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Disability Current Events, Disability News Articles.
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Women with chronic physical disabilities are no less likely to bear children
Like the general public, health care professionals may hold certain stereotypes regarding sexual activity and childbearing among women with disabilities. But a new study finds that women with chronic physical disabilities are about as likely as nondisabled women to say they are currently pregnant, after age and other sociodemographic factors are taken into account. The findings are reported in the June issue of Medical Care, published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health. (2013-05-16)

Can smoking cessation reduce rheumatoid arthritis risk?
In an Arthritis Care & Research analysis of 230,732 women, those who quit smoking many years ago had a lower risk of a certain form of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with women who recently quit. (2019-02-21)

Five language outcome measures evaluated for intellectual disabilities studies
Expressive language sampling yielded five language-related outcome measures that may be useful for treatment studies in intellectual disabilities, especially fragile X syndrome. The measures were generally valid and reliable across the range of ages, IQs and autism symptom severity of participants. According to the study, led by UC Davis researchers and funded by NIH, the measures are also functional in supporting treatments that can improve language, providing far reaching benefits for individuals with intellectual disabilities. (2020-03-23)

Cancer screening rates among older Medicaid patients fall short of national objectives
Only about half of Medicaid recipients age 50 and older appear to receive recommended screening tests for colorectal, breast and cervical cancer, according to a report in the Oct. 13 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2008-10-13)

Stroke teams double access to fast care without higher costs
Twice as many acute stroke patients receive effective medication when dedicated (2002-02-07)

A method to measure diagnostic errors could be key to preventing disability and death from misdiagnosis
In an effort to reduce patient misdiagnoses and associated poor patient outcomes from lack of prompt treatment, a Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality researcher is helping to lead the way in providing hospitals a new approach to quantify and monitor diagnostic errors in their quality improvement efforts. The approach, called Symptom-Disease Pair Analysis of Diagnostic Error, or SPADE, is featured in a paper published today in BMJ Quality & Safety. (2018-01-22)

Pioneering brain haemorrhage treatment reduces long-term disability in premature babies
Premature babies with serious brain haemorrhage treated with a 'brain washing' technique pioneered by Bristol researchers have shown in a 10-year follow-up study, were twice as likely to survive without severe learning disability when compared with infants given standard treatment. The findings are published today [5 July] in the journal Archives of Diseases in Childhood. (2020-07-04)

Pneumonia patients nearly twice as likely to suffer from depression, impairments
Long-term cognitive and functional impairments that follow pneumonia hospitalization are comparable to the negative health effects of heart disease. (2013-03-18)

Robotic therapy may reduce stroke physical disability years later
Robotic therapy improved physical disability caused by stroke, even years after the stroke. All patients experienced improvement. The greater the disability when therapy began, the less improvement patients achieved. (2009-02-18)

SVIN announces 'Stroke: Mission thrombectomy 2020'
The Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology (SVIN) announced the launch of Mission Thrombectomy 2020, an initiative to enhance global efforts to improve stroke care worldwide by increasing the rate of stroke thrombectomy for eligible patients from less than 100,000 procedures today to 202,000 annually by 2020 and thereby reducing global stroke disability. The initiative was unveiled at the SVIN 9th Annual Meeting and 4th Annual Stroke Center Workshop, which took place from Nov.16-19, 2016 in Brooklyn, New York. (2016-11-21)

Disability Rights Legal Center honors Ossur
The Disability Rights Legal Center, which for four decades has advocated for the civil rights of people with disabilities, has recognized Ossur, a trusted and leading global innovator and provider of noninvasive orthopedic products and services, with the Charles D. Siegal President's Award. (2008-11-25)

For older adults, keeping your heart healthy may protect against disability
Recently, a team of researchers studied older Latin Americans to examine the relationship between the American Heart Association's definition of 'ideal cardiovascular health' and disability. Their study was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Association. (2017-10-26)

Research shows brain differences in children with dyslexia and dysgraphia
The study is among the first to identify structural brain differences between children with the two learning disabilities and between those children and typical language learners. Researchers say the findings prove that using a single category of learning disability to qualify children for special education services is not scientifically supported. (2015-04-28)

