Brain Tumour Current Events

Brain Tumour Current Events, Brain Tumour News Articles.
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Immune system cells contribute to the invading capacity of brain tumours
An article published in Brain Communications, coordinated by Carlos Barcia, researcher at Institut de Neurociències de la UAB, describes how the immune system facilitates the expansion of tumour cells in the brain. The study was performed on human samples of glioblastoma, the most aggressive brain tumour, and on cell culture models. These findings will help to develop treatments for this type of tumour, for which there is not an effective therapy at the moment. (2020-01-23)

Epileptic seizures linked to significant risk of subsequent brain tumor
Epileptic seizures can precede the development of a subsequent brain tumor by many years, suggests research published online in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. (2011-04-06)

Plymouth University chooses Brain Tumour Research as official charity
Brain Tumour Research has been chosen by Plymouth University to be an official charity partner. Brain Tumour Research was launched in April 2009 to raise awareness of, and funding for, scientific research into brain tumours and improve outcomes for brain tumour patients. (2014-08-20)

Immune system to fight brain tumors
Research at Lund University in Sweden gives hope that one of the most serious types of brain tumor, glioblastoma multiforme, could be fought by the patients' own immune system. The tumors are difficult to remove with surgery because the tumor cells grow into the surrounding healthy brain tissue. A patient with the disease therefore does not usually survive much longer than a year after the discovery of the tumor. (2013-05-30)

Treatment of malignant brain tumor in children gets closer
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have identified important mechanisms underlying how a special type of malignant brain tumor arises in children. Not only do these discoveries give researchers important information about the tumor but they could also result in possible treatment. (2017-02-28)

Boosting the immune system to treat brain cancer
Researchers at the University of Calgary's Hotchkiss Brain Institute have made a discovery that could lead to better treatment for patients suffering from brain cancer. Researchers looked at human brain tumor samples and discovered that specialized immune cells in brain tumor patients are compromised. The researchers took this discovery and, in an animal model, identified a drug that is able to re-activate those immune cells and reduce brain tumor growth, thereby increasing the lifespan of mice two to three times. (2013-12-08)

Virus-like particles provide vital clues about brain tumors
Exosomes are small, virus-like particles that can transport genetic material and signal substances between cells. Researchers at Lund University, Sweden, have made new findings about exosomes released from aggressive brain tumors, gliomas. These exosomes are shown to have an important function in brain tumor development, and could be utilized as biomarkers to assess tumor aggressiveness through a blood test. (2013-04-17)

Brain tumor revealed by treatment-resistant depression
A woman who was thought to have treatment-resistant depression was later found to have a tumor in her brain, according to an article published in BMJ Case Reports. (2015-12-22)

Fine-tuned test predicts risk of ovarian cancer with great precision
Researchers from KU Leuven, Belgium, have improved a test for ultrasound diagnosis of ovarian tumors. Professors Dirk Timmerman and Ben Van Calster collaborated with scientists from Imperial College London and Lund University. (2016-01-19)

Study finds biological clue in brain tumor development
Scientists at the University of Nottingham have uncovered a vital new biological clue that could lead to more effective treatments for a children's brain tumor that currently kills more than 60 percent of young sufferers. (2009-03-18)

Blood test provides clues to bladder cancer patients' prognoses
New research indicates that about one-quarter of patients with bladder cancer treated with radical surgery on curative intent have detectable levels of tumour cells circulating in their blood. The presence of circulating tumour cells was also a predictor of cancer recurrence and death. (2017-02-13)

Potential drug targets for glioblastoma identified
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified 10 tumour-specific potential drug targets for the brain tumour glioblastoma. The results are presented in the scientific journal Cell Reports. (2019-11-05)

AI blood test can spot signs of brain tumor to speed up diagnosis
Chemical analysis of blood samples, combined with an artificial intelligence program, could speed up the diagnosis of brain tumors, according to research presented at the 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference. (2019-11-05)

Understanding how people respond to symptoms of a brain tumor
A recent study from King's College London and Cambridge University highlighted that people may experience multiple subtle changes before being diagnosed with a brain tumor. (2019-03-22)

