Burgess Shale Current Events

Burgess Shale Current Events, Burgess Shale News Articles.
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Newly discovered ancient arthropod lived hundreds of millions of years ago
The Burgess Shale Formation, in the Canadian Rockies of British Columbia, is one of the most famous fossil locations in the world. A recent Palaeontology study introduces a 508 million year old (middle Cambrian) arthropod -- called Yawunik kootenayi -- from exceptionally preserved specimens of the new Marble Canyon locality within the Burgess Shale Formation. (2015-04-07)

EARTH: Famous fossils and spectacular scenery at British Columbia's Burgess Shale
The Burgess Shale provides us with a rare glimpse into the softer side of paleontology. Most fossils are preserved hard parts -- bones, teeth and shells -- but one of the most famous fossil locales in the world, the Burgess Shale, reveals subtle soft body structures like gills and eyes delicately preserved between the layers of dark rock. This month, EARTH magazine contributor Mary Caperton Morton reminds us that no matter how well we think we know a fossil locality, it can still surprise us. (2013-01-02)

A new treasure trove of Cambrian secrets unearthed
Researchers have discovered an early Cambrian fossil assemblage located along the bank of the Danshui River in China. (2019-03-21)

A mineral blueprint for finding Burgess Shale-type fossils
Scientists have identified a mineral signature for sites that are more likely to contain rare fossils that preserve evidence of soft tissue -- essential information to understanding ancient life. (2018-02-16)

Mechanism for Burgess Shale-type preservation
A team of researchers led by Robert Gaines of Pomona College and Emma Hammarlund of the Nordic Center for Earth Evolution claims to have unlocked the mystery of the Burgess Shale in their study, (2012-03-07)

University of Toronto/Royal Ontario Museum scientists discover unusual 'tulip' creature
A bizarre creature that lived in the ocean more than 500 million years ago has emerged from the famous Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale in the Canadian Rockies. Officially named Siphusauctum gregarium, fossils reveal a tulip-shaped creature that is about the length of a dinner knife (approximately 20 centimeters or eight inches) and has a unique filter feeding system. (2012-01-18)

University of Saskatchewan, Royal Ontario Museum researchers track half-billion year old predator
Researchers from the University of Saskatchewan and Royal Ontario Museum have followed fossilized footprints to a multi-legged predator that ruled the seas of the Cambrian period about half a billion years ago. (2011-11-08)

Strange phallus-shaped creature provides crucial missing link
Christopher Cameron of the University of Montreal's Department of Biological Sciences and his colleagues have unearthed a major scientific discovery -- a strange phallus-shaped creature they found in Canada's Burgess Shale fossil beds, located in Yoho National Park. The fossils were found in an area of shale beds that are 505 million years old. (2013-03-13)

Deep heat solution to 500-million year mystery
Scientists from the universities of Leicester and Cambridge and from the British Geological Survey have published new research in the journal Geology this month shedding new light on a 500-million year old mystery. (2008-11-12)

Soft tissue fossil clues could help search for ancient life on Earth and other planets
Fossils that preserve entire organisms (including both hard and soft body parts) are critical to our understanding of evolution and ancient life on Earth. However, these exceptional deposits are extremely rare. New Oxford University research suggests that the mineralogy of the surrounding earth is key to conserving soft parts of organisms, and finding more exceptional fossils. Part-funded by NASA, the work could potentially support the Mars Rover Curiosity in its sample analysis, and speed up the search for traces of life on other planets. (2018-02-15)

Biodiversity and taphonomy of the early Cambrian Guanshan biota, eastern Yunnan
The Guanshan biota is an important Burgess Shale-type fossil Lagerstte from East Yunnan, SW China with exceptional preservation of soft-tissues after the discovery of the Chengjiang fauna and the Kaili biota. The geological settings, sedimentology, taphonomy, as well as the fossil assemblage of the Guanshan biota is reviewed in a paper of issue 53 of Science China: Earth Sciences. (2011-04-02)

