Bone Density Current Events

Bone Density Current Events, Bone Density News Articles.
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Which bone measures predict fractures in postmenopausal women?
When investigators compared initial bone parameters with changes in those parameters over time in postmenopausal women, they found that initial measurements were significantly associated with women's risk of fracture. Rates of changes in bone density, microarchitecture, and strength were similar between the fracture and non-fracture groups. (2018-01-24)

Gluten-free diet reduces bone problems in children with celiac disease
Celiac disease (CD) is an inherited intestinal disorder characterized by life-long intolerance to the ingestion of gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. Although CD can be diagnosed at any age, it commonly occurs during early childhood. Reduced bone mineral density is often found in individuals with CD. A new article in the journal Nutrition Reviews examines the literature on the topic and reveals that a gluten-free diet can affect children's recovery. (2009-10-08)

Intense strength training benefits postmenopausal women with low bone mass
Exercise is known to be beneficial to bone health but there is reluctance to use high intensity programs in older women with low bone mass because of the risk of fracture or other injury. (2017-10-04)

Bone experts offer how-to video for forensic professionals
Advances in recent years allow forensic practitioners to use bone mineral density to extract more information from human remains -- but many forensic experts are unfamiliar with the techniques and technology. Now forensic researchers have published a step-by-step methodology in the video journal JOVE, providing forensic professionals with a guide that can help them extract as much information as possible from this emerging tool. (2018-01-29)

Blood marker may predict postmenopausal women's risk of bone fractures
In a study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, blood tests that detect fragments of a protein secreted by bone cells helped to predict fracture risk in postmenopausal women, independently of bone mineral density, bone turnover markers, and other measures of bone health. (2017-08-16)

Aging and bone mineral density
Older women and men experience increasing rates of hip fracture because of the age-related acceleration in bone loss. David Goltzman and colleagues studied a large cohort of Canadians and found that antiresorptive medication attenuates this loss. (2008-06-16)

Monitoring bone density in older women is unnecessary and potentially misleading
Monitoring bone mineral density in post-menopausal women taking osteoporosis drugs (bisphosphonates) is unnecessary and potentially misleading, concludes a study published on today. (2009-06-23)

Calcium supplements fail to prevent bone fractures in children
Calcium supplements have very little benefit for preventing fractures in childhood and later adulthood, concludes a study in the BMJ. (2006-09-14)

Grandpa's broken hip may mean weaker bones for his grandsons
If your grandfather has had a hip fracture, you too could be at risk. Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have been able to show, for the first time, a link between hip fractures in elderly men and impaired bone health in their grandsons. (2010-01-29)

Abaloparatide benefits a wide range of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
A recent analysis of results from a randomized controlled clinical trial indicates that abaloparatide-SC, a novel therapy for osteoporosis, provides consistent protection against bone fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis regardless of their baseline bone density, age, and previous history of fracture. (2016-10-24)

Assessment of bone density and fracture history can predict long-term fracture risk
Factors such as low bone density and previous fractures are commonly used to predict an individual's risk of experiencing a fracture over the next 10 years. (2017-06-21)

Forensic researchers find more accurate way to estimate age of deceased
Forensic researchers have found a more accurate way to assess an individual's age at death, based on the bone mineral density of the femur. The technique could be used to help identify human remains. (2018-01-23)

Forensic research finds bone density affects size of bullet holes
A proof-of-concept study finds that the density of bones in the skull affects the size of bullet holes in the skull. The finding is useful for law enforcement officials and medical examiners seeking to identify the caliber of firearms that have been used to commit murder. (2016-08-03)

Drug prevents bone loss side effects of breast cancer medication
A new study has found that an osteoporosis drug protects against the bone damaging side effects of certain breast cancer medications. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that some breast cancer patients could take zoledronic acid in addition to their anti-cancer medications to maintain bone health. (2011-10-10)

Past falls can help predict an individual's risk of bone fracture independent of other factors
Results from a new study in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research indicate that an individual's history of past falls can help predict their risk of bone fractures, independent of bone mineral density and other clinical factors. (2018-01-03)

Vitamin D supplements do not increase bone density in healthy children
Giving vitamin D supplements to healthy children with normal vitamin D levels does not improve bone density at the hip, lumbar spine, forearm or in the body as a whole, according to a new Cochrane Systematic Review. (2010-10-05)

Male smokers at higher risk than females for osteoporosis, fractures
In a large study of middle-aged to elderly smokers, men were more likely than women to have osteoporosis and fractures of their vertebrae. The findings suggest that current and past smokers of both genders should be screened for osteoporosis. (2015-03-05)

Weight loss surgery's effects on bone marrow fat and bone mass
Bone marrow fat is thought to regulate bone metabolism, and high levels of marrow fat are seen in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes. (2017-08-09)

Those who exercise when young have stronger bones when they grow old
The positive effects of exercise while growing up seem to last longer than previously believed. New findings suggest that physical activity when young increases bone density and size, which may mean a reduced risk of osteoporosis later in life, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2010-05-03)

History of broken bones overlooked when treating osteoporosis
Women who need treatment for osteoporosis -- thinning of the bones -- may not be receiving it because their history of fractures is not being considered by physicians, according to a study done in part at the University of Alberta. (2005-02-24)

Trial questions benefits of organic nitrates for bone health
A new study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research found that organic nitrates do not have clinically relevant effects on bone mineral density or bone turnover in postmenopausal women, and the medications caused significant side effects. (2020-05-06)

