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New cryptic amphipod discovered in West Caucasus caves
An international team of scientists have discovered a new species of typhlogammarid amphipod in the limestone karstic caves of Chjalta mountain range -- the southern foothills of the Greater Caucasus Range. The study was published in the open-access journal Subterranean Biology. (2015-05-18)

Novel diagnostic tool for ethnically diverse non-small-cell lung cancer patients
Early-stage Non-small-cell Lung Cancer is asymptomatic and difficult to detect since no blood test for NSCLC is currently available. In a new study, Chen-Yu Zhang and Chunni Zhang's group at Nanjing Advanced Institute for Life Sciences, Nanjing University identified a panel of five serum microRNAs as the potential biomarker for NSCLC diagnosis. The study is published this week in the journal EBioMedicine. (2015-08-14)

Organic printing inks may restore sight to blind people
A simple retinal prosthesis is being developed in collaboration between Tel Aviv University in Israel and Linköping University in Sweden. Fabricated using cheap and widely-available organic pigments used in printing inks and cosmetics, it consists of tiny pixels like a digital camera sensor on a nanometric scale. Researchers hope that it can restore sight to blind people. (2018-05-02)

Solar storms may leave gray whales blind and stranded
A new study reported in the journal Current Biology on February 24 offers some of the first evidence that gray whales might depend on a magnetic sense to find their way through the ocean. This evidence comes from the discovery that whales are more likely to strand themselves on days when solar storms disrupt Earth's magnetic field. (2020-02-24)

Virtual contact lenses for radar satellites
Radar satellites supply the data used to map sea level and ocean currents. However, up until now the radar's 'eyes' have been blind where the oceans are covered by ice. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a new analysis method to solve this problem. (2018-04-16)

Malaria vaccine is safe, immunogenic and efficacious in young infants
Initial findings from studies to test a malaria vaccine in African infants are promising, conclude authors of an article published early online and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet. (2007-10-17)

Thumbnail track pad
Researchers at the MIT Media Lab are developing a new wearable device that turns the user's thumbnail into a miniature wireless track pad. (2015-04-16)

Study: Alzheimer's drug fails to reduce significant agitation
A drug prescribed for Alzheimer's disease does not ease clinically significant agitation in patients, according to first randomized controlled trial designed to assess the effectiveness of the drug (generic name memantine) for significant agitation in Alzheimer's patients. (2012-05-02)

MIT: How does our brain know what is a face and what's not?
New research from MIT neuroscientists helps explain how the brain recognizes faces. (2012-01-09)

Internet program launched to prevent blindness in diabetic patients
A Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center team is launching a high-tech study to determine if early screening using a special camera and images transmitted over the Internet can prevent blindness in Medicaid patients with diabetes. (2005-05-04)

Vitamin D-fortified yoghurt improves cholesterol levels and heart disease biomarkers for diabetics
People with diabetes are known to have an increased risk of heart disease. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine shows that regular consumption of a vitamin D-fortified yoghurt drink improves cholesterol levels and biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction, a precursor of heart disease, in diabetics. (2011-11-23)

International Study Raises Hopes For Heart Transplant Patients
Preliminary six month findings of a multicenter international study indicate that the organ rejection drug, Neoral, offers significant benefits to heart transplant recipients. This two-year study compares Neoral with conventional Cyclosporine A in 380 heart transplant recipients. Patients receiving Neoral experienced significantly fewer infections and a reduced number of rejections requiring antibody therapy. (1998-04-18)

New long-term data suggests Abatacept treatment
New data from the long-term extension of the AIM (Abatacept in Inadequate responders to Methotrexte) trial, announced today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology, suggests the selective T-cell co-stimulation modulator abatacept sustains inhibition of radiographic progression over 2 years in rheumatoid arthritis patients with an inadequate response to methotrexate. (2006-06-22)

Saint Louis University enrolls first US patient in rare heart disease trial
Earlier this year, investigators at Saint Louis University enrolled the first US patient in a worldwide Phase 3 clinical trial of a medication to treat patients who have a rare form of heart failure due to a gene mutation. (2015-09-04)

