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Statins linked to lower aggression in men, but higher in women
In the first randomized trial to look at statin effects on behavior, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that aggressive behavior typically declined among men placed on statins (compared to placebo), but typically increased among women placed on statins. (2015-07-01)

Many cancer survivors have unmet physical and mental needs related to their disease and its treatment
Even decades after being cured, many cancer survivors face physical and mental challenges resulting from their disease and its treatment. (2015-01-12)

In Marital Arguments, Resignation May Have Its Reward
When husbands and wives argue, researchers have discovered, blood pressure goes up more if one spouse perceives the other as relatively dominant, but less if that spouse considers the other so clearly dominant that the argument is impossible to win or at least not worth the effort. (1999-01-26)

Study sheds light on underlying causes of impaired brain function in muscular dystrophy
The molecular missteps that disrupt brain function in the most common form of adult-onset muscular dystrophy have been revealed in a new study. Myotonic dystrophy is marked by progressive muscle wasting and weakness, as well as sleepiness, memory problems, and mental retardation. A new mouse model reported in the journal Neuron reproduces key cognitive and behavioral symptoms of this disease and could be used to develop drug treatments, which are currently lacking. (2012-08-08)

Children affected by prenatal drinking more numerous than previously estimated
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found a significant number of children across four regions in the United States were determined to have fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The new findings may represent more accurate prevalence estimates of FASD among the general population than prior research. (2018-02-06)

First blood test to diagnose depression in adults
The first blood test to diagnose major depression in adults has been developed, providing the first objective, scientific diagnosis for depression. The test also predicts who will benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy, offering the opportunity for more effective, individualized therapy. The test also showed the biological effects of the therapy, the first measurable, blood-based evidence of the therapy's success and showed who is vulnerable to recurring episodes of depression. (2014-09-16)

Energy gap useful tool for successful weight loss maintenance strategy
The term energy gap was coined to estimate the change in energy balance (intake and expenditure) behaviors required to achieve and sustain reduced body weight outcomes in individuals and populations. In a commentary published in the November 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, researchers more precisely clarify the concept of the energy gap (or energy gaps) and discuss how the concept can be properly used as a tool to help understand and address obesity. (2009-11-04)

Complementary medicine in wide use to treat children with autism, developmental delay
In a study of the range of treatments being employed for young children with autism and other developmental delays, UC Davis MIND Institute researchers have found that families often use complementary and alternative medicine treatments and that the most frequent users of both conventional and complementary approaches are those with higher levels of parental education and income. (2014-01-11)

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences wins 2014 Most Promising New Textbook Award
Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences, by Dr. Gregory J. Privitera, has been honored by the Text and Academic Authors Association with a 2014 Most Promising New Textbook Award. The book was published in July of 2013 by SAGE. (2014-03-04)

How deployment affects families
Approximately 2 million children in the United States have at least one parent deployed in military service; 750,000 of those children are 5 years old and younger. At a symposium during the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, researchers will draw on new studies to address the effect of parents' deployment on children. Using risk and resilience models, they will identify the critical role of families in influencing children's adjustment. (2013-04-18)

Men forget most
Your suspicions have finally been confirmed. Men forget more than women do. Nine out of 10 men have problems with remembering names and dates, according to an analysis of a large Norwegian population-based health study. (2014-01-22)

Does discrimination increase drinking?
Researchers at the University of Iowa have found another negative health outcome linked to discrimination: alcohol abuse. (2016-06-30)

Does obesity increase risk of being a bullying victim, perpetrator, or both?
A new study has shown that obese adolescents are not only significantly more likely to experience bullying, but they are also more likely to be both victims and perpetrators of bullying compared to their healthy weight peers. (2019-06-10)

Researcher wins $2.5 million award from National Institute on Drug Abuse
A University of Cincinnati researcher will receive $2.5 million over five years from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to support his work on a potential immunotherapy for cocaine addiction. (2010-09-21)