Study identifies molecules that could help to prevent the development of brain tumors
Researchers from the University of Portsmouth's Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence have identified molecules which are responsible for metastatic lung cancer cells binding to blood vessels in the brain. (2017-08-03)

UCalgary researchers discover new tactic to stop the growth of a deadly brain cancer
UCalgary scientists and members of the Clark H. Smith Brain Tumour Centre at the Arnie Charbonneau Cancer Institute at the Cumming School of Medicine have discovered a way to stop the growth of glioblastoma, the deadliest form of brain cancer. The finding, published in Nature Communications, provides a new tactic in the war against cancer that involves reprogramming the immune system to do what it does best - fight the tumour instead of fueling it. (2020-10-26)

The cell of origin in childhood brain tumors affects susceptibility to therapy
Children that are diagnosed with the severe the brain tumor malignant glioma often have a very poor prognosis. New findings from Uppsala University show that in mice glioma development and glioma cell properties are affected by both age and the cell type from which the tumor has arisen. The tumor cell of origin was also important for the susceptibility of the tumor cells towards cancer drugs. (2016-11-17)

Sick Kids researchers identify cancer stem cell for brain tumours
A research team at The Hospital for Sick Children (HSC) and the University of Toronto (U of T), led by Dr. Peter Dirks, has identified for the first time a cancer stem cell in both malignant and benign brain tumours. This discovery may change how brain tumours are studied and how this deadly condition is treated in the future. This research is reported in the September 15, 2003, issue of the scientific journal Cancer Research. (2003-09-15)

New mathematical model can improve radiation therapy of brain tumours
Researchers have developed a new model to optimize radiation therapy and significantly increase the number of tumor cells killed during treatment. The new mathematical model, outlined in a recent study led by a University of Waterloo student, can use information about where the majority of the cells in a tumor are located allowing for radiation treatment to be administered to the densest area. (2019-09-04)

High levels of education linked to heightened brain tumor risk
A university degree is linked to a heightened risk of developing a brain tumor, suggests a large observational study, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. (2016-06-20)

Plymouth University researchers in first ever UK brain tumor workshop
Organized by charity Brain Tumour Research, scientists from Plymouth University joined colleagues from other brain tumor research institutions for the first ever UK brain tumor research workshop. (2015-06-10)

An improved method for calculating tumor growth
When treating cancer, it is an advantage to know the rate of growth of the cancer tumor. The standard method currently used to determine tumor growth, however, is erroneous. This is the conclusion of scientists at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, who have developed a new model. (2010-03-07)

Brain cancer discovery reveals clues in quest for new therapies
Researchers at the University of Edinburgh have pinpointed two key molecules that drive the growth of an aggressive type of adult brain cancer. The findings shed light on the mechanisms that underpin brain cancer progression and could eventually reveal targets for the development of much-needed therapies, researchers say. (2017-05-10)

Tumor protein could hold key to pancreatic cancer survival
A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often a death sentence because current chemotherapies have little impact on the disease. (2017-02-23)

Brain tumour research could help future precision medicine
New research on brain tumours could improve patient diagnosis and treatment options as part of a precision medicine approach. Brain tumours are the leading cause of cancer deaths in children and adults under the age of 40, with 16,000* people in the UK diagnosed with a brain tumour each year. (2020-01-07)

Tumor-trained T cells go on patrol
In cancer, immune cells infiltrate tumors -- but it hasn't been known which immune cells exit the tumor or where they go next. Garvan researchers have shown that activated T cells are the main immune cell to leave tumors, and that these T cells move to other tumors and to draining lymph nodes The findings will inform the development of T-cell-based immunotherapies for metastatic cancer. (2017-05-15)

Children's brain tumors more diverse than previously believed
Paediatric brain tumors preserve specific characteristics of the normal cells from which they originate - a previously unknown circumstance with ramifications for how tumor cells respond to treatment. This has been shown by Uppsala researcher Fredrik Swartling together with colleagues in the US, Canada and England in a study that was published today in the distinguished journal Cancer Cell. (2012-05-14)

