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Wildfire drives carbon levels in northern forests
Far removed from streams of gas-thirsty cars and pollution-belching factories lies another key player in global climate change. (2007-10-31)
Graphene encapsulation provides unprecedented view of the diffusion and rotation of fullerene molecu
Scientists at the University of Vienna have created a new structure by encapsulating a single layer of fullerene molecules between two graphene sheets. (2017-06-14)
Smoke from wildfires can have lasting climate impact
Researchers have found that carbon particles released into the air from burning trees and other organic matter are much more likely than previously thought to travel to the upper levels of the atmosphere, where they can interfere with rays from the sun -- sometimes cooling the air and at other times warming it. (2017-05-22)
Magma-limestone interaction can trigger explosive volcanic eruptions -- and affect the global carbon cycle
In a new study researchers from Sweden and Italy show what happens when magma meets limestone on its way up to the surface. (2016-08-08)
Cooling system may build eggs' natural defenses against salmonella
Once eggs are laid, their natural resistance to pathogens begins to wear down, but a Purdue University scientist believes he knows how to rearm those defenses. (2011-06-21)
Freshwater and ocean acidification stunts growth of developing pink salmon
Pink salmon that begin life in freshwater with high concentrations of carbon dioxide, which causes acidification, are smaller and may be less likely to survive, according to a new study from UBC. (2015-06-29)
Researchers find arid areas absorb unexpected amounts of atmospheric carbon
Researchers led by a Washington State University biologist have found that arid areas, among the biggest ecosystems on the planet, take up an unexpectedly large amount of carbon as levels of carbon dioxide increase in the atmosphere. (2014-04-06)
New project will study 'deep carbon'
Studying the behavior of carbon -- the essential element in oil and natural gas -- deep within the Earth is the aim of a new initiative co-directed by a UC Davis chemistry professor and funded by a two-year, $1.5 million grant from the Alfred P. (2011-11-15)
North Sea efficient sink for carbon dioxide
A relatively large number of algae grow in the North Sea. (2005-10-10)
Sensitivity of carbon cycle to tropical temperature variations has doubled, research shows
The tropical carbon cycle has become twice as sensitive to temperature variations over the past 50 years, new research has revealed. (2014-01-26)
Smoke from western fires wafts eastward
On August 21, 2015 the Aqua satellite captured this image of the smoke from the fires on the west coast of the United States wafting eastward on the jet stream. (2015-08-24)
Tiny levels of carbon monoxide damage fetal brain
A UCLA study has discovered that chronic exposure during pregnancy to minuscule levels of carbon monoxide damages the cells of the fetal brain, resulting in permanent impairment. (2009-06-24)
Crop breeding could 'slash CO2 levels'
Breeding crops with roots a meter deeper in the ground could lower atmospheric CO2 levels dramatically, with significant environmental benefits, according to research by a leading University of Manchester scientist. (2011-08-03)
Down and dirty: Airborne ozone can alter forest soil
Researchers at Michigan Technological University and the North Central Research Station of the USDA Forest Service have discovered that ozone can reduce soil carbon formation--a measure of the amount of organic matter being added to the soil. (2003-10-16)
Down and dirty: Airborne ozone can alter forest soil
The industrial pollutant ozone, long known to be harmful to many kinds of plants, can also affect the very earth in which they grow. (2003-10-15)
Wetlands play vital role in carbon storage, study finds
Human activity and development are correlated with reduced carbon storage in wetland soils, a new study published in Nature Communications shows. (2017-02-02)
Increased carbon dioxide in atmosphere linked to decreased soil organic matter
A recent study at the University of Illinois created a bit of a mystery for soil scientist Michelle Wander -- increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was expected to increase plant growth, increase plant biomass and ultimately beef up the organic matter in the soil -- but it didn't. (2008-03-11)
Geo-engineering against climate change
Plans for seeding the oceans with iron fail to take into account several factors that could scupper those plans, according to Daniel Harrison of the University of Sydney Institute of Marine Science, NSW, Australia, writing in the International Journal of Global Warming. (2012-12-19)
Carbon dioxide fertilization is neither boon nor bust
Trees absorb more carbon dioxide (CO2) when the amount in the atmosphere is higher, but the increase is unlikely to offset the higher levels of CO2, according to results from large-scale experiments conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and elsewhere. (2004-02-15)
Sequestration and fuel reserves
A technique for trapping the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide deep underground could at the same be used to release the last fraction of natural gas liquids from ailing reservoirs, thus offsetting some of the environmental impact of burning fossil fuels. (2013-07-30)
Chapman University granted $1.5 million by Department of Energy to study climate change
Chapman University is the recipient of a nearly $1.5 million Department of Energy (DoE) grant as part of a larger DoE project designed to understand climate change impacts in peatland ecosystems. (2015-11-02)
Elevated atmospheric CO2 increases soil carbon
An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology indicates that soils in temperate ecosystems might contribute more to partially offsetting the effects of rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations than earlier studies have suggested. (2005-12-05)
Carbon In Boreal Forests: Temporary Or Permanent?
