Cyanide Current Events

Cyanide Current Events, Cyanide News Articles.
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U of MN Center for Drug Design awarded $2.5 million grant
The University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design has been awarded a $2.5 million, five-year grant by the National Institute of Health (NIH) to research antidotes for cyanide poisoning. (2006-10-26)

New antidote for smoke-related cyanide toxicity shows promise
Smoke inhalation is the major cause of death in fire victims due to cyanide poisoning. However, new research presented at CHEST 2012, the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, shows that a new antidote, cobinamide, may help reverse the effects of cyanide toxicity. (2012-10-22)

Forensic research extends detection of cyanide poisoning
Researchers have found a new biomarker for cyanide poisoning, which may extend its detection window in death investigations by weeks if not months. (2012-02-01)

Rapid response in cases of smoke poisoning
Smoke poisoning can be caused by a number of things, including cyanides, the salts of hydrocyanic acid. Because the quick diagnosis and treatment of victims with cyanide poisoning is critical and often lifesaving, it is very surprising that a cyanide test for emergency situations is not yet available. Now, chemists at the University of Zurich have developed a simple and reliable procedure to detect blood cyanide in less than two minutes. (2012-09-04)

Detecting cyanide exposure
Cyanide exposure can happen occupationally or in low levels from inhaling cigarette smoke -- or from being poisoned by someone out to get you. The effects are fast and can be deadly. But because cyanide is metabolized quickly, it can be difficult to detect in time for an antidote to be administered. Now, in an animal study in ACS' Chemical Research in Toxicology, researchers report a new precise and accurate biomarker of cyanide exposure. (2019-02-27)

U of M researchers discover fast-acting cyanide antidote
University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design and Minneapolis VA Medical Center researchers have discovered a new fast-acting antidote to cyanide poisoning. The antidote has potential to save lives of those who are exposed to the chemical -- namely firefighters, industrial workers and victims of terrorist attacks. (2007-12-27)

Probing hydrogen catalyst assembly
Biochemical reactions sometimes have to handle dangerous things in a safe way. New work from researchers at UC Davis and Stanford University shows how cyanide and carbon monoxide are safely bound to an iron atom to construct an enzyme that can generate hydrogen gas. (2014-01-23)

Zebrafish study suggests that vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is an antidote to cyanide poisoning
With the remains of a recent lottery winner having been exhumed for foul play related to cyanide poisoning, future winners might wonder how they can avoid the same fate. A new report in The FASEB Journal involving zebrafish suggests that riboflavin may mitigate cyanide's toxic effects. (2013-04-30)

Genetic differences in clover make one type toxic
That clover necklace you make for your child could well be a ring of poison. That's because some clovers have evolved genes that help the plant produce cyanide - to protect itself against little herbivores, such as snails, slugs and voles, that eat clover. Other clover plants that do not make cyanide are found in climates with colder temperatures. Kenneth Olsen, Ph.D., Washington University biologist is looking at the genetics behind this polymorphism. (2007-10-01)

Designer molecule detects tiny amounts of cyanide, then glows
A small molecule designed to detect cyanide in water samples works quickly, is easy to use, and glows under ultraviolet or (2009-10-21)

Toward a better cyanide antidote for terrorist attacks and other mass casualty events
In an advance toward closing a major gap in defenses against terrorist attacks and other mass casualty events, scientists are reporting discovery of a promising substance that could be the basis for development of a better antidote for cyanide poisoning. Their report, which describes a potential antidote that could be self-administered, much like the medication delivered by allergy injection pens, appears in ACS' Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. (2013-01-30)

University of Minnesota and start-up to develop antidote to cyanide poisoning
Cyanide poisoning is often fatal and typically affects victims of industrial accidents, terrorist attacks, or structural fires. Based on research conducted at the Center for Drug Design at the University of Minnesota, start-up Vytacera Pharma Inc. will develop and market Sulfanegen, a treatment for cyanide poisoning. (2012-02-09)

New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe
Chemical analyzes can take a long time to complete. Now a potentially groundbreaking collaboration between a chemist and a computer scientist from the University of Southern Denmark shows that time spent on chemical analyzes can be reduced considerably. Among other things this means, that researchers can now speed up the exploration of the chemistry behind the origin of life in our universe. The work is presented on a conference for artificial life Thursday September 5 2013. (2013-09-05)

