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Disability Current Events, Disability News Articles.
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Study finds much different work histories for disability rejects, beneficiaries
Male disability applicants rejected for federal benefits tend to have lower earnings and labor force participation rates over the decade prior to applying for federal disability benefits. (2011-05-23)

The effect of parental education on the heritability of children's reading disability
The results of a new study show that there is a significant interaction between parents' years of education and the heritability of reading disability. The researchers concluded that on average, poor instruction or lack of reading practice may often be the main influence on reading disabilities in families with low socioeconomic status, while genes may be the main influence on reading disability among children in families with high socioeconomic status and educational support. (2008-12-22)

Self-identifying as disabled and developing pride in disability aid overall well-being
Experiencing stigma, the severity of a disability and a person's age and income level help determine whether someone with an impairment considers themselves to be a person with a disability, and experiencing stigma predicts whether those individuals will ultimately develop disability pride, new research from Oregon State University shows. (2017-08-28)

Some mental health cost controls may increase employers' long-term expenses
A new study by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds some mental health plan benefits designed to contain costs by restricting access to care may actually increase an employer's expenses over the long-term. Workers in plans with high deductibles, preexisting condition exclusion periods, or (2003-07-21)

Study uncovers link between air pollution and intellectual disabilities in children
British children with intellectual disabilities are more likely than their peers to live in areas with high outdoor air pollution, according to a new Journal of Intellectual Disability Research study funded by Public Health England. (2018-11-21)

Children with disabilities nearly 4 times as likely be to victims of violence as children who are not disabled
Children with disabilities are three to four times more likely to be victims of violence than children who are not disabled, with an estimated one in four experiencing violence during their lifetime, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published Online First in the Lancet. (2012-07-11)

Yale study tracks factors leading to physical decline in older adults
A study by Yale School of Medicine researchers reveals that the illnesses and injuries that can restrict the activity of older adults or land them in the hospital are linked to worsening functional ability, especially among those who are physically frail. The report appears in JAMA's Nov. 3 theme issue on aging. (2010-11-02)

Hypertensive kids more likely to have learning/attention problems
Children who have high blood pressure are more likely to have learning disabilities and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder than children who are not hypertensive, according to new research from the University of Rochester Medical Center presented at the Pediatric Academic Society meeting. (2009-05-04)

Exploring why disease affects people differently
A new five-year partnership between Cardiff University and UnumProvident, the UK's leading provider of Income Protection Insurance, will provide a unique opportunity to explore why people respond differently to the same disease - and why it renders some people unable to work while others continue. (2004-05-05)

Supports Intensity Scale is effective for identifying needs in people with intellectual disability
The Supports Intensity Scale assessment tool can effectively predict funding for people with intellectual disability based on individual needs, and it is truly a needs-based assessment tool, unlike adaptive behavior instruments or other measures of personal competence commonly used to determine services for people with intellectual disabilities, reveals a new study with 274 adults currently receiving funding from a state developmental disability agency. (2009-02-26)

Illnesses, injuries greatly increase chances of older adults developing new or worsening disability
In a study examining the factors that play a role in an older adult's transition to disability, intervening illnesses and injuries that led to hospitalization or activity restriction were associated with worsening functional ability, especially among those who were physically frail, according to a study in the Nov. 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on aging. (2010-11-02)

Study reveals substantial reductions in years lived without disability and overall life expectancy for men and women with diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that men and women with diabetes (both types) face not only reduced overall life expectancy, but also higher numbers of years living with disability compared to those people without diabetes. (2016-04-14)

Study looks at events that lead to disability among the elderly
Illnesses and injuries leading to either hospitalization or restricted activity are strongly associated with the development of disability for older persons living in the community, regardless of their physical condition, according to a study in the November 3 issue of JAMA. (2004-11-02)

Sleep disturbances show clear association with work disability
Sleep disturbances increase the risk of work disability and may slow the return to work process. This is especially true in cases where work disability is due to mental disorders or musculoskeletal diseases. These results come from a recent study conducted by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in collaboration with the universities of Turku and London. (2010-10-25)

Physical inactivity, poor diet and smoking linked to disability in older population
An unhealthy lifestyle is associated with a greater likelihood of developing disability over the age of 65, with the risk increasing progressively with the number of unhealthy behaviors, suggests a paper published on bmj.com today. (2013-07-23)

Rehabilitation psychologists: #SayTheWord disability
A group of female rehabilitation psychologists with disabilities highlight the need for clinicians, educators and disability allies to normalize the word 'disability.' (2019-04-25)

Gene linked to common intellectual disability
University of Adelaide researchers have taken a step forward in unraveling the causes of a commonly inherited intellectual disability, finding that a genetic mutation leads to a reduction in certain proteins in the brain. (2013-11-13)

Playing adaptive sports linked to higher employment, economic impact
A new study from the University of Houston Department of Health and Human Performance finds playing an adaptive sport can have dramatic results on the athlete and the economy. (2015-08-25)

Study reveals sex differences in the global burden of glaucoma
Worldwide, the burden of glaucoma -- quantified as health loss -- is higher in men than in women, according to a recent analysis published in Acta Ophthalmologica. (2020-01-08)

Is workers' comp fair? Research finds no link between cash settlements, future impairment
New research from St. Louis University that points to racial disparity is among first to examine link between workers' compensation settlements for back pain and long-term functional outcomes. (2006-12-19)

Functional disability high among newly diagnosed older breast cancer patients
Many older women with newly diagnosed breast cancer have difficulty accomplishing daily tasks, and African-Americans seem to be disproportionately affected. Those are the findings of a new study published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study's results suggest that many breast cancer patients could benefit from receiving therapy to improve their physical function. (2013-09-23)