Study: Social media use may help identify students at risk of alcohol problems
Research finds that having an 'alcohol identity' puts college students at greater risk of having drinking problems -- and that posting about alcohol use on social media sites is actually a stronger predictor of alcohol problems than having a drink. (2016-05-27)

School-based sleep program may benefit adolescents
A recent Journal of Sleep Research study uncovered potential long-term benefits of a school-based sleep education program for adolescents. (2019-11-06)

FSU study finds body image stereotypes may begin in the high chair
Parents of toddlers may be serving up stereotypes about body image that could contribute to eating disorders or behavioral problems later in life, according to a pair of new Florida State University studies. (2005-12-14)

Chimpanzees lose their behavioral and cultural diversity
Chimpanzees are well known for their extraordinary diversity of behaviors, with some behaviors also exhibiting cultural variation. An international research team led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) investigated whether chimpanzee behavioral diversity is reduced under high human impact. By comparing sets of chimpanzee behaviors across a large number of social groups exposed to different levels of human disturbance, the scientists found a reduction in behavioral diversity when human impact was high. (2019-03-07)

Both early alcohol use and early intoxication can herald trouble for college students
Research shows that the earlier one drinks, the greater the chances of later alcohol-related problems. Researchers examined age at first drink (AFD) as well as drinking to intoxication among college students. Findings showed that both an early AFD and a quick progression to drinking to intoxication can lead to heavy drinking and problems during the years from high school through to college. (2012-08-15)

Conservatives and liberals do think differently
Big differences in the ways conservatives and liberals think about solving the nation's most pressing problems couldn't be more apparent during this presidential election cycle. But political ideas aside, people who hold conservative versus liberal perspectives appear to differ in everyday thinking processes and problem solving, according to research from Northwestern University and the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago. (2016-03-15)

Hard times during adolescence point to health problems later in life
According to Dr. Per E. Gustafsson from Umeå University in Sweden and colleagues, experience of social and material stressors around the time of transition into adulthood is linked to a rise in disease risk factors in middle age, including higher blood pressure, body weight and cholesterol. Their work is published online in Springer's journal Annals of Behavioral Medicine. (2011-10-27)

Living in fear: Mental disorders as risk factors for chronic pain in teenagers
One in four young people have experienced chronic pain and a mental disorder. According to a new report in the Journal of Pain, the onset of pain is often preceded by mental disorders: an above-average rate of incidence of depression, anxiety disorders, and behavioral disorders occurs before the onset of headaches, back pain and neck pain. The report is based on an analysis of data from 6,500 US-teenagers by researchers at the University of Basel. (2015-10-08)

For anxiety, a single intervention is not enough
No matter which treatment they get, only 20 percent of young people diagnosed with anxiety will stay well, UConn Health researchers report. The study followed 319 young people aged 10 to 25 who had been diagnosed with separation, social, or general anxiety disorders. They received evidence-based treatment, and then had follow-ups with the researchers every year for four years. This is the first study to reassess youth treated for anxiety every year for four years. (2018-05-31)

For-profit nursing homes more likely than non-profit to be cited for poor quality
For-profit nursing homes are much more likely than their non-profit counterparts to be cited for deficient quality, according to a UCSF/Harvard study. Quality was particularly poor at facilities owned by nursing home chains, according to Charlene Harrington, RN, PhD, professor of social and behavioral sciences in the UCSF School of Nursing and lead author of a study published in the September issue of American Journal of Public Health. (2001-08-31)

Omega 3 fatty acids influence mood, impulsivity and personality, study indicates
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may influence mood, personality and behavior, according to results of a study presented today by University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers at the 64th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society in Denver. (2006-03-03)

Positive attitude toward math predicts math achievement in kids, Stanford study finds
For the first time, scientists have identified the brain pathway that links a positive attitude toward math to achievement in the subject. In a study of elementary school students, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine found that having a positive attitude about math was connected to better function of the hippocampus, an important memory center in the brain, during performance of arithmetic problems. (2018-01-24)

