Biomass Current Events

Biomass Current Events, Biomass News Articles.
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Biodiversity works both ways
The influence of biodiversity on the functioning of ecosystems has been a focus for extensive research over the last decade. In the July issue of Ecology Letters, Gamfeldt, Hillebrand and Jonsson show that changes in consumer species richness within a simple food chain of microbial organisms affected both the biomass of consumers and their prey. The results show that loss of biodiversity can change production both up and down the food chain. (2005-06-10)

What can ice reveal about fire?
Scientists studying a column of Antarctic ice spanning 650 years have found evidence for fluctuations in biomass burning -- the consumption of wood, peat and other materials in wildfires, cooking fires and communal fires -- in the Southern Hemisphere. (2010-12-03)

Predator-prey pattern consistent across diverse ecosystems
Ecological communities around the world are richly varied, but a new study finds that many of these diverse communities follow an unexpected, yet consistent pattern: where prey are abundant, there are not proportionally more predators. (2015-09-03)

Light energy and biomass can be converted to diesel fuel and hydrogen
A research group led by Professor WANG Feng at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently developed a method to produce diesel fuel and hydrogen by exploiting light energy (solar energy or artificial light energy) and biomass-derived feedstocks. (2019-06-10)

Improving biorefineries with bubbles
A team of researchers from Japan's Tohoku University has developed a new method for the pretreatment of organic material, or 'biomass', which could lead to more efficient production of biofuels and biochemicals. (2016-03-01)

From terrestrial and marine bioresources and wastes to value-added products
One of the main objectives of bio-based economy is to provide end markets with a wide selection of bio-based products. (2017-05-31)

Hydrogen distribution not an option in biomass gasification
When using fuel cells to generate electricity from biomass, the best approach is to do so centrally, in combination with a gas turbine. The production and subsequent distribution of hydrogen is an inefficient process. This is the view of Richard Toonssen, who will defend his doctoral dissertation on this subject at TU Delft in the Netherlands on Thursday, July 8. (2010-07-08)

Sustainable gas from 'roasted' wood is a feasible option
'Roast' hardwood at relatively low temperatures and then gasify it. Dutch chemical engineer Mark Prins has shown that this is an efficient means of producing sustainable energy. The gas produced can be used for the production of electricity, fuels and/or chemicals. (2005-02-11)

News briefs from the July issue of Chest
News briefs from the July issue of Chest feature studies related to how weekend ICU admissions may be linked to increased risk of death and how biomass smoke may be linked to COPD. (2010-07-06)

Would you put a tree in your gas tank?
The world's forests may provide some unexpected answers as to how mankind can create more value with less environmental impact -- good news as we move toward a greener future. (2010-06-16)

CO2 emissions from biomass combustion
CO2 emissions resulting from bioenergy production have traditionally been excluded from most emission inventories and environmental impact studies because bioenergy is carbon- and climate-neutral as long as CO2 emissions from biofuel combustion are sequestered by growing biomass. Its climate impact has not therefore been considered. An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy proposes a new method to account for CO2 emissions from biomass combustion in bioenergy systems. (2011-03-16)

Impacts of cover crop planting dates on soil properties after 4 years
Low biomass production limits cover crop effects on soils. (2020-04-02)

Malaysian Prime Minister launches company for supply of biomass from oil palm
A new company launched Monday by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak will ensure the sustainable supply of palm biomass for the production of high value chemicals and by-products for energy generation through coordinated collection and aggregation. (2011-11-21)

Researchers look at lower-cost alternative protein source for pig diets
Threonine is an indispensable amino acid, which is often provided in supplement form in swine diets. With US production of crystalline amino acids increasing, more co-products from amino acid production are becoming available, and these co-products can also be fed to pigs. Researchers at the University of Illinois are investigating a co-product of synthetic threonine as a lower-cost alternative protein source to fish meal. (2015-06-11)

