Circumcision Current Events

Circumcision Current Events, Circumcision News Articles.
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Male circumcision reduces HIV risk: No further evidence needed
Three recent African trials support male circumcision for reducing the risk of contracting HIV in heterosexual men. After including new data from these trials in their review, Cochrane Researchers have changed their previous conclusions that there was insufficient evidence to recommend circumcision as an intervention to prevent HIV infection in heterosexual men. (2009-04-14)

Neonatal and infant circumcision: Safe in the right hands
How safe is circumcision? A systematic review, published in the open-access journal BMC Urology has found that neonatal and infant circumcision by trained staff rarely results in problems. Risks can be higher among older boys, especially when undertaken by untrained providers with inappropriate equipment. (2010-02-16)

Infant circumcision can be safely performed in rural Africa
A new study indicates that early infant circumcision, which helps to prevent HIV transmission later in life, can be safely performed in rural Uganda. (2016-09-07)

Is infant male circumcision an abuse of the rights of the child?
Circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on males. Opponents argue that infant circumcision can cause both physical and psychological harm, while recent evidence shows that circumcision is medically beneficial. Two doctors debate the issue in this week's BMJ. (2007-12-07)

Circumcision may help protect against prostate cancer
A new analysis led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that circumcision before a male's first sexual intercourse may help protect against prostate cancer. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study suggests that circumcision can hinder infection and inflammation that may lead to this malignancy. (2012-03-12)

More compelling evidence on why circumcision should be routine
New data from Ugandan scientists and investigators at Johns Hopkins University find that adult male circumcision decreased rates of the two most common sexually transmitted infections, according to a new report issued in the New England Journal of Medicine. In an accompanying editorial, two University of Washington researchers say these new findings provide compelling new evidence on circumcision's effect on decreasing currently incurable sexually transmitted infections. (2009-03-25)

Doctors treating pain from circumcision more seriously
One of the first things most little boys in the U.S. experience is something they'll never remember -- circumcision -- but that doesn't mean it isn't a painful experience. The debate over whether infants feel pain has ended, and the positive conclusion is catching up with obstetrical, pediatric and family physician training programs, 97 percent of which now learn effective pain relief techniques for circumcision. Just 10 years ago, only 71 percent learned how to ease pain during the brief surgical procedure. (2006-07-20)

Male circumcision protects against HIV infection
Uncircumcised men are at a much greater risk of becoming infected with HIV than circumcised men, according to new evidence in this week's BMJ. (2000-06-08)

Call for circumcision gets a boost
In the United States the rate of circumcision in men has increased to 81 percent over the past decade. In an important new study just published in advance in Mayo Clinic Proceedings authors from Australia and the United States have shown that the benefits of infant male circumcision to health exceed the risks by over 100 to one. They found that over their lifetime half of uncircumcised males will contract an adverse medical condition caused by their foreskin. (2014-04-02)

Earlier male circumcision may help to slow rates of HIV, HPV transmission in South Africa
According to Anna R. Giuliano, Ph.D., program leader in cancer epidemiology at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., and colleagues in the Netherlands, earlier circumcision of males in South Africa may be a positive step in slowing the spread of both HIV and the human papillomavirus. Their commentary and data were published in a recent issue of the British medical journal the Lancet Infectious Diseases. (2011-10-06)

Circumcision of HIV-infected men does not reduce HIV transmission to female partners
A randomized trial in Uganda has shown that circumcision of HIV-infected men does not reduce HIV transmission to female partners. The findings are reported in an article in this week's edition of the Lancet, written by Dr. Maria J. Wawer, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, and colleagues. (2009-07-16)

Circumcision linked to reduced risk of prostate cancer in some men
Circumcision is performed for various reasons, including those that are based on religion, aesthetics, or health. New research indicates that the procedure may help prevent prostate cancer in some men. The findings, which are published in BJU International, add to a growing list of advantages to circumcision. (2014-05-29)

Review shows male circumcision protects female partners from HIV and other STDs
A statistical review of the past medical files of more than 300 couples in Uganda, in which the female partner was HIV negative and the male was HIV positive, provides solid documentation of the protective effects of male circumcision in reducing the risk of infection among women. Male circumcision also reduced rates of trichomonas and bacterial vaginosis in female partners. The study is believed to be the first to demonstrate the benefits to female partners of male circumcision. (2006-02-08)

