Biological Invasion Current Events

Biological Invasion Current Events, Biological Invasion News Articles.
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Invading crabs could threaten life in the Antarctic
Life on the Antarctic sea floor is under threat from crabs that could invade the area thanks to favorable conditions as a result of global warming, researchers warn. (2014-10-06)

Looking beyond biodiversity to explain community invasibility
Most studies suggest that diversity is an effective barrier to plant invasion. However, these may be limited in their generality, because they involve relatively small numbers of species or examine only short time periods. Ecology Letters, February introduces a study by Meiners et al who analysed data from 42 continuous years of sampling old field succession. They found that when richness was related to invasion dynamics, it enhanced rather than impeded invasion. (2004-02-05)

Symbiotic fungi promote invasion into diverse plant communities (Rudgers et al.)
The biodiversity of a community can affect its functional properties, including productiveness or ability to resist invasion by exotic species. Many grass species host fungi in their leaves rendering them more resistant to herbivory, drought, and competition. In Ecology Letters, January, Rudgers et al. investigate whether these endophytic fungi can modify how diverse communities resist invasion. (2003-12-10)

Bioinvasion ecology: 'Biological Invasions in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems'
New book presents a clear and accessible understanding of biological invasions, its impacts, patterns and mechanisms in both aquatic and terrestrial systems. It demonstrates the latest theories and models, including data and examples of the most influential vectors of invasions in marine invertebrates, vascular plants, freshwater fishes, insects, amphibians and reptiles. (2016-03-21)

Sea urchins cannot control invasive seaweeds
Exotic marine species, including giant seaweeds, are spreading fast, with harmful effects on native species, and are increasingly affecting the biodiversity of the Mediterranean seabed. Some native species, such as sea urchins, can fight off this invasion, but only during its early stages, or when seaweed densities are very low. (2011-07-13)

Researchers predict invasion risk of starry stonewort in upper Midwest
Researchers from the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center recently published a new paper predicting the risk of starry stonewort invasion in Minnesota and Wisconsin. (2018-09-18)

UConn researchers draw an evolutionary connection between pregnancy and cancer metastasis
Pregnancy might hold the key to understanding how cancer metastasizes in various mammals -- including humans, according to UConn and Yale researchers. (2019-12-05)

Researchers identify mechanism that makes breast cancer invasive
A new study has identified a key mechanism that causes breast cancer to spread. The research, published by Cell Press on March 30 in the journal Molecular Cell, enhances our knowledge about the signals that drive cancer metastasis and identifies new therapeutic targets for a lethal form of invasive breast cancer that is notoriously resistant to treatment. (2012-03-29)

Study reveals new data on how lyme disease is spread
The results of a five-year study, published this week in the Annals of Internal Medicine by researchers at New York Medical College, reveal intriguing new data on the spread of the Lyme disease bacteria through the blood stream. Researchers concluded that the high rate, early onset, and prolonged duration of risk for blood stream invasion probably explain why untreated patients with erythema migrans, the tell-tale bulls's-eye rash, often develop complications distant from the tick bite location. (2005-05-02)

Invasions by alien plants have been mapped in European Union
Biological invasions are one of the major threats to biodiversity and in many cases they have considerable impact on economy and human health. For their effective management it is important to understand which areas and ecosystems are at the highest risk of being invaded. (2009-01-22)

MEK4, genistein and invasion of human prostate cancer cells
Researchers have identified MEK4 as a pro-invasion protein and the target for genistein, a dietary compound, in prostate cancer cells, according to a new study published online July 28 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2009-07-28)

Research defines timeframes, factors to deem early stage lung cancer cured
In patients with non-small cell lung cancer, five-year disease-free survival is currently the benchmark of cure. However, there are two issues that remain with the follow-up standards: when can cure be declared with confidence and for how long should follow-up examination be continued? (2010-08-02)

The global invasion routes of the red swamp crayfish, described based on genetics
A study led by researchers at the DoƱana Biological Station of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), in collaboration with institutions in Europe, America and Asia, has identified the main introduction routes of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, during its global-scale invasion. This North American species is the most widely spread freshwater crayfish worldwide, and is one of the worst invasive species due to its impact on the structure and functioning of freshwater ecosystems. (2019-05-16)