The cyanide defense: How one bacterium inhibits predators with poison
Microbiologists in South Korea report this week in mBio that the bacterium produces cyanide when under attack from Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus HD100, a microbial predator found in rivers and soils that ingests its prey from the inside out. The researchers found that the prey produced levels of cyanide high enough to inhibit, but not kill, the B. bacteriovorus HD100. (2017-12-19)

New molecule found in space connotes life origins
Hunting from a distance of 27,000 light years, astronomers have discovered an unusual carbon-based molecule contained within a giant gas cloud in interstellar space. The discovery suggests that the complex molecules needed for life may have their origins in interstellar space. (2014-09-26)

Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean, sustainable energy. Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years, and now chemists at UC Davis and Stanford University are revealing how they do it, and perhaps opening ways to imitate them. (2013-10-24)

UNIST researchers reveal how one bacterium inhibits predators with poison
A team of scientists, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has unveiled that the bacterium Chromobacterium piscinae produces cyanide, an inhibitory molecule, to defend themselves in the battle against Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus HD100. (2018-02-21)

New crops needed for new climate
Plants grown under high CO2 and drought conditions show an increase in toxic compounds, a decrease in protein content and a decrease in yield. Dr. Ros Gleadow will present her findings at the Society for Experimental Biology meeting on Monday, June 29, where she will discuss these results and the consequent requirement for new cultivars in order to sustain food production in a future environment. (2009-06-29)

Researchers get to the root of cassava's cyanide-producing abilities
Cassava is the third-most important food source in tropical countries, but it has one major problem: The roots and leaves of poorly processed cassava plants contain a substance that, when eaten, can trigger the production of cyanide. That's a serious problem for the 500 million people who rely on cassava as their main source of calories, among them subsistence farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. (2003-05-12)

Florida EMS and fire vehicles to stock Cyanokit 5g antidote for cyanide poisoning
The Florida Department of Health, Office of Emergency Operations, will stock Cyanokit 5g antidote for cyanide poisoning in the state's emergency medical service and fire vehicles through a federal grant from the Department of Homeland Security. (2008-05-29)

Interstellar molecules are branching out
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Cornell University and the University of Cologne have for the first time detected a carbon-bearing molecule with a 'branched' structure in interstellar space. (2014-09-25)

Cyanide compounds discovered in meteorites may hold clues to the origin of life
Compounds containing iron, cyanide, and carbon monoxide discovered in carbon-rich meteorites by a team of scientists at Boise State University and NASA may have helped power life on early Earth. (2019-06-25)

Startup using U of M tech to manufacture key industrial chemicals from renewable sources
Startup Ascenix BioTechnologies will perfect and commercialize production methods to synthesize chemicals from renewable feedstocks. These chemicals, which are used to manufacture everyday items, are typically made from petroleum and often use harmful add-ins like hydrogen cyanide. The startup predicts this new bio-based process, developed by University of Minnesota researchers, will be more economical and environmentally friendly. (2013-03-06)

How repeatable is evolutionary history?
Some clover species have two forms, one of which releases cyanide to discourage nibbling by snails and insects and the other of which does not. A scientist at Washington University in St. Louis found that this 'polymorphism' has evolved independently in six different species of clover, each time by the wholesale deletion of a gene. The clover species are in a sense predisposed to develop this trait, suggesting that evolution is not entirely free form but instead bumps up against constraints. (2014-06-23)

Mixed signals from poisonous moths
Poisonous moths use bright red spots to warn predators to avoid them -- but natural variation in these wing markings doesn't provide clear indications of how toxic individual moths might be -- new research shows. (2018-06-04)

First detection of gases in super-Earth atmosphere
The first successful detection of gases in the atmosphere of a super-Earth reveals the presence of hydrogen and helium, but no water vapor, according to UCL researchers. The exotic exoplanet, 55 Cancri e, is over eight times the mass of Earth and has previously been dubbed the 'diamond planet' because models based on its mass and radius have led some astronomers to speculate that its interior is carbon-rich. (2016-02-16)