Green fuel versus black gold
A life cycle assessment of growing crops for fuel as opposed to refining and using fossil fuels has revealed that substitution of gasoline by bioethanol converted from energy crops has considerable potential for rendering our society more sustainable, according to a Japanese study published in the International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy. (2012-02-24)

New method for measuring biomass reveals fish stocks are more stable than widely believed
Fish and marine species are among the most threatened wildlife on earth, due partly to over exploitation by fishing fleets. Yet there are differences in assessing trends in worldwide fishing stocks which, researchers writing in Conservation Biology argue, stem from inappropriate use of time trends in catches. (2011-04-28)

Turning over a new leaf for future energy supplies
A global energy supply based on biomass grown to generate electricity and produce fuel is a real possibility. According to Prof. Juergen O. Metzger from Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg in Germany and Prof. Aloys Huettermann from the University of Goettingen in Germany, it is both a sustainable and economical scenario, contrary to current thinking which suggests it is unrealistic. Their findings are published online this week in Springer's journal, Naturwissenschaften. (2008-12-15)

Neither more food nor better food -- still, fish biomass increases
To increase the biomass of fish, contemporary ecological theory predicts that either the amount of food or the quality of the food has to increase. In a recent experiment, researchers at Umeå University doubled the fish biomass under identical food supply and food quality by only controlling how much of total food supply that was channeled to juvenile and adult fish, respectively. The results have major implications for the exploitation (harvest) of fish populations and the coexistence of predatory fish and their prey. (2015-03-16)

Nagoya University chemists turn metal catalysis on its head for a sustainable future
Nagoya University team used high-valent transition metal catalysts for an unconventional hydrogenation of carboxylic acid groups, common to biomass feedstocks. The high-valent catalysts showed good selectivity under mild conditions. (2017-06-27)

Better planning required if EU is to meet energy targets
The EU has set itself a target to increase the proportion of renewable energy to 20 per cent by the year 2020. Over the same period, greenhouse gas emissions are to decrease to 20 per cent below 1990 levels. However, are the current European bioenergy initiatives sufficiently consistent and coherent to meet these targets? Niina Kautto is a researcher at the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University. (2011-09-27)

Harnessing gut fungi of herbivores to break down biomass
Researchers have created a library of fungi-secreted enzymes that breakdown plant biomass, which is no easy feat for man, and mapped out how these enzymes function together. The results could help simplify and lower the costs of biofuel production. (2016-02-18)

Turning plant matter into fuel
A University of California, Riverside professor in the Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department edited a recently published book that provides in-depth information on aqueous processing of cellulosic biomass, which includes wood, grasses, and agricultural and forestry residues, for conversion into fuels. (2013-06-12)

Ecology insights improve plant biomass degradation by microorganisms
Microbes are widely used to break down plant biomass into sugars, which can be used as sustainable building blocks for novel biocompounds. Getting the right microbial community for this process is still a matter of trial and error. New insights by University of Groningen microbial ecologist Diego Javier Jiménez and colleagues could make a rational design possible. They argue this point in an opinion paper published in the journal Trends in Microbiology on June 22. (2017-06-22)

Improving poor soil with burned up biomass
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan have shown that torrefied biomass can improve the quality of poor soil found in arid regions. Published in Scientific Reports, the study showed that adding torrefied biomass to poor soil from Botswana increased water retention in the soil as well as the amount of plant growth. (2016-06-17)

New biomass charcoal heater: A 'new era' of efficiency and sustainability
Millions of homes in rural areas of far Eastern countries are heated by charcoal burned on small, hibachi-style portable grills. Scientists in Japan are now reporting development of an improved (2009-02-05)

UK failing to harness its bioenergy potential
The UK could generate almost half its energy needs from biomass sources, including household waste, agricultural residues and home-grown biofuels by 2050, new research suggests. (2014-02-19)

