Breeding Current Events

Breeding Current Events, Breeding News Articles.
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Fairy-wrens change breeding habits to cope with climate change
Warmer temperatures linked to climate change are having a big impact on the breeding habits of one of Australia's most recognisable bird species, according to researchers at The Australian National University (ANU). (2019-10-10)

Public attitude toward tiger farming and tiger conservation
The wild tiger Panthera tigris is considered critically endangered, and it faces unprecedented threats, including habitat loss and fragmentation, depletion of prey, and continued illegal poaching for trade of tiger bones for traditional medicine and skins for ornamentation and collection. (2015-01-20)

Keeping up appearances: male fairy-wrens show looks can be deceiving
A new study examines whether conspicuous colours of superb fairy-wrens signal male quality. (2020-12-22)

Females do best if they wait a while
Starting to breed late in life is a bad idea if you want to maximize the number of offspring that you produce -- or so the theory goes. But doubt has now been cast on this hypothesis -- one of the biggest assumptions in behavioral ecology -- by researchers from the universities of Bristol and Cape Town and published today in Current Biology. (2007-04-05)

The impact of human-caused noise pollution on birds
Anthropogenic noise pollution (ANP) is a globally invasive phenomenon impacting natural systems, but most research has occurred at local scales with few species. Researchers in this study investigated continental-scale breeding season associations with ANP for 322 bird species to test whether local-scale predictions are consistent at broad spatial extents for an extensive group of North American bird species in the continental United States. (2019-10-11)

Largest genetic survey to date shows major success of giant panda breeding programs
Breeding programs in conservation centers and zoos hope to save the panda by improving genetic diversity, avoid inbreeding and ultimately, introduce pandas back to the wild. Just how are these high-profile programs doing so far? In a new study appearing in the advanced online edition of Molecular Biology and Evolution, Fuwen Wei, et al., performed the most comprehensive genetic survey so far. (2014-07-22)

Declining US plant breeding programs impacts food security
Decreasing access to funding, technology, and knowledge in U.S. plant breeding programs could negatively impact our future food security. (2020-08-20)

New model more accurately describes migratory animals' extinction risk
Predicting the risk of extinction is a complicated task, especially for species that migrate between breeding and wintering sites. Researchers at the University of Georgia and Tulane University have developed a mathematical model that may make such predictions more accurate. Their work appears in the early online edition of the Royal Society journal Biology Letters. (2011-11-16)

New software supports decision-making for breeding
Researchers at the University of G├Âttingen have developed an innovative software program for the simulation of breeding programmes. The ''Modular Breeding Program Simulator'' (MoBPS) enables the simulation of complex breeding programmes in animal and plant breeding and is designed to assist breeders in their everyday decisions. In addition to economic criteria in breeding, the research team strives for goals such as sustainability, conservation of genetic diversity and improved animal welfare. The research appeared in G3 Genes, Genomes, Genetics. (2020-05-12)

Delayed breeding is not necessarily costly to lifetime reproductive success
Using 24 years of data from the longest-running study of a cooperative bird species on the African continent, researchers at the Universities of Bristol and Cape Town have cast doubt on one of the biggest assumptions in behavioral ecology: that a delayed start to breeding is necessarily costly to reproductive success. (2007-04-05)

Wintering bird communities track climate change faster than breeding communities in Europe and North America
A study recently completed in Europe and North America indicates that the composition of wintering and breeding bird communities changes in line with global warming. However, wintering bird communities are considerably faster at tracking the changing climate compared to breeding communities. (2021-02-17)

The best parents: Genetically as divergent as possible with similar preferences
The more diverse in genetics, than better. But only in cases of similar preferences. A team of researchers led by IPK Gatersleben has succeeded in providing answers to a long unsolved question in the breeding of plant hybrids. (2020-06-12)

A fisheries catch-22
Human impacts on the environment have reduced populations of wild species to dangerously low levels. Nowhere is this more apparent than in worldwide fisheries, where thanks to overfishing and habitat destruction, countless species and populations of fish are on the brink of disappearing forever. To attempt to mitigate the dire situation, captive breeding, the controlled breeding of organisms in protected environments, is regularly initiated. (2008-12-11)

Symbiotic fungi promote invasion into diverse plant communities (Rudgers et al.)
Populations of several European passerines that winter south of the Sahara have undergone a marked decline. Causes of negative population trends are largely unknown, but ecological conditions during winter in Africa may have carry-over effects during northward spring migration and reproduction. In Ecology Letters, January, Saino et al analyse the effect of ecological conditions in the winter quarters on timing of arrival of barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) to their Italian breeding grounds the following spring. (2003-12-10)

Plant breeding is being transformed by advances in genomics and computing
Improved DNA sequencing and computing technologies allow us to track plant genetic variation at a level unimaginable five years ago. This is radically improving plant breeding and making the process vastly cheaper and quicker. It enables scientists to work with highly complex traits and makes it possible to utilize valuable genetic diversity from the wild relatives of crops. It is also revitalizing interest in working with research-neglected crops, such as those of the developing world. (2011-02-19)

Kittiwakes' trans-Atlantic winter odyssey linked to breeding success
One of Britain's best known seabirds winters on opposite sides of the Atlantic depending on whether its breeding attempt has been successful according to new research published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The findings highlight previously unsuspected links between summer breeding performance and wintering distributions of kittiwakes. The research team was led by Dr. Maria Bogdanova from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. (2011-01-04)

Research alliance to improve aquaculture and livestock breeding
The University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute and Hendrix Genetics, a global leader in animal breeding, have established a research agreement to improve the sustainability of animal production. (2016-08-23)

