Cambridge Current Events

Cambridge Current Events, Cambridge News Articles.
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Cambridge University and JRC join efforts on better use of evidence for policy making
To promote and deepen scientific collaboration, the University of Cambridge and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission represented respectively by Jennifer Barnes, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for International Strategy and Vladimír Šucha, Director-General, today signed a Memorandum of Understanding. (2015-09-07)

New book reveals student life of Charles Darwin
Darwin's years in Cambridge were some of the most important and formative of his early life. This book is based on new research, including newly discovered Christ's College manuscripts and Darwin publications, and gathers together recollections of many of those who knew him as a student. This book reveals Darwin's Cambridge life in unprecedented detail. (2014-07-16)

Extracellular protein sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to chemotherapy
Scientists have uncovered critical new details about the mechanisms that modulate the response of ovarian cancer cells to chemotherapy. The research, published by Cell Press in the December issue of Cancer Cell, helps to explain why many patients develop resistance to the taxane class of drugs and may lead to improved treatment of ovarian cancer. (2007-12-10)

Study sheds light on how psychiatric risk gene disrupts brain development
Scientists are making progress towards a better understanding of the neuropathology associated with debilitating psychiatric illnesses like bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. New research, published by Cell Press in the July 15 issue of the journal Neuron, reveals mechanisms that connect a known psychiatric risk gene to disruptions in brain cell proliferation and migration during development. (2010-07-14)

What are the likely effects of Brexit on UK regions?
A new Papers in Regional Science article that highlights the possible implications of Brexit for the UK and its regions notes that the results for the UK economy may not be as damaging as some forecasters say. (2017-11-22)

How does a locust walk a ladder? A lot like you
When a person walks a ladder or perhaps a series of stepping stones, they rely on their vision to find each and every foothold. A new report published online on Dec. 24 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, shows that locusts do something very similar. It's yet another piece of evidence showing that when it comes to brains, size isn't everything, according to the researchers. (2009-12-24)

Why long-term antibiotic use increases infection with a mycobacterium
Clinical outcome is improved if patients with chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis are treated long-term with the antibiotic azithromycin. However, azithromycin treatment in patients with cystic fibrosis as recently associated with increased infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria. Now, researchers have confirmed that long-term use of azithromycin by adults with cystic fibrosis is associated with infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria and identified an underlying mechanism. (2011-08-01)

Physicians and patients perceive good communication differently
Family physicians have a different view of what constitutes good communication compared to patients and trained clinical raters. (2018-07-10)

A fascinating look at Cambridge during the Victorian era
The 19th century was a key period in the development of the mathematical sciences in Britain. Subjects such as rigid-body dynamics, hydrodynamics, elasticity, optics, heat, electricity and magnetism were extended and given firmer foundations; new areas of pure mathematics were explored; and major advances took place in statistics, astronomy, geology and glaciology. (2008-03-13)

Wanting ahead -- Birds plan for future desires
For a long time, it had been argued that only humans can draw on past experiences to plan for the future, whereas animals were considered (2007-04-26)

New markers of climate change
Epiphytes (plants without roots) are being investigated for their use as markers of climate change in rainforests. Monica Mejia-Chang from Cambridge University, UK, will present her research on how changes in photosynthesis and water evaporation in these plants could indicate the effects of climate change over the past 50 years. (2005-07-12)

Admitting patterns of junior doctors may be behind 'weekend effect' in hospitals, study suggests
A study links the 'weekend effect' of increased hospital mortality to junior doctors admitting a lower proportion of healthy patients at the weekend compared to weekdays. (2019-11-06)

John Templeton Foundation awards $2.8 million to examine origins of biological complexity
A recent $2.8 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation to the Cambridge Templeton Consortium is providing the resources for further investigation into the origins of biological complexity. The funds will support 18 new grant awards to scientists, social scientists and philosophers examining how complexity has emerged in biological systems. (2006-01-02)

