Cardiac Arrest Current Events

Cardiac Arrest Current Events, Cardiac Arrest News Articles.
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Emergency hospital team halves cardiac arrest deaths
Early intervention by a medical emergency team can reduce deaths from unexpected cardiac arrest in hospital by half, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2002-02-14)

Hospital work shifts influence survival from cardiac arrest
The odds of surviving cardiac arrest in the hospital are lower during the night shift, according to one of the largest studies of its kind, reported today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2003. (2003-11-11)

Sudden cardiac arrest in athletes: Prevention and management
It's marathon season, and every so often a news report will focus on an athlete who has collapsed from sudden cardiac arrest. Although uncommon, these events get attention. A new review in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) looks at recent evidence to help physicians prevent and manage the risk of sudden cardiac arrest in competitive athletes. (2019-07-15)

Sharp decrease in deaths from sudden cardiac arrest
Only a few decades ago, sudden cardiac arrest was a death sentence. Today, a victim of sudden cardiac arrest is saved roughly once every six hours in Sweden, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, reviewing all cases of sudden cardiac arrest over a 30-year period. (2011-11-22)

Implantable heart defibrillators
New research by Ratika Parkash and colleagues show only a minority of eligible patients in selected communities in Ontario received an implant over a five-year period beginning in 1997. (2004-10-25)

Refractory cardiac arrest patients brought to hospital with ongoing CPR can recover
Refractory cardiac arrest patients brought to hospital with ongoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can survive with good brain function, according to research in nearly 4,000 patients presented at ESC Congress today by Dr. Helle Søholm, a cardiologist at Copenhagen University Hospital Righospitalet in Denmark. (2015-08-29)

Key takeaways from three landmark heart studies
New findings about sudden cardiac arrest, one of medicine's biggest mysteries, were revealed at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions. (2018-11-12)

Association between in-hospital cardiac arrest survival rates, prevention of cardiac arrests
Hospitals with higher rates of survival among patients who experience in-hospital cardiac arrest also appear to have a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac arrest, according to a study published Online First by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. (2013-05-20)

Sex poses little risk of triggering sudden cardiac arrest
Worried whether your heart health is strong enough for sex? A new study may lay your fears to rest: The risk that sex would trigger a sudden cardiac arrest is exceedingly small. (2017-11-13)

Cognitive problems are common after cardiac arrest
Half of all patients who survive a cardiac arrest experience problems with cognitive functions such as memory and attention. This has been shown by a major international study led from Lund University. Surprisingly, however, a control group comprising heart attack patients had largely the same level of problems. This suggests that it is not only the cardiac arrest and the consequent lack of oxygen to the brain that is the cause of the patients' difficulties. (2015-04-17)

Weekday mornings are no longer peak times for sudden cardiac arrest
Heart experts have long believed that weekday mornings -- and especially Mondays -- were the danger zones for unexpected deaths from sudden cardiac arrests. But a new Cedars-Sinai study shows those peak times have disappeared and now, sudden cardiac arrests are more likely to happen on any day at any time. (2018-10-02)

Patients with common heart failure more likely to have lethal heart rhythms
New Smidt Heart Institute Research shows that patients with Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) are more likely to have lethal heart rhythms. (2018-11-12)

Hospitals' cardiac arrest incidence and survival rates go hand in hand
Hospitals' cardiac arrest rates tend to be linked to survival rates of cases. (2013-05-20)

Study links sex hormone levels in the blood to risk of sudden cardiac arrest
Measuring the levels of sex hormones in patients' blood may identify patients likely to suffer a sudden cardiac arrest, a heart rhythm disorder that is fatal in 95 percent of patients. (2014-09-02)

People with cardiac arrest less likely to survive if admitted on weekend
People admitted to the hospital on the weekend after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are less likely to survive than people admitted on a weekday, according to research that will be presented at the upcoming American Academy of Neurology 60th Anniversary Annual Meeting in Chicago, April 12-19, 2008. (2008-04-16)

Cardiac arrest is common in critically ill patients with COVID-19
Cardiac arrest is common in critically ill patients with covid-19 and is associated with poor survival, particularly among patients aged 80 or older, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2020-09-30)