Scientists uncover secrets of how intellect and behavior emerge during childhood
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown that a single protein plays an oversized role in intellectual and behavioral development. The scientists found that mutations in a single gene, which is known to cause intellectual disability and increase the risk of developing autism spectrum disorder, severely disrupts the organization of developing brain circuits during early childhood. This study helps explain how genetic mutations can cause profound cognitive and behavioral problems. (2012-11-08)

Hidden costs and invisible contributions of adults characterized as dependent
An international symposium to present and discuss interdisciplinary research findings on the hidden costs and invisible contributions of adults who are older or living with disabilities is being held at Trent University from June 8-10 2005. (2005-05-18)

Dr. Zanca of Kessler Foundation receives $600,000 to improve care for people with SCI
Jeanne M. Zanca, PhD, MPT, of Kessler Foundation is the project director/principal investigator of a Field-Initiated Program award from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR). The $595,724 grant will fund her three-year project to improve the quality of personal care assistance services for people with spinal cord injury (SCI) through on-line education. (2016-10-25)

Effect of different oxygen saturation levels on death or disability in extremely preterm infants
In a randomized trial performed to help resolve the uncertainty about the optimal oxygen saturation therapy in extremely preterm infants, researchers found that targeting saturations of 85 percent to 89 percent compared with 91 percent to 95 percent had no significant effect on the rate of death or disability at 18 months, according to a study published by JAMA. The study is being released early online to coincide with its presentation at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting. (2013-05-05)

Warning follows report into online child sexual abuse risk
If the public are serious about wanting to protect children from online sexual abuse more investment in skilled professionals is needed now. The stark warning comes from researchers following publication of a new report commissioned by the Independent Inquiry on Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) which coincided with the first day of the public hearing into online child sexual abuse. (2018-01-23)

Childhood cancer survivors more likely to claim social security support as adults
Survivors of childhood cancer are five times more likely to have been enrolled on Social Security disability assistance than people without a cancer history. (2015-04-21)

NJ stroke researchers report advances in spatial neglect research at AAN Conference
A. M. Barrett, M.D., will represent Kessler Foundation's Stroke Rehabilitation Research Laboratory at the upcoming AAN Conference. Four abstracts will be presented on spatial neglect, a hidden disability of functional vision that affects up to half of stroke survivors. Kessler Foundation's Stroke Laboratory is a leader in establishing new clinical practice guidelines to reliably identify and treat spatial neglect through the Kessler Foundation Neglect Assessment Process. (2012-04-10)

Studies provide new insights on mosquito-borne chikungunya virus infection
The frequency of chronic joint pain after infection with chikungunya in a large Latin-American cohort was 25 percent at a median of 20-months post-infection. (2017-12-20)

All healthcare professionals need training to deal with the sexual needs of patients
Providing healthcare staff with a one-day training course on dealing with the sexual needs of people with an acquired physical disability gave them greater understanding of the issues patients faced and enabled them to address intimate questions more comfortably and proactively. The findings were so encouraging that the authors of the study are calling for all healthcare practitioners to receive sexuality training, regardless of their role or the area of healthcare they work in. (2012-10-11)

Researchers examine impact of race and ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury
Researchers have examined racial and ethnic influences in the outcomes of patients with motor complete spinal cord injury (SCI). The article, 'Racial and ethnic disparities in functioning at discharge and follow-up among patients with motor complete SCI,' was published online ahead of print on Aug. 2 by the Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. Findings included small but significant differences in self-care and mobility at discharge. (2014-08-21)

Genetics researchers find new neurodevelopmental syndrome
Researchers have identified a gene mutation that causes developmental delay, intellectual disability, behavioral abnormalities and musculoskeletal problems in children. The newly diagnosed condition, called NKAP-related syndrome, arises from mutations in the NKAP gene, which plays a key role in human development. (2019-10-03)

Reducing risk of hospitalization in the elderly
Older adults who have less strength, poor physical function and low muscle density are at higher risk of being hospitalized compared to adults with more strength and better function. That's the finding of a new study in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society. (2009-07-30)