Should adult male circumcision be recommended for HIV prevention in the US?
Three clinical trials in Africa found that adult male circumcision reduced the risk of men acquiring HIV infection from heterosexual sex by 51-60 percent. While adult male circumcision may also have a role to play in preventing HIV transmission in the US, say scientists at the US Centers for Disease Control in a paper in PLoS Medicine, (2007-07-23)

Study examines risks of circumcision
Parents of newborn boys have better knowledge about the possible risks of circumcision from a new study by doctors at the University of Washington. This report, the broadest of its kind, examined all hospital records in the state of Washington for a study period of more than nine years. (2000-01-09)

Circumcising gay men would have limited impact on preventing HIV
Adult circumcision has been proposed as a possible HIV prevention strategy for gay men, but a new study by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference suggests it would have a very small effect on reducing HIV incidence in the United States. The study was based on surveys of 521 gay and bisexual men in San Francisco. (2010-07-22)

Infant circumcision may lead to social challenges as an adult undergoing circumcision as an infant
Undergoing circumcision as an infant has delayed psychological complications. This is shown by an international study led by researchers from Aarhus University. (2020-12-17)

Biology not behaviour could explain reduced risk of HIV infection for circumcised men
Research from India published in this week's issue of The Lancet suggests that circumcised men could be over six times less likely than uncircumcised men to acquire HIV infection. The study also shows how the explanation for this decreased risk in circumcised men is likely to be biological rather than behavioural, with thin tissue in the foreskin being the likely target for viral activity. (2004-03-25)

Circumcision does not promote risky behavior by African men
Men do not engage in riskier behaviors after they are circumcised, according to a study in Kenya by University of Illinois at Chicago researchers. (2014-07-21)

West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rates
In West African cities, male circumcision rates in 1950 were negatively correlated with HIV-2 prevalence from 1985, according to a study published Dec. 7, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by João Sousa from the University of Leuven, Belgium, and colleagues. (2016-12-07)

New report provides women's perspectives on medical male circumcision for HIV prevention
A new report, Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women, from the Women's HIV Prevention Tracking Project (WHiPT), a collaborative initiative of AVAC and the ATHENA Network, features an unprecedented collection of voices from Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda reflecting on what male circumcision for HIV prevention means for women. It highlights women's perspectives, advocacy priorities and recommendations on this new prevention strategy. (2010-12-13)

Too many medically unwarranted circumcisions being done in England
Too many English boys, especially those under the age of 5, are being needlessly circumcised reveals a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-09-28)

Circumcision: A proven strategy to prevent HIV
Male circumcision significantly reduces the risk of acquiring HIV in young African men, according to a UIC study published in the Feb. 24 issue of the Lancet. (2007-02-22)

Male circumcision appears to protect from HIV infection
Scientific evidence supports the conclusion that circumcised men in sub-Saharan Africa are at reduced risk of HIV infection. However, researchers involved in HIV prevention consider it premature to recommend large-scale circumcision programs until important cultural, medical, programmatic, and ethical issues are resolved. (2000-06-19)

Circumcision can help prevent transmission of human papillomavirus from HIV-negative men to HIV-negative women
When HIV-negative men are circumcised, it provides protection against transmission of human papillomavirus to HIV-negative women. However, the protection is only partial and the study authors note that it is also important to observe safe sex practices. The study is by the Rakai Health Sciences Program in Uganda, and reported by Drs. Aaron Tobian and Maria Wawer, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., USA. (2011-01-06)

Roll-out of community voluntary male circumcision is linked to reduced HIV infection levels
Roll-out of voluntary male circumcision services into the community of Orange Farm, South Africa is linked to substantial reductions in HIV infection levels, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine. The study, conducted by Bertran Auvert and colleagues from the University of Versailles, also reported that substantial uptake of voluntary male circumcision in one community was not linked to changes in sexual behavior that might affect HIV infection rates. (2013-09-03)

International AIDS Vaccine Initiative statement on male circumcision
The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative issued this statement today following a National Institutes of Health decision to end two clinical trials of adult male circumcision in Uganda and Kenya. The NIH's Data Safety and Monitoring Board, reviewing interim data, found that medically performed circumcision significantly protected men in the trial from HIV infection. (2006-12-14)