Voters perceive political candidates with a disability as qualified for elected office
Political candidates with a disability have historically been underrepresented. A new study has found for the first time that voters do not apply certain stereotypes associated with disability to such candidates. Voters see them as honest, hard-working, and concerned with social welfare issues. The results show that the cause of under-representation may not lay with voters' perceptions, but with a lack of support from governments and political parties. (2021-01-28)

Bloomberg School of Public Health to lead nationwide aging study
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have been selected to lead a new national survey of older Americans to understand patterns of disability and aging. the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, is expected to award approximately $24 million over the next five years to develop and implement the new survey. (2008-10-27)

Most common form of inherited intellectual disability may be treatable
Advancements over the last 10 years in understanding intellectual disability (ID, formerly mental retardation), have led to the once-unimaginable possibility that ID may be treatable, a review of more than 100 studies on the topic has concluded. It appears in ACS Chemical Neuroscience. (2011-05-17)

Seven genes for X-linked intellectual disability
Genetic analysis discovers new mutations on the X chromosome. (2015-02-13)

The NHS is failing people with learning disabilities
The NHS is failing people with learning difficulties, according to an editorial published in the BMJ today. (2008-03-13)

Certain physical disabilities may affect outcomes in kidney transplant recipients
Compared with kidney transplant recipients who did not report a disability, recipients with a visual disability were at higher risk of organ failure and recipients with a walking disability were at higher risk of early death. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2018 Oct. 23-28 at the San Diego Convention Center. (2018-10-25)

Study examines neurodevelopmental outcomes for children born extremely preterm
Fredrik Serenius, M.D., Ph.D., of Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, and colleagues conducted a study to assess neurological and developmental outcome in extremely preterm (less than 27 gestational weeks) children at 2.5 years. (2013-04-30)

Unexplained intellectual disability explained by state-of-the-art genetic analysis
A research team reported that next generation sequencing of the exome, the one to two percent of the DNA containing the genes that code for proteins, enabled the identification of the genetic causes of unexplained intellectual disability in over 50 percent of patients in a study. (2012-11-08)

Reports of mental health disability increase in US
The prevalence of self-reported mental health disabilities increased in the US among non-elderly adults during the last decade, according to a study by Ramin Mojtabai, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. At the same time, the study found the prevalence of disability attributed to other chronic conditions decreased, while the prevalence of significant mental distress remained unchanged. The findings will appear in the November edition of the American Journal of Public Health. (2011-09-23)

Risk of long-term disability in older adults who visit the ED
Older adults who go to the emergency department (ED) for an illness or injury are at increased risk for disability and decline in physical abilities up to six months later, according to a study by Yale researchers. (2017-01-06)

Mayo Clinic finds tool to predict disability timeline for progressive MS patients
Many patients with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) worry how quickly the disease will progress. Now, by noting the presence of certain markers in a commonly performed diagnostic test, Mayo Clinic researchers can predict whether patients will suffer a faster onset of disability and counsel them to help ease anxiety. The research is being presented at the American Academy of Neurology meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii. (2011-04-12)

A student's disability status depends on where they go to school, PSU study finds
A new Portland State University study suggests that the likelihood of a child being classified with an educational disability depends on the characteristics of their school and how distinctive they are from their peers (2019-05-29)

Back pain and its benefits
Instead of making life easier, disability payments and other economic benefits are associated with increased disability and depression in persons with chronic nonmalignant back pain, new research by scientists at the University of Medicine and Dentistry-New Jersey Medical School shows. (1999-08-02)

Ethnic groups have higher risk of developing a physical disability
Men and women from a South Asian background are more likely to develop a physical disability and struggle with day-to-day physical activities throughout adulthood compared with their white British counterparts, new research published in the Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences reports. (2020-01-08)

Study finds large proportion of intellectual disability is not genetically inherited
New research published Online First in the Lancet suggests that a high proportion of severe intellectual disability results from genetic causes that are not inherited. These findings are good news for parents, indicating a low risk of passing on the disorder to further children. (2012-09-26)

Mayo Clinic study finds higher incidence rate of reading disability among boys
Boys were two to three times more likely than girls to be affected by reading disabilities, according to a Mayo Clinic study of 5,718 children in Rochester, Minn. The objective of the study was to report the incidence of reading disability among school-aged children. Overall, the incidence of reading disability was 5.3 percent to 11.8 percent depending on the definition used to establish it. (2001-11-13)

Mental health leaves most costly disability to Canadian employers
Mental illness is associated with more lost work days than any other chronic condition, costing the Canadian economy $51 billion annually in lost productivity. In the first study of its kind, researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have calculated the actual cost of mental health leave and found that on average it's double the cost of a leave for a physical illness. (2010-09-10)

Cancer diagnosis more likely to limit careers for patients from rural areas
Compared to their counterparts in cities, cancer patients living in rural areas tend to retire early after being diagnosed, and are less likely to go on paid disability leave while receiving treatment. These are some of the findings presented by researchers in the US to determine if living in a rural or urban area influences the impact of cancer diagnosis on employment. Their study was published in Springer's Journal of Cancer Survivorship. (2013-12-12)

Meningitis in infancy linked to developmental problems
Children who get meningitis in their first year of life have a 10-fold increased risk of severe or moderate disability at 5 years of age compared with other children, concludes a study in this week's BMJ. These findings provide a complete picture of the range of problems experienced by children from England and Wales who have had meningitis in infancy. (2001-09-06)

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