First risk assessment of shale gas fracking to biodiversity
Fracking, the controversial method of mining shale gas, is widespread across Pennsylvania, covering up to 280,000 kmĀ² of the Appalachian Basin. New research in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences explores the threat posed to biodiversity including pollution from toxic chemicals, the building of well pads and pipelines, and changes to wetlands. (2013-06-17)

Researchers discover 'epic' new Burgess Shale site in Canada's Kootenay National Park
Yoho National Park's 505-million-year-old Burgess Shale -- home to some of the planet's earliest animals, including a very primitive human relative -- is one of the world's most important fossil sites. Now, more than a century after its discovery, a compelling sequel has been unearthed: 42 kilometers away in Kootenay National Park, a new Burgess Shale fossil site has been located that appears to equal the importance of the original discovery, and may one day even surpass it. (2014-02-11)

Kicking an old can of worms -- the origin of the head in annelids
Researchers at the Royal Ontario Museum and the University of Toronto have described an exceptionally well-preserved new fossil species of bristle worm called Kootenayscolex barbarensis. Discovered from the 508-million-year-old Marble Canyon fossil site in the Burgess Shale in Kootenay National Park, the new species helps rewrite our understanding of the origin of the head in annelids, a highly diverse group of animals which includes today's leeches and earthworms. (2018-01-22)

Early Cambrian fossil discovery gives new understanding into the origin of hemichordates
A half-a-billion years old fossil species of marine animal sheds light on how the anatomies of the two main types of an animal group called the hemichordates are related, and provides new evidence in the historical debate among zoologists. The fossils are over half-a-billion years old and were discovered at a Burgess Shale site in the Canadian Rockies by scientists at the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM) Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History and University of Montreal. (2020-08-27)

How useful is fracking anyway? Study explores return of investment
The value of a fuel's long-term usefulness and viability is judged through its energy return on investment; the comparison between the eventual fuel and the energy invested to create it. The energy return on investment study published in the Journal of Industrial Ecology finds that shale gas has a return value which is close to coal. (2013-06-17)

Half-a-billion-year-old tiny predator unveils the rise of scorpions and spiders
Two palaeontologists working on the world-renowned Burgess Shale have revealed a new species, called Mollisonia plenovenatrix, which is presented as the oldest chelicerate. This discovery places the origin of this vast group of animals -- of over 115,000 species, including horseshoe crabs, scorpions and spiders -- to a time more than 500 million years ago. The findings are published in the prestigious journal Nature on Sept. 11, 2019. (2019-09-11)

Aggressive treatment of childhood eczema could help prevent asthma, says new study
More aggressive treatment of childhood eczema may be an important step in preventing asthma, says a new Australian study. (2008-07-06)

Using the energy in oil shale without releasing carbon dioxide in a greenhouse world
New technology that combines production of electricity with capture of carbon dioxide could make billions of barrels of oil shale -- now regarded as off-limits because of the huge amounts of carbon dioxide released in its production -- available as an energy source in a greenhouse world of the future. That's the conclusion of a report on (2011-04-20)

US shale gas drives up coal exports
A report by researchers at the University of Manchester has concluded that whilst the US is burning less coal due to shale gas production, millions of tonnes of unused coal are being exported to the UK, Europe and Asia. As a result, the emissions benefits of switching fuels are overstated. (2012-10-28)

The physics of extracting gas from shale formations
In a recent article published in EPJ E, Natalia Kovalchuk and Constantinos Hadjistassou from the University of Nicosia, Cyprus, have distilled the current state of knowledge regarding the multi-scale flow processes occurring during shale gas extraction. This know-how is deemed essential for improving gas recovery and lowering production costs. (2018-11-30)

Burgess Shale worm provides crucial missing link
Canada's 505 million year-old Burgess Shale fossil beds, located in Yoho National Park, have yielded yet another major scientific discovery -- this time with the unearthing of a strange phallus-shaped creature. (2013-03-13)

Clues contained in ancient brain point to the origin of heads in early animals
The discovery of a 500-million-year-old fossilized brain has helped identify a point of crucial transformation in early animals, and answered some of the questions about how heads first evolved. (2015-05-07)

Is UK shale gas extraction posing a risk to public health?
More needs to be done to investigate the risks to human health that extracting shale gas poses, suggests a personal view published on bmj.com today. (2014-04-17)