Early antiretroviral therapy linked with bone loss in patients with HIV
Current HIV treatment guidelines now recommend initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART) at the time of diagnosis. However, a new study has found that such early ART causes greater bone loss compared with deferring ART. (2017-06-26)

Fracture risk tool useful in women with breast cancer initiating aromatase inhibitor therapy
The FRAX® tool takes into account certain factors to determine the risk of bone fracture in the general population. In a Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study, the tool was effective at determining fracture risk for women with breast cancer who were treated with aromatase inhibitors, which cause accelerated bone loss, when combined with bone mineral density measurements. (2019-05-09)

Is bone strength hereditary?
A new study indicates that bone strength may be inherited and that its genetic determinants are to some extent shared with bone mineral density. (2017-07-19)

Zoledronic acid improves bone-mineral density in premenopausal women with early stage breast cancer
Concomitant zoledronic acid prevents bone loss in women with breast cancer during treatment with adjuvant endocrine therapy, and improves bone-mineral density after treatment, according to findings from a substudy of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group trial-12 (ABCSG-12), published early online and in the Sept. edition of the Lancet Oncology. (2008-08-19)

Oral contraceptive use does not affect bone mass
New research from Penn State College of Medicine shows that oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use by healthy teenage females does not affect their peak bone mass, or their growth. (2000-11-27)

Dense bones linked to raised risk for prostate cancer
Men who develop prostate cancer, especially the more aggressive and dangerous forms that spread throughout the body, tend to retain denser bones as they age than men who stay free of the disease, suggests new research from Johns Hopkins and the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health. (2010-07-28)

Exercise can forestall osteoporosis
The stage for osteoporosis is set well before menopause -- but exercise can help rewrite the script, according to Medical College of Georgia researchers. They hypothesize that higher levels of follicle-stimulating hormone decrease bone mineral density by influencing the production of cytokines. (2010-04-26)

Taking a break from osteoporosis drugs can protect bones
Taking time off from certain osteoporosis drugs may be beneficial to bone health, according to a study presented at the 2010 Annual Loyola University Health System Research Symposium. Researchers found that bone density remained stable for three years in patients who took a drug holiday from bisphosphonates, a popular class of osteoporosis drugs that can cause fractures in the thigh bones and tissue decay in the jaw bone. (2010-11-18)

Athletic girls more likely to have impaired bone structure if menstrual cycle stops
Young female athletes who have stopped menstruating have a weakening in the quality of their bone structure that may predispose them to breaking a bone, despite getting plenty of weight-bearing exercise, a new study finds. The results will be presented Sunday at The Endocrine Society's 93rd Annual Meeting in Boston. (2011-06-05)

Yearly zoledronic acid at lower-than-standard doses increases bone density
A lower dose of zoledronic acid than currently recommended for prevention of bone fractures due to osteoporosis decreases bone resorption and increases bone density, and may be effective in reducing the risk of osteoporotic fractures, a study finds. The new research findings will be presented Monday at The Endocrine Society's 93rd Annual Meeting in Boston. (2011-06-06)

Study finds link between hot flashes and lower bone density in women
Women with vasomotor symptoms, which include hot flashes and night sweats, had lower bone density than those without VMS. (2009-05-05)

Drug reverses bone loss in men with prostate cancer during the first year of treatment
A common type of treatment used to protect bone density in menopausal women is also an effective therapy for advanced prostate cancer patients during the first year of hormone therapy, according to a new Oregon Health & Science University Cancer Institute study. (2006-02-25)

Bone research strengthened in lead up to World Osteoporosis Day
As many as 100,000 Australians could be carrying a genetic mutation that predisposes them to low bone density and a higher risk of bone fractures. (2006-10-19)

Study provides new insights on bone loss in women
A new study in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research looked at the relative contributions of the two types of bone -- cortical, or compact bone, and trabecular, or spongy bone -- to total bone loss. (2018-01-03)

Safely fixed hip prostheses
Artificial hip joints are firmly anchored to the patient's damaged bone by screws. But which parts of the bone will safely hold the screws in place? A simulation model is to calculate the strength of the bone from computer tomography images. (2009-01-26)

Brain plays key role in regulating bone density
The brain plays an important role in the maintenance of proper bone density, researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have revealed. (2005-08-24)

Duration of lactation associated with bone density
Maternal bone density decreases after childbirth, but only among women who lactate for at least four months. The lactation period is unrelated to vitamin D status. A PhD thesis at Sahlgrenska Academy has explored the issue. (2015-11-05)

Large meta-analysis indicates widespread use of vitamin D supplements to prevent osteoporosis in healthy adults unjustified
Taking vitamin D supplements does not improve bone mineral density at the total hip, spine, forearm, or in the body as a whole, a large meta-analysis involving more than 4,000 healthy adults published in The Lancet has found. With close to half of adults aged 50 and older using vitamin D supplements, the authors conclude that continuing widespread use of these supplements to prevent osteoporosis in healthy adults is needless. (2013-10-10)

New osteoporosis therapy's dual effects on bone tissue
Sclerostin is a protein produced by osteocytes in the bone that inhibits bone formation. A recent analysis of results from a clinical trial reveals the beneficial effects of romosozumab, an antibody therapy that targets sclerostin, on bone tissue in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The findings are published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. (2019-06-25)

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