult, suggests a study in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2008-01-17)

Parental history of suicide attempt associated with increased risk in kids
A suicide attempt by a parent increased the odds nearly five-fold that a child would attempt suicide, according to a report published online by JAMA Psychiatry. (2014-12-30)

Suicide attempt method affects prognosis
The method used for a suicide attempt is highly significant for the risk of subsequent successful suicide, reveals a long-term study from Karolinska Institutet. The results may be of help in acute risk assessment following a suicide attempt. (2010-07-07)

Unplanned quit attempts more likely to succeed
Unplanned attempts to stop smoking are more likely to succeed than planned ones, concludes a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-01-26)

Method of attempted suicide influences risk of eventual suicide
The method that people use to attempt suicide has a large influence on the risk of later completed suicide, according to a new study published on bmj.com today. (2010-07-13)

More than five percent of family physicians did not attempt recertification
More than five percent of family physicians did not attempt recertification. (2018-01-09)

Failure of the 1st attempt at assisted reproduction justifies at least 1 additional cycle
Research into the effect of age and the number of times women undergo assisted reproduction technology (ART) shows that for younger women, the overwhelming majority achieve a pregnancy within the first two attempts, whereas women over the age of 40 had a more consistent, but lower, pregnancy rate of about 20 percent throughout their first four attempts. The research was presented at the 24th annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology on Tuesday. (2008-07-08)

Nightmares increase risk of further suicide attempts
A thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, concludes that people who have nightmares following a suicide attempt are five times more likely to attempt suicide again, compared with those who do not have nightmares. (2009-02-03)

Women suffering from anorexia are 50 times more likely to commit suicide
In a study of suicidal behavior of 246 women with eating disorders over a span of 8.6 years, Debra L. Franko, an associate professor of counseling psychology at Northeastern University's Bouvé College of Health Sciences, and her colleagues at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), found that women with anorexia nervosa are 57 times more likely to commit suicide than the expected rate for other women in the same age and racial groups. (2002-04-25)

Academic performance predicts risk of suicide attempt
In a recent Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica study, poor academic performance, measured as grade point average (GPA) at age 16, was a robust and strong predictor of suicide attempt up to middle age. (2017-11-08)

Post-partum suicide attempt risks studied
Although maternal suicide after giving birth is a relatively rare occurrence, suicide attempts often have long-lasting effects on the family and the infant. In a study published in the August 2008 issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers compared two populations of mothers and found that a history of psychiatric disorders or substance abuse was a strong predictor of post-partum suicide attempts. (2008-08-06)

Risk of suicide attempts in army units with history of suicide attempts
Does a previous suicide attempt in a soldier's U.S. Army unit increase the risk of other suicide attempts? (2017-07-26)

Self-inflicted gunshot wound survivors may deny suicide attempt, face barriers to care
Researchers have found that more than one-third of patients who denied that their self-inflicted gunshot wound resulted from a suicide attempt most likely had indeed tried to kill themselves, and commonly were sent home from the hospital without further mental health treatment. The findings indicate there are significant barriers to treatment for people who have made suicide attempts, and highlight the need to improve assessment and intervention for survivors of self-inflicted gunshot wounds, especially while hospitalized for their injury. (2018-04-13)

Is risk of suicide attempt among soldiers associated with time before, during or after deployments?
Early first deployment and a shorter length of time between deployments were associated with a higher risk of suicide attempt among soldiers with two deployments regardless of previous mental health diagnosis and other military service-related or sociodemographic factors. (2018-04-18)

Parental psychiatric disease linked with elevated risks of attempted suicide and violent offending during adulthood
In the first study to consider these two adverse outcomes in the same cohort, researchers have shown a strong correlation between parental psychiatric disorder and the increased risk of suicide attempts and violent behavior in their children. (2016-09-01)

40 percent of youths attempting suicide make first attempt before high school
Suicidal behavior begins sooner than previously thought and is linked to higher scores of depression at the time of the attempts. (2011-11-28)

Those using psychotropic drugs in suicide attempts more likely to have had prescriptions
As prescriptions for psychotropic drugs increase, researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that prescribed access to anti-anxiety and anti-psychotic medications may make it easier for some patients to use the drugs in attempted suicides. (2018-11-12)

Co-occurring disorders increase risk of suicide attempt by adolescents
Research has shown that adolescents with substance use disorders are most likely to attempt suicide when they also have a co-occurring mood disorder. NIDA-funded scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have extended this research and found that generally, both male and female substance abusers who attempt suicide begin taking drugs at an early age and have more symptoms of psychiatric and substance use disorders than adolescents who do not attempt suicide. (2004-05-03)

Previously jailed vets at increased risk of suicide
Researchers are now looking at the healthcare services used by people who attempted suicide to find patterns that could help identify who is most at risk before an attempt is made. (2018-10-31)

Becoming promiscuous to ensure reproduction
Females of a socially monogamous passerine, the Japanese great tit (Parus minor), become more promiscuous after hatchings fail in the first breeding attempt -- apparently attempting to ensure successful reproduction. (2018-10-09)

Treating individuals with substance-abuse disorders who have attempted suicide
A considerable percentage of individuals with substance-use disorders (SUDs) attempt suicide. A new study investigates if treatment setting - inpatient or outpatient - has a different impact on outcomes for suicidal and nonsuicidal patients with SUDs. Suicidal patients receiving inpatient, compared to outpatient, SUD treatment were significantly more likely to have better substance-related, but not psychiatric, outcomes following treatment. (2005-09-14)

Almost two-thirds of women who attempt natural delivery after a C-section are successful
Almost two-thirds of women who attempt a natural delivery after having a cesarean section for their first birth are successful, according to a new study published Nov. 20 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (2013-11-20)