Context affects opinion about novel energy sources
Opinions people have about innovations are influenced by the context in which they form their opinion. For example, opinions about a novel energy source like biomass are influenced by thoughts regarding other energy sources. The less knowledge, interest or time people have, the stronger this effect. Sustainable energy options must therefore be promoted in the right context, says Dutch researcher Wouter van den Hoogen. (2007-07-12)

U of I receives $1 million USDA grant to study Glossy15 in sorghum
A $1 million USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative grant will help University of Illinois researchers determine if changes in the Glossy15 gene system of sorghum will lead to enhanced bioenergy production in the future. (2010-09-08)

Iowa State University scientists genetically increase algae biomass by more than 50 percent
Research at Iowa State University has led to discovery of a genetic method that can increase biomass in algae by 50 to 80 percent. The breakthrough comes from turning on certain genes in algae that increase the amount of photosynthesis in the plant, which leads to more biomass. (2011-11-21)

New lab delves into plants for fuels
A new integrated facility designed to give scientists unprecedented insights into the chemical and biological reactions which can transform renewable plant and waste materials into useful sources of energy was dedicated yesterday at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). (2005-03-02)

BioLEGO
This study introduces a freely available web-based application, BioLEGO, which provides access to computer-assisted single and two-step multiorganism fermentation process design. (2015-08-03)

UM researchers earn $1.4 million grant to study biomass
University of Montana forestry Professor Beth Dodson is the project director of a grant recently funded for $1.4 million from the US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Energy's Biomass Research and Development Initiative. (2016-05-13)

Burning biomass pellets instead of wood or plants in China could lower mercury emissions
For millions of homes, plants, wood and other types of (2013-11-06)

Study shows Asian carp could establish in Lake Erie with little effect to fishery
According to a study published in the journal Conservation Biology by a group of scientists, if bighead and silver carp were to establish in Lake Erie, local fish biomass is not likely to change beyond observations recorded in the last three decades. (2014-08-07)

How many organisms do live in this aquatic habitat?
A new measurement method has been developed at Hiroshima University, Japan. The aim of this method is to estimate the distribution of aquatic animals using droplet digital polymerase chain reaction in order to quantify the number of target DNA copies present. This technique can be applied for habitat research on rare or non-native species in the field. (2015-04-06)

Turning forests into fuel: New report outlines promise and limits of biomass energy in the Northeast
In targeted applications, the heat generated by locally-grown biomass can reduce dependence on fossil fuels and support local economies, (2011-02-17)

Powerful enzymes create ethanol from agricultural harvest waste
The mainly EU-funded DISCO project coordinated by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed powerful enzymes, which accelerate plant biomass conversion into sugars and further into products such as bioethanol. The project's results include lignin-tolerant enzymes and enzyme cocktails for processing spruce, straw, corn cob and wheat bran. The commercialization of these enzymes has now begun in the Netherlands. (2013-01-08)

Seaweed as biofuel? Metabolic engineering makes it a viable option
Is red seaweed a viable future biofuel? Now that a University of Illinois metabolic engineer has developed a strain of yeast that can make short work of fermenting galactose, the answer is an unequivocal yes. Yong-Su Jin and his colleagues have recently identified three genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the microbe most often used to ferment the sugars, whose overexpression increased galactose fermentation by 250 percent when compared to a control strain. (2010-12-15)

Dutch government could do more to promote sustainable energy
Dutch researcher Simona Negro discovered that seven key factors exert a major influence on the success or failure of sustainable energy in the Netherlands. The Dutch government is good at knowledge development and diffusion, but is failing to adequately fulfil the other five factors needed for successful innovation. (2007-02-15)

Plant stems and leaves are always proportional to roots
Cornell and University of Arizona researchers have found that the mass of a plant's leaves and stems is proportional to that of its roots in a mathematically predictable way, regardless of species or habitat. Biologists can now estimate how much biomass is underground by looking at the stems and leaves above ground. (2002-02-22)

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