Biomineralization Current Events

Biomineralization Current Events, Biomineralization News Articles.
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Utilizing tumor suppressor proteins to shape nanomaterials
A new method combining tumor suppressor protein p53 and biomineralization peptide BMPep successfully created hexagonal silver nanoplates, suggesting an efficient strategy for controlling the nanostructure of inorganic materials. (2017-05-03)

Coral 'toolkit' allows floating larvae to transform into reef skeletons
In a study published today, researchers from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Rutgers University, and the University of Haifa identified key and novel components of the molecular 'toolkit' that allow corals to build their skeletons (called biomineralization) and described when -- in the transformation from floating larvae to coral skeleton -- these components are used. (2016-04-26)

2,000-year-old statue of an athlete sheds light on corrosion and other modern challenges
The restoration of a 2,000-year-old bronze sculpture of the famed ancient Greek athlete Apoxyomenos may help modern scientists understand how to prevent metal corrosion, discover the safest ways to permanently store nuclear waste, and understand other perplexing problems. That's the conclusion of a new study on the so-called (2009-07-08)

New insights on how oysters form shells
Researchers know that several proteins are involved in oyster shell formation, but how expression of these proteins is controlled is not well understood. Now investigators report that they have identified a protein called Pf-POU3F4 that promotes expression of two of these proteins, called Aspein and Prismalin-14. (2016-05-03)

McGill, Quebec biotech firm partner for new bone-disease treatment
Dr. Marc McKee of McGill University is collaborating closely with Enobia Pharma Inc., a Quebec biotech company, to develop innovative treatments for serious genetic bone diseases. McKee's research looks into the reasons why calcium-phosphate mineral fails to crystallize properly to form strong bones and teeth. (2010-03-05)

Earth science professor honored by Geological Society of America
The Geological Society of America has honored Gary Rosenberg, an associate professor of earth sciences in the School of Science at IUPUI, with the Mary C. Rabbitt History of Geology Award. (2012-06-05)

First high-resolution images of bone, tooth and shell formation
Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have for the first time made high-resolution images of the earliest stages of bone formation. They used the world's most advanced electron microscope to make three-dimensional images of the nanoparticles at the heart of the process. The results provide improved understanding of bone, tooth and shell formation. For industrial applications, they promise better materials and processes based on nature itself. The findings form the cover story of Science magazine of Friday, March 13. (2009-03-12)

Promising new solar-powered path to hydrogen fuel production
Engineers at Lehigh University are the first to utilize a single enzyme biomineralization process to create a catalyst that uses the energy of captured sunlight to split water molecules to produce hydrogen. The synthesis process is performed at room temperature and under ambient pressure, overcoming the sustainability and scalability challenges of previously reported methods. (2019-08-01)

Nanocages for gold particles: What is happening inside?
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have used high-resolution crystallography to uncover the mechanism behind protein-assisted synthesis of gold nanoparticles, providing a platform for designing nanomaterials tailored for biomedical application. (2017-03-16)

Korean researchers discover the biomechanism behind the formation of mother-of-pearl
Professor Hyung Joon Cha and Dr. So Yeong Bahn at Pohang University of Science and Technology, in collaboration with Professor Yoo Seong Choi at Chungnam National University, have shed light on the key mechanism behind the formation of nacre. The team has discovered the role of the matrix protein Pif80 from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata and its involvement in the development of the nacre. (2017-09-03)

Virus with an eggshell
Avian flu can be transmitted from birds to humans; transmission among humans, however, is limited. The reason may be an eggshell-like mineral layer that the virus acquires due to the high calcium concentration in the intestines of birds. As reported by Chinese researchers in the journal Angewandte Chemie, these mineralized viruses are significantly more infectious and, in addition, more robust and heat stable than the native viruses. (2017-08-18)

Could bread mold build a better rechargeable battery?
You probably don't think much of fungi, and especially those that turn bread moldy, but researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on March 17, 2016 have evidence that might just change your mind. Their findings suggest that a red bread mold could be the key to producing more sustainable electrochemical materials for use in rechargeable batteries. (2016-03-17)