Clean water, clean wounds
Drinking water could be a simple, cheap and effective way to clean wounds according to a recent study by the University of Western Sydney and Sydney South West Area Health Service. (2006-07-25)

Making the blind see: Gene therapy restores vision in mice
Take a look at this: Scientists made a huge step toward making the blind see, and they did it by using a form of gene therapy that does not involve the use of modified viruses. In a research report published in the April 2010 print issue of the FASEB Journal, scientists describe how they used a nonviral, synthetic nanoparticle carrier to improve and save the sight of mice with retinitis pigmentosa. (2010-03-31)

Circulation publishes phase I study of ENBREL in patients with chronic heart failure
A Phase I study published today in CIRCULATION: Journal of the American Heart Association, demonstrates ENBREL (etanercept, a soluble TNF p75 receptor) was well tolerated in patients with advanced heart failure. The study also suggests that ENBREL may lead to improvement in the functional status of patients with chronic heart failure. This is the first published paper of an ENBREL study in chronic heart failure. (1999-06-01)

Probiotics use in mothers limits eczema in their babies
Women who drank milk with a probiotic supplement during and after their pregnancy cut the incidence of eczema in their children by almost half compared to mothers who drank a placebo, researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology have shown. (2010-07-20)

Cell therapy may mend damaged hearts, study says
End-stage heart failure patients treated with stem cells harvested from their own bone marrow experienced 37 percent fewer cardiac events -- including deaths and heart failure hospital admissions -- than a placebo-controlled group, according to a new study. Results from ixCELL-DCM, the largest cell therapy clinical trial for treating heart failure to date, will be presented at the 2016 American College of Cardiology annual meeting and published online in The Lancet on April 4. (2016-04-04)

The business of natural selection
Many gamblers claim to have a (2008-03-14)

6-day antibiotic cellulitis therapy results in faster, greater relapse than 12-day course
Cellulitis treated with a six-day course of intravenous antibiotic flucloxacillin resulted in greater rates of relapse at 90 days post treatment despite having similar short-term results to that of the 12-day course, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (2018-04-21)

The effect of eplerenone vs. placebo on cardiovascular mortality
Today results from a new sub-analysis of the EMPHASIS-HF study showed significant reductions in death and hospitalization for five pre-defined high-risk patient sub-groups with chronic heart failure (CHF) and mild symptoms treated with eplerenone in addition to standard therapy versus those treated with placebo and standard therapy. (2011-08-29)

Linezolid is superior treatment for drug-resistant pneumonia
A relatively new drug called linezolid (commercially known as Zyvox) appears to be about 40 percent more effective in treating a deadly and increasingly prevalent form of antibiotic-resistant pneumonia than the conventionally used drug vancomycin, according to a team led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. (2004-03-02)

Returning vets face 'warring identities' distress
Soldiers returning home from war may find themselves engaged in an even tougher conflict. A paper published in Society and Mental Health examines the 'warring identities' many veterans confront when transitioning from soldier to civilian life. (2014-03-06)

Study suggests a relationship between migraine headaches in children and a common heart defect
Roughly 15% of children suffer from migraines, and approximately one-third of these affected children have migraines with aura, a collection of symptoms that can include weakness, blind spots, and even hallucinations. Although the causes of migraines are unclear, a new study soon to be published in the Journal of Pediatrics suggests a connection between migraine headaches in children and a heart defect called patent foramen ovale, which affects 25 percent of people in the US. (2011-03-31)

Light at night and working the graveyard shift linked to increased risk of breast cancer
Women who work the graveyard shift may face an up to 60 percent increased risk of breast cancer, according to a Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center study (2001-10-16)

A single spray of oxytocin improves brain function in children with autism
A single dose of the hormone oxytocin, delivered via nasal spray, may improve the core social deficits in children with autism by making social interactions with other people more rewarding and more efficiently processed, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study published in the Dec. 2 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2013-12-02)