Alcohol exposure in the womb affects 'teenage' booze behavior
Rats whose mothers were fed alcohol during pregnancy are more attracted to the smell of liquor during puberty. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Behavioral and Brain Functions have shown that rats exposed during gestation find the smell of alcohol on another rat's breath during adolescence more attractive than animals with no prior fetal exposure. (2009-01-14)

Study Shows It Takes A Village To Raise A Healthy Young Child
A new study of children at risk of abuse or neglect shows that what scholars term social support or (1998-01-05)

New brain findings on dyslexic children
The vast majority of school-aged children can focus on the voice of a teacher amid the cacophony of the typical classroom thanks to a brain that automatically focuses on relevant, predictable and repeating auditory information, according to new research from Northwestern University. But for children with developmental dyslexia, the teacher's voice may get lost in the background noise of banging lockers, whispering children, playground screams and scraping chairs, the researchers say. (2009-11-11)

Scripps Florida study points to drug target for Huntington's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have established conclusively that an activating protein, called 'Rhes,' plays a pivotal role in focusing the toxicity of Huntington's in a section of the brain that controls body movement and may be involved in cognitive functions such as working memory. (2015-06-15)

Melatonin May Ease Insomnia Associated With Depression In Lag Period Before Antidepressants Take Effect
Northwestern University Medical School researchers have launched a study to determine the effectiveness of melatonin to relieve insomnia in the initial weeks of Prozac¨ therapy. They believe the hormone melatonin may not only improve sleep but also diminish depression that has been exacerbated by sleep deprivation (1997-03-13)

Quitting smoking especially difficult for select groups
With the national trend toward quitting smoking flat, psychologists are finding some success with treatments aimed at helping smokers from underserved groups, including racial and ethnic minorities and those with psychiatric disorders. (2010-02-12)

Conflict? Mothers and their adult daughters can handle it
Penn State research has shown that, despite conflicts and complicated emotions, the tie between mothers and daughters is so positive, so strong and so enduring that 80 to 90 percent of women at mid-life say that they have a good relationship with their mother - even though they wish that relationship were better. (2001-01-21)

Uncovering how cerebral malaria damages the brain
Building on a quarter century of work in Malawi, a Michigan State University researcher is traveling to neighboring Zambia to perform MRI scans on children newly diagnosed with cerebral malaria in hopes of unlocking how it damages the brain. Michael Potchen, an associate professor in the Department of Radiology, has been awarded a three-year, $200,000 grant from the Dana Foundation, a private philanthropic organization supporting brain research through grants and public education. (2011-12-08)

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Aug. 26, 2014
The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends that overweight or obese adults with at least one additional risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) be offered or referred to intensive behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthful diet and physical activity for CVD prevention. The recommendation is being published in Annals of Internal Medicine. (2014-08-25)

Study shows how infections in newborns are linked to later behavior problems
Researchers exploring the link between newborn infections and later behavior and movement problems have found that inflammation in the brain keeps cells from accessing iron that they need to perform a critical role in brain development. (2013-10-08)

Virtual therapy: The 'new normal' after COVID-19
The expansion of telepsychiatry may outlast the COVID-19 pandemic that caused it. When the stay-at-home order took effect in West Virginia, James Berry--a clinician with the WVU School of Medicine--was part of the team that moved the Chestnut Ridge Center's therapy sessions online. (2020-12-11)

Cognitive skills in children with autism vary and improve, study finds
A new study found that the cognitive skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) vary among individuals, and that, contrary to expectations, these skills can improve over time. The study examined 37 children with ASD and 31 children without ASD when the children were 5 or 6 years old, and again three years later. (2010-09-15)

New study in JCSM shows effective treatment for elderly insomniacs
This study shows that brief behavioral treatment for insomnia is a promising intervention for older adults with insomnia. In a separate study, periodic leg movements during sleep has been found to be common in older women. (2006-10-01)

Study finds depression and fatigue increase women's risk of work-related injuries
Women who suffer from depression, anxiety, and fatigue are more likely to be injured at work, according to a new study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. The study found that these health factors significantly affected women's risk of injury but not men's risk. (2018-02-13)

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