Disability Current Events

Disability Current Events, Disability News Articles.
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DALYs system for 'measuring' disability
DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) -- the frequently used indicator for relative effects of public health interventions which specifically incorporate disability -- need to be updated or replaced, says a viewpoint in this week's edition of the Lancet. (2007-05-10)

University of Edinburgh hosts European conference on childhood disability
Experts will gather in Edinburgh this week to examine research and best practice for children with disability and discuss how best to overcome the barriers they face in areas such as learning and mobility. (2004-10-06)

Overcoming a learning disability will make physician-in-training a better doctor
Overcoming a learning disability to become a physician will actually help in being compassionate toward patients, writes a medical student of his struggle with a severe reading disability in CMAJ. (2012-05-07)

Alcohol consumption linked to lower disability in patients with chronic pain
In a study of 2,239 individuals with chronic widespread pain, the key feature of fibromyalgia, those who regularly consumed alcohol had lower levels of disability than those who never or rarely drank. (2015-07-20)

Dancing may help older women maintain the ability to perform daily tasks
A new study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports examined the potential effects of 16 different exercise types for reducing disability for activities of daily living (ADL) in older women. (2018-12-19)

For disabled parents, extra family services could improve entire family's health
Research from Tufts University illustrates the role parental disability plays in overall family health as indicated by immunization rates for children. Raymond Hyatt, PhD, of the John Hancock Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition in the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University, published the report, which assessed the likelihood that children of parents with a disability receive their childhood immunizations on time. Disability is identified as the gap between a personal capability and an environmental demand, and is modifiable through intervention. (2005-06-06)

People with a disability more likely to be obese, have chronic illnesses
Adults with a disability are more likely to be obese or extremely obese than those without a disability according to a study led by researchers at the University of Texas School of Public Health, which is part of the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. (2013-06-26)

Federal disability payments encourage more family caregiving, study finds
While it's well understood what sources of income and insurance support people who experience a disability, less is known about the mechanisms of how family support changes over the evolution of a disability. A new study finds that federal disability benefits can lead to increases in other support for beneficiaries, such as in-kind assistance from adult children. (2019-12-10)

Chronic disability in older Americans greatly overestimated
The rates of chronic disability in older Americans has been substantially overestimated by about forty percent, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the December 12 Archives of Internal Medicine. (2005-12-12)

WTC attacks increase subsequent firefighter retirements
A new study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine reveals that the WTC attacks affected the health of the New York City Fire Department resulting in more post-9/11 retirements than expected. (2011-08-12)

Hospital admissions strongly linked to disability for older adults in last year of life
Yale researchers found a close association between acute hospitalizations and the development and progression of disability among older adults at the end of life. Their findings may have profound implications for medical decision-making for older people and those who care for them. (2015-05-20)

Acupressure relieves low back pain
Acupressure (applying pressure with the thumbs or fingertips to the same points on the body stimulated in acupuncture) seems to be more effective in reducing low back pain than physical therapy, finds a study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-02-16)

New research shows role-playing disability promotes distress, discomfort and disinterest
A recent Hiram College (Ohio) study reveals that disability simulations often result in feelings of fear, apprehension and pity toward those with disabilities. (2017-04-11)

Disability scholar named Science Fellow
University of Illinois at Chicago disability scholar Gary Albrecht has been elected a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2002-02-16)

Cervical Cancer Screening In Women With Learning Disability Is Lower Than General Population
Coverage in the cervical screening programme is markedly lower for women with learning disability than for the general female population, says a study in this week's BMJ. A survey found that of those eligible for a smear test, only 13 per cent of women with learning disability had received one in the last five years, as opposed to 88 per cent of women in the general population. (1999-03-05)

Hospitalization and restricted activity can lead to disability among elderly
Illnesses and injuries leading to hospitalization or restricted activity are key sources of disability for independent older persons, regardless of physical frailty, Yale researchers report in the November 3 issue of JAMA. (2004-11-02)

CBT and BT: Some effect against chronic pain
Cognitive behavior therapy and behavior therapy show some effect in helping the disability associated with chronic pain, according to a Cochrane Systematic Review. The researchers assessed the use of CBT and BT on chronic pain, mood and disability. (2009-04-14)

Older people recover from disabling events at higher rate than previously thought
Approximately four out of every five newly-disabled older people regain the ability to live independently within 6 months of their disability episode, a higher recovery rate than previously reported, according to a study by Yale University School of Medicine researchers. The study was conducted at Yale's Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center, supported by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health. (2004-04-06)

People with diabetes have at least 50 percent increased risk of physical disability
Older adults with diabetes are at least 50% more likely to have a physical disability than those without diabetes, according to the results of a new systematic review and meta-analysis published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. (2013-07-23)

Smokers more likely to be disabled in later life
Smokers are not only likely to die earlier than non-smokers, but they are more likely to spend more of their life with a disability than non-smokers, finds research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2000-07-16)

Loss of spinal nerve fibers not the only cause of disability in multiple sclerosis
Researchers from Queen Mary University of London have now sampled spinal cords of thirteen people with MS and five healthy controls, and found that spinal cord cross sectional area is not a good predictor of axonal loss. (2017-05-10)