A surprising makeover turns an ordinary protein into a magnetic sculptor
By studying an unusual group of magnetic microorganisms, scientists at UC Berkeley have uncovered a new and unexpected function for a ubiquitous protein family. In a paper publishing in the open-access journal PLOS Biology on March 16, the Komeili lab and collaborators, have now shown that a bacterial protein called MamO has been transformed from a common protease to an inactive enzyme that helps to build magnetic nanoparticles using a novel metal-binding motif. (2016-03-16)

Dental researchers answer key enamel question
Research published in Science answers major question about tooth enamel formation. (2005-03-07)

Can we make bones heal faster?
A new paper in Science Advances describes for the first time how minerals come together at the molecular level to form bones and other hard tissues, like teeth and enamel. (2020-12-03)

Carnegie Mellon scientist plays key role in unveiling sea urchin genome
Carnegie Mellon University has played a key role in an international, multi-institutional collaboration to sequence the sea urchin genome. As part of the consortium, Charles Ettensohn, professor of biological sciences, led the team that cataloged the genes responsible for building the sea urchin's embryonic skeleton. He also contributed 51,000 cDNAs -- about one-third of the total genomic material critical for assembling the genome and for accurately predicting where genes lie within the DNA sequence. (2006-11-09)

Impurities in biominerals reveal key to understanding climate change, will lead to novel materials
The calcium carbonate skeletons produced by ocean organisms contain important clues to Earth history. By observing the microscopic growth of calcium carbonate crystals using the atomic force microscope, researchers have observed for the first time the fundamental physical processes that help govern climate change and ocean chemistry through the formation of biominerals. (2000-11-08)

Magnetic teeth hold promise for materials and energy
For the first time, a team led by Okayama University and the University of California, Riverside has discovered a piece of the genetic puzzle that allows the chiton to produce magnetite nanomaterials. (2019-02-01)

Dr. Hunter receives IADR Biological Mineralization Award
Dr. Graeme Hunter, University of Western Ontario, Canada, is the recipient of the 2009 Biological Mineralization Award, which will be presented by the International Association for Dental Research at its 87th General Session & Exhibition in Miami, Fla., on April 1, 2009. (2009-03-17)

Breakthrough Clemson research appears in Science
Science reports a discovery by a Clemson University researcher that Eastern Oyster shell growth begins withing immune blood cells, challenging 40 years of marine biomineralization research. (2004-04-09)

Distance between atoms is key to iron protein function
Geometry is destiny in the molecular world where small structural changes can mean big functional differences. According to University of Michigan chemist James Penner- Hahn, this is especially true for non-hem diiron proteins that use iron and oxygen to regulate important biological functions. (1999-12-29)

Researchers develop dynamic templates critical to printable electronics technology
When it comes to efficiency, sometimes it helps to look to Mother Nature for advice -- even in technology as advanced as printable, flexible electronics. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed bio-inspired dynamic templates used to manufacture organic semiconductor materials that produce printable electronics. It uses a process similar to biomineralization -- the way that bones and teeth form. This technique is eco-friendly, which gives the researchers the chance to return the favor to nature. (2017-07-13)

Two Livermore scientists earn Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers
Edmond Chow and Christine Orme today will be honored with the 2002 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) as science's foundation for the future. (2004-05-04)

Simulations aim to unlock nature's process of biomineralization
A University of Akron researcher is leveraging advanced modeling and simulation resources at the Ohio Supercomputer Center to study the process of biomineralization, nature's ability to form complex structures, such as bones, teeth and mollusk shells. Hendrik Heinz, Ph.D., is investigating a natural phenomenon that if harnessed, could lead to the design of composite materials and devices for such applications as bone replacement, sensing systems, efficient energy generation and treatment of diseases. (2010-12-09)

Plant defense following the iron-maiden principle
Calcium phosphate is a typical component of teeth. It has recently been shown that plants of the rock nettle family also use this very hard mineral in their „teeth (2017-12-20)

