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Extra love and support doesn't make up for being a helicopter parent
The scholars who found that helicopter parenting backfires just published a follow-up study. Their question: Would lots of love and support negate the effects of parental hovering. Their data analysis says no, underscoring the need for parents to step back and let young adult children lead. (2015-06-01)

Mapping neurons to improve the treatment of Parkinson's
Because billions of neurons are packed into our brain, the neuronal circuits that are responsible for controlling our behaviors are by necessity highly intermingled. This tangled web makes it complicated for scientists to determine exactly which circuits do what. Now, using two laboratory techniques pioneered in part at Caltech, Caltech researchers have mapped out the pathways of a set of neurons responsible for the kinds of motor impairments found in patients with Parkinson's disease. (2016-04-20)

UB research highlights strategies that can help foster children transition into new homes
Language is a powerful tool that can ease the transition into a new home for foster children and enhances the possibility that it will be a successful placement, according to new research from the University at Buffalo. (2016-05-18)

Healthy diet and lifestyle behaviors associated with decreased risk of heart attack in women
Women who eat a healthy diet, drink moderate amounts of alcohol, are physically active, maintain a healthy weight and do not smoke have a significantly reduced risk of heart attack, according to a report in the Oct. 22 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2007-10-22)

USC researchers develop new way to measure cultural adaptation of youth
For immigrants settling in the United States, adapting to American values and culture can cause stresses for those in the U.S. from different cultures or those who are born to parents from other countries, and teen-agers under such stresses may become involved in risky behaviors such as smoking. Measuring acculturation is important to understanding stresses and the risky behaviors associated with them, as well as eventually designing programs to reduce the health risks. (2002-07-31)

Women prefer prestige over dominance in mates
A new study reveals that women prefer mates who are recognized by their peers for their skills, abilities, and achievements. (2008-12-17)

Financial therapy can aid well-being, stability
Financial therapy could help couples navigate disagreements, money concerns and financial conflicts before these issues tear relationships apart. (2019-11-21)

Sense of personal control influences Latinas' decisions about sexual debut
A sense of personal control over sexual behaviors strongly influences Latina women's decisions of when to first engage in sex, report University of Chicago researchers in the Journal of Adolescent Health. (2008-01-16)

Continuing racial differences in HIV prevalence in US
HIV prevalence among African-Americans is 10 times greater than the prevalence among whites. This racial disparity in HIV prevalence has persisted in the face of both governmental and private actions, involving many billions of dollars. In the November 2009 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill examine factors responsible for the stark racial disparities in HIV infection in the US and the now concentrated epidemic among African-Americans. (2009-10-06)

Physical aggression common in the lives of young adults
The prevalence of physical aggression among adults (2002-06-26)

Racial stereotyping increases after being exposed to alcohol-related images says MU psychologist
Accusations of racism accompanying the death of Trayvon Martin and the subsequent actions of Florida police are prevalent in the national media. Many question the psychological motivations of everyone involved. A new study by MU Professor of Psychological Sciences Bruce D. Bartholow and his colleague, Elena Stepanova of Florida Gulf Coast University, shows that simple exposure to alcohol-related images can have psychological effects, even when no alcohol is consumed. (2012-03-27)

Dartmouth study shows that playing games can shift attitudes
A Dartmouth research laboratory is working to quantify the effects of playing games. In a study published online last month by the Games for Health Journal, Professor Mary Flanagan and her team found that attitudes toward public health issues shift to be more accepting and understanding after playing a game they developed called RePlay Health. (2015-05-13)

Stress and emotions can negatively effect heart health
Prevention is a key message during National Heart Health month, and the American Psychological Association (APA) today released strategies to help Americans manage stress. (2006-01-27)

Research shows teens too low on sleep, activity, and too high on screen time
Only 1 in 20 U.S. adolescents is meeting national recommendations for sleeping, physical activity, and screen time, according to new research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). (2019-02-04)

Statement of registered dietitian Rebecca S. Reeves, President of the American Dietetic Association
Statement of registered dietitian Rebecca S. Reeves, President of the American Dietetic Association, is available following release of the Institute of Medicine's December 6 Report. (2005-12-06)

Risky sexual behaviors reduced in high-risk adolescents with targeted HIV prevention intervention
Despite studies showing that African-American adolescent girls are at particularly high risk of being infected with HIV, no intervention strategy designed specifically for this population has previously proven effective in reducing the behaviors that lead to HIV risk. Now a team of behavioral scientists from the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University has found that an intervention specifically tailored to gender and culture can make a measurable difference in curbing risky sexual behaviors. (2004-07-10)

Products can be pals when you're lonely, but it may cost you, study finds
According to a new study, it appears humanlike products do keep people from seeking out normal human interaction, which is typically how people try to recover from loneliness. However, there are limits to this phenomenon, and the long-term consequences are unclear, the researchers said. (2017-03-29)

Declawing linked to aggression and other abnormal behaviors in cats
According to research published today in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery*, declawing increases the risk of long-term or persistent pain, manifesting as unwanted behaviors such as inappropriate elimination (soiling/urinating outside of the litter box) and aggression/biting. (2017-05-23)

Foraging for information: Machine learning decodes genetic influence over behavior
Mice scurry around while foraging for food, but genetics may be the unseen hand controlling these meandering movements. Researchers at University of Utah Health are using machine learning to draw links between genetic controls that shape incremental steps of instinctive and learned behaviors. The results are available online in Cell Reports. (2019-08-13)

Lyme disease prevention program launched in Connecticut
Researchers at the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) at Yale School of Medicine in partnership with the Connecticut Department of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have launched a Lyme disease prevention study in 21 Connecticut communities. (2005-08-15)