College psychology classes lack curriculum about disabilities
Psychology classes are among the most popular courses on college campuses today, but new research shows that many of them lack important information about the largest single minority group in the US -- people with disabilities. (2016-02-23)

Americans live longer but with disabilities or health issues, study shows
Americans are living longer but in poorer health, according to a new study. The USC-led study examined life expectancy trends and disability rates in a 40-year period, from 1970 to 2010. The analysis of US vital statistics found that the average total lifespan increased for men and women in those 40 years, but so did the proportion of time spent living with a disability. (2016-04-14)

Exome sequencing: Potential diagnostic assay for unexplained intellectual disability
Research confirming that de novo mutations represent a major cause of previously unexplained intellectual disability were presented, Nov. 8. The findings lend support to the use of exome sequencing, which deciphers over 21,000 protein-coding genes, as a diagnostic assay to determine whether one or more genetic mutations explain a patient's intellectual disability. (2012-11-08)

Even mild stress is linked to long-term disability
Even relatively mild stress can lead to long term disability and an inability to work, reveals a large population based study published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2011-03-23)

College students with disabilities at greater risk for substance abuse
College students with physical and cognitive disabilities use illicit drugs more, and have a higher prevalence of drug use disorder, than their non-disabled peers, according to a Rutgers study. (2020-09-21)

People who qualify for Medicare due to disability account for most opioid-related deaths
New findings from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston found that Medicare beneficiaries who qualify because of a disability are a growing group of patients hospitalized for opioid or heroin overdose and account for 25 percent of deaths from prescription opioid overdose each year. Previous research shows that not many of these patients make use of opioid treatment programs. (2019-11-26)

Protein regulation linked to intellectual disability
Genetics researchers at the University of Adelaide have solved a 40-year mystery for a family beset by a rare intellectual disability - and they've discovered something new about the causes of intellectual disability in the process. (2012-10-25)

Concern over inappropriate use of psychotropic drugs in those with intellectual disability
The proportion of people with intellectual disability in the UK who have been treated with psychotropic drugs far exceeds the proportion with recorded mental illness, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2015-09-01)

New gene identified: Involved in both intellectual disability and epilepsy
Researchers from the Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide have isolated and identified a novel gene involved in both intellectual disability and epilepsy. This gene acts as a master gene, controlling how, where and when other genes work and thus contributing to the normal cognitive function of the brain. (2002-03-10)

ILR report connects disabilities, employment and poverty
The Third Annual Disability Status Report, published by the ILR School at Cornell University, reveals that almost 38 percent of people with disabilities are employed, compared with almost 80 percent of people without disabilities. (2007-11-20)

Study explores antidepressant medication use during pregnancy
A study published by JAMA Psychiatry reports no evidence of an association between intellectual disability in children and mothers who took antidepressant medication during pregnancy when other mitigating factors, such as parental age and underlying psychiatric disorder, were considered. (2017-07-12)

Low back pain accounts for third of all disability linked to work
Low back pain disability linked to workplace factors accounts for a third of all work related disability around the globe, indicates research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. (2014-03-24)

Age and race are significant risk factors for vitamin D deficiency and disability among elderly women
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with bone loss and bone fractures, which are major causes of disability and death among elderly women. Semba et al.conducted an observational study of two groups of women aged 65 to 95 years. Vitamin D deficiency was prevalent in both groups, but the more- disabled women tended to have lower serum concentrations of vitamin D than the less-disabled women. Significant risk factors for vitamin D deficiency included increased age and black race. (2000-11-23)

Back pain improves in first 6 weeks but lingering effects at 1 year
For people receiving health care for acute and persistent low-back pain, symptoms will improve significantly in the first six weeks, but pain and disability may linger even after one year, states a large study published in CMAJ. (2012-05-14)

Raising the bar on disability care
Encouraging paid workers to employ the 'right kind' of respectful personal relationship with young people with disability will lift standards in the sector, experts say. With good quality relationships, children and young adults with cognitive disability feel ''valued, respected and cared about'' in their daily lives and, in turn, give carers more job satisfaction and self-respect, international researchers say in a new paper published in the international Disability & Society journal. (2020-08-03)

Disability, reduced social participation associated with chronic conditions in middle-age
Middle-age adults living with a combination of arthritis, heart disease or diabetes, and depression are more likely to experience disability and limited involvement in society, new research from McMaster University has found.The research team analyzed population-based data from more than 15,000 participants in the Canadian Community Health Survey on Healthy Aging. (2016-11-09)

Exercise may reduce disability in older adults
Exercise may be an effective strategy for preventing disability that affects activities of daily living (ADL) in older adults and the person's ability to remain independent. (2001-10-15)

Antipsychotics inappropriately prescribed to people with intellectual disabilities
Large numbers of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK are being inappropriately prescribed antipsychotic drugs, finds a new UCL study. Intellectual disability is a lifelong condition that begins before the age of 18 and is characterized by limitations in intellectual functioning (generally indicated by an IQ under 70) and difficulties with one or more life skills. Around 1 percent of the population has an intellectual disability. (2015-09-01)

English professor pens 'Weather Reports' on life with autistic son
After what he calls (2008-05-04)

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