The eyes of scientists and politicians have recently turned toward Canadian boreal forests as a possible cure for the excessive carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. (1998-03-11)
Ancient leaves help researchers understand future climate
Potential climate change caused by rising levels of carbon dioxide might be better understood by examining fossil plant remains from millions of years ago, according to biogeochemists. (2010-05-06)
Study: Earth's climate more sensitive to CO2 than previously thought
A team of Binghamton University researchers examined nahcolite crystals found in Colorado's Green River Formation, formed 50 million years old during a hothouse climate. (2015-11-16)
High CO2 levels hamper nitrate incorporation by plants
Rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide that are associated with global warming can interfere with plants' ability to incorporate certain forms of nitrogen, dramatically altering the plant life worldwide and forcing significant changes in agricultural fertilizer use, according to a plant physiologist at the University of California, Davis. (2002-02-04)
The carbon cycle before humans
Two Northwestern University studies contribute new clues as to what drove large-scale changes to the carbon cycle nearly 100 million years ago. (2010-02-16)
The carbon dioxide loop
Marine biologists quantify the carbon consumption of bacterioplankton to better understand the ocean carbon cycle. (2017-03-16)
Ocean algae will cope well in varying climates, study shows
Tiny marine algae that play a critical role in supporting life on Earth may be better equipped to deal with future climate change than previously expected, research shows. (2015-06-30)
Carbon sinks losing the battle with rising emissions
The stabilizing influence that land and ocean carbon sinks have on rising carbon emissions is gradually weakening, scientists who attended the international Copenhagen Climate Change Conference. (2009-03-16)
Salt marsh carbon may play role in slowing climate warming, study shows
A warming climate and rising seas will enable salt marshes to more rapidly capture and remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, possibly playing a role in slowing the rate of climate change, according to a new study published in the Sept. (2012-09-26)
Forest health versus global warming: Fuel reduction likely to increase carbon emissions
Forest thinning to help prevent or reduce severe wildfire will release more carbon to the atmosphere than any amount saved by successful fire prevention. (2011-12-20)
Walking quieter routes to work can avoid peaks in air pollution
Commuting to work by walking on quieter side streets rather than main roads can help people avoid exposure to peaks in harmful air pollution, according to new research presented today at the European Respiratory Society's International Congress, 2015. (2015-09-27)
Scientists solve deep ocean carbon riddle
New research involving scientists from University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Centre Southampton has identified a crucial process behind the reason why dissolved organic carbon levels in the deep oceans are constant despite a continuous supply from the surface ocean. (2015-09-28)
Annual meeting of Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to be held Oct. 28, 29
Residents of six states are invited to attend the annual meeting of the Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership to be held Oct. (2008-09-22)
Too much sun can harm ocean life
Solar radiation has a much greater effect on ocean life than was previously thought. (2002-03-18)
Plants put limit on ice ages
When glaciers advanced over much of the Earth's surface during the last ice age, what kept the planet from freezing over entirely? (2009-07-01)
Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in Arctic coastal seas
The Arctic coastal seas absorb the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide to an ever-decreasing extent. (2012-06-18)
Lots of carbon dioxide equivalents from aquatic environments
Large amounts of carbon dioxide equivalents taken up by plants on land are returned to the atmosphere from aquatic environments. (2014-03-24)
Historical land use an important factor for carbon cycling in northern lakes
The historical past is important in understanding environmental conditions today and predicting how these might change in the future. (2015-05-18)
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