Preschool health program successful in instilling heart healthy habits
Preschoolers in an underserved community who took part in a health promotion educational program aimed at establishing health behaviors showed a 2.2-fold increase in knowledge, attitudes and habits compared to their classmates who did not take part in the program, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2019-04-22)

Sexual dysfunction hits some women harder than others as they age
Sexual dysfunction often accompanies the menopause transition. Yet, not all women experience it the same. A new study identified the determinants that affect a woman's risk of sexual dysfunction and sought to determine the effectiveness of hormone therapy in decreasing that risk and modifying sexual behavior. Study results are published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS). (2021-01-06)

University of Miami study shows delays in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders
A new University of Miami study shows that one in three children who have an older sibling with an autism related disorder fall into a group characterized by higher levels of autism-related behaviors or lower levels of developmental progress. (2012-05-16)

Parasitic worms don't just wait to be swallowed by new hosts
Contrary to widespread assumptions, parasitic nematodes that spread among mice via food may not wait passively to be swallowed. Instead, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens, these tiny worms may use odors from host mice as cues to position themselves where they have a higher chance of being eaten. (2017-11-30)

Weighed down by guilt: Research shows it's more than a metaphor
Ever feel the weight of guilt? Princeton researcher Martin Day and Ramona Bobocel, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Waterloo, recently published the results of a series of studies that begin to offer answers to that question. (2013-10-08)

Gay and bisexual youth can thrive with positive family relationships
Gay and bisexual youth who are supported by their family and feel comfortable talking to them about their lifestyle are less likely to become involved in high-risk sexual behaviors, according to a recent Rutgers study. (2014-10-08)

Adults can undo heart disease risk
The heart is more forgiving than you may think -- especially to adults who try to take charge of their health, a new Northwestern Medicine study has found. When adults in their 30s and 40s decide to drop unhealthy habits that are harmful to their heart and embrace healthy lifestyle changes, they can control and potentially even reverse the natural progression of coronary artery disease, scientists found. (2014-06-30)

Young adults' beliefs about their health clash with risky behaviors
Nine out of 10 Americans between ages 18-24 believe they're living healthy lifestyles -- yet most eat too much fast food, drink too many alcoholic and sugar-sweetened beverages and engage in other behaviors that could put them at risk of stroke, according to an American Stroke Association survey released today. (2011-05-02)

Interparental aggression often co-occurs with aggression toward kids
Parents in the midst of a psychologically or physically aggressive argument tend to also be aggressive with their children, according to researchers at Penn State. The team found that this 'spillover' of aggression toward children causes kids to exhibit greater fear during future incidents of interparental aggression, regardless of the severity of those future incidents, than children who do not experience this spillover effect. (2019-04-04)

Same-sex behavior seen in nearly all animal groups, review finds
Same-sex behavior is a nearly universal phenomenon in the animal kingdom, common across species, from worms to frogs to birds, concludes a new review of existing research authored by UC Riverside evolutionary biologists. (2009-06-16)

Bullying gets worse as children with autism get older
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely to experience bullying than children without ASD and this bullying gets worse with age, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. (2019-06-12)

Cancer survivors who practice healthy habits have higher quality of life
A new study from the American Cancer Society finds cancer survivors who follow health behavior recommendations -- avoiding tobacco, eating more fruits and vegetables, and getting adequate exercise -- have higher health-related quality of life scores. (2008-04-29)

Estrogen link in male aggression sheds new light on sex-specific behaviors
Territorial behavior in male mice might be linked to more (2009-10-01)

Healthy families, religious involvement buffer youth against risk factors related to drug abuse
American-Indian adolescents continue to have the highest rates of illicit drug use among all ethnic groups. Recent findings from a University of Missouri study reveal that positive family relationships and religious affiliation can counteract risk factors -- including addicted family members, exposure to violence and deviant peers -- associated with drug use. (2010-07-20)

Is sexting associated with sexual behaviors, mental health among teens?
This study, called a systematic review and meta-analysis, combined the results of 23 studies with nearly 42,000 participants to summarize associations between sexting by adolescents, sexual behavior and mental health risk factors. The results suggest sexting was associated with sexual activity, multiple sex partners, a lack of contraception use, delinquent behavior, anxiety/depression, alcohol and drug use, and smoking. (2019-06-17)

Estrogen-producing neurons influence aggression in both sexes
A miniscule cluster of estrogen-producing nerve cells in the mouse brain exerts highly specific effects on aggressive behavior in both males and females, according to new research by UC San Francisco scientists. (2015-01-22)

Patients' beliefs and behaviors about health lifestyle and medications may help tailor high blood pressure management method
People with high blood pressure may benefit from different management techniques based on their health lifestyle beliefs and behaviors, according to an article appearing in the February 28 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, a member of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) family of journals. (2000-02-26)

Drinking in a bar puts women at risk for male aggression
Fifty-seven percent of the women who participated in a recent study at the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) reported experiencing at least one incident of verbal or physical aggression while drinking in a bar. (2000-11-05)

Teens frequently mention risky behaviors on social networking sites
About half of teens reference sex, substance use or other risky behaviors on their publicly available online profiles, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. However, a second article reports that a brief e-mail from a physician shows promise in reducing mentions of sex on social networking Web sites. (2009-01-05)

Reminders not effective for medication compliance, study says
Mail and telephone reminders to encourage patients to take their prescription medication as directed may be a pointless exercise, a new study suggests. One out of five patients who were frequently reminded did not take their medication as prescribed - about the same proportion as those patients who did not receive special reminders. The research included more than 4,500 subjects taking pravastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug prescribed to patients at risk for a first heart attack. (2001-08-14)

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