An ecological invasion mimics a drunken walk
A theory that uses the mathematics of a drunken walk describes ecological invasions better than waves, according to Tim Reluga, associate professor of mathematics and biology, Penn State. (2017-01-09)

Candidate genes found which may play a role in cancer progressing from non-invasive to invasive
Scientists in America have made the first steps in identifying a group of genes which may be involved in the progression of breast cancer from non-invasive to invasive, the 3rd European Breast Cancer Conference in Barcelona heard today (Thursday 21 March). (2002-03-21)

Researchers propose ecological route to plant disease control
New research involving a scientist at the University of York has revealed a potential natural defense against invasive pathogens which damage food crops across the world. (2015-09-24)

Prognostic factors identified for peripheral squamous cell carcinomas of the lung
A better survival outcome is associated with low blood levels of squamous cell carcinoma antigen, or absence of tumor invasion either into the space between the lungs and chest wall or into blood vessels of individuals with a peripheral squamous cell carcinoma, a type of non-small cell lung cancer. (2014-10-24)

Freshwater snails are surprisingly fast-moving invaders
A new study sheds light on some very fast snails and their success at long-distance colonization. Introduced into the rivers of the Martinique islands less than twelve years ago, the freshwater snails have already colonized the watersheds, an astounding feat considering that the snails need to rely on passive dispersal by birds, cars and cattle to jump over the dry land that separates the riverways. (2006-12-04)

Biophysics: The art of worming through tight spaces
How active matter, such as assemblages of bacterial or epithelial cells, manages to expand into narrow spaces largely depends on their growth dynamics, as Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich physicists demonstrate in a newly published study. (2019-08-29)

Immortalized blood cell lines enable new studies of malaria invasion
Researchers at the University of Bristol and Imperial College London have established a new model system that uses red blood cells grown in the laboratory to study how malaria parasites invade red blood cells. (2019-08-29)

Study highlights a new threat to bees worldwide
A recent study published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports highlights a newly identified virus -- named Moku after the Hawaiian Island from which it was isolated -- in the invasive wasp, Vespula pensylvanica. The research also warns that transmission of these kinds of viruses, especially from invasive species which can spread viruses to new locations, is a threat to pollinator health worldwide. (2016-11-02)

Revisiting the vertebrate invasion of the land
Seven papers that expand upon recent research into the origin of tetrapods and their invasion of the land during the Devonian period appear in the September/October 2004 issue of Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. Topics in this state-of-the-art issue range from the fish-tetrapod fossil record to diverse aspects of the behavior, physiology, biochemistry, and ecology of the extant fish species that use either or both terrestriality and air breathing. (2004-12-03)

Round Goby invade Great Lakes
A team of scientists from the University of Toronto, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and the University of Guelph has identified a drastic invasion of round goby into many Great Lakes tributaries, including several areas of the Thames, Sydenham, Ausable and Grand Rivers. A number of the affected areas are known as (2009-08-11)

New chemo cocktail blocks breast cancer like a strong fence
A Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine researcher has developed a new chemotherapy cocktail that cuts the spread of breast cancer by half and is the first drug to attack metastasizing breast cancer. The disease becomes fatal when it travels outside the mammary ducts, enters the bloodstream and spreads to the bones, liver or brain. Currently, there are only drugs that try to stem the uncontrolled division of cancer cells within the ducts. (2009-10-06)

Striking back at biological invaders
A special news section in the 17 September issue of Science highlights how scientists are fighting back against invasive species--exotic plants and animals that colonize and often wreak havoc on native ecosystems. Predicting and combating these invasions through a variety of means has become a top priority of ecologists around the world. (1999-09-16)

New study finds multiple invasions increase green crab's Canadian range
The recent rapid expansion of the European green crab's range in the Canadian Maritimes had biologists wondering if global warming or an adaptation to cold was responsible. Using molecular tools, biologist Joe Roman, conducting research at Harvard University's Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, found that it was the injection of new lineages in northern Nova Scotia that was responsible for the crab's success in the north. (2006-06-20)