Middle-aged athletes at low risk for sudden cardiac arrest while exercising
Middle-aged athletes are at low risk for having a sudden cardiac arrest while playing sports, and those who do have a greater chance of surviving the usually fatal condition, shows a new Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute study. (2015-04-06)

"Happy Hour" Is Unhappy For Many Cardiac Arrest Victims
An analysis of telephone calls to an emergency medical services (EMS) system shows that cardiac arrests commonly occur during the afternoon, as well as in the morning, according researchers reporting in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (1998-07-06)

Efforts to improve AED usage increase bystander defibrillation in public but not at home
Efforts to improve automated external defibrillator (AED) usage increase bystander defibrillation in public places but not at home, reveals a study of more than 25 000 cardiac arrest patients presented at ESC Congress today by Dr. Steen Hansen, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Health, Science and Technology at Aalborg University in Denmark. Efforts included increased numbers of AEDs, cardiopulmonary resuscitation education and a nationwide AED registry. (2015-08-30)

Mayo Clinic researchers confirm value of therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest
Mayo Clinic researchers confirmed that patients who receive therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation from cardiac arrest have favorable chances of surviving the event and recovering good functional status. In therapeutic hypothermia, a patient's body temperature is cooled to 33 degrees Celsius following resuscitation from cardiac arrest, in order to slow the brain's metabolism and protect the brain against the damage initiated by the lack of blood flow and oxygenation. This study was published in the December 2010 issue of Annals of Neurology. (2011-02-18)

Inadequate follow-up for many cardiac arrest patients
A major international study shows that if cardiac arrest patients are treated like heart attack patients only, this will potentially have negative consequences on their rehabilitation and return to working life. These patients often lack follow-up of the injuries they may have suffered to the brain in connection with their cardiac arrest, the researchers found. (2018-02-05)

Smartphone app directs first responders to cardiac arrest three minutes before ambulance
A novel smartphone application (app) has been developed that can direct first responders to cardiac arrest victims more than three minutes before the emergency services arrive. Each minute increases the chance of survival by 10%. (2017-06-19)

Beaumont doctors call for training to reduce sudden cardiac arrest fatalities in schools
One of the leading causes of death in the United States is sudden cardiac arrest, which claims the lives of more than 325,000 people each year. In a study published in the Apr. issue of the journal Resuscitation, Beaumont doctors found that cardiac arrests in K-12 schools are extremely rare, less than 0.2 percent, but out of 47 people who experienced cardiac arrest over a six-year period at K-12 schools, only 15 survived. (2013-03-28)

Bag-mask ventilation fails to improve on endotracheal intubation in cardiac arrest (CAAM)
Bag-mask ventilation fails to improve on endotracheal intubation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients, according to late-breaking results from the CAAM trial presented today in a Hot Line LBCT Session at ESC Congress. (2017-08-28)

Cardiac arrest on plane journeys: New guidelines proposed
New guidelines to deal with the in-flight emergency of cardiac arrest in a passenger or crew member are being proposed at this year's Euroanaesthesia meeting in Geneva (June 3-5). The task force that has created the guidelines is led by Professor Jochen Hinkelbein, University of Cologne, Germany and President of the German Society for Aerospace Medicine. (2017-06-04)

University of Pittsburgh study finds marker for blood clots in cardiac arrest patients
Researchers in the department of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine tried to determine the extent to which increased blood clotting occurs in patients who suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital. Using blood samples collected from 28 patients, the researchers found that all but one patient showed evidence of clot formation within the veins and that clotting increased the longer the patient was in cardiac arrest. (2002-10-08)

Vitamin D deficiency increases poor brain function after cardiac arrest by sevenfold
Patients with vitamin D deficiency were more likely to have a poor neurological outcome or die after sudden cardiac arrest than those who were not deficient. Nearly one-third of the patients who were deficient in vitamin D had died 6 months after their cardiac arrest, whereas all patients with sufficient vitamin D levels were still alive. (2014-10-18)

The role of cardiac catheterization after cardiac arrest
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume3, Number 2, 2018, pp. 137-148(12); DOI. Ahmed Harhash, Prashant Rao, and Karl B. Kern from the University of Arizona Sarver Heart Center, Tucson, Ariz., USA consider the role of cardiac catheterization after cardiac arrest. (2018-09-10)