New book examines disability in Islamic law
A scholar of Arabic language and literature presents an historical analysis of the attitude towards people with disabilities in Islamic law, focusing on their status within the community as well as their participation in religious and social life. (2007-12-12)

Bias-based bullying does more harm, is harder to protect against
A new study finds that bias-based bullying does more harm to students than generalized bullying, particularly for students who are targeted because of multiple identities, such as race and gender. What's more, the study finds that efforts to mitigate these harms are less effective against bias-based bullying. (2018-11-14)

Meditation may mitigate migraine misery
Meditation might be a path to migraine relief, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. (2014-09-11)

Study finds lower stress, depression levels in mothers of children with autism
Mothers of young children with autism who focus on improving the quality of their own relationship skills -- as opposed to teaching developmental skills to their children -- experience dramatic improvements in their level of parenting stress and depression. (2019-07-31)

A.J. Drexel Autism Institute receives $1.5 million from the Charles and Barbara Close Foundation
Drexel University has received a gift of $1.5 million from the Charles and Barbara Close Foundation to help establish the A.J. Drexel Autism Institute. The Institute is the nation's first autism center focused on public health science. The Institute conducts research that addresses the larger picture of autism's impact throughout the lifespan on individuals, families, schools, social service systems and communities. (2012-03-20)

Costs to treat stroke in America may double by 2030
Stroke costs are predicted to more than double in the next 20 years. Americans 45-64 years old are expected to have the highest increase in stroke incidence. (2013-05-22)

Lower dose of corticosteroids just as effective as higher for shoulder pain
In a study scheduled for publication in the December issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, researchers report on the first comparative study of the two most commonly corticosteroid doses administered for shoulder pain. They found that lower doses were just as effective as higher doses in terms of reduction of pain, improved range of motion and duration of efficacy. (2011-10-27)

Many women suffering from severe migraine might avoid pregnancy, but should they?
A survey of 607 women who suffer from severe migraine found twenty percent of the respondents are currently avoiding pregnancy because of their migraines. The women avoiding pregnancy due to severe migraine tend to be in their thirties, are more likely to have migraine triggered by menstruation, and are more likely to have very frequent attacks (chronic migraine) compared to their counterparts who are not avoiding pregnancy, according to a new study in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. (2020-09-15)

Int'l study highlights priorities for halving global burden of cardiovascular disease
Authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet describe the major personal and public-health factors that should be addressed which could lead to a halving of the global health burden of cardiovascular disease. (2003-02-27)

Int'l study highlights priorities for halving global burden of cardiovascular disease
Authors of a study in this week's issue of the Lancet describe the major personal and public-health factors that should be addressed which could lead to a halving of the global health burden of cardiovascular disease. (2003-02-27)

Air pollution causes millions of cases of kidney disease each year
The estimated global burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to fine particulate matter is more than 10.7 million cases per year. Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2017 Oct. 31-Nov. 5 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, La. (2017-11-04)

Prevalence of dementia in the developing world underestimated
Previous estimates of levels of dementia in the developing world may have substantially underestimated the problem, according to research published today. The findings suggest that policymakers in low-income and middle-income countries may need to re-examine the burden and impact that dementia places on their health services. (2008-07-27)

Is Lady Gaga as radical as she seems?
Was Lady Gaga ever as radical as she seemed? Not quite, according to new research from Concordia University and the University of Ottawa. (2014-03-26)

Geriatric health conditions have major effect on half of all seniors
While much of the medical world focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, a new study from the University of Michigan Health System finds that half of all seniors have a geriatric condition that can affect their ability to engage in activities of daily living as much as diseases can. Yet these conditions often aren't recognized or treated because they don't fall into the category of a disease. (2007-08-07)

Revascularization before exercise program improves walking for patients with PAD
Among patients with peripheral artery disease and intermittent claudication (cramping pain in the legs due to poor circulation in the arteries, aggravated by walking), a combination therapy of endovascular revascularization (an invasive procedure to improve blood flow in an artery) followed by supervised exercise resulted in greater improvement in walking distances and health-related quality-of-life measures at one year compared with supervised exercise only, according to a study in the Nov. 10 issue of JAMA. (2015-11-08)

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