U-Michigan scientists observe deadly dance between nerves and cancer cells
In certain types of cancer, nerves and cancer cells enter an often lethal and intricate waltz where cancer cells and nerves move toward one another and eventually engage in such a way that the cancer cells enter the nerves. (2015-04-28)

Biosecurity strategy needed for China's Belt and Road Initiative, researchers say
China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), launched five years ago, includes more than 120 countries, linked by six proposed land-based Economic Corridors between core cities and key ports along traditional international transport routes. But, as new evidence reported in the journal Current Biology on Jan. 24 shows, the risk of introducing invasive species into new areas is substantial as it would threaten native species and biodiversity. (2019-01-24)

Mountain plants unable to withstand invasion
An international research team has studied the distribution of plant species in mountainous environments. The study shows that mountain plant communities are not particularly resistant to invasion by exotic species. The scientists also warn that these may become more aggressive as global warming gets a grip. (2010-01-21)

Pollination find could lead to cordgrass control
The wind transports pollen far less effectively than scientists assumed, according to a new study of invasive Atlantic cordgrass by researchers at UC Davis. This discovery will help control a cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora, that is invading wetlands on the Pacific coast. (2004-08-17)

Clemson scientists: Kudzu can release soil carbon, accelerate global warming
Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases. The research could have far-reaching implications for how we manage agricultural land and native ecosystems. (2014-07-01)

Rising global shipping traffic could lead to surge in invasive species
Rising global maritime traffic could lead to sharp increases in invasive species around the world over the next 30 years, according to a new study by McGill University researchers. The findings, published in the journal Nature Sustainability, suggest that shipping growth will far outweigh climate change in the spread of non-indigenous pests to new environments in coming decades. (2019-03-18)

Native plant restoration not enough to maintain tropical dry forests in Hawaii
Protecting Hawaiian dry forests from invasive species and the risk of wildfire is an ongoing challenge for land managers and scientists conducting research on the Island of Hawaii. It is commonly thought that removing the invasive species and planting native species will restore the land to its original state. However, a recent paper published in Biological Invasions found that it is not quite that simple. (2012-06-29)

Market transactions and economics in general affect biological invasions
Biological invasions, i.e., the spread of introduced, non-native species, not only serve as ecological model systems, but also bring out the importance of economic activities on ecological processes. (2011-10-07)

Reservoirs may accelerate the spread of invasive aquatic species, researchers say
The construction of reservoirs around the globe could be contributing to the accelerating spread of exotic aquatic species, according to a Forum article in the June 2005 issue of BioScience. Biologists survey evidence indicating that the physical and biological properties of reservoirs make them more likely to be invaded by exotic species than natural lakes. (2005-05-31)

British public supports use of personal data for health research
The British public supports the use of personal medical data, without consent, for public health research, finds a study published on bmj.com today. Most people also think that cancer registration should be required by law. (2006-04-27)

Documenting the risk of invasive species worldwide
In the first global analysis of environmental risk from invasive alien species, researchers say one sixth of the world's lands are 'highly vulnerable' to invasion, including 'substantial areas in developing countries and biodiversity hotspots.' The study by biogeographer Bethany Bradley at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Regan Early at the University of Exeter, UK, with others, appears in the current issue of Nature Communications. (2016-08-24)

Texas A&M CVM study finds new pathway for potential glioblastoma treatment
A team led by Texas A&M University's College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences' (CVM) researcher Dr. Stephen Safe has discovered a new pathway that may help suppress the development of glioblastoma tumors, one of the deadliest forms of cancer. (2019-08-21)

Cane toads can be stopped
It may be possible to stop the spread of can toads into new areas of Australia according to new research published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology. (2012-12-12)

Halting liver cancer with a sugar look-a-like
Researchers at the RIKEN Global Research Cluster in Japan have discovered a way to prevent the spread of cancer in the liver. Published in the journal Cell Chemical Biology, the study details how treatment with a modified fucose sugar can disrupt a biological pathway, which in turn blocks hepatoma -- cancer cells in the liver -- from invading healthy liver cells. (2017-10-12)

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