US soldiers who attempt suicide often have no prior mental health diagnosis
The latest study based on data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) reports that among 9,650 enlisted soldiers with a documented suicide attempt, more than one-third had no prior mental health diagnosis. (2018-08-29)

Ketoacidosis and high-blood sugar comas in patients with type 1 diabetes linked to increased risk of suicide attempt
New research presented at this year's Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Barcelona, Spain (Sept. 16-20) shows that in patients with type 1 diabetes, hospitalization for either ketoacidosis or a hyperglycaemic (high blood sugar) coma are both linked to a subsequent increase in the risk of attempting suicide. The study is by Dr. Jean Michel Petit, CHU (University Hospital) Dijon, France, and colleagues. (2019-09-19)

Is survival associated with time to defibrillation for in-hospital cardiac arrest in pediatric patients?
The time until a first attempt at defibrillation in pediatric patients who experienced cardiac arrest in the hospital wasn't associated with survival or other main outcomes. This is in contrast to children who have a cardiac arrest outside of the hospital setting, or adult patients in or out of the hospital, where worse outcomes are associated with defibrillation delayed more than two minutes. (2018-09-21)

RIT receives National Science Foundation grant to model rumor propagation
Rumors and their often dangerous aftereffects have long been major themes in pop culture, including an entire movie devoted to the spread of one rumor, Gossip. However, little scientific data is available on the importance of rumors in social interaction. (2005-09-06)

The role of astronomy in antiquity examined in new book
In his new authoritative study of archaeoastronomy, (2009-05-18)

How important is sexual conflict?
The May special issue of The American Naturalist, edited by David Hosken and Rhonda Snook, will explore timely issues of sexual conflict and their biological basis. (2005-03-29)

Risk aversion as a survival strategy in ants
Ants are excellent navigators and always find their way back to the nest. But how do they react when an obstacle or a predator blocks their path? An international team including Antoine Wystrach, a CNRS researcher has shown that ants are capable of changing their familiar route to avoid traps thanks to an aversive learning mechanism: by associating visual cues with negative experiences, they can memorize potentially dangerous routes. (2020-04-09)

Vapers do not undermine desire to quit smoking
Smokers who regularly spend time with vapers (people who use e-cigarettes) are more likely to try quitting smoking, according to a new study carried out by UCL. The study, published today in BMC Medicine and funded by Cancer Research UK, found that smokers who were regularly exposed to vapers (as opposed to other smokers) were around 20 percent more likely to have reported both a high current motivation to quit and made a recent quit attempt. (2018-11-13)

Young adults with post-traumatic stress disorder may be more likely to attempt suicide
Post-traumatic stress disorder -- but not exposure to traumatic events without the development of PTSD -- may be associated with subsequent attempted suicide in young adults, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-03-02)

Severe tinnitus associated with suicide attempts in women
Previously, severe ringing in the ears (tinnitus) has been associated with depression and anxiety, and a 2016 study reported an association with increased risk of suicide attempts. This study used responses to a questionnaire from about 72,000 adults in Sweden to examine whether an association with increased risk of suicide attempts might be different between men and women. (2019-05-02)

Ultrasound guidance improves first-attempt IV success in IV access in children
When caregivers used ultrasound to guide placement of intravenous lines in children with presumed difficult access, they had higher success rates on their first attempt. Researchers from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia report that this technique reduces the number of needle sticks in their young patients. (2019-08-05)

What are the timing and risk factors for suicide attempts in the army?
A new study that examined timing and risk factors for suicide attempts by US Army-enlisted soldiers suggests risks were highest among those soldiers never deployed and that never-deployed soldiers were at greatest risk in the second month of service, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry. (2016-05-25)

Parental use of prescription opioids associated with risk of suicide attempt by children
Opioid use by parents was associated with increased risk of suicide attempt by their children in a study that linked medical claims for opioid prescriptions for parents with medical claims for suicide attempts by their children. This observational study included 184,000 children whose parents used opioids and about 148,000 children whose parents didn't. (2019-05-22)

Prognosis after attempted suicide impaired by psychiatric disorder
People who have attempted suicide at some point in their lives are more likely to actually succeed in committing suicide at a later date. The risk is particularly high for people with serious psychiatric disorder, according to a new study from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet. (2008-11-19)

Brief video training dramatically boosts hands-only CPR attempts
Video training as brief as one minute led to participants being more likely to give hands-only CPR, at a rate and compression depth significantly closer to the ideal than those with no training. (2011-03-08)

Springer book awarded prestigious prize in Iran
The Fertility Transition in Iran: Revolution and Reproduction has been selected as this year's winner of the World Prize for the Book of the Year of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Edited by Mohammad Jalal Abbasi-Shavazi, Peter McDonald and Meimanat Hosseini-Chavoshi, the book is the first to attempt to explain why the fertility rate in the Islamic Republic of Iran fell drastically at the end of the 20th century. (2011-02-09)

Insecticide-resistant flies 'rubbish' at courting females
Insecticide resistance sounds like a superpower for the average male fruit fly -- but there's a catch. Scientists have found that the single genetic change which protects the flies from the pesticide DDT also makes males smaller, less aggressive and 'rubbish' at courting females. (2017-05-08)

Jules Verne ATV given 'go' for docking
Jules Verne was today formally cleared to proceed with the first ISS docking attempt, scheduled for April 3, 2008, at 16:41 CEST. The official go-ahead came from the International Space Station Mission Management Team after two flawless demonstration days in which Jules Verne proved its operational capabilities. (2008-04-02)

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