Unlocking crop diversity by manipulating plant sex
Researchers have discovered a key gene that influences genetic recombination during sexual reproduction in wild plant populations. Adding extra copies of this gene resulted in a massive boost to recombination and diversity in plant offspring. This finding could enable plant breeders to unlock crop variation, improve harvests and help ensure future food security. (2017-02-20)

Breaking the cycle: New target for treatment of ovarian cancer
A protein that plays a key role in regulating the onset of cell division has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of ovarian cancer. The research, published by Cell Press in the August issue of the journal Cancer Cell, provides evidence that combination therapies targeting different phases of the cell division cycle are highly desirable for optimal cancer treatment. (2010-08-16)

Personalized breast cancer program launches in Cambridge
A new personalized breast cancer program which will map patients' DNA and RNA to tailor treatment for individuals launches at the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute. (2016-11-13)

Successful Specialist Care For Cystic Fibrosis Patients From Childhood To Adulthood
It is the clinical responsibility of all physicians to ensure that specialist care of patients with cystic fibrosis begins in childhood and is continued throughout adult life, says Dr Ravi Mahadeva et al from Papworth Hospital in Cambridge. (1998-06-12)

A fly's eye view
A fly's eye view of the world can offer valuable insights into how our own brains work. Cambridge scientists demonstrate how. (2000-06-14)

Prions serve as important source of variation in nature
Special proteins known as prions, which are perhaps best known as the agents of mad cow and other neurodegenerative diseases, can also serve as an important source of beneficial variation in nature, confirms a new study in the April 3 issue of the journal Cell, a Cell Press publication. After an extensive search through the genome of yeast for proteins with prion-like character, the researchers found two dozen prion-forming proteins, most of which had never been seen before. (2009-04-02)

'Encyclopedia of Stars' aimed at anyone who enjoys astronomy
An astronomy expert looking for in-depth research about stars can consult the same new reference book that an undergraduate freshman with a limited knowledge of astronomy might use. (2006-12-11)

Delirium could accelerate dementia-related mental decline
When hospitalized, people can become acutely confused and disorientated. This condition, known as delirium, affects one-quarter of older patients and new research by UCL and University of Cambridge shows it may have long-lasting consequences, including accelerating the dementia process. (2017-01-18)

New gene, new mechanism for neuron loss in hereditary spastic paraplegias
Hereditary spastic paraplegias are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive weakness and spasticity of the legs. Mutations in more than 30 genes have been linked to HSPs. Researchers have now associated mutations in the gene reticulon two with hereditary spastic paraplegia type 12 and defined how these mutations are likely to cause neurodegeneration. (2012-01-09)

First compound that specifically kills cancer stem cells found
The cancer stem cells that drive tumor growth and resist chemotherapies and radiation treatments that kill other cancer cells aren't invincible after all. Researchers reporting online on Aug. 13 in the journal Cell, a Cell Press publication, have discovered the first compound that targets those cancer stem cells directly. (2009-08-13)

Scientists find variants of blood clotting genes increase risk of coronary disease
Rare variants of two genes that regulate blood clotting may each increase a person's risk of coronary disease by about 15 percent, according to a meta-analysis in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2006-02-23)

High impact physical activity may reduce risk of hip fracture
Men and women who regularly participate in high impact physical activity may be at a lower risk of hip fracture than those who participate in moderate or low impact activities, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-01-18)

Individualized model could help guide treatment of non-metastatic prostate cancer
A new risk model, easily accessible on a web interface, can predict the survival of non-metastatic prostate cancer patients, as well as the effect of different treatment approaches on survival. The modeling approach, developed by David Thurtle of the University of Cambridge, UK, and colleagues, is described this week in PLOS Medicine. (2019-03-12)

Mother knows best -- even before birth
Mother birds communicate with their developing chicks before they even hatch by leaving them messages in the egg, new research by a team from the Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, has found. (2010-03-11)

Florida Tech receives $430,000 from NASA for lunar oxygen project
Florida Tech is collaborating with British Titanium, Cambridge University and the Kennedy Space Center on a NASA-funded project to produce oxygen from the Moon's regolith (top soil covering solid rock). (2005-06-08)