Cell of origin affects malignancy and drug sensitivity of brain tumors
Patients with glioblastoma have very poor prognosis since there are no effective therapies. In a study published in Cell Reports, researchers at Uppsala University have discovered a correlation between the cell type from which the tumor originates and the growth and drug sensitivity of the tumor. More knowledge about the mechanisms behind this correlation could be important for developing more effective drugs against subgroups of glioblastoma. (2017-01-24)

Modeling the demise of migrating brain tumor cells
An Israeli physicist has developed a theoretical model to simulate the evolution of highly proliferating brain tumor core cells subjected to treatment by alternating radio frequency electric field. The research, by Alexander Iomin from the Israel Institute of Technology Technion in Haifa, is about to be published in EPJ E. In another model, the author examines the possibility of enhancing the level of treatment by targeting the outer area of the tumor. (2012-06-06)

Inhibiting a DNA-repairing protein in brain could be key to treating aggressive tumors
Researchers at the University of Leeds found that inhibiting this protein, called RAD51, helped increase the effectiveness of radiotherapy in killing off glioblastoma cells in the lab. (2017-01-10)

University of Guelph professor identifies protein key to cancer cells ability to spread
U of G scientists have made a discovery that could reduce the spread of cancer by hindering a protein that binds cancer cells together and allows them to invade tissues. The groundbreaking study identified a protein, known as cadherin-22, as a potential factor in cancer metastasis, or spread, and showed that hindering it decreased the adhesion and invasion rate of breast and brain cancer cells by up to 90 percent. (2017-11-17)

Light, chemistry, action -- a new technique to target skin cancers?
Targeted photodynamic therapy can completely eradicate some models of cancer, according to the latest research by UK and Swiss scientists, published in the current issue of the British Journal of Cancer. (2011-04-11)

Study shows potential to develop brain tumour liquid biopsies
Scientists are making strides in developing liquid biopsies for brain tumours by detecting tumour DNA in the fluid from around the brain and spine. (2018-11-06)

Gene 'switches' could predict when breast cancers will spread to the brain
Scientists have found a pattern of genetic 'switches' -- chemical marks that turn genes on or off -- that are linked to breast cancer's spread to the brain. (2014-11-04)

New genes discovered regulating brain metastases in lung cancer
Researchers set out to find which genes can regulate the cells that initiate brain metastases, the genes that are sending the signal to leave the lung tumour, go into the blood stream, invade the blood-brain barrier and form a tumour in the brain. (2017-08-08)

Sick Kids researchers confirm that cancer stem cells initiate and grow brain tumours
Researchers at The Hospital for Sick Children (Sick Kids) and the University of Toronto (U of T) have confirmed that childhood and adult brain tumours originate from cancer stem cells and that these stem cells fuel and maintain tumour growth. This discovery has led to development of a mouse model for human brain tumours and opens the door for new therapeutic targets for the treatment of brain tumours. This research is reported in the November 18, 2004 issue of the scientific journal Nature. (2004-11-17)

Singapore researchers confirm gene p73's role in tumor growth
A team of researchers at National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS) and Singapore General Hospital has determined dual functionality gene p73, in both the promotion and suppression in tumor growth. The NCCS team also receives a S$2.5 million grant to aid the research in the next five years. (2015-06-29)

Brain tumour experts from the MNI in Washington DC to mark Brain Tumor Action Week
Dr. Rolando Del Maestro, Clinical Director of the Brain Tumour Research Centre at the Montreal Neurological Institute at McGill University and Mrs. Pam Del Maestro, President of the North American Brain Tumor Coalition, will be in Washington, D.C. for Brain Tumor Awareness Week (May 4-10). (2003-05-05)

Teamwork between cells fuels aggressive childhood brain tumor
Scientists have discovered that cancerous cells in an aggressive type of childhood brain tumour work together to infiltrate the brain, and this finding could ultimately lead to much needed new treatments. (2018-07-02)

Brain tumors share common tricks to survive
Different types of brain tumors may use strikingly similar approaches to generate and use energy to survive in the brain. (2017-10-25)

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