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Hormone treatment may increase susceptibility to genital herpes. Researchers from the University of Granada, Spain, have identified a strain of bacteria that may help protect stone monuments and statues from pollution-induced erosion. A vaccine that makes the recipient toxic to mosquitoes is possible. (2003-04-11)

Natural antifreeze yields secrets
Fish in the icy seas around the North Pole and Antarctica have proteins in their blood that act as a natural antifreeze. Now researchers at the University of California, Davis, are closing in on just how those proteins work. The research could lead to safer storage for food or blood products. It may also help scientists understand how bones and sea-shells are made and how mineral deposits can cause kidney stones and heart disease. (2002-03-15)

Connecting the dots: Pitt School of Dental Medicine team describes how enamel forms
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine are piecing together the process of tooth enamel biomineralization, which could lead to novel nanoscale approaches to developing biomaterials. The findings are reported online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2011-08-08)

Simmer to receive research in Biological Mineralization Award
The 2007 Award for Basic Research in Biological Mineralization will be presented today by the International Association for Dental Research to Dr. James P. Simmer, professor, Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor. (2007-03-21)

George to receive Pulp Biology and Regeneration Award
The 2008 Pulp Biology and Regeneration Award is being presented to Dr. Anne George from the University of Illinois, College of Dentistry in Chicago. (2008-06-25)

Life of a pure Martian design
Experimental microbially assisted chemolithotrophy provides an opportunity to trace the putative bioalteration processes of the Martian crust. A study on the Noachian Martian breccia Northwest Africa (NWA) 7034 composed of ancient crustal materials from Mars, led by ERC grantee Tetyana Milojevic from the Faculty of Chemistry of the University of Vienna, now delivered a unique prototype of microbial life experimentally designed on a real Martian material. (2021-02-19)

Atom-by-atom growth chart for shells helps decode past climate
For the first time scientists can see how the shells of tiny marine organisms grow atom-by-atom, a new study reports. The advance provides new insights into the mechanisms of biomineralization and will improve our understanding of environmental change in Earth's past. (2016-10-24)

5 USC professors named fellows of prestigious science organization
Five USC scientists have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their academic peers. (2016-11-21)

Sea urchin yields a key secret of biomineralization
The teeth and bones of mammals, the protective shells of mollusks, and the needle-sharp spines of sea urchins and other marine creatures are made-from-scratch wonders of nature. (2008-10-27)

NSLS student-researcher talks at the March APS Meeting
Each year, the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory hosts several high-school and college students, who come to the facility to perform research using its bright beams of x-ray, ultraviolet, and infrared light. This year, four of these students will be presenting the results of their research at the March meeting of the American Physical Society (APS) in Baltimore, Maryland. (2006-03-16)

Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion
The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today. (2012-04-18)

The sea cucumber genome points to genes for tissue regeneration
A new high-definition genome sequence of the sea cucumber provides molecular insights into its ability to regenerate, according to a new study publishing Oct. 12, in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Xiaojun Zhang, Lina Sun, Hongsheng Yang and Jianhai Xiang, of the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and colleagues. (2017-10-12)

Study reveals breach of 'dancing' barrier governs crystal growth
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago used computer-based simulations to analyze how atoms and molecules move in a solution and identified a general mechanism governing crystal growth that scientists can manipulate when developing new materials. (2019-11-12)

Zebrafish genetic research results in significant discovery for geobiologists
A researcher at Oregon Health & Science University's Oregon Hearing Research Center and colleagues at the Max Planck Institute have discovered a new gene that has profound effects on the formation of inorganic crystals in the inner ears of zebrafish. (2003-10-09)

Microbe's trick provides a template for willowy crystals
Writing in the March 12, 2004 issue of the journal Science, a team of scientists from the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Wisconsin-Madison describe not only the discovery of the willowy microbe-made crystalline structures, but also the process by which they are produced. (2004-03-11)

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