Factors linked with increased risk of cardiac arrest for adolescents with certain heart condition
Researchers have identified several factors that are linked with an increased risk for cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death among adolescents with long-QT syndrome, an abnormality of the electrical conducting system of the heart, characterized by a specific finding on the ECG, according to a study in the Sept. 13 issue of JAMA. (2006-09-12)

Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute physician-researcher awarded NHLBI grant
One of medicine's most prominent experts in sudden cardiac arrest has received a new $2.36 million grant to study how to better predict the deadly heart condition that kills an estimated 300,000 Americans each year. (2014-12-03)

New and better marker for assessing patients after cardiac arrest
Last year, researchers Tobias Cronberg and Niklas Mattsson at Lund University in Sweden published a study showing serum tau levels to be a new and promising marker for identifying patients with severe brain damage after cardiac arrest. Together with Marion Moseby Knappe, they have now discovered that the protein Neurofilament light (NFL) in serum constitutes an even better marker to identify the degree of brain damage after cardiac arrest. This information could form the basis for decisions on continuing life-support treatment. (2018-10-30)

Sudden cardiac death often a woman's first sign of heart disease
New research from the Center for Cardiac Arrest Prevention at the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai shows that rates of sudden cardiac arrest are rising following decades of a downward trend. While this disturbing uptick was observed in both sexes, in women the increase was mostly among those whose sudden cardiac arrest was the first manifestation of heart disease. In men, the increase was mostly among those with known heart disease. (2020-02-17)

In-hospital cardiac arrest occurring during night, weekends may lower patient survival rate
Patients who have an in-hospital cardiac arrest at night or on the weekend have a substantially lower rate of survival to discharge than hospitalized patients who experience a cardiac arrest during day/evening times on weekdays, according to a study in the Feb. 20 issue of JAMA. (2008-02-19)

Drug offers new hope for victims of cardiac arrest
A clinical trial performed by University of Washington researchers, reported in the Sept. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, shows that an intravenous anti- arrhythmia medication, amiodarone, can save the lives of many patients who do not respond to defibrillation. (1999-09-16)

Effect of lowering of body temperature for adults with cardiac arrest prior to hospital arrival
Francis Kim, M.D., of Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, and colleagues evaluated whether early prehospital cooling (lowering body temperature) improved survival to hospital discharge and neurological outcome in cardiac arrest patients with or without ventricular fibrillation. (2013-11-17)

Changes needed to improve in-hospital cardiac arrest care, survival
Improving the readiness of hospitals and healthcare providers to deliver science-based, high quality care can improve survival from in-hospital cardiac arrest. Increasing hospital accountability and reporting and standardizing data collection for in-hospital cardiac arrest will allow institutions' survival rates and performance to be measured and compared. (2013-03-11)

Bystander CPR linked to lower nursing home admission and brain damage after cardiac arrest
Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been linked to a 30 percent lower risk of nursing home admission and brain damage in survivors of cardiac arrest outside hospital in research presented at ESC Congress today by Dr. Kristian Kragholm, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Anesthesiology, Cardiovascular Research Centre, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark. (2015-08-30)

Strategic Placement Of Automated External Defibrillators May Help Save Lives Of People Who Go Into Cardiac Arrest
DALLAS, June 2 -- It's not necessarily how many automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are available in a community, it's where they're located that may improve the success rate of restarting stalled hearts, according to a study. (1998-06-01)

Mayo Clinic study guides physicians using therapeutic cooling to treat cardiac arrest patients
Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death in the United States, and just 7 percent of victims survive that initial collapse. In addition, fewer than half of the small percentage of people whose hearts are restarted survive to leave the hospital, because they often suffer irreversible brain damage. A Mayo Clinic study published this month in the journal Neurology provides guidance to physicians using therapeutic cooling to treat sudden cardiac arrest patients. (2011-10-19)

Triggers for sudden cardiac death differ by gender
Psychosocial stress is a more common trigger for sudden cardiac arrest than physical exertion for women, while the opposite is true for men, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Association's Asia Pacific Scientific Forum. (2002-04-24)

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