Adaptation is (not) in the eye of the beholder
The limited immune response in the eyes of freshwater fishes has created a great home for parasites, according to research published online in the journal Molecular Ecology. (2010-06-22)

Adversaries in art, science and philosophy
Risk and Meaning is a richly illustrated book exploring how chance and risk, on the one hand, and meaning or significance on the other, compete for the limelight in art, in philosophy, and in science. In modern society, prudence and probability calculation permeate our daily lives. Yet it is clear for all to see that neither cautious bank regulations nor mathematics have prevented economic crises from occurring time and again. (2011-05-10)

The eyes have it! How box jellyfish avoid banging into things
Box jellyfish are much more active swimmers than other jellyfish -- they exhibit strong directional swimming, are able to perform rapid 180-degree turns, and can deftly move in between objects. So how do they manage to maneuver the obstacle course that is in the sea bed? Given that they possess an impressive 24 eyes, one would think they would be well-equipped for this challenge! (2007-03-30)

Gene therapy study underway at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
A 56-year-old East Brunswick man has become the first patient to enter a Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital research study of a gene therapy product, called Ad5FGF-4, designed to stimulate the body's natural ability to grow new blood vessels. (2003-03-28)

Safety analyses of clinical data for bifeprunox in patients with schizophrenia
Solvay Pharmaceuticals Inc., Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, a division of Wyeth (NYSE:WYE), and Lundbeck A/S presented clinical study results on bifeprunox at an international medical congress this week. Safety analyses suggest bifeprunox, an investigational treatment for adult patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, was associated with a favorable weight and lipid profile, comparable with placebo. In addition, increases in weight occurred in patients receiving active references versus placebo. (2007-03-30)

New drug for non-small cell lung cancer shows efficacy
A new anti-cancer agent designed to block the signals responsible for telling cancer cells to grow has shown promising results for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. (2003-10-21)

Fungi in gut linked to higher Alzheimer's risk can be reduced through ketogenic diet
Specific fungi in the gut associated with a higher risk of Alzheimer's disease and found in people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can be altered in a beneficial manner by eating a modified Mediterranean diet, researchers at Wake Forest School of Medicine have found. (2020-08-31)

Brain 'rewires' itself to enhance other senses in blind people
The brains of those who are born blind make new connections in the absence of visual information, resulting in enhanced, compensatory abilities such as a heightened sense of hearing, smell and touch, as well as cognitive functions (such as memory and language) according to a new study led by Massachusetts Eye and Ear researchers. (2017-03-22)

COPD patients suffer fewer respiratory problems if treated with targeted lung denervation
First results from a clinical trial of a procedure to open obstructed airways in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have shown that it significantly reduces problems associated with the disease and is safe. Then findings on targeted lung denervation are presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. (2018-09-17)

Secretary Abraham announces next steps for artificial retina project
As a result of recent breakthroughs in science and engineering technology, Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham announced that DOE will commit $9 million over three years to augment artificial retina research, including support for a laboratory within the Doheny Eye Institute on the USC campus. Five DOE national labs, partnering with the University of Southern California and North Carolina State University, are designing a micro-electronic device that would be implanted in the eye on the surface of the retina. (2002-11-25)

Haloperidol as adjunctive therapy superior to placebo for acute gastroparesis symptoms
Haloperidol is an effective first-line agent in combination with standard analgesic and antiemetic agents for the treatment of gastroparesis in the emergency department. (2017-10-25)

Hubble's main camera stops working
On Saturday, January 27, Hubble's main camera, the Advanced Camera for Surveys, stopped working. Until a solution, at least in part, can be found, Hubble will be returned to work with the remaining instruments. (2007-01-30)

Sensation seekers, risk-takers who experience more bitterness apt to drink IPAs
People who seek novel and powerful sensations and are more prone to taking risks -- and who perceive bitter tastes more intensely -- are more likely to prefer bitter, pale-ale-style beers and drink them more often, according to Penn State sensory researchers, who conducted a study that involved blind taste tests and personality assessments. (2020-07-09)

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