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Three research papers published in Nature series journals
Department of Applied Physics of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) contributed 3 research papers that were recently published in the Nature series journals, which are among the most authoritative and recognized scientific journals in the world that publish high-quality research in all fields of science and technology. (2019-10-17)

Springer launches new water platform to mark World Water Day
The 20th anniversary of the first World Water Day is Mar. 22nd. The United Nations has specifically highlighted the importance of this vital resource by declaring 2013 the International Year of Water Cooperation. Springer is underscoring this initiative by launching a new, interdisciplinary platform on water at springer.com/aboutwater. (2013-03-18)

Political leaning influences city water policies as strongly as climate
Researchers examined city water policies over the course of four years to create a database of water conservation policies. They also developed an associated index of the number of different categories of policies each city adopted and gathered data on the climate, water sources, population, economy and political leanings of each city and its surrounding metropolitan statistical area -- as reflected in the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. (2018-06-19)

Multi billion dollar titanium prospects
Australia has a golden opportunity to take a world lead in light metals, with the establishment of a multi-billion dollar industry in industrial-grade titanium. (2001-10-01)

A one-way street for salt
Barely heard of a couple of years ago, quinoa today is common on European supermarket shelves. The hardy plant thrives even in saline soils. Researchers from the University of W├╝rzburg have now determined how the plant gets rid of the excess salt. (2018-09-20)

Ocean acidification changes balance of biofouling communities
A new study of marine organisms that make up the 'biofouling community' -- tiny creatures that attach themselves to ships' hulls and rocks in the ocean around the world -- shows how they adapt to changing ocean acidification. Reporting in the journal Global Change Biology, the authors examine how these communities may respond to future change. (2015-01-28)

Research Council feted NJIT chemical engineering professor
The Research and Development Council of New Jersey presented one of its highest awards last night to Kamalesh K. Sirkar, Ph.D., distinguished chemical engineering professor at New Jersey Institute of Technology. (2006-11-08)

Lab researcher helps team that may have a key solution to reducing carbon dioxide emissions
Meeting the Paris Climate Agreement goal of limiting the increase in the global average temperature to well below two degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels will require increased use of renewable energy and reducing the CO2 intensity of fossil energy use. (2016-01-06)

Better model of water under extreme conditions could aid understanding of Earth's mantle
A team of University of Chicago scientists ran quantum simulations to develop a new model of the behavior of water at extremely high temperatures and pressures. The computational measurements, published June 18 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, should help scientists understand water's role in the makeup of the mantle and potentially in other planets. (2018-06-20)

SMU 'Power Plays' conference to promote geothermal energy production in oil and gas fields
SMU's renowned Geothermal Lab will host its eighth international energy conference April 25-26 on the Dallas campus, focused on using the oilfield as a base for alternative energy production through the capture of waste heat and fluids. In addition to oil and gas field geothermal projects, experts will discuss coal plant conversion for geothermal production, the intersection of geothermal energy and desalination, and large-scale direct use of geothermal energy. (2016-04-22)

Research reveals carbon films can give microchips energy storage capability
After more than half a decade of speculation, fabrication, modeling and testing, an international team of researchers led by Drexel University's Dr. Yury Gogotsi and Dr. Patrice Simon of Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse, France, have confirmed that their process for making carbon films and micro-supercapacitors will allow microchips and their power sources to become one and the same. (2016-02-11)

Researchers map light and sound wave interactions in optical fibers
Earlier this year researchers developed sensing protocols that allow optical fibers to 'listen' outside an optical fiber where they cannot 'look', based on an interplay between light waves and ultrasound. Now they have constructed a measurement protocol that can map local power levels of multiple optical wave components over many kilometers of fiber. This new insight may be applied to sensor systems of longer reach, higher spatial resolution, and better precision. (2018-11-28)

Penn State microbial fuel cell scientist named KAUST Investigator
Penn State scientist Bruce Logan will receive a Global Research Partnership Investigator award from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology to investigate microbial fuel cell technologies that convert waste into electricity or hydrogen and in the process, clean water. KAUST, a new research institution currently under development in Saudi Arabia, is providing assistance to accomplished scientists and engineers dedicated to a research topics with particular importance to Saudi Arabia and the region. (2008-03-13)