Engelder named one of top 100 global thinkers
Terry Engelder, professor of geosciences, Penn State, has been named one of Foreign Policy Magazine's (2011-11-28)

Natural gas from shale contributes to global warming
Natural gas extracted from shale formations has a greater greenhouse gas footprint -- in the form of methane emissions -- than conventional gas, oil and coal over a 20 year period. This calls into question the logic of its use as a climate-friendly alternative to fossil fuels, according to Robert Howarth and colleagues, from Cornell University in New York. Their work is published online in Springer's journal, Climatic Change Letters. (2011-04-12)

Should adolescents be allowed to make health care decisions?
Drs. Christopher Doig and Ellen Burgess review the arguments for and against whether teens should be allowed to refuse potentially lifesaving medical therapy. (2000-05-29)

A new method to estimate total organic carbon content
One key property to evaluate the prospects of any shale oil or gas is its total organic carbon (TOC) richness. This study investigates different TOC estimation techniques and validates the reliability of each, aiming to provide a best estimation approach for local and global applications. (2017-08-29)

Support for fracking is at an all-time low, says new survey
As the government gives the go-ahead to resume fracking in the UK, a new survey from The University of Nottingham has shown that public support for the extraction and use of shale gas has fallen from over 58 percent in July 2013 to just over 37 percent in October 2016. (2016-10-13)

Livermore Lab and American Shale Oil team to study carbon sequestration
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and American Shale Oil, LLC, a subsidiary of IDT Corporation, announced today that they have entered into a technical cooperation agreement to develop carbon sequestration technologies for in ground shale oil production processes. (2008-12-03)

Scientists describe 'enigmatic' species that lived in Utah some 500 million years ago
The only fossilized specimen of a species previously unknown to science -- an 'obscure' stalked filter feeder -- has just been detailed for the first time in a paper appearing in the Journal of Paleontology. (2017-10-11)

Fossil fragments reveal 500-million-year-old monster predator
Hurdia victoria was originally described in 1912 as a crustacean-like animal. Now, researchers from Uppsala University and colleagues reveal it to be just one part of a complex and remarkable new animal that has an important story to tell about the origin of the largest group of living animals, the arthropods. The findings are being published in this week's issue of Science. (2009-03-19)

Analyzing effects of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) & polyethylene glycol (PEG)
Nowadays, the maintenance of wellbore stability is a very important activity in the drilling industry. Wellbore stability can be improved by designing proper drilling fluid. (2018-07-03)

NSF-funded database tracks water
Development of a database that will be able to track potential impacts of Marcellus Shale activity on water quality is the focus of a new $750,000 research collaboration led by Penn State researchers. (2011-10-11)

Paleontologists classify mysterious ancient cone-shaped sea creatures
One branch on the tree of life is heavier as a team of scientists has determined what a bizarre group of extinct cone-shaped animals actually are. Known as hyoliths, these marine creatures evolved over 530 million years ago and are among the first known to have external skeletons. Long believed to be molluscs, a study in Nature shows a stronger relationship to brachiopods -- a group with a rich fossil record though few species living today. (2017-01-11)

Scottish people most skeptical on fracking, survey shows
If Scotland votes for independence later this week, its government could face an uphill challenge in persuading the Scottish people that fracking is necessary, research has revealed. (2014-09-16)

Very little public support for relaxing rules and regulations around fracking
A major new public attitudes survey on fracking reveals very little public support for relaxing the rules and regulations around fracking -- a key demand of major shale gas extraction companies. (2019-08-01)

Purdue ag economists: Shale oil 'dividend' could pay for smaller carbon footprint
Unanticipated economic benefits from the shale oil and gas boom could help offset the costs of substantially reducing the US's carbon footprint, Purdue agricultural economists say. (2014-08-18)

Helium found in coal seams could aid safe shale gas extraction
Natural deposits of helium gas found in UK coal seams could help scientists monitor the secure recovery of coal or shale gas from underground sites, according to research. (2017-09-29)

Juvenile shale gas in Sweden
A new hydrogeochemical approach shows the juvenile age of shale gas. (2015-05-04)

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