Michigan emergency departments are better prepared to respond to disaster
Emergency Departments across Michigan are better prepared to handle a disaster today than they were seven years ago, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. The study found that 84 percent of emergency departments said they are more prepared to handle a terrorist attack or natural disaster than they were in 2005. (2013-10-14)

Less than a quarter of hospitals stock antidotes required for immediate use
Less than a quarter of hospitals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland stock all of the recommended antidotes for immediate use in emergency departments, reveals an audit published in the online journal the European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. (2015-11-18)

Mass biofuel production without mass antibiotic use
Rather than applying mass amounts of antibiotics to vats of biofuel-producing microorganisms to keep control these cultures, researchers have developed a new technique using modified strains that outcompete other possible contaminating microbes. (2016-08-04)

Prussian blue linked to the origin of life
A team of researchers from the Astrobiology Centre has shown that hydrogen cyanide, urea and other substances considered essential to the formation of the most basic biological molecules can be obtained from the salt Prussian blue. In order to carry out this study, published in the journal Chemistry & Biodiversity, the scientists recreated the chemical conditions of the early Earth. (2009-12-14)

RUDN chemists propose new beneficial catalyst for initial materials in pharmacy
The collaboration of researchers from RUDN University, Centro de QuĂ­mica Estrutura and Baku State University proposes a new potential way to produce initial compounds for many chemical industries, including pharmacy, cosmetics, dyes and liquid crystals production. The new method of synthesis at a room temperature with high yields described in two articles published in Journal of Organometallic Chemistry and in Inorganica Chimica Acta. (2017-09-27)

A peachy defense system for seeds
ETH chemists are developing a new coating method to protect seeds from being eaten by insects. In doing so, they have drawn inspiration from the humble peach and a few of its peers. (2016-05-23)

Hot and cold moves of cyanide and water
Scientists have long known that molecules dance about as the temperature rises, but now researchers know the exact steps that water takes with a certain molecule. Results with small, electrically charged cyanide ions and water molecules reveal that water zips around ions to a greater extent than expected. The findings, published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry A, improve our understanding of a chemical interaction important in environmental and atmospheric sciences. (2009-09-03)

Pollution from Asia circles globe at stratospheric heights
The economic growth across much of Asia is coming with a troubling side-effect: pollutants from the region are being wafted up to the stratosphere during monsoon season. The new finding, published this week in Science Express, provides additional evidence of the global nature of air pollution. (2010-03-25)

New forage plant prepares farmers for climate changes
Plant researchers from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, Monash University in Australia, and the plant breeding company Pacific Seeds have developed a new type of the corn-like crop sorghum, which may become very significant for food supplies in drought-prone areas. Unlike the conventional drought-resistant sorghum plant, which is an important crop in Africa, China and the USA, this new type does not form toxic cyanide when exposed to long-term drought. (2012-04-04)

Chemists glimpse the fleeting 'transition state' of a reaction
Chemists at MIT, Argonne National Laboratory, and several other institutions have devised a technique that allows them to determine the structure of the transition state of a reaction by observing the products that result from the reaction. (2019-12-16)

Arecibo telescope finds critical ingredients for the soup of life in a galaxy far, far away
Astronomers from Arecibo Observatory radio telescope in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, have detected for the first time the molecules methanimine and hydrogen cyanide -- two ingredients that build life-forming amino acids -- in a galaxy some 250 million light years away. (2008-01-14)

Scientists identify exoplanets where life could develop as it did on Earth
Scientists have identified a group of planets outside our solar system where the same chemical conditions that may have led to life on Earth exist. (2018-08-01)

How did chemical constituents essential to life arise on primitive Earth?
Chemists at the University of Georgia have now proposed the first detailed, feasible mechanism to explain how adenine, one of the four building blocks of DNA, might be built up from the combination of five cyanide molecules. The investigation is based on extensive quantum chemical computations over several years. (2007-10-30)

From overdose to organ donor
New research published in Critical Care, from Guy's and St Thomas' hospital in London, suggests that patients that die from drug overdoses or poisoning could donate their healthy organs to patients needing transplant operations. These findings could increase the number of organs available, saving the lives of people who die waiting for a transplant. (2003-03-06)

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