Winter sets up breeding success: Study
A new study by University of Guelph biologists suggests the number of songbirds breeding during spring and summer depends mostly on what happens at their wintering grounds. Wintering ground temperatures and population density at the breeding grounds are key factors affecting how many individuals return to breed on Kent Island each spring and summer. (2017-03-20)

How puffins catch food outside the breeding season
Little is known about how seabirds catch their food outside the breeding season but using modern technology, researchers at the University of Liverpool and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology have gained new insight into their feeding habits. (2019-07-17)

Decline in plant breeding programs could impact food security
A team of scientists led by Kate Evans, a Washington State University horticulture professor who leads WSU's pome fruit (apples and pears) breeding program, found that public plant breeding programs are seeing decreases in funding and personnel. (2020-08-07)

Developing climate-resilient wheat varieties
Climate-resilient wheat varieties with increased nutritional values possible. (2017-05-01)

Strengthening coffee
Is your cup of coffee suffering from fertility problems? The difference between instant (Robusta) and filter coffee (Arabica) lies in the self-incompatibility of its reproductive cells. Sylvester Tumusiime from the University of Nottingham, UK, will elaborate on how his research contributes in the development of breeding strategies that will help the Robusta crop survive. (2005-07-10)

Radio rhinos: University of Guam scientist and colleagues tag coconut rhinoceros beetles
Finding breeding sites is crucial for the control of the invasive coconut rhinoceros beetle on Guam. (2016-02-25)

Hormone analysis helps identify horny rhinos
Researchers from Chester Zoo, The University of Manchester and the University of Liverpool carried out a six-year study which encompassed 90 percent of European population of black rhino. (2014-08-22)

The black storks in Estonia are suffering from loneliness
One-third of the nests of the black stork in Estonia are inhabited by single birds who cannot breed due to lack of partner. (2019-02-06)

Changes in climate and land cover affecting European migratory bird populations
Changes in climate and habitat on the breeding and non-breeding grounds of migratory birds are both playing an important part in driving their long-term population changes. (2020-08-14)

Study investigates 'divorce' among Galapagos seabirds
Being a devoted husband and father is not enough to keep an avian marriage together for the Nazca booby, a long-lived seabird found in the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador. Many Nazca booby females switch mates after successfully raising a chick. (2007-06-13)

More evidence of major global extinctions
In their paper in this week's issue of Science, Regional Extinction Rates of British Butterflies, Birds and Plants, the authors (Note 2) conclude that (2004-03-18)

Cooperation helps mammals survive in tough environments
New research suggests that cooperative breeding makes mammal species such as meerkats better suited to dry, harsh climates. (2017-01-24)

Shifts seen in breeding times and duration for 73 boreal bird species over 40 years
In a new study out this week, a team including forest ecologist Malcolm Itter at the University of Massachusetts Amherst reports finding ''clear evidence of a contraction of the breeding period'' among boreal birds in Finland over a 43-year span for which good quality data were available. (2020-07-23)

More roses blooming at Texas A&M, thanks to Moore
In the world of miniature roses, Ralph S. Moore has been called father, patron saint, and even king. Add benefactor. Moore, whose 101st birthday is Monday, is donating all of his breeding stock to Texas A&M University's horticultural sciences department to assure continued research in miniature roses. (2008-01-11)

Genetic chip will help salmon farmers breed better fish
Atlantic salmon production could be boosted by a new technology developed by scientists at the University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute that will help select the best fish for breeding. (2014-02-13)

New sequencing reveals genetic history of tomatoes
The sequencing of 360 tomato varieties has yielded a 'genetic history' of the popular food crop. (2014-10-14)

The likelihood for mixed breeding between two songbird species lessens with warmer springs
Global climate warming is considered a major threat to many living organisms but not all consequences of warming need to be harmful to species. A recent study from the University of Helsinki published on Evolution shows that two bird species react differently to warmer spring temperatures, succeeding to mitigate negative effects of competition and mixed breeding. (2017-12-11)

Warmer nights prompt forest birds to lay eggs earlier in spring
Rising night-time temperatures are causing woodland birds to build nests and lay eggs earlier in springtime, research shows. (2019-10-16)

Evolutionary crop research: Ego-plants give lower yield
Evolutionary biologists are calling for a shift in the usual plant breeding paradigm, which is based on selecting the fittest plants to create new varieties. New research results show that a plants ability to be less competitive and behave according to the good of the group could be a key feature in the attempt to increase crop yields. (2017-10-02)

Parasites might spur evolution of strange amphibian breeding habits
Parasites can decimate amphibian populations, but one University of Georgia researcher believes they might also play a role in spurring the evolution of new and sometimes bizarre breeding strategies. (2007-11-14)

Breeding programs should incorporate mate choice
The breeding programs widely used to supplement fisheries and conserve endangered species may be flawed. The problem is that while animals usually choose their mates in the wild, they typically do not get a choice when bred in captivity. The benefits of mate choice can include increased resistance to disease among offspring, and new work calls for incorporating mate choice into captive breeding programs. (2002-09-24)

Divorce in birds: She's movin' up, while he's movin' out!
Female, bird, and bored of your long-term partner? Then divorce could be something for you! In the monogamous dunlin, divorce provides benefits for females but not for males. (2012-04-11)

Inaugural Texas A&M Plant Breeding Symposium
The theme of the inaugural Texas A&M Plant Breeding Symposium, to be held Feb. 19, is 'Plant Breeding in the Modern Era.' The one-day research conference for plant breeding, genetics and related sciences will allow world-renown scientists to share their research on high-throughput phenotyping, genomic selection and breeding for host plant resistance, said Brian Pfeiffer, a Texas A&M soil and crop science graduate student and member of the organizing committee. (2015-02-12)

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