Circumcision not associated with reduced risk of HIV for men who have sex with men
An analysis of previous research indicates there is a lack of sufficient evidence that circumcision reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection or other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men, according to an article in the Oct. 8 issue of JAMA. (2008-10-07)

Improvement in the quality of VMMC made possible through the continuous quality improvement approach
The continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach was introduced on a pilot basis to 30 sites across Uganda. This approach identified barriers in achieving national standards for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), identified possible solutions to overcome these barriers, and carried out improvement plans to test these changes while collecting performance data to objectively measure whether they had bridged gaps. (2015-07-28)

Adult circumcision reduces risk of HIV transmission without reducing sexual pleasure
Two studies presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association show that adult circumcision reduces the risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus and the risk of coital injury -- without reducing pleasure or causing sexual dysfunction. (2009-04-26)

Study examines incentives to increase medical male circumcision to help reduce risk of HIV
Among uncircumcised men in Kenya, compensation in the form of food vouchers worth approximately US $9 or $15, compared with lesser or no compensation, resulted in a modest increase in the prevalence of circumcision after two months, according to a study published by JAMA. (2014-07-20)

Circumcision rates lower in states where Medicaid does not cover procedure
Hospitals in states where Medicaid does not pay for routine male circumcision are only about half as likely to perform the procedure, and this disparity could lead to an increased risk of HIV infection among lower-income children later in life (2009-01-27)

Neonatal circumcision does not reduce penile sensitivity in men
Few data are available concerning the consequences of neonatal circumcision on penile sensitivity in adults. New research reported in the Journal of Urology® indicates that there are no differences in penile sensitivity for a variety of stimulus types and penile sites between circumcised and intact men. Additionally, this study challenges past research suggesting that the foreskin is the most sensitive and, in turn, most sexually relevant, part of the adult penis. (2016-04-14)

Neonatal and infant circumcision: Safe in the right hands
How safe is circumcision? A systematic review, published in the open access journal BMC Urology has found that neonatal and infant circumcision by trained staff rarely results in problems. Risks can be higher among older boys, especially when undertaken by untrained providers with inappropriate equipment. (2010-02-15)

$18.5 million grant makes male circumcision a top-tier HIV prevention strategy
Three conclusive studies have shown that becoming circumcized dramatically reduces a man's chances of acquiring HIV from an infected woman. Family Health International has received a five-year, $18.5 million grant from the Gates Foundation to establish the Male Circumcision Consortium, a partnership with the University of Illinois at Chicago and EngenderHealth. (2008-11-24)

Male circumcision reduces HIV risk, study stopped early
A University of Illinois at Chicago study has been stopped early due to dramatic preliminary results indicating that medical circumcision reduces the risk of acquiring HIV during heterosexual intercourse by 53 percent. (2006-12-13)

As circumcision wounds heal, HIV-positive men may spread virus to female partners
In a campaign to slow the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the World Health Organization recommends male circumcision, which reduces HIV acquisition by 50-60 percent. A new study of HIV-infected men in Uganda has identified a temporary, but potentially troublesome unintended consequence: a possible increased risk of infecting female sexual partners over a few weeks while circumcision wounds heal. Men taking anti-HIV drugs were 90% less likely to shed virus during healing. (2015-04-28)

Male circumcision may decrease risk of HPV infection and cervical cancer
Two new studies suggest that male circumcision may assist in the prevention of human papillomavirus infection, particularly infection with the high-risk subtypes associated with cervical, penile, and other cancers. Both studies are published in the Jan. 1 issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. (2008-12-17)

American Academy Of Pediatrics Releases New Circumcision Policy
CHAPEL HILL - After analysis of almost 40 years of medical research on circumcision, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued new recommendations today (March 1) stating that the benefits are not significant enough for the AAP to recommend circumcision as a routine procedure. The new policy statement is being published in this month's issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the AAP. (1999-03-01)

Parents want info about circumcision, not directives from health-care providers
Parents want questions answered by health-care provider, but only 23 percent want recommendation, according to U-M's National Poll on Children's Health. (2014-07-21)

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