Artificial transpiration for solar water purification
Solar steam and vapor generation is a promising technology for desalination, sterilization and chemical purification. Here Zhu group at Nanjing University designs an artificial transpiration device with all three components of heat loss minimized, which enable over 85% solar steam efficiency under one sun. It is also demonstrated that this artificial transpiration device can be used for heavy metal waste water treatment. (2017-06-01)

Getting the salt out
A new study shows effective way to desalinate water from fracked wells. (2014-10-21)

Water-energy nanogrid provides solution for rural communities lacking basic amenities
Researchers at Texas A&M University have come up with an economical, green solution that can help underprivileged communities with their water and electricity needs. (2020-11-04)

Bubble, bubble ... boiling on the double
A new analysis could lead to more efficient, less dangerous power plants. (2015-09-08)

The Sur, Baleares and Segura basins are the driest in Spain
There is some discrepancy among the scientific community as to the situation of reservoirs in Spain, one of the countries with the greatest water stress in Europe. For this purpose, a team of researchers has surveyed experts and has determined which basins in Spain have the most water problems. (2010-01-27)

Engineering students win International Environmental Design Contest
A team of University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering students placed first last week at an international environmental design competition for a system they created to clean hard, brackish water for municipal water districts. (2011-04-13)

Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds
Researchers at MIT, Seoul University in Korea and Ursinus College in Pennsylvania find that tiny molecules passing through nanotubes can be propelled or slowed depending on their size. (2013-09-12)

Stanford scientist's new approach may accelerate design of high-power batteries
New Stanford study describes a model for designing novel materials used in electrical storage devices, such as car batteries and capacitors. This approach may dramatically accelerate discovery of new materials that provide cheap and efficient ways to store energy. (2017-04-21)

3D electron microscopy uncovers the complex guts of desalination membranes
Careful sample preparation, electron tomography and quantitative analysis of 3D models provides unique insights into the inner structure of reverse osmosis membranes widely used for salt water desalination wastewater recycling and home use, according to a team of chemical engineers. (2018-09-17)

Advanced Membrane Technology III: Membrane engineering for process intensification
The conference covers progress in membrane engineering and its strong relation with process intensification strategy. Topics such as integrated membrane operations; new operations such as membrane contactors and catalytic membrane reactors will be featured and industrial contributions will be emphasized. In addition, water desalination, exergetic analysis of membrane operations and integrated processes will be also covered. Existing limits of membrane engineering and future possible developments in new non-traditional areas will be discussed. (2006-04-19)

Brookhaven Lab and NREL win Technology Transfer Award
Toshifumi Sugama of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Keith Gawlik of DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have jointly won a 2003 Federal Laboratory Consortium (FLC) Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer. This year, the team will be among 22 recipients of the annual award, which recognizes employees who have accomplished outstanding work in the process of transferring a technology developed by a federal laboratory to a commercial marketplace. (2003-05-06)

Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators win R&D 100 Award
The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), along with industrial partners Bob Curran & Sons and Ticona Corporation, have won a 2002 R&D 100 Award for developing a smart, high-performance coating. This polyphenylenesulfide (PPS) coating system is particularly suited for use in carbon-steel heat exchanger tubes in geothermal power plants. (2002-08-15)

Better surfaces could help dissipate heat
Researchers at MIT have found that relatively simple, microscale roughening of a surface can dramatically enhance its transfer of heat. Such an approach could be far less complex and more durable than approaches that enhance heat transfer through smaller patterning in the nanometer (billionths of a meter) range. The new research also provides a theoretical framework for analyzing the behavior of such systems, pointing the way to even greater improvements. (2012-06-26)

Dirty waters
Clean water is often the common denominator in the aftermath of any widespread disaster -- manmade or natural. (2010-04-09)

Metal oxide-infused membranes could offer low-energy alternative for chemical separations
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are working on membranes that could separate chemicals without using energy-intensive distillation processes. (2019-07-18)

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation
Latest research uses membrane technology for 'energy efficient' gas separation -- a crucial part of many major industrial processes and important focus for increased sustainability in global energy production. (2013-06-12)

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