MIT: New tissue scaffold regrows cartilage and bone
MIT engineers and colleagues have built a new tissue scaffold that can stimulate bone and cartilage growth when transplanted into the knees and other joints. The scaffold, which recently went into clinical trials, could offer a potential new treatment for sports injuries and other cartilage damage, such as arthritis. (2009-05-11)

Graphene paves the way to faster high-speed optical communications
Graphene Flagship researchers created a technology that could lead to new devices for faster, more reliable ultra-broad bandwidth transfers. For the first time, researchers demonstrated how electrical fields boost the non-linear optical effects of graphene. The research, published in Nature Nanotechnology, was carried out by a team of Graphene Flagship partners led by the Cambridge Graphene Centre at the University of Cambridge in collaboration with Politecnico di Milano and IIT- Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Genova, both in Italy. (2018-05-21)

Levels of DNA in blood test correlated with ovarian cancer outcomes
Levels of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detected in a blood test are correlated with the size of ovarian cancers and can predict a patient's response to treatment or time to disease progression, according to a retrospective study of cancer patients' blood samples published in PLOS Medicine by Nitzan Rosenfeld and James Brenton of Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute and colleagues. (2016-12-20)

Pass the prion: Inherited mutation leads to spontaneous prion infectivity
A new study with transgenic mice provides the first concrete evidence that a disease-associated prion protein mutation in an otherwise normal mammalian brain can generate a unique self-perpetuating transmissible agent that is infectious to other animals. In addition to revealing critical new insight into prion biology, the research, published by Cell Press in the Aug. 27 issue of the journal Neuron, introduces a valuable mouse model of a type of inherited human prion disease associated with deadly insomnia. (2009-08-26)

Study suggests mechanism for recurrent sudden infant death syndrome
Women who have a baby that dies of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) have an increased risk of preterm delivery and complications in subsequent pregnancies, concludes an article in this week's issue of The Lancet. As these complications are risk factors for SIDS this could explain why some women have recurrent SIDS in their family, state the authors. (2005-12-15)

The eyes have it
Researchers in Cambridge and Exeter have discovered that jackdaws use their eyes to communicate with each other -- the first time this has been shown in non-primates. (2014-02-04)

Bird can 'read' human gaze
We all know that people sometimes change their behavior when someone is looking their way. Now, a new study reported online on April 2 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, shows that jackdaws -- birds related to crows and ravens with eyes that appear similar to human eyes -- can do the same. (2009-04-02)

Embryo development: Some cells are more equal than others even at four-cell stage
Genetic 'signatures' of early stage embryos confirm that our development begins to take shape as early as the second day after conception, when we are a mere four cells in size, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge. Although they seem to be identical, the cells of the two day-old embryo are already beginning to display distinct differences. (2016-03-24)

Scientists examine the relative impact of proximity to seed sources
A new research study published in the journal Invasive Plant Science and Management tackles an important, unresolved question in the biology of invasive plants. Which is most important to the establishment of new invasive communities -- proximity to seed sources, canopy disturbance, or soil disturbance? (2018-08-17)

The UK pioneers programs to recruit women in science, engineering and technology
A panel of UK experts on women in science will host a workshop discussing the UK government and university commitment and policies to promote women in science, successful initiatives and perspectives from industry and the research community. There will also be a lecture on the State of Women in Science: Bridging the Gender Gap. (2005-02-17)

'Empty nester' parent birds use recruitment calls to extend offspring care
By studying a habituated population of pied babblers (Turdoides bicolor) in the Kalahari Desert, researchers have discovered a surprising new way in which parent birds can extend the period of their care of offspring. The findings are reported by Andrew Radford of the University of Cambridge and Amanda Ridley of the University of Cape Town and appear in the September 5th issue of Current Biology, published by Cell Press. (2006-09-05)

Scientists find 'hidden brain signatures' of consciousness in vegetative state patients
Scientists in Cambridge have found hidden signatures in the brains of people in a vegetative state, which point to networks that could support consciousness even when a patient appears to be unconscious and unresponsive. The study could help doctors identify patients who are aware despite being unable to communicate. (2014-10-16)

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